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Assessment of Development Results: Jordan
Commissioning Unit: Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Plan: 2004-2008
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Completion Date: 06/2007
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Jordan
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation: Strategic positioning:
 Strengthen the strategic positioning and image of UNDP Jordan as a neutral player through innovative steps to promote effective dialogue and partnerships with a range of CSOs, private-sector organizations and local communities. This also promotes UNDP as a neutral player in Jordanian society;:
:
 Strengthen the comparative and institutional advantage of UNDP by linking projects and activities with regional initiatives of the RCF, such as the Programme on Governance in the Arab Region, and others, as well as relevant South-South networks;:
:
 Strengthen development results through a coherent strategy and holistic approach to intersections and overlap in the three thematic areas; design specific programme and project interventions on this basis. For example, biodiversity and eco-tourism projects in specific communities in Jordan can contribute simultaneously to preserving the environment and providing employment opportunities to community residents. This would also contribute to awareness building;:
:
 Examine premises and implicit assumptions about development processes and results in Jordan-for example, connection between unemployment and poverty; the impact of economic liberalization through the establishment of QIZs; poverty reduction; environmental consequences; employment opportunities; relations between the government and the private sector; and cross-cutting issues of advancing gender empowerment and equality and achieving human rights;:
:
 Strengthen UNDP strategic position, comparative advantage and contribution to development results by systematic, gendersensitive and consensus-building approach to address human rights issues, involving all relevant stakeholders in the society; and:
:
 Proceed with exploration of main development needs identified in the 2004 Jordan NHDR as a programming guide and tool in UNDP interventions; translate and operationalize into concrete programme and project interventions and synergies the conceptual dynamism and points of integration across MDGs, AHDRs, UNDAF and country programmes.
Management Response: [Added: 2007/10/08] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]

UNDP CO Jordan is exerting utmost efforts to meet the demands of the Jordanian Government and addressing the national priorities with the limited available TRAC resources. The selection of UNDP strategic interventions is made in full consultation with the Government, national partners and other donors to ensure coordination of efforts and avoid any duplication. Although the Government of Jordan doesn't currently have long term national development planning, UNDP Jordan was able to align its interventions with the national priorities, reform initiatives and with sectoral plans. The 2006 Government formulated ten year socio, economic and political framework "the National Agenda" was the basis of the new UNDAF and CPD. The presence of large donors necessitates the extra efforts by UNDP to identify areas of intervention were UNDP has an added value and comparative advantage. Some of UNDP Programmes were formulated to have multiple affects impacting different practice areas. The mine action projects are implemented by both national entity (NCDR) and a non-governmental organization (NPA). - UNDP is also working with Zenid on Zarqa Radio Station project. - UNDP is working in the food security sector with JOHOD - UNDP is also engaging private sector through the Global compact initiative. - UNDP is also seeking funds for a regional project on youth employment where regional coordination on youth employment related issues will be undertaken.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1-UNDP will continue its participatory approach to include more representation, where feasible, of NGOs, private sector, academia and parliament members in the implementation of the different initiatives at the local and national level.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2013/08/28]
Jordan Programme section- No due date No deadline established Currently UNDP using participatory approaches supports: - the government in the design of the new national executive programme, 2009-2012- NEP - the inclusion of the academia in a number of environment projects, - the parliament and its secretariat to address issues of local and national concern - project of support for ICT implemented by a NGO -a project on global compact that will assist in mobilizing the private sector started. The mine action projects are implemented by both national entity (NCDR) and a non-governmental organization (NPA). - UNDP is also working with Zenid on Zarqa Radio Station project. - UNDP is working in the food security sector with JOHOD - UNDP is also engaging private sector through the Global compact initiative. - UNDP is also seeking funds for a regional project on youth employment where regional coordination on youth employment related issues will be undertaken. The mine action projects are implemented by both national entity (NCDR) and a non-governmental organization (NPA). - UNDP is also working with Zenid on Zarqa Radio Station project. - UNDP is working in the food security sector with JOHOD - UNDP is also engaging private sector through the Global compact initiative. .
2- The UNDP CO will continue establishing linkages with regional programmes to ensure complementarity of initiatives and benefit of capacity development and knowledge products developed by the regional programmes. Trade is a new area where cooperation will be further explored.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]
Jordan Programme Section No due date No deadline established The following regional initiatives/projects have started and other initiatives that will assist the region: - HARPAS- HIV Aids project commenced - Use of regional center expertise to support UNDP projects with government of Jordan - A regional environment project on Soaring Birds with other Arab countries - The Demining programme is currently developing course modules on mine clearance drawing on their considerable experience in Jordan to be shared with Arab states as part of a Capacity Development Initiative- - A relationship with POGAR is been persued - Water governance- Jordan is part of RBAS programme on water governance with 6 countries - The Olive Oil initiative just completed was part of regional programme with Syria and Lebanon- - Jordan is part of disaster risk management initiative with other 4 countries (Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, and Yemen) - The concept for a regional project on "Changing Agricultural and Community Practices to Sustain the Jordan River System" was developed; pending approval of the Palestinian authority to be submitted to GEF for funding. - UNDP is seeking funds for a regional project on youth employment where regional coordination on youth employment related issues will be undertaken. - A trade initiative will be pursued as part of a new integrated local development programme to alleviate poverty and address the MDGs. - UNDP is also seeking funds for a regional project on youth employment where regional coordination on youth employment related issues will be undertaken.
3-Areas of overlap and intersection between the three thematic pillars of the Programme are currently being actively explored while preparing the CPAP for 2008-2012. Development interventions at local community level addressing SMEs development, natural resources management around national parks, capacity building of municipal councils etc. are identified as areas for the holistic approach.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]
Jordan No due date No deadline established -The programme has recently explored a more comprehensive approach in establishing the linkages among three portfolios under its Strategic Visioning process the CO has undertaken in the past four months. Going forward the mode of delivery of support of each of the pillars will be more consistent, its capacity development initiatives more coherent, coordination with UN agencies and the donor communities more harmonized. -Linkages will also be established through the integration of gender equality, capacity development and human rights. - Greater attempts will be made to ensure results are more integrated also. -Mechanism to do this will be provided through the design of the new National Executive Programme, NEP, where poverty, governance, and environment aspects will be integrated. - Integrated programmes of support will be designed to support the NEP - . This will include a programme of support to assist the government of Jordan , (GOJ) to design a decentralization programme which will then become a mechanism that will provide a real opportunity to integrate the three portfolios at local level. - Currently small grants programme under environment portfolio aims to contribute to community development and promote environmental protection through community engagement whilst also empowering communities - National parks: new projects were funded through small grants programme to support dibeen, dana, and azraq reserves. Communities include (CBOs, municipalities, municipal councils, youth and women centers, and NGOs. - This was addressed in the current CPD 2008 ? 2012 and will be further enhanced in the next CPD cycle (2013 ? 2017) which is currently being prepared. - 2011 Human development report identified bottlenecks facing SMEs development. Theses bottlenecks will be addressed in the new CPD.
4-The impact of different macro level policy decisions on the poor will be reviewed as part of UNDP support to Pro-poor policy formulation interventions, formulation of the national HDR reports and strengthening M&E in national planning.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - Supporting the establishment of a government system that can effectively monitor the outputs of the National Executive Program are currently under formulation including the use Dev Info, to ensure the implementation of NEP can have real impact on the poor. This is done in coordination with UNFPA. _ UNDP is currently developing a NHDR report this will in the future be strengthened to expand the focus beyond producing a report. This issue was fully addressed in the current CPD while whole concept of the new CPD revolves around the regional disparities and focusing at the Macro and Micro interventions in targeted governorates and municipalities
2. Recommendation: Relevance and responsiveness

 Invite the direct participation of residents of local communities in all stages of programme design and implementation, thus promoting the integration of cross-cutting issues, including gender and human rights;

 Conceptualize and design programmes with attention to coherence and strategic linkages, so that project benefits contribute to tangible development results, which are not limited to direct targets of interventions. For example, deepen the impact of the Knowledge Centres that target the educated poor or the near poor by designing interventions by UNDP or other relevant agencies to support people with insufficient resources or education to benefit from these centres, thus creating synergies between the education/training sector and other innovative projects. This will also contribute to national ownership and sustainability;

 Strengthen the downstream niche of UNDP by widening the network of communitybased NGOs as well as mobilizing the private sector;

 Develop strategies and approaches for more effective links between up- and downstream levels through an explicitly formulated, holistic, rights-based approach to tackling environmental concerns, linked to intended outcomes in governance and poverty alleviation;

 Analyze strategies and interventions that would address long-term behavioural changes, keeping in mind that the impact of short-term interventions on behavioural change is difficult to measure, and that implementing agencies may not have a vested interest in measuring outcomes beyond the life of a project. For example, once a strategic sector-such as youth-has been identified, develop a range of policyoriented, pilot or small-scale projects, or awareness-raising interventions that invite and involve youth directly in their implementation. Integrate mechanisms for effectively promoting behavioural change, and monitoring and evaluation systems to assess results over time; and

 Distinguish between disseminating information
Management Response: [Added: 2007/10/08] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]

UNDP Jordan was able to respond to the requests of the Government of Jordan to enable it address developmental challenges. Such response was by establishing an Early Warning System at the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation to build institutional role in identifying national socio-economic indicators for possible future crisis to support well informed policy making. The Government of Jordan has identified poverty reduction and employment generation as the overarching goals of all reform initiatives. Different national reform programmes were launched during the past five years aiming at improving government service delivery, increasing women and youth participation in public life, political reform, private sector development and e-Government which all were addressed by different UNDP technical assistance projects with the underlying goal of building national capacities. Despite UNDP Jordan's very limited resources in terms of funds and human resources.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2- Linkages to build on already existing successes will be capitalized on such as using the Knowledge Stations to provide SMEs and entrepreneurial training to the poor and unemployed youth in rural areas.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]
Jordan 2011/12 Completed - Youth centers are targeting some of the rural areas but at this point there is no specific projectcapitalizing on the knowledge stations. Completed as the knowledge stations project is closed.
1- CO will continue the consultative participatory approach being used in the formulation and implementation of development programmes at the local levels.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]
Jordan No due date No deadline established Currently UNDP using participatory approaches supports: - the government in the design of the new national executive programme, 2009-2012- NEP - the inclusion of the academia in a number of environment projects, - the parliament and its secretariat to address issues of local and national concern - project of support for ICT implemented by a NGO -a project on global compact that will assist in mobilizing the private sector started. Food security programme interventions are being implemented with local communities in three governorates.
3- The Local MDG reports will be used as an advocacy tool for a positive national policy change
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - The reports have been produced and discussed with a wide range of relevant actors. The country office plans to build on the findings of these reports, as well as of the national HDR to promote a greater understanding and better use of MDGs in national and local planning - Aqaba MDG report was the first of its kind that identified MDG priorities and issues to tackle at a local level. The report is expected to provide a baseline for further initiatives around localizing MDGs into local development plans. - Similarly, a draft report was prepared in Zarqa, in partnership with the governorate, to identify the MDG challenges at the governorate level. The draft report was prepared through consultations with around 75 local organizations within municipalities, including NGOs. A local MDG report on Zarqa governorate is under preparation. The report highlights the challenges that the governorate is facing in terms of achieving the 8 goals and will be submitted to the government for further action.
4- Analysis of strategies that are addressing long-term behavioral changes will be further explored within the context of the national HDRs development.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - The office plans to produce a national HDR in 2009. The idea is to expand its focus from being a stand alone report to building advocacy activities including behavioral changes activities around the report's findings to create a network of HDR users in the country. The results of 2011 NHDR are being discussed and addressed with the government to further develop SMEs in order to address the unemployment challenge.
3. Recommendation: UNDP Jordan as a catalyst, facilitator and advocate in development

 Advocate strategic inter-linkages between the three core practice areas to achieve intended outcomes and so contribute to development results in Jordan;

 Strategize media messages, advocacy initiatives and campaigns to complement each other, and to reflect and strengthen UNDP institutional advantages, with special emphasis on cross-cutting issues of gender and human rights;

 Develop a choherent advocacy strategy that is designed to prompt action in order to precipatate change and operationally linked to partnerships within the three thematic areas. This is distinct from UNDP media outreach that informs the public about its activities.

 Link advocacy strategy with support for developing the role of the media in disseminating information, raising awareness of people on rights-based approaches in general, and of human rights, the rule of law and gender equality in particular;

 Utilize successful outcomes of UNDP interventions to design messages in media and advocacy campaigns-for example, the global and national UNDP Human Development Reports and MDG-related interventions and activities;

 Support public information campaigns-for example, replicate and build on successes of the Jordan GEF National Dialogue Initiative Workshop;

 Promote the role of UNDP as a catalyst alongside its comparative advantage as a knowledge broker and a neutral agency supporting the human rights-based approach to human development;

 Ensure a clear strategy for capturing advocacy or 'soft assistance' undertaken by UNDP through relevant monitoring and evaluation approaches;

 Identify potential national and regional partnerships conducive to supporting the UNDP mandate and strategic objectives in Jordan; and

 Link advocacy activities with efforts to promote joint programming within UNCT and DLCG.
Management Response: [Added: 2007/10/08] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]

UNDP CO Jordan, as was indicated to the evaluators several times, is very active in partnership building between CSOs and Government at the national and local community levels. This is being done by facilitating consultations between all concerned and making NGOs, local communities representatives, private sector representatives, academia, etc.members in the decision making committees (technical and steering) that are contributing towards implementation of UNDP initiatives. Initiatives such as Global Compact, entrepreneurship training (EMPRETEC), development of local level MDGs, GEF Small Grants Programme, higher education, etc. were very active in introducing new innovative ideas in a participatory manner. The CO maintains the MDGs and Human Development as the center message in all statements and press releases. It is worth noting that the NHDR 2000 on Youth has made a tangible contribution towards the creation of the Higher Council for Youth.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- The HDRs, AHDRs, NHDRs, National MDGs Report, Local MDGs Reports and other initiative specific products are being used as advocacy tools for change and increasing awareness.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/28]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - Local MDG reports are widely discussed by local and national actors to promote integration of their findings into local planning processes and monitoring of development impacts from MDGs perspective. - A national HDR report is in the process of being contracted out. The report will be followed up by a wide variety of activities that would pursue implementation of some of its recommendations. After the launch of 2011 NHDR, the government of Jordan has established a SME loan guarantee fund to address the unemployment issue. While the next Zarqa MDG will be used for further action by the government to address the challenges addressed by the report. The mine action projects are implemented by both national entity (NCDR) and a non-governmental organization (NPA). - UNDP is also working with Zenid on Zarqa Radio Station project. - UNDP is working in the food security sector with JOHOD - UNDP is also engaging private sector through the Global compact initiative. - UNDP is also seeking funds for a regional project on youth employment where regional coordination on youth employment related issues will be undertaken.
2- Innovative global initiatives being implemented at the national level such as Global Compact will further be used to advocate changes in areas of human rights, environment and transparency with the private sector, municipalities and NGOs.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - Global Compact was successfully launched with a broad participation in 2008 and already over twenty key private companies have joined and formed an active committee. Others will be encouraged in the future. The committee are in the process of determining how they can contribute to impacting on issues of national and local concern. It is hoped that local development initiatives will emerge from this initiative. Awareness plan on global compact principles have been developed and a highly specialized training for the private sector is organized on business human rights.
3- Activities with Global dimensions taken place in Jordan such as the Legal Empowerment of the Poor Conference, 8MSP, etc. have played a role in awareness raising on important issues and such activities will be further capitalized on within the national context. Awareness raising is integrated, where applicable, as key component in projects.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]
Jordan No due date No deadline established A number of institutions and national NGOs in Jordan have conducted workshops on global climate change/ environment/governance issues which UNDP has supported financially and technically through preparing papers, making speeches, etc. A legal empowerment for the poor programme is being implemented by UNDP
4. Recommendation: Managing strategic partnerships

 Balance the dual role of UNDP Resident Representative and UNDP Resident Coordinator for greatest impact. At the same time, strengthen the in-country niche and strategic position of UNDP as the leader in coordination and harmonization among UN agencies; and strengthen UNDP comparative advantage as the lead agency supporting a holistic and rights-based approach to human development;

 Apply and incorporate lessons learned in the CCF and CPO to joint programming processes through the CCA and UNDAF;

 Leverage UNDP strategic position in UNCT and DLCG for enhancing dialogue among key donors to mobilize resources, harmonize programming priorities and funding, and maximize development results, particularly in the areas of poverty reduction and the environment;

 Enhance UNDP Jordan's position and role in UNCT and DLCG by promoting its successful implementation of the learning management system, an approach which would also contribute to strengthening cooperation between staff in the various UN agencies operating in Jordan; and

 Adopt a proactive approach towards capacity-building of the Chambers of Commerce and Industry as well as other relevant associations as part of strengthening the private sector, integrating this with governance-related activities, such as eprocurement and e-accounting, customs computerization, investment promotion and strengthening of the justice system, all of which are conducive to promoting vibrant chambers with constructive roles to play in Jordan's economic development.
Management Response: [Added: 2007/10/08] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]

The different UNDAF thematic working groups and donors' sectoral coordination groups provide forums for the exchange of information and for identifying areas of possible joint programming and programmes. Through such platforms, UNDP was able to strengthen partnerships with different donors in areas such as Demining, building the institutional role of the Jordanian Parliament, rehabilitation of the Zarqa river basin and natural disasters risk management and mitigation planning. - This was addressed in the current CPD 2008 ? 2012 and will be further enhanced in the next CPD cycle (2013 ? 2017) which is currently being prepared. - 2011 Human development report identified bottlenecks facing SMEs development. Theses bottlenecks will be addressed in the new CPD.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Above interagency/donors platforms will be further used by UNDP to advocate for NHDR recommendations and new innovative initiatives such as Global Compact to build new partnerships with UN agencies and other bilateral and multilateral donors present in Jordan.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - Recently UNCT established three UNDAF working groups, ( WG) to ensure that UNDAF results would be achieved in a coordinated manner. UNDP chairs the Governance WG. -Joint activities are explored in these WGs such as support to; design and implementation of the National Executive programme, governance initiatives focusing on the full ratification of CEDAW, support to natural and man- made disaster, global environmental conventions that the GOJ have signed up to and HIV/AIDS related activities - UNDP actively engages in the six Donor Lender Sub- groups that have been formed for the purpose of donor harmonization and promoting aid effectiveness .UNDP chairs the DLSG on Governance. The new UNDAF and new CPD have separate outputs to address partnerships with the development partners.
5. Recommendation: Programme management and operational capacity

 Recruit and/or train UNDP programme staff in strategic approaches to complex development issues;

 Recruit and/or train project managers versed in mainstreaming gender and human rightsbased approaches to development; Mainstream gender in projects beyond quantitative criteria or solely through 'women-oriented' efforts through careful analysis of the different roles men and women play in Jordanian society and the challenges and constraints that affect their participation, obstacles to empowerment and equality, etc.;

 Promote gender mainstreaming by creating greater synergy with UNDP governance initiatives. Ensure that gender is effectively mainstreamed in energy and environment policies and interventions and is not confined to the poverty reduction area;

 Mainstream human rights into project design by operationalizing the human rightsbased approach to development that is being integrated into UNDP practice areas;

 Mainstream attention to youth more explicitly and directly in project and programme design, taking into account the challenges facing youth in Jordan beyond the specific communities or sectors targeted;

 Integrate attention to ICT as cross-cutting issue more explicitly in relevant project and programme designs. Link initiatives in a strategically coherent manner to produce development results such as reducing poverty through educating and training for employment opportunities;

 Incorporate clear exit strategies as a critical component of project and programme design, which should include assessment of financial and human resources that might be required beyond project cycles; and

 Connect exploration of exit strategies with strategic entry points for institutional and capacity development at the outset of a project. This is a challenge where several projects aim to achieve a particular outcome, but where the various timeframes do not coincide. This also requires linking exit strategies to programme evaluations, so as to ascertain whether initiatives should be extended to a further phase or discontinued in favour of new initiatives that might more effectively contribute to achieving intended outcomes.
Management Response: [Added: 2007/10/08] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]

Training of UNDP CO staff is a continuous process and being heavily emphasized to all staff. The staff has fulfilled all required corporate trainings. UNDP CO Jordan received an award for its established learning culture and achieving high level of staff training. The CO is also taking all corporate learning courses seriously and tries to keep up with the new learning innitiatives.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3- Identifying and formulating a clear Exit Strategy is being requested by all programmes prior to their completion to be agreed upon with counterparts. This approach will be further embedded within each programme implementation.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]
Jordan 2011/12 Completed - Projects in the current UNDAF programme cycle integrates exit strategies prior to their completion. For example, project supporting Dibeen reserve arranged appropriate transfer of management to the implementing partner and the reserve is functioning well after project's completion. Greater attention will be given to this going forward, as stressed in the CO strategic visioning process, to ensure that GOJ "institutionalize" programme of support as part of their overall mandates. Programmes of support for local development in the future will be designed within clear governance structures to ensure sustainability
1- The CO and Projects' Managers have undertaken gender mainstreaming training. Gender assessment for the Programme has already taken place and a mainstreaming strategy will be developed for the CO.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - The CO conducted a gender audit and has a gender strategy in place since end of 2007. -The strategy outlines key areas both in-house and with our national partners in addition to providing guidance on mainstreaming gender within our practice areas. To implement the gender strategy, priority was given to actions that support institutionalization of the gender mainstreaming mechanisms within our operations and programmes. - Actions were incorporated within the annual CO Work Plan in which gender goals and outcomes were added to the corresponding fields with success indicators and timeline for completion. -The office has established a gender team that will look into both within office and across projects gender awareness and mainstreaming issues. - New partnerships were established with women organizations: the Jordanian National Commission for Women, the Jordanian National Forum for Woman and as a joint intervention with UNIFEM. - Projects are developed with more consciousness to gender. -As Jordan entered in 2008 into the new programme cycle 2008-2012, the CPD was reviewed from a gender lens and gender sensitive language was incorporated into our CPAP matrix. -The CO is currently working on strategizing the Country Programme alongside developing our communication and advocacy strategy with enhanced resource mobilization as one of the objectives. - The interagency Gender Group has been established in the new cycle and is meeting regularly chaired by UNIFEM. - Assessment for the gender strategy for 2009-2011 was conducted. - A new gender strategy 2012 ? 2014 is now approved.
2- Human Rights, ICT, Youth and gender mainstreaming are already identified as cross cutting themes. Further mainstreaming and using Human Rights Based Approach in programme development and implementation will be perused in the new programming cycle.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]
Jordan No due date No deadline established -Gender mainstreaming has been incorporated as outlined above. However, support to youth and ICF as a cross- cutting theme has not been addressed with the same rigor. This will be addressed going forward. We started to make project documents HRBA sensitive. - the new UNDAF and CPD are being prepared taking HRBA principles into account. We started to make project documents HRBA sensitive. - the new UNDAF and CPD are being prepared taking HRBA principles into account.
6. Recommendation: Monitoring and evaluation

 Commit and assign priority and financial and staffing resources to collaborate in capacity-building and training exercises to achieve and implement consistent monitoring and evaluation systems between MOPIC, UNDP Jordan, implementing partners and other stakeholders, such as other UN and donor agencies;

 Explore opportunities for joint evaluations, given that many programmes and projects are co-financed, further adopted and expanded by various donors and partners. This could be coordinated by DLCG and would support the intent of the UNDAF exercise;

 Integrate monitoring and evaluation mechanisms into project and programme design and implementation to assess results-i.e. outputs and outcomes;

 Conduct outcome evaluations to test the level of sustainability, areas requiring further improvement and to identify best practices. Such assessments are indispensable for proper planning, budgeting and implementation processes. They may also indicate to UNDP Jordan where more advocacy or other efforts are required;

 Strengthen UNDP Jordan's capacity to capture information both qualitatively and quantitatively so as to transform data into knowledge, thus guiding future interventions; and

 Correlate evaluative evidence to selected variables that determine the nature and intensity of intermediate and longer-term results and type of recipients to provide information on such issues as: the size of investment and implications of cost-sharing; targeted as opposed to non-targeted approaches; effective targeting in terms of poverty and gender sensitivity; outputs and outcomes; political commitment; and partnerships and resources.
Management Response: [Added: 2007/10/08] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]

Continuous monitoring through different mechanisms and approaches (field visits, steering committee meetings, quarterly reporting, annual progress reporting, TPRs etc...) are already in place as part of any programme management. All programmes above US$ 1 Million in total budget are independently evaluated at least once in their lifetime. The results of evaluations are disseminated and shared with implementing partners in a general meeting and recommendations are made on future actions. An M&E focal point is assigned and is in charge of following up closely on the implementaion of the Evaluation plan, and updating the ERC regularly.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- The possibility of establishing a national Monitoring and Evaluation System at MoPIC is currently being explored and will be included in the new CPAP 2008-2012.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - Consultations are underway as part of support given to the GOJ in its design of the National Executive Programme to assist the GOJ to establish an independent monitoring observatory that will monitor the progress of the NEP and the National Poverty Alleviation Strategy reporting to a Higher Steering Committee for Poverty Alleviation. -As part of the proposed M&E system UNDP will assist in the strengthening of a Statistical Unit in the Department of Statistics, (DoS) to collect and analyze data including the use Dev Info, to ensure the implementation of NEP can have real impact on the poor so that the information generated can be used as evidence based policies by line ministries. -UNDP will also assist MOPIC to establish a Studies & Analysis Unit that will analyze data from DoS and other reports produced by the GOJ and other stakeholders, so that this knowledge can provide policy direction and formulation. This will be done in collaboration with UNFPA.
2- With the existence of new Joint Programmes among UN agencies the joint evaluation option will be more justified and will be adopted.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - UNDP is actively taking part in the UNCT M&E working group where joint evaluation option will be explored. MDGF Joint Programme on Climate Change will be used as an opportunity to apply joint evaluation option for a project. Food security programme will undertake a joint evaluation in 2012
3- In the new programming cycle, project based evaluations will be abandoned and Outcome based evaluations will be adopted. Such change in the approach will allow more room for potential Joint Evaluations.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/03/16]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - 3 outcome evaluations are scheduled during the new programme cycle. M&E working group will be used as the platform to seek coordination with other UN agencies.
4- UNDP CO will make use of the services of the newly appointed M&E Regional adviser and will support the participation of Programme staff in different corporate training programmes on M&E and RBM
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - Programme specialist in the office participated in a training on RBM organized in Libya and will attend another one on joint programmes, which will include aspects of joint programme monitoring and evaluation. The office plans to organize a training for the programme staff on RBM and M&E by using regional experts visiting the country.
7. Recommendation: Democratic governance

Jordan faces a double challenge in the area of democratic governance. It needs to promote economic transformation while developing and strengthening democratic processes at the same time. This requires moving beyond reforms already implemented, to an approach which meets the demands of the citizens-above all those most in need and most vulnerable-and integrates those demands into dynamic processes of change. UNDP efforts should be intensified to support the preparation of an informed and responsible citizenry that participates in addressing the challenges of human development and democratic governance facing the country and strengthens Jordan as the knowledge economy it strives to become.

The field of judicial reform, including the juvenile justice sector, represents a significant challenge for UNDP to identify approaches that would achieve concrete results. These approaches should stress not only institutional strengthening, but also-and perhaps above all-the promotion of access to justice. UNDP can effectively leverage its comparative advantage in policy dialogue, advocacy and as a facilitator of development in this area. Also, UNDP may further support the government and relevant stakeholders in integrating a more systematic participatory, gender-sensitive and consensus-building approach to human rights issues in Jordan.

UNDP is about to launch a new decentralization initiative focusing on the Zarqa Governorate. This area is characterized by relatively high poverty levels and environmental degradation. Decentralization is aimed at enhancing the institutional and territorial organization of the state and has long been a focus of both the Government of Jordan and the largest donors in the country. The cooperation offered by UNDP in this sector supports stated government priorities, enhances UNDP strategic positioning, and provides effective use of limited resources to promote change at the community level to demonstrate results that can be linked to larger efforts at the national level. UNDP support in this area provides opportunities to better integrate political, social and environmental interventions within and across thematic areas, and contributes to effective linkages to upstream level activities. It also allows focused attention to mainstreaming gender, youth and human rights. UNDP Jordan can benefit from exchanges with other UNDP country offices with similar experiences- for example, Armenia and Indonesia.

UNDP interventions should:

 Support the training of an informed and responsible citizenry that participates in addressing the challenges of human development and democratic governance that face the country. Such support should incorporate more systematic attention to the opinions and needs of diverse population groups, including women and youth. In order to strengthen civil society-including NGOs, CSOs, the media sector, other professional networks and stakeholders-this support should be part of a comprehensive strategy that integrates a more systematic, participatory, gender sensitive and consensus-building approach to human rights issues;

 Support decentralization by demonstrating, through community projects, results that can be linked to larger efforts at the national level and by promoting linkages between political, social and environmental interventions within and across UNDP thematic areas. Where relevant, UNDP should promote greater synergy with governance initiatives of other UN agencies and donors. Results of such efforts should be used to engage in political dialogue and policy advice in order to support the Government of Jordan in amending legislation to fully decentralize, rather than occasionally delegate, authority;

 Identify strategic approaches in judicial reform-such as the juvenile justice system- that stress institutional strengthening and promotion of access to justice. UNDP can effectively leverage its comparative advantage in policy dialogue, advocacy, and as facilitator in order to support the government in revising the laws and legislation that hinder genuine judicial reform. Such reform includes legislative changes to grant full independence to NCHR and interventions to strengthen human and financial resources for NCHR to fulfil its mandate;

 Support the Government of Jordan in building the capacity of governorate-level ministries and municipalities, paying particular attention to long-term organizational development and institution-building, not just training of select ministry staff (e.g., budgeting and accounting, service provision). UNDP needs to enhance its support to the Department of Statistics,MOPIC, MOEn and departments of the central government, so that these agencies can better utilize and share data and information on poverty, unemployment, household income, etc., with governmental agencies and NGOs at the local level; and

 Support national-level efforts to improve coverage and efficiency of public campaigns on legal education to enhance peoples' knowledge of their rights, based on approaches that are sensitive to poverty and gender. Such efforts should be used to improve criminal investigation techniques, further train the police and judges, and promote citizen safety-for example, to sensitize the police and judiciary in addressing violence against women, including honour killings.
Management Response: [Added: 2007/10/08]

Capacity building is the core of the new CP and one of the government top priorities; hence more emphasis will be directed to human development including democratic governance issues through targeting relevant national institutions such as Parliament, municipalities and national human rights institutions. There is no comprehensive strategy for strengthening the role of CSOs, however special initatives will be designed to target youth and women. Discussion is ongoing with the government to explore the possibility of developing a decentralization programme. So far the outcomes of the discussion with the government indicated that the Government of Jordan is in favour of concentrating on local development programme rather than decentralization, hence piloting in Zarqa and Aqaba will be considered in the programme. UNDP will takle judical reform through partnership with parliament, CSOs and National Center for Human Rights.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Explore the possibility of developing the Capacity of Human Rights institutions (NCHR & related CSOs and NGOs) to provide better services to vulnerable groups.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - A new project was developed that will target improving the capacity of NCHR. Integrated progammes will be developed for all the pillars in the CO to ensure they support CSO and NGO development -UNDP recently supported NCHR to conduct a workshop for Arab states on the impact of elections on human rights. These kinds of initiatives will continue.
Community development initiatives targeting different segment of society at both national and local level are being discussed with concerned national counterparts, different donors and other UN agencies
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - This will become an integral part of the new programme for the Poverty Alleviation and MDGs pillar. -UNDP Jordan has been providing support to local communities through its small grants program (support to environmental protection through community development , in new geographical areas like Jordan valley and rum protected areas) and the UNV programme is about to start a community radios project. Greater efforts to link this to each of the pillars.
Explore the possibility of joint governance initiatives with other sister agencies
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - Recently UNCT established three UNDAF working groups, (WG) to ensure that UNDAF results would be achieved in a coordinated manner. UNDP chairs the Governance WG. -Joint activities are explored in these WGs such as support to; design and implementation of the National Executive programme which include governance initiatives; the full ratification of CEDAW; natural and man- made disasters.
Efforts will be exerted with the donors and national counterpart to develop an initiative that would establish a strong coordination between the CSO and the Parliament to advocate for the revision of the national legislation to coincide with international convention, agreements and standards.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established Little progress has been achieved on this . However, UNDP has started a project supported by CIDA, that seeks to support strengthening the capacitates of the parliamentarians and the secretariat. As part of this they will address some of the international conventions that the GOJ has signed up to.
Optimize the use of the Donor/Lender Consultation Group towards enhanced info sharing and coordination with donors and national counterpart at all level
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - UNDP actively engages in the six Donor Lender Sub- groups that have been formed for the purpose of donor harmonization and promoting aid effectiveness. - UNDP chairs the DLSG on Governance since February 2009. This will provide real opportunities for harmonization. -UNDP is also actively participating the working groups established by the national government, although the governance group has not met for one year.
The property tax project will continue its efforts on the institutional capacity development
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - The 1st phase supported the design of a national system for the collection of property tax which was then established in 44 municipalities and the second phase to be initiated in 2009 will expand this system to all 99 municipalities
The parliament project will tackle the legal aspect of selected human rights conventions and agreements. Coordination with USAID on CSOs involvement in this dimension will be ensured.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/03/16]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - This is in its early stages of development
8. Recommendation: Poverty reduction

Addressing poverty and unemployment in Jordan is a prerequisite to achieving economic stability and human development in the country. In view of its limited financial allocations compared to the vast need in this area, UNDP should focus on supporting distributive reforms that may lead to positive impacts on the poor. At the same time, UNDP should demonstrate successful community projects, for example, in a defined geographical area, which may be up-scaled and replicated at the national level-with special emphasis on those that create and promote synergies and linkages within and across thematic areas. UNDP may leverage its comparative advantage in promoting synergies and linkages between up- and downstream activities in poverty reduction.

UNDP interventions should:

 Support the Government of Jordan and relevant stakeholders in strategizing and designing poverty reduction interventions relevant to specific geographical and socioeconomic contexts through human development perspectives (i.e., principles of inclusion, equity and participation, among other aspects). For example, needs and priorities of residents in outlying rural areas will be different from those prevailing in Zarqa, a disadvantaged urban area with high poverty levels. This should entail incorporating analyses of and attention to interests, needs, priorities and participation of diverse segments of the population, including attention to mainstreaming gender and human rights as integral to project design and implementation;

 Demonstrate, through pilot and small-scale projects, synergy between interventions in poverty reduction and results in other thematic and cross-cutting areas in order to support the government in creating the necessary synergies between poverty reduction, job creation, educational reform, vocational training, strengthening of the private sector and deepening partnerships with government; strengthen linkages with the cross-cutting issues of youth and gender;

 Support and strengthen the capacity of the government and NGOs in accurate analysis of causes and consequences of patterns of poverty and unemployment so as to guide interventions;

 Strengthen capacity at community-level NGOs and CSOs in order to design and implement projects. Support NGOs and CSOs in linking poverty reductions projects and interventions with interventions in environmental protection, conservation and management, as in the case of, for example, poverty reduction and job creation through the promotion of eco-diversity. UNDP can also help strengthen engagement between the Government of Jordan, NGOs, CSOs and the private sector in order to encourage partnerships between SMEs and the government in order to prepare a legal and economic framework for expanding SMEs;

 Build exit strategies and long-term sustainability into project design. For example, link capacitybuilding or training of community members or CSO staff to long-term institutional development and sustainability; integrate leveraging of other donor resources, including government, in order to foster national ownership, continuity and replication; and

 Support the government's economic liberalization and reform in order to incorporate attention to benefits and drawbacks of QIZs and other economic initiatives, by addressing specific legislative, economic, social and environmental needs and priorities in this sector, paying particular attention to incorporating gender issues and patterns of employment, and commitment to human rights.
Management Response: [Added: 2007/10/08]

In the next programme cycle UNDP in Jordan is focusing its poverty alleviation programme in areas where we have identified our niche as follows: A. Strengthening pro-poor participatory planning, implementation and monitoring to build on our strength in policy advocacy and initiating dialogue among the different stakeholders evidenced in our MDG reporting interventions and NHDR processes. B. Supporting entrepreneurship and SME growth, with focus on women and the youth in local communities, to build on our successes in targeted interventions and refocusing those in specific geographic areas, as well as our strength in capacity building, training and business initiatives. In the current cycle and CCA, UNDP had already identified regional disparities as a major problem in Jordan and acted on that with initiatives tackling Zarqa Governorate as the only one where poverty rates have increased and Aqaba where the private sector led development was not reaching all segments of society.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Continue consultation on conducting impact assessments of the current trade, investment and fiscal policies on the poor men and women and to support the Ministry of Trade in implementing their trade strategy for human development.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]
Jordan 2011/12 Overdue-Initiated - This aspect will be developed during 2009 as part of an integrated initiative around food security in order to scale up the MDGs.
To initiate post MDGR discussions in Aqaba and Zarqa to support local planning for poverty reduction and MDGs achievement including components of capacity building of non governmental organizations.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - Preparations for follow up activities for Aqaba and Zarqa MDG reports are underway.
Develop a project to promote women's participation in public life. This intervention supports the MDG local planning interventions and highlights synergies between poverty and governance.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - The project is developed and is now ongoing, especially focusing on women's participation in local municipal councils.
Development of non conventional vocational training project in Zarqa, highlighting the linkages between vocational training, job creation and poverty reduction.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - A concept note was developed and submitted to the Italian Embassy for funding. Response is expected to be received soon.
UNDP will continue with the production of National Human Development Reports in the next cycle to continue dialogue and analysis initiated in the current cycle and based on themes agreed on jointly with the Government of Jordan.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - The next NHDR is underway, with USAID support. The goal is to expand the focus in preparing the NHDRs and include follow up activities to ensure greater impact of the report's findings.
UNDP together with the Department of Statistics will support capacity building for planners at the national and local levels, academia and civil society organizations on statistical literacy and interpretation of data and MDG monitoring.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - The project is ongoing. Going forward this activities will be linked to the broader support to the design and implementation of the NEP and the integration of MDGs into the planning process.
UNDP and UNIDO to develop a programme in support of private sector development .The programme in envisioned to focus on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the Agro-Industry sector in Jordan.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - A concept note was prepared but failed to receive funding from the MDGF. Another project has aspects related to agro industry under a food security proposal, is still being developed.
Follow-up on the global compact would be developed in consultation with partners from private sector.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/03/16]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - A successful launch of the global compact took place in 2008. Follow up activities will be discussed in 2009 with relevant partners.
Continue to incorporate exit strategies and sustainability concerns in the design of each project, given the type of project and challenges in this regard are taken into account.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established -Progress is being made on this issue. However, greater attention will be given to this going forward as part of the CO strategic visioning process recently undertaken to ensure that GOJ will "institutionalize" the programme of support as part of their overall mandates. Programmes of support for local development in the future will be designed using a well defined consultative approach, to ensure sustainability issues are adequately addressed
Strengthen the M&E in new initiatives in response to the RMG and include exit strategies
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - A monitoring and reporting associate was hired. An important task in the job description is to review new proposals from the monitoring and evaluation perspective. - Extensive efforts were made during the recent Strategic Visioning process to improve the CO oversight function. Detailed action plans were developed on how this will be carried out going forward for all pillars
9. Recommendation: Environmental sustainability

Successfully leveraging GEF funding has enabled UNDP Jordan to increase its entry points in the field of environmental protection and conservation, and to build on its institutional advantage as a catalyst and facilitator of development in this area. Strategically identifying and selecting entry points in this thematic area requires attention to interventions that are most effective in achieving intended outcomes in relation to the investment of funds and personnel.

UNDP interventions should:

 Strengthen policy dialogue, advocacy and support to the Government of Jordan, in order to raise the priority of an area that has had minimal government cost-sharing to date, but which has distinct implications for long-term sustainability of current initiatives;

Support the government in ensuring more effective cooperation between relevant central government ministries-in particular, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, including its National Energy Research Centre-and government agencies at the governorate and municipal levels;

 Strengthen efforts within the UNDP programme and at government and nongovernmental levels to adopt a more holistic approach to creating synergies among environment-related interventions implemented by various UN agencies and bilateral donors in Jordan, as well as between and across thematic areas. This would require demonstrating, in small-scale or pilot projects at the downstream level, the results of a holistic approach to interventions in support of environmental sustainability and human development, such as in capacity-building initiatives as a means of tackling poverty;

 Strengthen support to national efforts to mainstream environmental protection into economic and political legislation aimed at promoting economic liberalization and strengthening the role of the private sector in economic development. UNDP should leverage its capacity in communication, outreach and advocacy to work with government agencies and non-governmental stakeholders in promoting citizen awareness, commitment and participation in environmental protection and the long-term behavioural change needed in this area. UNDP projects should also incorporate attention to and participation of diverse population segments, especially women and youth, to strengthen community organizations to implement projects that directly benefit each community's residents;

 Support and strengthen the attention of relevant stakeholders to effectively linking national efforts in order to address the water crisis with interventions in support of biodiversity and development of alternative energy sources, such as biogas; assist national water authorities in developing strategically coherent approaches to environmental sustainability; and

 Support the government and non-governmental sectors in mainstreaming environmental protection issues into the implementation of the national tourism strategy.
Management Response: [Added: 2007/10/08] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]

Efforts will be made through advocacy and lobbying to raise the priority of supporting environmental protection and conservation by the Government of Jordan. However it is worth noting that the financial engagement of the Government in environment related initiatives has improved. UNDP will further emphasize with the Government Coordinating authority, the need to enhance coordination among national actors in Energy sector. UNDP is working in this direction within the overall programme framework of support to local community initiatives in the Zarqa Area. Promoting citizen awareness will be mainstreamed within new initatives. In the next programme cycle UNDP Jordan is focusing on strengthening National institutional and community capacities and aligning national policies to global conventions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will emphasize on the importance of government cost-sharing as a reflection of national commitment and will further engage in policy dialogue with decision makers
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - The issue is taken seriously in negotiations with government for ongoing and new projects. -The government is focusing on other priority areas than environment (many donors support environment initiatives, leading the government to focus on other areas for cost sharing) - Despite challenges, the government is expected to cost share the project by 1:7 ratio (1 from GEF resources and 7 from government sources).
As part of its next programme cycle 2008- 2012 UNDP Jordan is focusing on Energy Label initiative. This intervention will be implemented by the National Energy Research Centre in close cooperation with the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources and the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. Government of Jordan expressed interests in this initiatives and cost-share the project with 600,000 USD (cash and in-kind)
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/03/16]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - The project received funding from GEF and a consultant will be hired to update the project document to respond to current challenges in the country. Cost sharing agreement with the government was concluded. Majority of government contribution will be in kind- such as through use of laboratories for testing (could equal to around $200,000 reduction in the cost of project) - However, going forward the focus will be on climate change initiatives both for mitigation and adaption, with energy been addressed within this overall framework
A recently developed UN Joint Programming Initiative in Zarqa is adopting to an extent a holistic approach. It will develop Jordan's key government and civil society counterparts' capacity to adapt to climate change threats to health, food security, productivity, and human security under the conditions of severe water scarcity that is expected to be compounded by climate change.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - The joint programming is about to start the implementation phase. A national coordinator will be hired to ensure coordinated UNCT response to government priorities, in close cooperation with the Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Water and Irrigation, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture, and Ministry of Education. This allows a more holistic approach in climate change in the Zarqa river basin.
The work on a new joint venture with the Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority. Focusing on mainstreaming biodiversity (strengthening the policy and regulatory framework, fostering markets for ecosystem goods and services) is ongoing with possible involvement of the Private Sector in the implementation of the Eco-tourism activities.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established - PIF received approval from the GEF CEO in January 2009. The total value of the GEF contribution to the project will be around 1 million. The medium sized project is expected to be submitted to GEF for endorsement in July 2009 (the focus being as described in the management response). The government is expected to cost share the project by 1:7 ratio (1 from GEF resources and 7 from government sources).
Through a UN Joint Programme with UNESCO, WHO and FAO, UNDP will pilot and strength the adaptation capacity of Zarqa River Basin to climate change for health protection and food security under water scarcity condition. At least one strategy for legal and institutional frameworks approaches and tools for IWRM in the Zarqa River basin should be developed.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2009/12/07]
Jordan No due date No deadline established This activity will be reviewed when the project starts to assess if it is still relevant.
UNDP will move from Biogas (alternative energy) to Energy Labelling (Energy efficiency) programme during the new programme cycle towards developing a National appliance energy efficiency program and impact monitoring system to be implemented.
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2011/12/26]
Jordan No due date No deadline established The new project on energy labeling received GEF CEO approval in February 2009. The implementation will start after submitting the updated project document to the GEF CEO for final approval and clearance. - However, going forward the focus will be on climate change initiatives both for mitigation and adaption, with energy been addressed within this overall framework
UNDP will try to strengthen national partners' capacities to develop and promote conservation concept through three of its major initiatives:  Soaring Birds Project.  Changing Agricultural and Community Practices to Sustain the Jordan River System.  Artificial Reefs in the Gulf of Aaba, a new tool for integrated coastal management and tourism planning
[Added: 2007/12/18] [Last Updated: 2012/01/29]
Jordan No due date No deadline established UNDP undertook the regional coordinator role for the soaring birds project. Artificial Reefs in the Gulf of Aqaba (now named "strengthening the policy and regulatory framework, fostering markets for ecosystem goods and services") was approved and a full project document is under development. The concept for a regional project on "Changing Agricultural and Community Practices to Sustain the Jordan River System" was developed; pending approval of the Palestinian authority to be submitted to GEF for funding.

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