Final Evaluation for Wetlands Portfolio - Anhui

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, China
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
04/2019
Completion Date:
11/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
32,000

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Title Final Evaluation for Wetlands Portfolio - Anhui
Atlas Project Number: 00066389
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, China
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2018
Planned End Date: 04/2019
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
Evaluation Budget(US $): 32,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,512
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Wang Yue Ms. ywang0406@163.com
Steve Raaymakers
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: CBPF-MSL Project 4: Strengthening the management effectiveness of the wetland protected area system in Anhui Province
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4896
PIMS Number: 4868
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment
Countries: CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

It is recommended that the regulatory, planning and management documents could benefit from external scientific expert review and inputs, and a mechanism to ensure better coordination, consistency and linkages between them. As for the WPA issue, all the regulations and plans should be highly coordinated at provincial level in their initial stage of formulation, so as to ensure that an integrated and practical concept is involved.

2

It is recommended that the rigor and reliability of the METT, EHI and CSA scoring could be improved by:

  • providing additional regular training of more people in the METT, EHI and CSA scoring methods,
  • using teams rather than individuals to undertake the assessments,
  • making greater use of external review and cross-checking of the ‘self-assessed’ evaluations by independent experts, to check the validity and veracity of the evaluations, and
  • Strengthening the process monitoring and tracking assessment, with supervising engineers hired if necessary.

Independent assessment teams or groups should be hired by Central Government or UNDP, without any present and latent relationship with PMO, and used throughout the whole process and over every significant procedure. And if they are from research institutes or colleges, they should have sufficient and specialized knowledge and corresponding qualifications.

3

It is recommended that exactly the same set of PA categories should be used in both the baseline and the final assessments.

4

It is recommended that greater attention should be paid to SES in future projects that support or are associated with large scale activities that have potential SES implications.

5

It is recommended that the wetland ecological restoration concepts and approaches that were developed and demonstrated during the Project should be reviewed by external scientific experts to ensure that they are ecologically sound and comply with best practice, and that once this is established, efforts be made to substantially expand and replicate wetland ecological restoration throughout the Province.

6

It is recommended that for the remainder of the project, and for any future projects, a more comprehensive procurement procedure be used that assesses price along with the quality of the technical proposal and overall value for money. In consideration of the very low money limit in public bidding (e.g. in Chizhou the limit is no more than 50,000 yuan ($8,000) in 2015 and 100,000 yuan ($15,000) from 2016, the PMO should have been set up at provincial level and used provincial government or even UNDP procurement procedures.

7

It is recommended that if possible for the remainder of the project, and as part of post-project follow-up activities, the AFD could look at working with the AED start considering and planning a wetlands component to the Province-wide education curriculum, together with wetlands textbooks and teaching materials. This would be followed with providing training to all relevant teachers in the Province on wetlands education (the “teach the teacher to teach” approach).  This would have a much bigger multiplier effect, and achieve much greater returns and broader impact from investment in wetlands education.

8

It is recommended that if possible for the remainder of the project, and as part of follow-up activities, the PMO and AFD should build stronger partnerships for wetlands conservation with other relevant programs and projects in the subject area, with environmental NGOs and with the private sector.

9

It is recommended that the Anhui and neighbouring Provincial Governments adopt and implement coordinated, integrated catchment management across the whole Central Yangtze River and Lakes Eco-region, and wherever possible significantly expand the area of individual WPAs in order to strengthen their long-term ecological viability, and seek to link WPAs through the establishment of ecological corridors.

10

Water utilization of ecosystem especially in dry season should be ensured by a series of measures including connecting relative river channels and lakes, supplementing essential water flows into the wetlands, keeping suitable water levels in lakes and wetlands by dispatching reservoirs and controlling sluices along the rivers, and real-time monitoring water level and quality. (e.g. in Chizhou’s local water resources planning, there will an amount of no less than 80 m m3 ecosystem water use per year. But that needs to be monitored and implemented).

1. Recommendation:

It is recommended that the regulatory, planning and management documents could benefit from external scientific expert review and inputs, and a mechanism to ensure better coordination, consistency and linkages between them. As for the WPA issue, all the regulations and plans should be highly coordinated at provincial level in their initial stage of formulation, so as to ensure that an integrated and practical concept is involved.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/15]

The recommendation is accepted.

AFD developed The Anhui Wetland Conservation Regulation Annotation, which had external scientific expert review.

The joint conference mechanism for the whole province had been constructed and will play an important role in developing new planning and management documents or revising the regulation in the future.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

It is recommended that the rigor and reliability of the METT, EHI and CSA scoring could be improved by:

  • providing additional regular training of more people in the METT, EHI and CSA scoring methods,
  • using teams rather than individuals to undertake the assessments,
  • making greater use of external review and cross-checking of the ‘self-assessed’ evaluations by independent experts, to check the validity and veracity of the evaluations, and
  • Strengthening the process monitoring and tracking assessment, with supervising engineers hired if necessary.

Independent assessment teams or groups should be hired by Central Government or UNDP, without any present and latent relationship with PMO, and used throughout the whole process and over every significant procedure. And if they are from research institutes or colleges, they should have sufficient and specialized knowledge and corresponding qualifications.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/15]

AFD will follow the recommendation to provide regular training for more NR staff on METT/EHI or other monitoring tools, use teams to undertake the assessments, making greater use of external review and cross-checking of the ‘self-assessed’ evaluations by independent experts, to check the validity and veracity of the evaluations, and strengthening the process monitoring and tracking assessment.

By the end of June 2019, PMO will keep on providing some workshops and training sessions for PA staff.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

It is recommended that exactly the same set of PA categories should be used in both the baseline and the final assessments.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/15]

  1. The recommendation from senior official of SFA to increase the PA categories was made in 2017. AFD followed the super ministry system reform in 2018 as the administrative department to manage NRs in Anhui, which provided all the wetland relevant data during the TE.
  2. The second List of Wetlands of Provincial Importance in Anhui had been submitted to the provincial government, which will be announced soon to increase more new protected wetlands.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

It is recommended that greater attention should be paid to SES in future projects that support or are associated with large scale activities that have potential SES implications.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/15]

The recommendation is accepted that AFD will pay more attention to SES in future projects to reduce social and environment grievance in Anhui.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

It is recommended that the wetland ecological restoration concepts and approaches that were developed and demonstrated during the Project should be reviewed by external scientific experts to ensure that they are ecologically sound and comply with best practice, and that once this is established, efforts be made to substantially expand and replicate wetland ecological restoration throughout the Province.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/15]

The recommendation is accepted.

The demonstration sites have been reviewed by external scientific experts during the planning and execution period. Meanwhile, PMO also hired external scientific experts to have the field visits. Experts gave the positive feedback about the restoration projects and also pointed some shortcomings, PMO made some adoptive management about the projects and keep on monitoring them in 2019.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

It is recommended that for the remainder of the project, and for any future projects, a more comprehensive procurement procedure be used that assesses price along with the quality of the technical proposal and overall value for money. In consideration of the very low money limit in public bidding (e.g. in Chizhou the limit is no more than 50,000 yuan ($8,000) in 2015 and 100,000 yuan ($15,000) from 2016, the PMO should have been set up at provincial level and used provincial government or even UNDP procurement procedures.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/15]

The recommendation is accepted that PMO should be set up at the provincial level and use provincial government or even UNDP procurement procedures for the future projects.

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation:

It is recommended that if possible for the remainder of the project, and as part of post-project follow-up activities, the AFD could look at working with the AED start considering and planning a wetlands component to the Province-wide education curriculum, together with wetlands textbooks and teaching materials. This would be followed with providing training to all relevant teachers in the Province on wetlands education (the “teach the teacher to teach” approach).  This would have a much bigger multiplier effect, and achieve much greater returns and broader impact from investment in wetlands education.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/15]

The recommendation is accepted.

  1. AFD will try to cooperate with AED or Provincial Education department to develop provincial wide education curriculum on wetland conservation.
  2. The wetland conservation training for teachers could be arranged in 2019.

Key Actions:

8. Recommendation:

It is recommended that if possible for the remainder of the project, and as part of follow-up activities, the PMO and AFD should build stronger partnerships for wetlands conservation with other relevant programs and projects in the subject area, with environmental NGOs and with the private sector.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/15]

The recommendation is accepted.

For the upcoming 6 months, PMO and AFD will build more stronger partnership with NGOs, such as jointly organize training sessions or communication activities, share the best practice with other programs and projects, etc.

Key Actions:

9. Recommendation:

It is recommended that the Anhui and neighbouring Provincial Governments adopt and implement coordinated, integrated catchment management across the whole Central Yangtze River and Lakes Eco-region, and wherever possible significantly expand the area of individual WPAs in order to strengthen their long-term ecological viability, and seek to link WPAs through the establishment of ecological corridors.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/15]

This recommendation involves other provincial governments, which will be submitted to the Anhui Provincial Government or find other way to expand the area of WPAs and seek the link WPAs along Yangtze River in the future

Key Actions:

10. Recommendation:

Water utilization of ecosystem especially in dry season should be ensured by a series of measures including connecting relative river channels and lakes, supplementing essential water flows into the wetlands, keeping suitable water levels in lakes and wetlands by dispatching reservoirs and controlling sluices along the rivers, and real-time monitoring water level and quality. (e.g. in Chizhou’s local water resources planning, there will an amount of no less than 80 m m3 ecosystem water use per year. But that needs to be monitored and implemented).

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/15]

The recommendation is accepted.

To develop Water utilization mechanism based on biodiversity needs was listed in the Shengjin Lake Integrated Basin Management Plan. It should be executed and monitored in the future. PMO will follow up that in 2019.

Key Actions:

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