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Terminal Evaluation for Sustainable Transport in Egypt
Commissioning Unit: Egypt
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 10/2019
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Egypt
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation:

UNDP and EEAA should find ways to further support technical and capacity building support for improvements in the freight transport sector. Studies and reports on the freight transport produced by STP should be presented to relevant donors such as the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and to private sector associations in order to mobilize necessary funding

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/11/22]

Freight transport component was the less successful in the project.  The freight transport studies have been presented to Ministry of Transport.  UNDP will source for interested donors to fund such activities.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Present fright transport studies to relevant stakeholders
[Added: 2019/11/04]
UNDP 2019/07 Completed
1.2. Source for interested donors to fund activities
[Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/08/12]
UNDP/Ministry of Environment 2020/03 Completed UNDP tried to source for donors to fund freight transport studies but there was no interest and accordingly the case is considered closed History
1.2. Source for interested donors to fund activities
[Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/08/12]
UNDP/Ministry of Environment 2020/03 Completed UNDP tried to source for donors to fund freight transport studies but there was no interest and accordingly the case is considered closed History
2. Recommendation:

GOE and UNDP should find financial support for wider dissemination of experience and results from the demonstration pilots.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/11/22]

UNDP has consulted with Ministry of Environment next steps to build on the results of the pilot projects.  Ministry of Environment has requested to handover deliverables of the bus component to Ministry of Housing.  Accordingly, UNDP has agreed with UNHABITAT to build on the deliverables within their urban mobility project with NUCA, Ministry of Housing.  Meanwhile, the Ministry of Environment is interested to continue with the promotion of the bike sharing programmes in the Egyptian Universities and requested to mobilize funds for replication and upscaling probably through a new project with UNDP

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Project team to finalize documentation of tips and lessons learnt to support replication of pilot projects to hand over to implementing partners
[Added: 2019/11/04]
UNDP/EEAA 2019/12 Completed
2.2 Handover deliverables of the bus component to UNHABITAT urban mobility programme with NUCA, Ministry of Housing to link with urban mobility programme
[Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/08/12]
UNDP/EEAA 2020/03 Completed UNDP shared with UNHABITAT and Ministry of Housing the experience with the bus component. The bus pilot project was inaugurated in February 2020 in presence of Ministers of Environment and Housing. A documentary video was prepared summarizing the experience gained and knowledge developed from work on this component that was shown in the event History
2.3 UNDP to source donor support for the expansion of the bike sharing programme
[Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2021/04/14]
UNDP/EEAA 2020/10 Completed UNDP has approached the Embassy of the Netherlands and acquired some funds to complete the demonstration of the first bike sharing programme. Resource mobilization efforts will continue after the successful demonstration of the pilot bike sharing scheme History
3. Recommendation:

UNDP in cooperation with the GOE should support extended monitoring of parameters needed for calculation of CO2 emission reductions originating from STP.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/11/22]

Estimation of GHG emissions reductions from transport projects is one of the most complicated sectors.  However, UNDP will work with the Fourth National Communication Report Project team and other climate change capacity building initiatives with the Ministry of Environment to utilize the data generated from STP to utilize in the development of an MRV system for modal shift from private cars to buses in Egypt and bike sharing

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Handover STP deliverables to Climate Change Central Department in EEAA and Fourth National Communication Project team
[Added: 2019/11/04]
UNDP/EEAA 2019/11 Completed
3.1 Handover STP deliverables to Climate Change Central Department in EEAA and Fourth National Communication Project team
[Added: 2019/11/04]
UNDP/EEAA 2019/11 Completed
4. Recommendation:

UNDP in cooperation with EEAA should ensure that the technical and informational materials prepared by the project, are posted on the website of a relevant agency of the Government and eventually create a dedicated part of the website related to sustainable transport.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/11/22]

In coordination with the Ministry of Environment, technical and information products of the project will be disseminated to relevant government and non-government stakeholders

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Disseminate project technical documents to relevant stakeholders
[Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/08/12]
EEAA 2020/03 Completed All project technical documents and knowledge products are handed over to the EEAA and EEAA sent documents to relevant stakeholders History
5. Recommendation:

UNDP in cooperation with GEF/SGP and the Fayoum University should collect experience from the initial phase of the bike-sharing scheme in Fayoum City and find a mechanism for sharing the experience with other universities in Egypt.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/11/22]

Ministry of Education has announced in August 2019 about a national programme to promote cycling in all Egyptian universities.  STP efforts have developed a model that Ministry of Higher Education can replicate in other universities. It is planned that SGP will support the new bike sharing scheme for at least one year until the scheme is fully operational and reaches self-financing.  After one year of operation the scheme will be assessed, and lessons learnt will be documented to be used to promote replication in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Higher Education

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 GEF SGP project proposal to be prepared and approved by the NSC
[Added: 2019/11/04]
UNDP/SGP-GEF 2019/11 Completed
5.2 Inaugurate the bike sharing scheme in Fayoum
[Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/08/12]
EEAA/UNDP 2020/03 Completed The bike sharing scheme in Fayoum was inaugurated in Feb 2020 History
5.3 Evaluate the bike sharing scheme after on year of operation to share results and lessons learnt
[Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2021/04/14]
UNDP/SGP 2020/11 Completed The operation of the bike sharing scheme was intermittent since its launch in March 2020 because of pandemic crisis and the frequent close down of the university or shift to online classes. Hence evaluation after one year was not viable option History
6. Recommendation:

For preparation of projects with components on infrastructure building, UNDP should consider less ambitious targets (e.g. completion of technical work and commitment of financing) that do not include actual completion of infrastructure works.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/11/22]

Construction of infrastructure under UNDP NIM projects is sometimes challenging but sometimes it cannot be avoided as an essential part of the pilot and complete demonstration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No action needed
[Added: 2019/11/18]
N/A 2019/11 Completed
7. Recommendation:

UNDP should carefully select concrete topics and areas for projects supporting broad national agendas and limit the support to a smaller number of topics/areas that are inter-related or reinforce each other and that have the strongest ownership and commitment by relevant stakeholders. Hence, in hindsight, it would have been preferable to limit the project scope to the parts of with the strongest ownership and commitment of relevant national stakeholders.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/11/22]

The evaluation confirmed the relevance of STP outputs/outcomes and its alignment with national priorities.  The ownership and commitment by relevant stakeholders is evident in the supporting letters at the project design phase.  Despite the full support that the project received from senior government officials, the implementation experience has clearly showed the need for the GEF project to remove the barriers towards the realization of the planned outputs/outcomes.  Today it is acknowledged that the efforts of the STP team were successful in removing large barriers that blocked investment in some aspects of sustainable transport.  The evaluator comments might be valid that the scope of project could have been limited to one or two components to enable more concentration of efforts

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No action needed
[Added: 2019/11/18]
N/A 2019/11 Completed
8. Recommendation:

For implementation of complex projects, UNDP and Government of Egypt should consider a matrix project implementation structure with more national implementing partners and assign implementation responsibility according to substantive mandates of the national implementing partners.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/11/22]

Point noted.  Nevertheless, it has to be noted that there are institutional gaps in several of the transport issues addressed by the project where it did not fall under the mandate of any agency.  Hence the project strategy was meant to implement a successful pilot projects that will encourage the relevant institutions to assume responsibility for these activities and expand later on.  It can be claimed that the technical assistance provided by STP has succeeded in several cases to engage national authorities to assume responsibility for new transport interventions in Egypt that are originally out of their mandate such as the establishment of Transport Unit in the New Urban Communities Agency  (NUCA)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No action needed
[Added: 2019/11/18]
N/A 2019/11 Completed
9. Recommendation:

UNDP should not include under the future projects procurement events that depend on involvement of multiple decision makers and are not under full control of the project implementing teams.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/11/22]

It is true that procurement that are not under full control of the project can be delayed and hamper achieving outcomes  of GEF projects. However, allowing government to issue contracts under NIM is actually instrumental in removing regulatory and institutional barriers towards sustainability and replication of outputs.  Hence, these types of contracts may delay implementation but certainly have other benefits in particular facilitating replication and upscaling

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No action needed
[Added: 2019/11/18]
N/A 2019/11 Completed
10. Recommendation:

Recommendation 10 UNDP should ensure that target indicators in the results framework have timeframes for achievement and that a risk mitigation plan is included in all project documents.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/04] [Last Updated: 2020/11/22]

Point noted and should be considered in the new GEF projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No action needed
[Added: 2019/11/18]
N/A 2019/11 Completed
11. Recommendation:

Recommendation 11: For future transport projects, UNDP should use the M&E and Reporting Guidelines to ensure that gender is properly monitored and reported on throughout the projects’ implementation.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/17] [Last Updated: 2021/04/15]

Point noted and gender will be properly monitored and reported in future UNDP transport projects while we do not have any current plans for any new transport projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No action needed
[Added: 2021/04/15]
N/A 2020/12 Completed

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