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Final evaluation of the Beyond Bentiu Protection of Civilian Site (PoC) Youth Reintegration Strategy: Creating Conditions for Peaceful Coexistence between Youth Internally Displaced Persons, Returnees and Host Community Members”
Commissioning Unit: South Sudan
Evaluation Plan: 2019-2021
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 12/2019
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: South Sudan
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

The project should be up scaled and replicated in conflict hot spots in the country with the concept of Youth Centre as a focus to promote integration and social cohesion among the communities. Youth centers are often the most local arm of national youth policy implementation. With regards to the gaps and factors that exists, the diversity across the 3 regions of South Sudan (Upper Nile, Equatoria and Bar el Ghazal), as well as across urban and rural areas.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

UNDP appreciates the recommendation and will work with relevant actors on having the project scaled up and replicated in conflict hotspots with the concept of Youth Centre as a focus to promote integration and social cohesion among the communities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct consultations with relevant agencies, government ministries and relevant stakeholders/ partners on the need to up- scale and replicate programme to conflict hotspot for promotion of integration and social cohesion.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/05]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/10 Completed UNDP Peace and community cohesion project renovated youth center in Yei and used to upscale the contribution of youth in the peace building and social cohesion in the area (Yei Youth Center Report attached). Additionally the project is expanded to Upper Nile and Warrap states and replicated most of the lessons from the previous locations ( reference is made on Page 18 and 36 of the attached PaCC 2021 Q1 report). History
Conduct a needs assessment in noted areas for expansion of the program.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/05]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/12 Completed UNDP peace and community cohesion project conducted conflict assessment that informed the project planning and decision making. The project used the information to upscale the intervention to Upper Nile and Warrap states. History
Get endorsement and disseminate the assessment report for looking for more funds.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/05]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/12 Completed UNDP shared the conflict assessment reports to Sweden to solicit more funds for the newly included locations for Peace and Community Cohesion Project interventions. History
2. Recommendation:

The youth have become respected mediators of conflict prevention and there is a need to continue building youth capacity in conflict resolution and leadership skills, and more practical-focused areas such as advocacy and project management.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

UNDP notes the recommendation of the evaluation and will work with the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sport and other peacebuilding partners to identify areas of collaboration for upscaling youth interventions and trainings in conflict resolution and peacebuilding.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct consultations with the MoCYS, beneficiary civil service institutions, peace actors and youth on building capacity in conflict resolution.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/05]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/10 Completed UNDP Youth Employment and Empowerment Project works in close collaboration and partnership with Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sport and consultation is held at various level for collaboration and joint project intervention ( reference is made on page 26 of the attached report). History
Conduct a needs assessment in noted areas for expansion of the program.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/05]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/10 Completed UNDP Youth Employment and Empowerment Project conducted different assessment to align the project intervention to the needs and market options in the project location. Labor market assessment and value chain study are attached as reference. History
Get endorsement and disseminate the assessment report for looking for more funds.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/05]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/12 Completed UNDP YEEP project used the above attached assessment reports inform the project planning, for instance to prioritize youth skill needed in the market and design training curriculum ( plumbing and computer training curriculum is attached). In addition the project used the assessment finds to solicit funding. History
3. Recommendation:

Livelihoods and resource access can both connect and divide youth. It is important to find creative ways to bring youth together through entrepreneurship engagement. These interventions should seek, where possible, to build on youth’ own capacities and coping mechanisms in such a way that promotes self-reliance and helps them to be able to better manage shocks related to conflict, livelihood loss and food insecurity.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

UNDP appreciates the recommendation and will work on finding innovative and creative ways to bring together youths through entrepreneurship and livelihoods skills capacity building.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct consultations with relevant agencies, government ministries and relevant stakeholders/ partners on the need to promote livelihoods skills capacity building and entrepreneurship among youth including programming.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/05]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/10 Completed YEEP project engaged government, particularly the Ministry of Youth Culture and Sport and other stakeholders during the YEEP Prodoc design and the implementation of youth empowerment interventions ( reference is made on page 26 and 27 of the attached report) History
Develop, share, and implement program strategy for engagement.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/06]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/10 Completed YEEP project designed standard training and vocational skill curriculum, in consultation with government partners, that is used to guide the trainings in the VCT center constructed by the project ( Basic automotive training curriculum is attached for reference). History
4. Recommendation:

The development agencies should collaborate and develop working partnerships with the government and all peace-building stakeholders to promote intergenerational exchange. Rather than working with youths in isolation, peace-building projects seeking the engagement of youths should also include children, parents and elders as this will ensure continuity through

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

UNDP appreciates the recommendation and will work with relevant agencies, government ministries and relevant peacebuilding stakeholders to promote intergenerational exchange and include cross section of all community members (children, youth, parents and elders)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct consultations with relevant agencies, government ministries and relevant stakeholders/ partners on the need to promote intergenerational exchanges including programming.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/05]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/10 Completed The Peace and Community cohesion project conducted different community stakeholders consultation to involve youth in peace building interventions. Youth are one of the major targets in PaCC II project and, among other, Intergenerational dialogue is one of the key intervention by which youth involves in conflict resolution together with community elders ( Reference is made on page 6 of the attached report). History
Develop, share, and implement program strategy for engagement.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/06]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/12 Completed UNDP Peace and Community Cohesion project commenced a youth subculture study to understand the situation of youth so as to include them in peace building and conflict resolution intervention. The study design and launching is done together with key partners, including government counterparts ( the youth study is attached for reference) History
5. Recommendation:

Break the culture of gender inequality among young people is a critical key component to forging peaceful futures. Peacebuilding and conflict resolution initiatives at both National and local levels are predominantly led by men while women are disproportionately represented. Development professionals can help achieve this, by identifying local partners and creating platforms to amplify young women’s voices. Target the grass roots and top-level policymakers simultaneously and implementing organizations to work in partnerships so that each plays to their strengths. Longer-term, process-based initiatives are needed to transform power structures, particularly patriarchal moral and social orders and notions of “hyper-masculinity,” which in South Sudan are heavily impacted by bride wealth-based local economies to reduce on the drivers of conflicts.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

UNDP appreciates the recommendation and will work with relevant agencies, government ministries, relevant peacebuilding stakeholders and policymakers to bridge the gender gaps by creating platforms and partnerships that amplify women’s voices.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct consultations with relevant agencies, government ministries and relevant stakeholders/ partners on the linkages needed to reinforce gender mainstreaming and equity at both local and national level with respect to peacebuilding.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/06]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/10 Completed UNDP Peace and Community Cohesion and Access to Justice did various consultation with respective stakeholders to integrate gender issues and bring women in the process of peace and security sectors. For instance A2J initiated the discussion and supported the design of different laws such as Family law, Anti GBV laws and the like. History
Conduct an in- depth gender analysis/ assessment to identify gender gaps and how best they can be addressed particularly on transforming power structures.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/06]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/12 Completed UNDP supported the implementation of the national action plan (NAP) on women peace and security (UNSCR 1325) by producing an analysis on the gender requirement in R-ARCSS for the implementation of the 35% gender provision ( Analysis report attached). In addition Study on the Traditional and Changing role of Gender and Women in South Sudan (Attached) conducted which informed PaCC project engendering peace process ( output three of the project). History
Develop, share, and implement program strategy for engagement.
[Added: 2020/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/08/06]
Senior Programme Advisor/Project Management Specialist 2020/12 Completed The projects ( PaCC, A2J and YEEP) UNDP gender mainstreaming guideline during the project cycle and the gender advisor of the CO provided support for the implementation. For instance gender consideration is reported in periodic reports that align with UNDP gender mainstreaming guideline ( reference is made on Page 20 of the attached report) History
6. Recommendation:

5.2 Recommendations

The following recommendations are based on the findings of this evaluation:

1. The impact of the project is great and with the availability of funds, the project should be up scaled and replicated in conflict hot spots in the country with the concept of Youth Centre as a focus to promote integration and social cohesion among the communities. Youth centers are often the most local arm of national youth policy implementation. With regards to the gaps and factors that exists, the diversity across the 3 regions of South Sudan (Upper Nile, Equatoria and Bar el Ghazal), as well as across urban and rural areas. This should be coupled with a synthesis research and analysis of youth in South Sudan. In addition, the Development actors in close collaboration with the Government, or vise visa, should make a more deliberate effort in targeting the hard to reach youths in the cattle camps with the peace messages, behavior change communication and life skill trainings as this will help in getting into dialogue with these category of youths in order to influence the disarmament process which is a key to a relatively stable peace.

2. The youth have become respected mediators of conflict prevention and there is a need to continue building youth capacity in conflict resolution and leadership skills, and more practical-focused areas such as advocacy and project management.

3. Break the culture of gender inequality among young people is a critical key component to forging peaceful futures. Peace-building and conflict resolution initiatives at both National and local levels are predominantly led by men while women are disproportionately represented. Development professionals can help achieve this, by identifying local partners and creating platforms to amplify young women’s voices. Target the grass roots and toplevel policymakers simultaneously, and implementing organizations to work in partnerships so that each plays to their strengths. Longer-term, process-based initiatives are needed to transform power structures, particularly patriarchal moral and social orders and notions of “hyper-masculinity,” which in South Sudan are heavily impacted by bride wealth-based local economies to reduce on the drivers of conflicts.

4. Livelihoods and resource access can both connect and divide youth. It is important to find creative ways to bring youth together through entrepreneurship engagement. These interventions should seek, where possible, to build on youth’ own capacities and coping mechanisms in such a way that promotes self-reliance and helps them to be able to better manage shocks related to conflict, livelihood loss and food insecurity.

5. Youth also need to be supported to develop their own priorities for peace, which is yet another way to help to combat feelings of exclusion and disenfranchisement and provide youth with a sense of empowerment outside of violence and crime. Youth programming should enhance the voices and perspectives of the youth who are actually implicated in ongoing violence, whether in the form of criminality (youth gangs), or rural insecurity (cattle youth militia). Involving armed and criminalized youth is imperative to ensuring ownership over norms and processes that encourage peace and wider societal transformational, which is particularly critical when considering their exclusion from national-level agreements, as well as political and community structures.

6. To ensure sustainability and knowledge management, the youth should be supported and encouraged to form local peace networks across the country and join the existing local or international youth-led networks for peace building initiatives focused on international advocacy for youth participation in peace building and strengthening the capacity as youth peace building organizations in the form of training series, long-term partnerships and publications. Ensure the framework for youth engagement focusing on organizational factors, physical space, mobilization and exposure. The young people should also be encouraged to learn about national or regional peace priorities while helping them work toward their own peace priorities. Use of modern avenues of communication and networking. The development agencies should collaborate with relevant authorities and communication organizations to embrace the use of information and communication technology (ICT) In peace-building initiatives. Most youths in South Sudan, own mobile phones and easily access internet and pass messages through these phones. A free SMSbased platform through which youths can express their views on what is happening in their communities can also offer some promising spaces of expression for meaningful youth participation in peace building.

7. There is need for more support for the youths by the International NGOs and effective and well established local CSOs to create greater impact in peace building. There is a need to give the youth access to the mentors, facilitators, educational programs and networks that can hone their conflict resolution and leadership skills, and more practical-focused areas such as advocacy and project management. Provision of training and mentorship programmes to the existing in-country youth networks and facilitating youth connections at individual and organizational levels, ideas, challenges and best practices in peace-building can be shared to enhance individual and youth group capacities to handling conflicts. Further, as recognition of the positive role youths play in peace-building grows, the government and development actors should help in the operationalization of guidelines on the UN Guiding Principles on Young People’s Participation in Peace-building, South Sudan National Action Plan 2015 and Strategy on Youth Policy in peace and help the youth to apply the principles

8. The development actors should embrace continued participatory mentorship, capacity building and strengthened monitoring and evaluation systems for the participating youths. UNICEF’s U-report https://www.internetworldstats.com/africa.htm#ss The low literacy levels by most of the youthsdemandforregular and continued skills mentorship and empowerment for peace building impacts and sustainability of the livelihood gains. Coupled with lack of financial support, the youth peace-building activities often have very limited provision for evaluating the effectiveness and impacts of their work and therefore impeding the visibility and sustainability of their initiatives. But beyond increased financial support, innovative approaches that encourages youth active role to evaluate the impact of youth engagement in conflict resolution must be used – particularly those that build on qualitative evidence and participative approaches.

9. Peace building activities need to consider how to link local-level and national-level processes so that grass roots peace efforts effectively reinforces developments at the national level, while at the same time providing a buffer against the negative impacts of elite competition. As other research on peacebuilding in South Sudan has pointed out, mapping the connections between national and local interests can provide windows into the kind of longer-term change that is needed, allowing people to overcome long-standing grievances, many of which stem to previous episodes of civil war in what is now South Sudan. In this project, dynamics at the national level remain a big threat to the peace building gains made.

10. Just as reconciliation and social cohesion are important moving forward, so too is broader transitional justice that acknowledges and addresses peoples’ grievances. This entails thinking about linking youth and peacebuilding programmes to access to justice programmes, as well as other processes that serve as a form of recognition for the harm done, such as symbolic reparations. 

11. Longer-term, process-based initiatives are needed to transform power structures, particularly patriarchal moral and social orders and notions of “hyper-masculinity,” which in South Sudan are heavily impacted by bride wealth-based local economies. Significantly, inclusivity is key to countering the otherwise exclusionary and discriminative processes that have been characteristic of attempts to broker peace in South Sudan. Inclusivity cannot be done simply by bringing people together. Peace activities must, of necessity, seek to bring together youth from different clans/communities, as well as female and male genders and also focus on the power structures that inhibit meaningful participation in different processes in the first instance. Engaging men and community leaders through both gender and inter-generational dialogues can help in dismantling some of the structures that exclude both male and female youth. Finally, the development agencies should collaborate and develop working partnerships with the government and all peace-building stakeholders to promote intergenerational exchange. Rather than working with youths in isolation, peace-building projects seeking the engagement of youths should also include children, parents and elders as this will ensure continuity through sharing of rich information and experiences. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/02] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

Key Actions:

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