Success message
error message
warn message
Final project evaluation for the “Tackling Air Pollution in the City of Skopje”
Commissioning Unit: North Macedonia
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 07/2022
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: North Macedonia
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1. For future projects, foresee a more active role of the CSOs, especially in promoting their role in the articulation with the public sector. Evaluate the possibility of creating a complementary project planning and monitoring mechanism (Technical Committee) with a more active role for the target institutions and CSOs. Provide for the identification of alternatives to electric heating systems (biomass, photovoltaic energy) to minimise possible negative impacts caused by the cost of electricity. Carry out a gender analysis and thus strengthen the gender approach. The same is true for the population that lives in a situation of greater vulnerability.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/21]

The recommendation is partially accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 For future projects, foresee a more active role of the CSOs
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/ Environment Portfolio 2024/03 Initiated Initiated/included in the project document for the planned second phase of the project. Collaboration with 10 CSOs is foreseen in the second phase of the project that is expected to start in October 2022.
1.3 Provide for the identification of alternatives to electric heating systems (biomass, photovoltaic energy) to minimize possible negative impacts caused by the cost of electricity
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2024/03 Initiated Initiated/included in the project document for the planned second phase of the project.
1.1 For future projects, foresee a more active role of the CSOs
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/ Environment Portfolio 2022/07 Completed In July 2022 Low-Value Grant Agreements were signed with 4 CSOs.
1.4 Carry out a gender analysis and thus strengthen the gender approach
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2022/09 Completed National consultant contracted to carry out gender specific analyses. Recommendation shall be taken into consideration in the implementation of the second phase of the project.
1.2 Evaluate the possibility of creating a complementary project planning and monitoring mechanism (Technical Committee)
[Added: 2022/09/21]
Government of North Macedonia 2022/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Such Technical Committee already exist and is established by the Government. Based on the experience and lessons learnt so far, such technical committees cannot function if established at a project level.]
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation 2: Ensure constant monitoring of the activities that remain to be completed in the scheduled times (C 3). Properly consider climatic factors in the programming to measure pollution due to home heating during the summer. Pay attention to planning to prevent delays and bottlenecks for the implementation of the activities, to observe and measure the results and effects of the implemented activities before the end of the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/21]

The recommendation is accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Ensure constant monitoring of the activities that remain to be completed in the scheduled times (C3)
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2024/01 Initiated Initiated/included in the project document for the planned second phase of the project. Within the next project phase the project will also engage Monitoring associate on full time basis.
2.2 Properly consider climatic factors in the programming to measure pollution due to home heating during the summer
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2024/03 Initiated Initiated/included in the project document for the planned second phase of the project. The follow-up project activities will be implemented in longer period and there will be more time for implementation of out-door energy efficient activities and measures.
2.3 Pay attention to planning to prevent delays and bottlenecks for the implementation of the activities, to observe and measure the results and effects of the implemented activities before the end of the project
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2023/06 Initiated Initiated/included in the project document for the planned second phase of the project. The follow-up phase proposed two surveys on public awareness to be conducted – at the very beginning of the project period and at its end.
2.1 Ensure constant monitoring of the activities that remain to be completed in the scheduled times (C3)
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2022/07 Completed All activities are completed. The Supervising company constantly followed the work progress and on regular basis informed the project team.
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 3: Strengthen the participation of citizens, government institutions, the private sector and CSOs in the web platform, spreading its use in social networks or providing specific activities and workshops. Support the articulation in existing/new coordination spaces between institutions and CSOs. Maintain and enhance the partnership with academia and science to enable a robust and comprehensive knowledge base for the informed design of policies and measures for tackling air pollution.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/21] [Last Updated: 2022/09/21]

The recommendation is accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Strengthen the participation of citizens, government institutions, the private sector and CSOs in the web platform, spreading its use in social networks or providing specific activities and workshops.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2024/03 Initiated Initiated/included in the project document for the planned second phase of the project. The second project phase envisions strengthened participation of citizens, government institutions, the private sector and CSOs in the coordination activities and decision-making processes.
3.2 Support the articulation in existing/new coordination spaces between institutions and CSOs.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2023/01 Initiated Initiated/included in the project document for the planned second phase of the project. The recommendation is accepted and found to be relevant. In the planned second phase specific activities and events for coordination among the key stakeholders are envisioned.
3.3 Maintain and enhance the partnership with academia and science to enable a robust and comprehensive knowledge base for the informed design of policies and measures for tackling air pollution.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2023/01 Initiated Initiated/included in the project document for the planned second phase of the project. The recommendation is accepted and found to be relevant, hence the cooperation with University Goce Delcev as Responsible Party will continue in the second project phase.
3.1 Strengthen the participation of citizens, government institutions, the private sector and CSOs in the web platform, spreading its use in social networks or providing specific activities and workshops.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2022/08 Completed The web platform is upgraded with 4 additional modules to enable better coordination of the interested parties and implementation of air quality plans.
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation 4: For future projects, extend the coverage of the subsidy model to other vulnerable municipalities, linking such initiatives to national policies promoted by the Ministry of the Environment with other funds, especially from the European Union, to achieve more impact and sustainability. Consider working with the Parliament and National Commissions on Energy and Environment to encourage the discussion and approval of new regulations and legislative changes. Once the impact of COVID-19 has ended or is limited, evaluate the possibility of working with schools and children and adolescents to sensitise them, incorporating the project issues into the educational curriculum.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/21]

The recommendation is partially accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 For future projects, extend the coverage of the subsidy model to other vulnerable municipalities, linking such initiatives to national policies promoted by the Ministry of the Environment with other funds, especially from the European Union, to achieve more impact and sustainability.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2023/03 Initiated The lessons learnt from the first project is that such activity should be incorporated into the ministries and municipal programmes to support energy efficiency and energy poverty, and implemented by the respective entities and not by the project itself. The study about subsidies developed within the first phase of the project, shall be used as a basis to open discussions about respective subsidy models for pilot municipalities.
4.3. Once the impact of COVID-19 has ended or is limited, evaluate the possibility of working with schools and children and adolescents to sensitise them, incorporating the project issues into the educational curriculum.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2023/03 Initiated At conceptual/planning level. Relevant activities will be initiated with the start of the Project’s upcoming phase. This approach is also considered for the second project phase, where the in-door pollution will be measured in schools/kindergartens and hence awareness raising activities developed.
4.3. Once the impact of COVID-19 has ended or is limited, evaluate the possibility of working with schools and children and adolescents to sensitise them, incorporating the project issues into the educational curriculum.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2022/09 Completed By the end of the first project phase – in 2 schools and 1 kindergarten the in-door sets and out-door monitoring station were connected on TVs presenting real-time air quality data for these institutions.
4.2 Consider working with the Parliament and National Commissions on Energy and Environment to encourage the discussion and approval of new regulations and legislative changes.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2022/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The first phase project provided support to the respective Ministries, which are responsible to further communicate the sub-law related improvements with the Parliament or other relevant institutions. The second project phase includes activities related to development of air quality plans for the pilot municipalities, and capacity building of inspection system for implementation of the Law on the Quality of Ambiental Air and other related laws. ]
5. Recommendation:

Recommendation 5: Encourage the municipal appropriation and diffusion of the technologies and policies of the project. To increase the financial capacities of the municipality of Aerodrom directly supported (C3) and of the possible municipalities supported with future projects, favour the appropriation of such municipalities to the benefits of projects that improve the municipal capacities of access to European, national (also of the private sector) and other international funds, as promoted by BMCPI project. Influencing municipal environmental policies by replicating and institutionalising the subsidy model (and others, such as tax incentives, loans with low-interest rates, cash or in-kind subsidies) in coordination with the Ministry of the Environment, the academy, the CSOs and the private sector.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/21]

The recommendation is partially accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Encourage the municipal appropriation and diffusion of the technologies and policies of the project. To increase the financial capacities of the municipality of Aerodrom directly supported (C3) and of the possible municipalities supported with future projects, favour the appropriation of such municipalities to the benefits of projects that improve the municipal capacities of access to European, national (also of the private sector) and other international funds, as promoted by BMCPI project. Influencing municipal environmental policies by replicating and institutionalising the subsidy model (and others, such as tax incentives, loans with low-interest rates, cash or in-kind subsidies) in coordination with the Ministry of the Environment, the academy, the CSOs and the private sector.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2023/04 Initiated At conceptual/planning level. Relevant activities will be initiated with the start of the Project’s upcoming phase. Within the second project phase the study about subsidies, shall be used as a basis to open discussions about respective subsidy models for pilot municipalities. Both the Air Pollution project and the BMCPI project within the second phase period will work under the same framework, and hance exchange knowledge and good practices. This will be the case also with the other UNDP projects (e.g. GFF) working on similar issues. Municipality of Aerodrom is not directly targeted within the second project phase.
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation 6: Based on the positive experience of targeting component 3, continue targeting this and other future interventions towards the most vulnerable population groups, including low-income women. Develop a gender analysis, with the participation of the target groups and beneficiaries, before the presentation of new proposals or as the initial activity of a new project, in such a way that the design of the intervention may have such an approach explicitly reflected in outputs, activities, and budget.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/21]

The recommendation is partially accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.2 Develop a gender analysis, with the participation of the target groups and beneficiaries, before the presentation of new proposals or as the initial activity of a new project, in such a way that the design of the intervention may have such an approach explicitly reflected in outputs, activities, and budget.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2022/09 Completed National consultant contracted to carry out gender specific analyses. Recommendation shell be taken into consideration in the implementation of the second phase of the project
6.1. Based on the positive experience of targeting component 3, continue targeting this and other future interventions towards the most vulnerable population groups, including low-income women.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
UNDP Project/Environment Portfolio 2022/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: As agreed with the project donor, the second project phase shall not continue the subsidy programme for most vulnerable categories of citizen for introducing more environmentally friendly means for household heating (e. g. replacement of old, inefficient stoves). ]

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org