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Final Evaluation: Clearing for Results Phase 3: Mine Action for Human Development Project
Commissioning Unit: Cambodia
Evaluation Plan: 2019-2023
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 12/2019
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Cambodia
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

CfRIV’s logframe should be more straightforward, precise, and oriented toward results (rather than activities). The logframe should ‘unpack’ different components and frame benchmarks more precisely and place elements within a results chain. Monitoring report templates should be more detailed, and the program should track progress towards all logframe indicators in a single file which is updated periodically.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Engage internal UNDP M&E department to update CfRIV logframe.
[Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2021/02/25]
CfRIV Project team 2020/10 Completed CfRIV project team has updated CfRIV logframe in June 2020. History
2. Recommendation:

CfR should better articulate the purpose of participating in international fora.  It should distinguish between educating officials from disseminating best practices and lessons learned from the Cambodia experience. If the latter is indeed a major aim, then a more comprehensive course of action should be pursued.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Mention more specific results in sharing information with other member states, lessons learned. Specify actions for learning at the forum, and actions for sharing Cambodian best practices. Work with UNDP M&E department to develop indicators to monitor results from attending international fora.
[Added: 2020/08/07]
CMAA 2020/12 Overdue-Not Initiated With support from CfRIV Project team, CMAA will develop indicators to monitor results from attending international fora.
3. Recommendation:

This evaluation strongly endorses CfR’s current effort to conduct a broad-based capacity building needs assessment. CfR is also encouraged to develop a flexible yet coherent capacity-building strategy. This strategy should clearly distinguish between topics (e.g., landmine technical support, financial management, reporting, gender, data analysis, etc), and between national and sub-national levels.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Capacity building will be addressed in the management response to CDNA recommendations.
[Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2021/02/25]
CMAA/CfRIV project team 2020/10 Completed CMAA and CfRIV project team has finalized management response to CDNA recommendations in Jun 2020 History
4. Recommendation:

CfR should retain its focus, precisely because it is both exceptional and critical. Although there may be lost opportunities for enhancing landmine clearance-to-development pathways, CfR (and the landmine sector) should not redirect resources nor seek to implement development programs. They should, however, pro-actively seek and welcome other agencies who may be poised to more directly catalyze synergies. UNDP’s move toward area-based programming is likely to facilitate this, and so should be encouraged.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
CfRIV will continue to maintain its focus on mine clearance and capacity development of CMAA. As recommended by CDNA, CMAA with support from CfRIV will establish Coordinator position at MAPU office in BTB, BMC and PLN to provide referral pathways for post-clearance development in villages receiving mine clearance intervention. The development of this capacity will be addressed in the management response to CDNA recommendations.
[Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2021/02/25]
CMAA/CfRIV project team 2020/10 Completed CMAA and CfRIV project team has finalized management response to CDNA recommendations in Jun 2020 History
5. Recommendation:

CfR should build on its foundation for gender mainstreaming and consider ways to strengthen and nuance the approach. CfR should also consider lost opportunities for mainstreaming disability and other social inclusion topics.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Action plan to support and engage with gender mainstreaming is included in the CfRIV 2020 work plan. Based on GICHD Gender and Diversity Baseline Assessment in 2019, CfRIV will recruit a gender consultant who will provide technical training in gender analysis, planning, monitoring, and communication.
[Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2021/02/25]
CMAA with support from CfRIV project team 2020/10 Completed Gender assessment completed and management response to assessment recommendations developed. History
6. Recommendation:

Cambodia’s goal of clearing known landmines by 2025 is aspirational and should be recognized as such. Stakeholders in Cambodia’s landmine sector premise their operational plans on realistic projections about remaining landmine contamination in Cambodia. Stakeholders should not assume that the 2025 target will be met.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Diagreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NA
[Added: 2020/08/07]
CMAA 2020/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This does not sound like a recommendation for action. CMAA is confident that the mine-free Cambodia by 2025 is achievable provided that: • The sector receives the amount of funding as stated in the NMAS, • 2,000 deminers from RCA are trained and equipped to do humanitarian demining as plan, • Current land release methodologies are improved. ]
7. Recommendation:

The PMS is still nascent, and thus now is precisely the right time to review and course-correct if necessary. Decision-makers should realistically assess how sustainable and practical the PMS is, whether it may ultimately ‘poach’ resources from the mine action national database and identify opportunities to enhance linkages with development agencies. CfR management should define what deliverables or other knowledge products are expected to be prepared and when, and plan accordingly.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
PMS aims to measure sector outputs and outcomes. Output matrix is used to collect data to measure the outputs and outcome matrix is used to collect data to measure the outcomes. CMAA will continue to collect data to measure outputs and will stop measuring outcomes when quality evidence of mine action contributions is available to present to development partners.
[Added: 2020/08/07]
CMAA 2021/12 Initiated Note: Cambodia is obliged to clear all known mined areas from its territory. It is anecdotal that mine clearance contributes in many ways (save lives, improve livelihood of affected communities and support development)
8. Recommendation:

CfRIII should be congratulated for its impressive results, while seeking improvement to further improve effectiveness and efficiency.  For example, exceeding targets partially reflects that many suspicious areas do not pose current risk, and so can be released via non-technical survey.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
CfRIV will continue to conduct land reclamation non-technical surveys (LRNTS) in its target villages to release land requiring no technical intervention (TS and/or clearance).
[Added: 2020/08/07]
CMAA/CfRIV project team 2021/12 Initiated CMAA/ CfRIV project team will continue to ensure that mined land/minefield requiring no technical intervention (TS and clearance) can be released to C1.
9. Recommendation:

CfR senior management should continue to seek opportunities to improve efficiency in landmine clearance. The evaluation encourages continued use of non-technical surveys and other means to improve efficiency. CMAA should maintain a high standard of quality assurance to ensure no risk of mine accidents.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Same as #8
[Added: 2020/08/07]
CMAA/CfRIV project team 2021/12 Initiated
10. Recommendation:

This evaluation endorses the current approach to prioritize areas according to development priorities (i.e., settlements, agricultural areas, concentration of identified poor, etc).  The chief reasons are that villagers in FGDs unanimously endorsed this approach, and the sector’s environmental safeguards need to be strengthened before any shift in emphasis to sensitive habitats. Objections to current prioritization are nevertheless valid.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
We believe that high density minefields should not be the deciding factor for clearance prioritization. Mine action is more than the removal of mines themselves from the ground. It is about addressing the needs and priorities of the affected communities. This approach is in line with ‘needs-driven, people-centered’ principles. CMAA will continue to apply the current approach to prioritization.
[Added: 2020/08/07]
CMAA 2020/12 Overdue-Initiated The current planning and prioritization is being applied.
11. Recommendation:

This evaluation endorses the Mine-Free Village Strategy. It makes no sense to leave possible ‘pockets’ of contamination, which introduces inefficiencies over the long-term. Moreover, the Mine-Free Village Strategy presents many development benefits, including psychological relief and improved land values.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The project will continue to implement mine-free village strategy initiated in 2018. A procedure to implement the mine-free village strategy has been drafted and presented to CMAA management in August 2019. The CMAA will accelerate the introduction of mine-free village procedure in the sector.
[Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2021/02/25]
CMAA 2020/10 Completed MRE component of the project has been finalized in consultation with CMAA and KOICA History
12. Recommendation:

Not all suspected minefield sites currently pose risks. This evaluation strongly calls for continued use of non-technical surveys to release land identified as contaminated, but which does not currently pose risks.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Same as #8
[Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2021/02/25]
CMAA and CfRIV project team 2021/12 Completed VA component of the project has been finalized in consultation with CMAA and KOICA. History
13. Recommendation:

A number of institutions in the mine action sector – including the operators – are engaged in community outreach and landmine education activities.  However, these efforts are not included in CfR’s logframe or monitoring.  Going forward, CfR should ‘unpack’ Key Deliverable 3 to more explicitly address and follow community outreach and landmine education conducted by the operators that it funds.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Partially agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
CfRIV will mainly focus its efforts on clearance activities to enable Cambodia to achieve its 2025 target. However, as per CfRIV donor requests, CfRIV will support some MRE activities. This will include training community leaders and police officers in high-risk communities in the targeted provinces. The number of beneficiaries of the mine risk education component of CfRIV will be recorded and reported in project quarterly and annual reports.
[Added: 2020/08/07]
CfRIV project team 2020/12 Overdue-Initiated Workplan 2021 is on discussion with CMAA MRE department as well as KOICA.
14. Recommendation:

CfR and/or CMAA should pro-actively identify opportunities to improve victim assistance and disability services. One of CfRIV donors has expressed interest in financing this unmet need and this should be encouraged.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
CfRIV team will work closely with CMAA Victim Assistance department as well as KOICA to discuss detailed workplan for 2021. More detailed VA activities and the work plan 2021 will be discussed in 2020.
[Added: 2020/08/07]
CMAA with support from CfRIV project team 2020/12 Overdue-Initiated Workplan 2021 is on discussion with CMAA VA department as well as KOICA.
15. Recommendation:

CfR should liaise with the Apsara Authority in regard to safeguarding potential archeological sites, and operators should put strict controls on equipment.  Any broken or outdated equipment should be securely discarded so as to not fall into the hands of looters.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Disagreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NA
[Added: 2020/08/07]
NA 2020/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: There is no known archaeological site in CfRIV target villages. The safeguarding of potential archaeological sites is under the responsibility of Apsara authority and CMAA has no authority to control equipment of operators. ]
16. Recommendation:

CfR should continue to take measures to safeguard against inadvertently contributing to land conflicts or disputes. Post-clearance monitoring of land use and tenure is also important and should be continued.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/07] [Last Updated: 2020/11/11]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
CMAA will continue to ensure that post-clearance monitoring (PCM) by MAPU is conducted every year to detect any land conflicts or disputes.
[Added: 2020/08/07]
CMAA 2020/12 Overdue-Initiated MAPU is conducting PCM every year.

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