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Conservación y uso sostenible de la biodiversidad en las zonas de producción marino-costeras
Commissioning Unit: Panama
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 08/2022
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Panama
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

Some activities have been reported as completed, however, during the field visit it was shown that they are not fully operational. For example, not all the installed biodigesters are working normally, despite the fact that they have been recently installed. It is recommended that the extended supplier liability are utilized to repair existing damage and reinforce the structure against rain and wind.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08]

Accepted.

After the visit of the final evaluator to two farms with biodigesters installed, the contractor and the Project Coordination Unit visited both farms and the following was observed:

Osvaldo Batista farm. Biodigester installed in Los Higos, Pedasi district

This biodigester is functioning correctly and producing biogas. This biogas is used in the kitchen of the house that the farm assistants use. This biodigester had a water excess due to pouring rains from previous days. This water accumulated in the roof of the porcine barn and got to the biodigester’s feeding tube, causing an imbalance in the feeding and internal bacteria of the system. From the structural point of view, the system is functioning correctly, the imbalance or clean water/organic material relation was due to the pouring rain and this situation was fixed. These climatic situations are out of the scope of the project, but can be easily attended by the farmers.

 

Miguel Ríos. Biodigester installed in Colan, Pocri district

This biodigester is in optimal conditions, it doesn’t have any functioning issue. The final evaluator observed a rope tied to the gas reservoir, which is independent from the biodigester system, and it wasn’t included in the installation made by the contractor. This reservoir was donated by the contractor to the beneficiary.  The purpose of this reservoir is to accumulate the methane gas excess produced by the biodigester, to be then utilized in the kitchen or water heater of the farm.

 

Finally, it is important to mention that each one of the six producers with biodigesters installed signed an agreement with the Ministry of Environment that establishes the details of the system installed and the commitment of the producer to maintain the biodigesters. These agreements are available here:

https://undp-my.sharepoint.com/:f:/g/personal/monica_mora_undp_org1/EjNTPqGKkolChlYkZjiJx2EBIlIpHd7dGRFHsOUIl13U4A?e=6Bb7ww

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Define the actions and resources required by the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agricultural Development to monitor the biodigesters installed.
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/10/11]
Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster 2022/09 Completed On August 11th and 12th 2022 a workshop was held and a document with the exit strategy of the project was produced, which contains the follow up actions required by the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agricultural Development to monitor the machines installed. Also, it details the technical and narrative documents, as well as the information of the beneficiaries of the biodigesters. History
1.2 Deliver the Exit Strategy to the Ministry of Environment, including the monitoring actions related to the biodigesters installed.
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/10/11]
Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster 2022/10 Completed On August 11th and 12th 2022 a workshop was held and a document with the exit strategy of the project was produced, which contains the follow up actions required by the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agricultural Development to monitor the machines installed. Also, it details the technical and narrative documents, as well as the information of the beneficiaries of the biodigesters. History
2. Recommendation:

An important milestone of the project was the creation of the National Oceans Policy. It is recommended to accompany the ministries involved in measuring the scope, resources and capacities required for its implementation. It is important to have a roadmap to take advantage of the momentum that Panama will have in 2022 as the venue for the XIX Latin American Congress of Marine Sciences - COLACMAR.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Partially accepted.

 

  1. The approved National Oceans Policy has an implementation plan and a monitoring and evaluation framework, in addition to a cost estimation for the implementation plan proposed.
  2. UNDP is working on a first year implementation actions that will be shared with the Commission created to implement the National Oceans Policy, established by Executive Decree 431, October 2018. This Commission is composed of ten representatives of governmental institutions and its objective is the design, implementation and monitoring of the National Oceans Policy. Article 3 of the decree establishes: the purpose of the Commission is to coordinate efforts of the public and private sector nationwide and internationally to implement the National Oceans Policy, ensuring the conservation of the marine resources, maintaining the competitiveness of sea related activities, and abiding to the international maritime rules.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Prepare a first-year implementation plan document for the National Oceans Policy and delivery to the Commission of the National Oceans Policy.
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/11/01]
Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Foreign Affairs 2022/12 Completed First year implementation plan prepared History
3. Recommendation:

The lobster and longoron co-management in La Candelaria community, in the Pocrí District, showed that the artisanal fishermen of the area use sustainable management techniques. However, it is not the same for large scale foreign fishermen who operate on a large scale. Although there is a Management Plan, it is necessary to strengthen capacities and resources for the environmental authority to exercise control over the ships, which are a few and are clearly identified.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Partially accepted.

 

The scope of the project does not include resource provision for patrol and control of boats in the area. This function is responsibility of the National Authority of Water Resources ARAP. However, the co-management document proposes a patrol and control committee composed of community members, ARAP’s collaborators and other authorities such as the Aeronaval National Service SENAN. This committee would allow to decentralize the patrol and control function and supports the sustainability of the co-management plan.

The project can support ARAP with the sustainability strategy of the co-management zone in La Candelaria, Pocri, preparing an internal regulations document for the co-management committee.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Prepare an internal regulations draft document for La Candelaria co-management zone and give it to ARAP.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster, Ministry of Environment 2022/11 Initiated
4. Recommendation:

The project financed a publication developed and published by Fundación Tortugas Pedasí in the framework of its project which is co-financed by SGP UNDP/GEF MiAMBIENTE Azuero Sostenible. In the version received by the evaluator, the publication had spelling mistakes, particularly pronunciation marks. Although the final corrected digital version has been presented to the evaluator, it is not recommended to take the paper version out of circulation. However, it is necessary for the project to correct the paper version for the public.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Partially accepted

 

The mentioned publication was developed by Tortugas Pedasi Foundation, as part of the activities of a co-financed by SGP UNDP/GEF MiAMBIENTE project.  This publication is already printed and has been distributed in community spaces and local schools. This is an illustrated book and we found only two minor spelling mistakes. These mistakes will be informed to Tortugas Pedasi Foundation to be corrected in the digital version of the book. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Communicate the minor spelling mistakes found in the publication to Tortugas Pedasi Foundation.
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/10/11]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/09 Completed Formal communication was sent to the Tortugas Pedasi Foundation on October 10th, 2022 with the spelling mistakes pointed out. History
5. Recommendation:

Gas was generated through the biodigesters installed in pig farms in the Pocrí, Pedasí and Tonosí districts. However, it is being underutilized (used to supply hot water for a house). Additional efforts through studies or evaluations to manage and take advantage of this gas are key.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Not accepted  

 

The hot water is being used for tasks related to the cattle activity. Specifically, the hot water is used to clean the pigs once they are sacrificed. Before the biodigester was installed, the producer used firewood to heat the water in a remote place of the far, and then moved this water by foot to the work area.  With the biogas produced by the biodigester the process of heating the water can be done directly in the work area and, the use of firewood is not necessary.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

The project has had a demonstrative nature due to the implementation of the different pilots, so it has generated a lot of information (videos, studies, consultations, analysis, etc.), which are not available to the public. A knowledge management strategy is recommended that goes beyond the usual systematization of the project and ensures tools aimed at local actors to increase their appropriation and empowerment.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Accepted.

 

The Project Coordination Unit is working on the systematization of the project and on the documentation to develop a project website hosted by the Ministry of Environment. This website will contain the results and achievements of the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.3 Website of the project hosted by the Ministry of Environment.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/11 Initiated
6.1. Hire a systematization specialist.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/07 Completed
6.2 Produce the systematization products.
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/11/01]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/10 Completed Sistematization products produced. History
7. Recommendation:

The project implemented reforestation activities in livestock areas, which showed some resistance of farmer and cattle ranches. However, the pilots generated interest with other farms to expand the planting. In this sense, it is recommended that the project identify other mechanisms or funds to continue with the reforestation activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Accepted.

 

A workshop will be held with the Ministry of Environment to identify projects that could lever the reforestation activities in Los Santos province.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.3 Exit strategy outreach among key actors.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/11 Initiated
7.1. Work session with the Ministry of Environment for the development of an exit strategy and lessons learned document. In this session the actions for monitoring the different interventions implemented by the project will be defined, including the reforestation of 30 hectares with native species in the Pocrí, Pedasí and Tonosí districts.
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/10/11]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/09 Completed On August 11th and 12th 2022 a workshop was held and a document with the exit strategy of the project was produced, which contains the follow up actions required by the Ministry of Environment to monitor the areas reforested. Also, it details the technical and narrative documents, as well as the information of the beneficiaries of the reforestation. Ver Informe de Gira Taller Lecciones Aprendidas y Estrategia de Salida y Reporte Estrategia de Salida. History
7.2 Preparation of an exit strategy and lessons learned document.
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/10/11]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/09 Completed Exit strategy and lessons learned documents produced. History
8. Recommendation:

The project demonstrated that it is possible to add value and generate new ventures, such as business opportunities related to honey production and tourism on Caña Island, as well as women's ventures in Búcaro. It is recommended to draft project proposals aimed at state agencies and international funders to ensure that the beneficiaries can complete their learning curve, formalize their operations, and consolidate their launching to the market.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Accepted.

 

Project profiles for entrepreneur woman of Búcaro and the Bee’s Route at Cañas Island will be developed.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1. Preparation of two Project profiles for entrepreneur woman of Búcaro and the Bee’s Route at Cañas Island.
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/11/01]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/12 Initiated History
9. Recommendation:

The project must develop an exit strategy to reduce the high uncertainty that exists regarding continuity of GEF investments. It is recommended to quickly start the process of bringing actors together, identifying resources and achieving clear commitments related to continuity and mobilization of additional resources to scale up carried out practices and activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Accepted.  

 

An exit strategy will be developed with the participation of the Project Coordination Unit, the Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster and collaborators of the Ministry of Environment.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.3 Exit strategy outreach among key actors.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/11 Initiated
9.1. Work session. Development of an exit strategy and lessons learned document.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/08 Completed An exit strategy and sustainability workshop were held on August 11th and 12th with the participation of the Ministry of Environment the Project Coordination Unit and the UNDP Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster.
9.2 Preparation of an exit strategy and lessons learned document.
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/10/11]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/09 Completed Exit strategy and lessons learned documents produced. History
10. Recommendation:

It is recommended to hold a project-level closing event but also additional closing events in each municipality with the objective of giving back to the communities and outgoing local governments for everything that has been done and ensure the sustainability of successful activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Partially accepted.

A closing event will be organized in Panama City with the participation of the mayors of three municipalities (Pocrí, Pedasí and Tonosí) and the beneficiaries of the programs implemented by the project. In this event will participate representatives of governmental institutions and potential allies (private sector and NGOs).  An additional event in each municipality is not feasible.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1. Closing event of the project in Panama City
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/11/01]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/10 Completed Closing events were held on September 30 and October 1st 2022. History

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