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Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Cameroon
Commissioning Unit: Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Completion Date: 12/2019
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Cameroon
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1. UNDP should continue its main lines of strategic programming, notably support to capacity development for implementation and monitoring and evaluation of the national development plan and other key policies promoting inclusive, sustainable development in line with the 2030 Agenda, as well as to stabilization and prevention of violent extremism and other crises.

UNDP should continue to pursue openings to expand its programming in other areas of governance in partnership with the government, such as decentralization, human rights and access to justice. UNDP should also continue to strengthen its portfolio in support of the realization of the “planetary” SDGs. UNDP however may reconsider its ongoing investment in agricultural value chains, this having been identified as an area of weakness in the ADR, and results again being limited under the present programme; resources could be better used to increase the scale and results of work in other areas.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/11/29]

Recommendation Partially accepted

The UNDP Country Office has successfully oriented its interventions to better integrate issues related to governance, human rights and support for the achievement of the SDGs. The point on investment in agricultural value chains shall be reviewed

  1. Support to the Decentralization Process: In partnership with the government counterpart (MINDDEVEL), project to support the decentralization process is about to be finalized. The project aims to provide strategic support to decentralization, socio-economic development, promoting and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals at the local level, Governance, promotion of citizen participation and accountability.

To reinforce decentralization and employment, PAREC Project strengthened the effectiveness of Local government councils in the domain of employment through the creation of Municipal Employment Offices (BEM) in 12 councils in the Far North, North, Adamawa and East Regions.

With the COVID-19 outbreak, UNDP country office provided prevention kits to seven councils in Yaoundé and a socioeconomic survey is being implemented to measure the impact of COVID-19 on local economy.

Human Rights: the CO is part of the UNCT Human Rights working group which is overseeing agencies work on Human Rights, supporting capacity building and other targeted actions. On this line, the CO is planning not only to to mainstream human rights in all its work but also carry on human rights’ due diligence prior to the implementation
of all its big and/or sensitive projects. Moreover, during the COVID-19 pandemic the CO has established an excellent partnership with the national human rights institution (CNDHL), which is meant to grow on the fight against stigma and discrimination in all the aspects of its work.
Support the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the
National Development Strategy

— Production of a public policy evaluation guide
— Identification of the SDG acceleration with the support of the Millennium Institute.
Reinforce the agricultural value chains: The UNDP country office does not agree with the recommendation with respect to agricultural value chains. In fact, agriculture in Cameroon is the main contributor to economic growth (+70 percent). It is an important source of job creation, mostly in rural areas, where more than 60 percent of the whole population is living. Current interventions to enhance agricultural value chains must be strengthened through the development of strategic partnerships with IFAD, FAO, etc., which could bring a comparative
advantage in the agriculture sector, especially in the development of agricultural value chains. The UNDP UNDP could also contribute through capacity building of partners for the promotion of a more environmentally friendly green agriculture (use of organic fertilizers).

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Finalize elaboration of the decentralization support programme and facilitate its implementation in partnership with government and key stakeholders
[Added: 2020/10/05]
ARR Governance, Economic Unit CTP PAPPRINS 2020/12 Overdue-Initiated The ProDoc is finalized . The LPAC is supposed to be held by the end of this month . The ProDoc will be signed few weeks after the LPAC
Establish strategic partnerships with specialized actors (MINADER, MINCOMMERCE, IFAD, FAO, etc.) in the analysis and strengthening of agricultural value chains
[Added: 2020/10/05]
ARR SD, DNP/PAREC, CTP PAREC 2021/03 Initiated In partnership with the MINCOMMERCE , the Cameroon Market Information System is being to be implemented for more equity of transactions between producers and buyers
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation 2. UNDP should ensure that UN Cooperation Framework (UNCF) Outcomes – and the UNDP country programme - provide an appropriate framework for structuring and monitoring UNDP’s contribution to the national development framework and the 2030 agenda. 

For example, UNDP should advocate for a UNCF outcome with a stronger linkage to SDG 16 and national goals with respect to building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions. It should also advocate for an outcome clearly related to the SDGs strongly associated with the “planet.” An outcome referring to strengthened resilience of vulnerable populations would still be appropriate, but even if most of UNDP’s work arguably contributes in one way or another to building resilience, this should not be a “catch all” outcome for all of UNDP’s contributions. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/10/05]

FULLY AGREE

  • UNDP Cameroon has a strategic position in the discussions on the development of the new cooperation framework. It actively participated as the cluster lead for the Economy, Democratic Governance and Environment components. During discussions with the governement counterpart , The country office advocated for the inclusion of governance and climate change as essential pillars of the cooperation framework. 
  • With the COVID19 Pandemic and its social impact , the Cooperation framework should emphasize on capacity building in risks and disasters management.
  • In partnership with the Millennium Institute, UNDP has conducted a study to identify SDG accelerators

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Participate in discussions on the development of the UNSDCF and advocate for the consideration of the following thematics: • Governance and institutional strengthening; • Promotion of peace; • Resilience of vulnerable populations; • Sustainable development and environment protection
[Added: 2020/10/05]
DRR, ARR Governance ARR SD, Economic Unit 2020/12 Overdue-Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 3. UNDP should continue to strengthen its monitoring, evaluation and reporting.

 As mentioned in the ADR, close monitoring is important in crisis contexts to ensure that interventions are doing no harm. Monitoring of sustainability is also important when working with vulnerable populations, for example to ensure that livelihoods support has included sufficient follow-up to allow the majority to continue their new income generating activities. There is scope to further strengthen the monitoring team covering work in crisis-affected areas. Indicator protocol sheets should be developed for all new programme indicators with precise definitions indicating what data is to be collected from where, and records kept so that reporting from year to year is consistent and meaningful. While accurate reporting against indicators is important, going beyond indicators is often necessary to communicate real changes in development conditions. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/10/05]

•FULLY AGREE

  • UNDP CO will strengthen monitoring by multi-functional teams (Governement + UNDP staff from diverse background)  with a focus on sustainability precisely for livelihood initiatives. The way of reporting will also be reoriented from ‘reporting on process’ to ‘reporting on changes’ to better capture how our interventions are changing lives.
  • To be more effective in our monitoring and evaluation activities, capacities building is planned for staff on results-based management, results-based reporting. It is also planned to digitalize our IMEP as a soft application that integrates mapping of interventions, alert system (deadlines, evolution of our targets, critical indicators, etc), dashboard.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Establish a reporting mechanism for UNDP projects implemented by NGOs to government entities.
[Added: 2020/10/05]
DRR, MINEPAT 2021/03 Initiated
Organize training sessions on results based management, results-based reporting to strengh capacities of governement and UNDP Staffs
[Added: 2020/10/05]
MINEPAT, DRR, M&E 2021/04 Not Initiated A support project has been drafted and will be approved soon. There is an important part for capacitie building especially in results based management and reporting.
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation 4: UNDP should continue its focus on vulnerable groups and ensure that its programmes are “leaving no one behind”.

When seeking to identify the “most vulnerable” or those beingeft behind, UNDP should ensure that even when focusing on the poorest or most-crises affected municipalities, that it identifies the most vulnerable within those areas. UNDP should continue to implement its gender strategy and pursue gender mainstreaming and women’s equality in all of its interventions. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/10/05]

• FULLY AGREE

  • UNDP has developed a gender equality strategy and is striving for gender mainstreaming from project elaboration to M&E. In addition, with a close follow-up of gender markers, UNDP is working towards standard operating procedures to implement leave no one behind, vulnerabilities and human rights in a COVID-19 evolving environment. UNDP with the Government will continue to involve local communities to better identify the most vulnerable.

• Strategic partnership with UN-Women: Construction of women’s and youth houses, cash transfer, etc.
• Strengthening community mechanisms and the role of human rights defenders in the peacebuilding process in the North West and South West regions.

UNDP will reinforce the cooperation with Institutional partners as UNWomen, MINPROFF, MINAS to mainstream gender in all projects and programmes

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop standard operating procedures on how to better work with different vulnerabilities
[Added: 2020/10/05]
DRR, ARR Governance, ARR SD, Gender Specialist 2021/03 Initiated
Ensure that the "leave no one behind" dimension is considered in the development of the next CPD
[Added: 2020/10/05]
DRR, ARR Governance, ARR SD, Gender Specialist 2021/03 Initiated
Assess the implementation of the CO gender strategy and participate in the corporate Gender Equality Seal process
[Added: 2020/10/05]
DRR, ARR Governance, ARR SD, Gender Specialist 2021/03 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Recommendation 5. UNDP should strengthen its knoweldge management, particularly in the area of crisis response. 

UNDP’s programme is increasing in size, with an increasing number of interventions in crisis-affected areas. It is an opportune moment to develop strategies for documenting lessons learned – beyond minimum requirements for monitoring, evaluation and reporting - and ensure they are shared with teams working in other projects or areas of the country, as well as with other countries in the region (including documentation of any cases where something that worked in one context did not work in another). 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/10/05]

FULLY AGREE

Knowledge management should be improved and better structured. Projects, especially those implemented in crisis-affected areas, shouldgenerate knowledge to be shared among stakeholders to improve theimpacts of interventions. This is supposed to develop a clear methodology to generate knowledge and set up tools for sharing. The M&E section, ICT and Communication will work together and develop strategies to enhance the knowledge management in Cameroon country office with collaboration of the governement counterpart.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
All project reports should include a chapter on lessons learnt and identify good practices
[Added: 2020/10/05]
DRR, M&E, ARR Governance, ARR SD, Accelerator LAb 2021/06 Initiated
Improve capacities of staff/partners in utilization of digital platforms to share informations (common drives, Yammer, etc)
[Added: 2020/10/05]
M&E, ICT, Communication 2021/06 Initiated
Publish a magazine/ newsletter that highlights lessons learnt, good practices, success.
[Added: 2020/10/05]
DRR, M&E, ARR Governance, ARR SD, Accelerator Lab, 2021/06 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation 6. UNDP should seek to increase synergies between teams and interventions, for example between PAREC and stabilization/crisis prevention and recovery projects working in the same areas.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/10/05]

UNDP office in Cameroon will review its various projects to identify possible synergies. Synergy points are related to self-employment, employment and access to credit. A mapping of current projects as well as possible synergies will be carried out. Beyond the projects , synergie should be raise with other partners , donor to better achieve the results of the CPD.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Mapping of current projects and identification of possible interactions
[Added: 2020/10/05]
Projects Staff DRR, M&E 2020/12 Overdue-Initiated
Identify synergies between projects in their design phase , implementation and when elaborating their annual work plan.
[Added: 2020/10/05]
Projects staff , DRR, M&E 2020/12 Overdue-Not Initiated Discussions to identify synergies between projects are on going. - PAREC & ACP EU minerals of developmeent : Integrate the minerals of developement in the Cameroon Market information System - Regional stabilisation and ACP EU minerals of developement : Using of minerals developement to construct/rehabilitate social infrastructures -PAPPRINS and Stablisation PVE:National Strategy for prevention of violent extremism

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