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Land degredation neutrality in Mountain areas
Commissioning Unit: Lebanon
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2022
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 03/2022
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Lebanon
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

The project has taken a fast pace in implementation and is moving forward into a proper direction, which is a pathway that is recommended to be continued.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

1- the project implementation should continue at the same pace or more to ensure targets are met.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

The project should in general provide more opportunities to generate incomes for the poor, for instance, by establishing their own enterprises along value chains, as for instance supporting the establishments of nurseries, processing factories for fruits and legumines, establishing facilities for packaging, supporting marketing etc. as foreseen on the sustainable forest management documents for Jbeil and Akkar.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

The suggestions will be taken into consideration during the design of future income generating activities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Support the establishment of a nursery in Akkar
[Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/08/23]
UNDP CO 2022/09 Initiated History
2.2 Support the establisjment of an agrofood plant in Akkar
[Added: 2022/04/06]
UNDP CO 2022/12 Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

It seems to be recommendable to provide guidelines for tenderers on aspects which have to be highlighted in their proposals particular with regard to incomes of the poorer segments of society, such as costs versus activities, costs versus beneficiary groups, material cost categories and in particular water use efficiency calculations, calculations of the effectiveness of irrigation, and the economic benefits per beneficiary group. Furthermore, the guideline by UNDP should be followed, which could be addressed in the Inception meeting

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06]

guidelines will be prepared by the project team and will be shared with the tenderers to be included in their work

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Guidelines sent to tenderers to abide by
[Added: 2022/04/07] [Last Updated: 2022/06/01]
UNDP CO 2022/08 Overdue-Initiated History
4. Recommendation:

The Project Objective should include a sub-objective related to poverty reduction and a related indicator. Also other indicators should be adjusted according to suggestions made in Chapter 4.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06]

the logframe will be changed accordingly.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Logframe change requested and granted
[Added: 2022/04/07] [Last Updated: 2022/06/01]
UNDP CO 2022/05 Completed Logframe amended accordingly History
5. Recommendation:

Conduct reseeding actions to promote palatable and high nutritious species in addition to melliferous, commonly wild harvested, medicinal/herbal, endangered and endemic species considering their multi-functional characteristics and conduct trials for instance with Medicago; Vicia; Trigonella; Lathyrus; Astragalus for instance in collaboration with the Lebanese Agriculture Research

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06]

reseeding actions will be planned in pilot sites identified based on the RMPs with a mix of species based on the recommendations of the RMPs and the MTR, and will be considered as trial plots

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
seeding actions in pilot sites
[Added: 2022/04/06]
UNDP CO 2022/12 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Include degradation scoring into the current rangeland management plans to be used by communities

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06]

degradation scoring is taken into consideration and included into the current rangeland management plans to be used by communities, as per the national guidelines for rangeland management.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
training on the use of degradation scoring of RMPs
[Added: 2022/04/06]
UNDP CO 2022/12 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

 The strategy for agriculture and SLWM should be further elaborated by focusing particularly on those SLWM techniques, which enhance yields most effectively, which is in particular a more advanced irrigation system. Given the scarcity of available water sources, it is important, to use irrigation in the most effective way wherever feasible, which is also confirmed in the physical Master Plan by CDR. It would also be important to calculate future incomes for the time after the implementation of SLWM measures

 

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

For recommendations 7, 8 and 9, the pilot agricultural SLM and SLWM interventions will be initiated in summer 2022 to ensure the timely implementation of the scientific assessments and to give enough time for monitoring the impacts on soil characteristics.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Implementation of drip and sprinkler irrigation systems in pilot sites
[Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/08/23]
UNDP CO 2022/09 Initiated History
8. Recommendation:

In abiding principles and practices of SLM, future SLM activities should include especially the intercropping of legumes and grasses to improve fertility of agricultural lands and in grazing areas while reducing pressures of overgrazing on natural rangelands.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

For recommendations 7, 8 and 9, the pilot agricultural SLM and SLWM interventions will be initiated in summer 2022 to ensure the timely implementation of the scientific assessments and to give enough time for monitoring the impacts on soil characteristics.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Training and implementation of intercropping techniques
[Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/08/23]
UNDP CO 2022/12 Not Initiated History
9. Recommendation:

Monitor regularly sodicity and salinity with conductivity meters in improved irrigation systems, apply leaching when necessary

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

Monitor soil parameters in pilot sites where irrigation and intercropping are applied

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Monitor soil parameters in pilot sites where irrigation and intercropping are applied
[Added: 2022/04/06]
UNDP CO 2023/09 Not Initiated
10. Recommendation:

To enhance effectiveness through diversification of incomes, it might be worth in addition to the foreseen activities to identify marketing mechanisms for the environmental services the project creates. Above all for carbon sequestration, for which the appropriate market mechanisms has to be identified, but also water services, biodiversity services etc. as also suggested in the ProDoc, Annex 20. This might also require to employ a consultant for the assessment of ecosystem services

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

For recommendation 10, a consulting firm will be hired to assess ecologic services and propose financing and marketing mechanisms.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Procurement of a consultancy firm to perform the assessment
[Added: 2022/04/06]
UNDP CO 2022/12 Not Initiated
11. Recommendation:

Follow the recommendation to focus on management rather than on reforestation (maybe reforestation more feasible in plains than on mountain tops), while attaining to issues of cost effectiveness.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

For recommendations 11, the FMPs under elaboration cover an area of 1460 ha which exceeds the project target for reforestation and forest management.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Elaboration of FMP for a total area of 1460 ha
[Added: 2022/04/06]
UNDP CO 2022/12 Not Initiated
12. Recommendation:

Encourage local stakeholders to form user groups for different items in the forest use plans to be developed, such as user groups for herbs, beekeeping, fuel woods, and provide trainings and training materials for them for sustainable harvesting

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

For recommendation 12 training for the use of the FMPs and sustainable harvesting of forest products will be implemented.
and will be supported and developed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
training on sustainable harvesting for various groups
[Added: 2022/04/06]
UNDP CO 2022/12 Not Initiated
13. Recommendation:

For further income diversification, 1 – 3 value chains could be developed within the framework of SFM, which could be for instance pyrolysis as an energy source, new NTFP products etc.. herbs or spices.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

For recommendation 13, 1 to 3 value chains will be identified based on the elaborated FMPs for Akkar and Jbeil sites, (such as the production of oreganum syriacum or salvia officinalis, or other herbs or spices, or the production of briquettes for household use from thinning products).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support the implementation of 2 value chains identified by the FMPs
[Added: 2022/04/06]
UNDP CO 2023/09 Not Initiated History
14. Recommendation:

Some areas appear to be so fragile, that reforestation for their stabilization might take too long and not feasible, regarding the fact, that restoration has to follow the order social measures < biological measures < physical measures. One might therefore also consider wires, meshes, stone and earth bunds to protect against erosion, falling rocks and stones or even landslides.It might require a consultant to assess the vulnerablility of mountain areas, particularly in Afqa. To apply the HIMA approach for restoration is highly recommendable.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

For recommendation 14, a geotechnical consultant will be hired to assess the site in Afqa, and the appropriate stabilization measures will be implemented. HIMA approach will be proposed to the willing municipalities, in coordination with SPNL

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
14.1 Geotechnical assessment of the unstable site in Afqa and implementation of stabilization works
[Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/08/23]
UNDP CO 2022/09 Initiated History
14.2 Implementation of HIMA approach in at least one site
[Added: 2022/04/06]
UNDP CO 2023/12 Not Initiated
15. Recommendation:

The law not to conduct thinning changed with respect to pinus bruttia with regard to fire management, which the MoA is trying to change now should be accompanied by guidelines and advocacy by UNDP.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/04/06]

For recommendation 15, UNDP is already engaged along with FAO and WFP in advocating these measures with the MOA as well as local authorities. MOA has already agreed not to give any permits without prior FMPs

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
15.1 Elaboration of guidelines for thinning in selected sites under the FMPs.
[Added: 2022/04/06] [Last Updated: 2022/08/23]
UNDP CO 2022/09 Initiated History
15.2 Advocacy by UNDP
[Added: 2022/04/06]
UNDP CO 2022/12 Initiated
16. Recommendation:

In certain cases it might be more economically efficient, to support the establishment or improvement of local sustainable tourist accomodations, and integrate them systematically into other tourism activities, such as the Lebanon Mountain Trail than the planting of cedar trees. However, one might further take into account, that tourist numbers will rather decline in future, due to climate change considerations, pandemic etc.. It might therefore be

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06]

For recommendation 16, support for tourist accommodations in Akkar and jbeil based on the assessment of the needs already performed by the tourism consultant.

Key Actions:

17. Recommendation:

Put reasonble, but as little resources as possible into quarry rehabilitation. It is meant as a model for the private sector to imititate, who created quarries on private land and should cover the costs.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/04/06]

For recommendation 17, the design of the rehabilitation of the selected quarry sites is low cost, with minimal excavation and construction works

Key Actions:

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