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Supporting attainment of MDGs at Community Level
Commissioning Unit: Zambia
Evaluation Plan: 2007-2010
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 08/2009
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Zambia
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation: Based on the demonstrated and observable outcomes which this project achieved within a short period, the evaluation strongly recommends that the project should be continued and scaled up in order to enhance the country?s chances of achieving the MDGs.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/05/17]

Noted, but following the recommendation of the Assessment for Development Results (ADR) for the Country Office to have a more focus programme, the PDM approach with its sub-components of ABCD and LIIS, will be scaled up in a programme for accelerating attainment of MDGs at community level which will be implemented in one district for increased impact. The concept for this project has already been developed and the project proposal is being finalized by the Ministry of Community Development and Social Services (MCDSS).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 The PDM approach is being considered for extension to Petauke District in Eastern Province starting in 2010 to be implemented by the Ministry of Community Development and Social Services (MCDSS) in partnership with a consortium of non-state actors (NAC, MBT, GEF-SGP and A2N).
[Added: 2010/05/17] [Last Updated: 2012/01/25]
Programme Unit 2010/12 Completed The PDM approach was integrated into the Localisation of MDGs in Petauke Project being implemented by the former MCDSS an now Ministry of Community Development, Mother and Child Health (MCDMCH). This project started in 2010 and has continued in the 2011-2015 Country Programme.
2. Recommendation: The project demonstrated that using the PDM and its subcomponents of ABCD and LIIS, Zambia could not only achieve the MDGs, but could also develop a culture of self reliance and sustainable development. The methodology advocated for by the project proved to work across sectors, it built practical synergies among development agencies serving rural community and empowered local communities to participate in the development of their own areas and districts.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/05/17]

Agreed, the Country Office will to the extent possible mainstream the PDM approach in all downstream programmes implemented in future.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. To the extent possible, adopt adaptable elements of the PDM approach in all future downstream programmes (including the proposed project in 1.1)
[Added: 2010/05/17] [Last Updated: 2012/01/25]
Programme Unit 2010/11 Completed This has started with the Accelerated Attainment of MDGs in Petauke which has adopted best practices from this project including the establishment of Information Centers at community level.
3. Recommendation: The MTENR should take advantage of the PDM approach and utilise it in its other programmes that require the participation of local communities.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/05/17]

MTENR continues to support the two communities that adopted the PDM methodology. The MTENR did show interest and solicited for funding to introduce PDM in Chiawa and Bangweulu protected areas (GMA) under the UNDP/GEF funded Reclassification of Protected Areas Project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Introduce PDM in Chiawa and Bangweulu Protect Areas
[Added: 2010/05/17] [Last Updated: 2012/01/30]
MTENR 2010/12 Completed The Country Office has provided funds to a Chiawa and West Lunga community based groups surrounding the game management areas for implementation of sustainable livelihood activities. Africa 2000 is not a partner in these activities, but the MMNR through ZAWA is using participatory approaches. To explore ways of linking this groups to areas such as Chibombo, Mazabuka and Petauke where PDM approaches have been used
4. Recommendation: The UNDP should help Zambia build and enhance its capacity for sustainable development by nurturing the establishment of the PDM approach. The PDM approach (with its associated elements) showed a promise not only in increasing the chances of achieving the MDGs but also enhancing people?s participation and true democracy.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/05/17]

Agreed, UNDP has identified the MCDSS as a key government agency responsible for programmes with community outreach activities. Through the proposed project in 1.1. above, UNDP will also build the capacity of the MCDSS to design, implement, monitor and evaluate programmes implemented using the PDM approach. It will also continue working with MTENR and build capacities of Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MACO) and Ministry of Health (MoH) in implementing community based projects using PDM as they are partners in the proposed project in 1.1. above.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1Build the capacity of the MCDSS to implement community based programmes using the downstream approach.
[Added: 2010/05/17] [Last Updated: 2012/01/25]
Programme Unit No due date No deadline established This is being done as part of the current Accelerated Attainment of MDGs in Petauke Project. The review of the project is currently underway and this will cover the usefulness of the approach to the MCDSS and possible replication.
5. Recommendation: UNDP should consider continuing providing support to the project and also facilitate the involvement of A2N to establish PDM in Zambia. PDM prevents corruption by increasing the presence and active involvement of all stakeholders at all transaction stages of the development process.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/05/17]

Noted, the Country Office has continued with the approach used in the project and integrated it into a project that also draws on lessons learnt from other community based pilot programmes such as Micro-Finance for Poverty Reduction to come up with the proposed project in 1.1. above. The A2N has been an active partner in the development of the concept and the proposal for the project. It will also be involved in the implementation of the project focusing on community mobilization activities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Involve A2N in the development of the concept and project proposal for the integrated project referred to in 1.1. above.
[Added: 2010/05/17] [Last Updated: 2012/01/25]
Programme Unit & MCDSS 2010/04 Completed African 2000 Network (A2N) was part of the committee that developed the project. The implementation of the Accelerated Attainment of MDGs in Petauke was led by a representative of the network who saved as the Programme Coordinator until his untimely death in 2011.
6. Recommendation: Continuing the project will require adjustments to the current programme components and widening the deliverables. Additional components should include: i) revamping and improving the tree nursery capacity in the project districts; ii) training of VCFs, local leaders and selected Government Department staff for the new areas; iii) Upgrading (by retraining and TOT) of selected high calibre VCFs from among the existing team of VCFs to lower the cost of the up scaling of the project; iv) Selection of a few higher aptitude VCFs who should be trained in advanced data management for the Info-Kiosks; v) Making nursery and demonstration plots at each village or cluster of villages under the supervision of the VCFs and village headpersons; and vi)Upgrading the monitoring and evaluation system of the project at the Secretariat and information centres to include a functional database that will enable easy generation of reports and access to process and outcome information to meet the needs of various users.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/05/17]

Agreed, the PDM approach will be reviewed and revised to incorporate the proposed additional components to the extent possible in the new project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Review and revise the PDM to incorporate additional elements to the extent possible.
[Added: 2010/05/17] [Last Updated: 2012/01/25]
Programme Unit, MTENR & Afirca 2000 Network 2010/06 Completed The application of the PDM approach has been modified in the Accelerated Attainment of MDGs Project to include the small grants approach and increased focus on sustainable livelihoods.
7. Recommendation: The rekindled community interest in environmental management, including fruit and none-fruit tree planning, will need to be met by the project. A strong community extension, training and liaison approach will need to be adopted by the MTENR. This will require a strong partnership between the Departments of Environment and Natural Resources with the Department of Forestry to conduct sensitisations and establishing demonstration plots within the reach of communities and making planting materials available at affordable and sustainable price.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/05/17]

Agreed, UNDP recognizes that most poor households are heavily dependent on natural resources and this threatens the sustainability of their livelihoods due to environmental degradation and biodiversity loss. The Country Office will continue with and scale-up environmental restoration interventions started by the Localisation of Millennium Development Goals at Community Level Project and link such initiatives with micro-finance services (Eco-friendly loans) aimed at supporting environmentally friendly business activities. It will also endeavor to build the capacity of MTENR to adopt a strong community extension, training and liaison approach.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1Traing MTENR staff in community extension, training and liaison approaches.
[Added: 2010/05/17] [Last Updated: 2012/01/25]
UNDP & MACO 2010/12 No Longer Applicable This action is currently no longer applicable to because the change of the Implementing Partners from MTENR to MCDSS has meant little involvement of the latter. The Country exploring this in the context of the on-going work under the MTENR in community based natural resources management.
7.2 Training MACO Extension Staff in targeted communities in environment and related extension, training and liaison approaches.
[Added: 2010/05/17] [Last Updated: 2012/01/25]
UNDP & MTENR 2010/12 Completed The Ministry of Agriculture has been a key partner in this project which has used the PDM approach to promote high income and environmentally sustainable livelihoods in the Accelerated Attainment of MDGs in Petauke Project. This process has come with skills transfer through the leadership of Africa 2000. There is need for more formalized trainings in future downstream activities.

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