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Terminal Evaluation for Biodiversity Conservation in Multiple-use Forest Landscapes in Sabah
Commissioning Unit: Malaysia
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2021
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 04/2020
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Malaysia
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

Undertake measures to replicate better ecological connectivity, as demonstrated in the project area (collaborating with various partners, identify replication sites for re-establishing stronger ecological connectivity).

Management Response: [Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/01/25]

Yes, measures will be taken to replicate ecological connectivity.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Discussions and collaboration with relevant partners are to be pursued to identify promising areas to replicate ecological connectivity.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2022/07 Overdue-Initiated History
• State-wide forest management plan (FMP) is currently under preparation; and sites for ecological connectivity will be explicitly prescribed in the FMP and to be implemented under the 12th Malaysia Plan (RMK-12).
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]
Sabah Forestry Department (SFD) 2022/07 Overdue-Initiated History
• Rainforest Trust to identify remaining areas for protection to meet the Sabah’s target of 30% Totally Protected Area.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2025/12 Initiated History
• Review and improve connectivity in Heart of Borneo.
[Added: 2020/05/12]
SFD 2025/12 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Take steps to ensure that research data is given relevance through continuing application and dissemination (promote closer engagement between international experts/researchers and local counterparts, with appropriate training provided).

Management Response: [Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]

Steps will be taken to ensure that research data is given relevance.

 

Meanwhile, on-going activities in Sabah are as follows:

  • Carnegie Airborne Observatory (CAO) – continuous working with Malaysia Remote Sensing Agency (MRSA) on forest cover, forest aerial survey, remote sensing, carbon stock, etc.
  • CAO base map has been used by researchers in pursuing specific researches in the state.
  • National Forest Inventory (NFI) – on-going under RMK-11 and to be extended to RMK-12.
  • iForSabah – a web Geographic Information System (GIS) application that comprises of Geospatial information of Sabah’s forest.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Enhance capacity of remote sensing/GIS unit – provide trainings.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2025/12 Initiated History
• NFI – need to upgrade system to keep large data.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2025/12 Initiated History
• Forest Research Centre of the Sabah Forestry Department will incorporate lessons learned from the research under MFL Project, including to simplify the research methodology to be practical and replicate in other areas such as in the Forest Management Unit (FMU) 25. Key actions are as follows: 1. To ensure in research planning and design, local counterpart researchers and managers should work closely with experts such as: - Discussion and meeting - Letter of acceptance - Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU) (if applicable) 2. To conduct capacity building and ensure technological transfer for all involve in the research, the following actions are to be taken: - Field training - Courses - Workshop 3. To ensure dissemination research findings to relevant stakeholders: - Seminar - Publication - Conferences - Multimedia 4. To ensure the relevant output of the research is applied in forest policy and management planning, stakeholder consultation to be carried out.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2025/12 Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Uphold the ban on oil palm plantations in permanent forest reserves; confine plantations to previous agricultural or degraded lands (provide advocacy).

Management Response: [Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]

Action to ban on oil palm plantations in permanent forest reserves was done in accordance with State Government policy and Sabah Forest Policy 2018.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Jurisdictional Certified Sustainable Palm Oil (JCSPO) initiative – to achieve no loss of high conservation value and high carbon stock forests, to enable zero-conflict and to strengthen smallholder sustainability.
[Added: 2020/05/12]
JCS Committee 2025/12 Initiated
• Food Systems, Land Use and Restoration (FOLUR) Project – to promote responsible value chains for palm oil and smallholder support.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]
Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities (MPIC) 2027/12 Initiated History
• No new permit for oil palm within forest reserves are issued.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2020/12 Completed No new permit for oil palm within forest reserves, as accordance with State Government policy and Sabah Forest Policy 2018. History
4. Recommendation:

Strengthen the role of the private sector in biodiversity conservation, within multiple-use forest landscapes (Foster networking among the plantation community; Conduct relevant training and capacity building; promote Information sharing).

Management Response: [Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]

Steps are be taken to promote greater engagement with the private sector in biodiversity conservation efforts.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Networking and information sharing to promote mutual benefits are to be promoted and explored (e.g. JCSPO and FOLUR).
[Added: 2020/05/12]
SFD 2025/12 Initiated
• More training will be given/conducted to private sector on awareness, capacity building, good practices and roles on biodiversity conservation.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2020/12 Completed A series of webinars on research findings, best practices and initiatives on biodiversity conservation were held by SFD in 2020. History
• Encourage the private sectors to get their respective Sustainable Forest Management Licence Agreement (SFMLA) Area certified.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2022/01/23]
SFD 2021/12 Completed SFD through its Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Division provides guidance and consultation to SFMLA holders. History
• Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) Auditing and Timber Legality Assurance System (TLAS) by external auditors to be continued.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2020/12 Completed The SFM Auditing and voluntary TLAS audits for 2020 were completed. History
• Compliance Reporting and issuance of Annual Compliance Certificate for contractors who performed to be continued.
[Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2022/01/23]
SFD 2021/12 Completed The Compliance Reporting and issuance of Annual Compliance Certificate for 2020 were completed by 30 November 2021. History
5. Recommendation:

Take action to promote the institutionalization of sustainable financing mechanisms for biodiversity conservation in Sabah State (formalize Conservation Finance Committee; integrate collection of ecosystem conservation fee; clarify management of the Ecosystem Conservation Fee Trust Fund; clarify definition of sustainable finance mechanisms, and explore a range of sustainable finance mechanisms; build capacity for sustainable financing).

Management Response: [Added: 2020/05/12] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]

Actions will be aggressively taken to ensure the continuity of progress made on sustainable financing mechanisms for biodiversity conservation in Sabah.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Finalise Ecosystem Conservation Fee/Board enactment and table to State Cabinet for approval.
[Added: 2021/02/28] [Last Updated: 2022/01/23]
SFD 2025/12 Initiated History
• Formalize and strengthen the Interim Committee on Conservation Finance.
[Added: 2021/02/28] [Last Updated: 2022/01/23]
SFD 2025/12 Not Initiated History
• Explore ways to integrate the collection of the ecosystem conservation fee within the existing system for collection of departure tax.
[Added: 2021/02/28] [Last Updated: 2022/01/23]
SFD 2025/12 Not Initiated History
• To clarify further on the issue of Ecosystem Conservation Fee Trust Fund management.
[Added: 2021/02/28] [Last Updated: 2022/01/23]
SFD 2025/12 Not Initiated History
6. Recommendation:

Adopt measures to improve the efficiency of project design, implementation, and management functions (employ lessons learned from TERs; provide socialization period at project start-up; use project performance canvas; allocate sufficient time for consultant procurement; give adequate attention to communications strategies, knowledge management and capacity building).

Management Response: [Added: 2021/02/28] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]

Best practices are adopted in order to improve performance in project design, project management, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Prepare a “Standard Operating Procedure” (SOP) guidance document for “socialization period” for FOLUR Project.
[Added: 2021/02/28] [Last Updated: 2022/01/23]
SFD 2021/12 Completed A guidance SOP has been drafted. History
• Conduct workshop to come up with specific requirement for review of relevant Terminal Evaluations that can be included in the Terms of References for specialists tasked to prepare GEF project documents, e.g. FOLUR Project.
[Added: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2022/12 Not Initiated
• Prepare “Guideline” for procurement of consultants for new projects (e.g. FOLUR Project) so that average time involved in the engagement of a consultant will be four months.
[Added: 2021/02/28] [Last Updated: 2022/01/23]
SFD 2022/12 Not Initiated History
• To conduct at least three programs /year for communications, knowledge management, and capacity building (e.g. FOLUR Project).
[Added: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2027/12 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Link lessons learned from the Sabah MFL project with other related initiatives (e.g., implementation of the Sabah Biodiversity Strategy 2012-2022, proposed GEF-7 FOLUR project; proposed listing of the DaMaI area as UNESCO World Heritage Site).

Management Response: [Added: 2021/02/28] [Last Updated: 2021/02/28]

Lessons learned from the MFL Project are to be linked with on-going or new initiatives e.g. FOLUR Project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
• Lessons learned from the MFL Project will be shared to Sabah Biodiversity Council; the proposed GEF-7 FOLUR Project; and the proposed listing of the DaMaI.
[Added: 2021/02/28]
SFD 2021/12 Completed The Terminal Evaluation findings, recommendations, as well as lessons learned from the project were presented to the stakeholders in 2019. The final TE report is available for sharing. The proposed GEF-7 FOLUR project preparation phase has incorporated lesson learned from the MFL project, in particular a period of socialization.

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