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Assessment of Development Results - Uganda
Commissioning Unit: Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Plan: 2008-2009
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Completion Date: 08/2009
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Uganda
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation: 1. UNDP interventions should support policy formulation and coordination in development and post- conflict recovery. Efforts must be taken to ensure that a large component of the programme entails a systematic approach to engaging in policy and technical support for implementation. UNDP should be strategic both in developing partnerships and in identifying policy areas where its support would complement ongoing development efforts. Considering that donor assistance in Uganda is largely in the form of budget support, UNDP should be strategic in both developing partnerships and in identifying policy areas where its support will contribute to furthering development results. Building on consultations and partnerships with government and other development agencies, UNDP should ensure that programme support is aimed at addressing capacity, policy and advocacy issues related to regional disparities in poverty, strengthening accountability and transparency in governance and in postconflict recovery. In approaching these partnerships, UNDP should make sufficient efforts to clarify, to both the government and the donor community, the nature of the support it can provide to complement budget support and efforts by various stakeholders. This should be clearly outlined in the country programme.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

This has been well addressed under the formulation of new CPD and CPAP 2010-2014

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Atleast 5 Policy support projects have been initiated and supported in the 2010-2014 CPAP
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Democratic Governance Unit 2011/07 Completed Formulation of CPAP projects to support development and review of policy environment in trade, agriculture and tourism as well as environment natural resources and, climate change sectors and; strengthening for national capacities
1.2 Policy coordination for increasing equitable growth and prosperity
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit 2011/04 Completed Started with the implementation of the new CPAP 2010-2014
1.3 UNDP will support both review development of new policies
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit 2011/06 Completed In the new CPAP 2010-2014, UNDP is supporting national institutions to review and develop policies in Growth and Poverty Reduction areas
1.4 Analytically studies undertaken to inform policies/strategies
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit 2012/12 Completed 2010 National MDG progress report focusing on maternal health was produced; NHDR on Climate change is under preparation; .CPAP has project to support government carry out analytical studies
1.5 UNDP will lead in development and implementation of Joint Programme like value chain
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Senior Management 2012/06 Completed Value chain analysis report prepared; JP document prepared and implementation to commence in 2012
2. Recommendation: 2. UNDP should enhance its support to attaining the MDGs in order to address regional disparities in poverty. UNDP should make a stronger commitment to address cross- cutting issues, particularly the MDGs, HIV/AIDS and gender. UNDP should consider supporting regional MDG reports. Uganda is comfortably poised to achieve MDG targets in most areas by 2015. However, areas such as maternal health and regional disparities in poverty remain a challenge. While UNDP should continue its support to poverty and MDG monitoring, adequate measures should be taken to align efforts with the national poverty monitoring carried out by the Office of the Prime Minister. UNDP should be proactive in ensuring the harmonization of national development targets with MDG targets in areas where the former are less ambitious than the latter. A related issue is addressing regional disparities in poverty and development. UNDP should pay special attention in its forthcoming programme to informing policy and practice related to these areas. Efforts were made in the ongoing programme to support district MDG reports. Considering the large number of districts in Uganda, UNDP should instead consider supporting regional MDG reports. In the forthcoming programme, UNDP has identified pro- poor policies for achieving growth with equity as an area of support to the government. This includes capacity development for MDG- based planning. UNDP should ensure proper implementation of this important dimension of poverty reduction support. UNDP should also make stronger commitments to addressing cross- cutting issues, particularly gender and HIV/AIDS. In the forthcoming programme, UNDP should take sufficient measures to ensure that gender analysis informs programme design and implementation, including revisiting some of the existing programme plans. MDG reporting should be further strengthened in order to provide genderdisaggregated analysis. Gender inequality becomes further aggravated amidst other vulnerabilities, such as conflict. UNDP should place specific emphasis on the gender dimensions of reconstruction and transition in the recovery programme. In order to maximize results in this area, UNDP should strengthen partnerships with agencies that have similar interests. Measures should be taken to systematically integrate HIV/AIDS issues into programme interventions. In the ongoing country programme, UNDP supported a study to inform government policy on HIV/AIDS. Given the increases in the prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS during the past two years, similar efforts should be pursued in the forthcoming programme to further advocacy in the area.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

The CO is already supporting regionalization of the MDGs and will continue. In the new CP the CO will promote pro-poor policies that will include capacity building for MDG based planning through support to evidence based policy formulation and policy dialogue. A HIV/AIDS specialist will be recruited to reinforce the CO capacity in the area.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Capacity building for MDG based planning through support to evidence based policy formulation and policy dialogue
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit 2011/07 Completed Rakai, Kabarole, Kumi, Moroto and Arua District Local Governments trained in MDG based planning.
2.2 Poverty monitoring including use of gender disaggregated data at national level and selected districts
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit 2011/06 Completed The MDG district reports had a component of poverty tracking.
2.3Production of District MDG Reports
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Strategic Policy Unit 2011/07 Completed MDG reports are being disseminated. Final submissions expected by July 20th.
2.4 Crosscutting issues of energy, environment, Human Rights, Climate Change, HIV and AIDS, and Gender will integrated across the two programme components and will also be addressed in Joint programmes
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit and Democratic Governance Unit 2012/07 Completed Capacity for sustainable Environment and Natural Resources Management (ENRM), Climate Change (CC) adaptation and mitigation; and Disaster Risk Management (DRM) was integrated as an outcome in the CPAP. JP on HIV AIDS is being implemented. Gender auditing project has been supported and is ongoing
2.5 Recruitment of HIV/AIDS Specialist
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/04/20]
Democratic Governance Unit. 2010/10 Completed Recruitment complete
3. Recommendation: 3. Given the importance of linkages between sustainable environment and poverty reduction, UNDP should take specific measures to integrate environment and climate change adaptation as a cross- cutting issue across programme interventions, particularly in poverty reduction and disaster management interventions. Considering the challenges of environmental sustainability and climate change adaptation for Uganda, further efforts are needed by UNDP to support reducing vulnerability to climate changerelated disasters. In the ongoing programme, support was extended to disaster management initiatives, and the environment was included as a component of poverty reduction. Considering there are other agencies working on environmental issues in Uganda, UNDP should identify areas where it can complement ongoing efforts and inform government practice and policy.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

Environment, climate change adaptation/mitigation and Disaster Risk Reduction are some of the cross-cutting issue across programme interventions. Climate change will be addressed through both direct interventions and UN joint programme on climate change

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Environmental sustainability and climate change adaptation and mitigation interventions will be implemented under poverty reduction and CPR interventions in selected sub sectors
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit 2011/10 Completed Projects on ENRM and CC adaptation and mitagation are being implemented
3.2 Systems for disaster risk reduction will be developed and implemented
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit 2011/11 Completed Project to develop Strategies for DRR/M is being implemented
3.3 Climate change adaptation and mitigation integrated with disaster risk reduction
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit 2011/10 Completed Completed in the new CPAP 2010-2014
4. Recommendation: 4. To make meaningful contributions to development results, UNDP should be strategic in using its resources and reduce the number of interventions. UNDP should develop a fund mobilization strategy to support programmes in critical areas. This strategy should include areas where UNDP would engage on a longterm basis. Instead of being reactive to donor needs, UNDP should put forth a clear plan of action, covering a minimum period of five years, in key areas of programme intervention. During the ADR period, UNDP had carried out programme scoping for governance and private- sector support. This is a step in the right direction, and further measures should be taken to prepare strategy documents for these programme areas. In governance, UNDP has identified service delivery at the local level as one possible area of intervention. Other areas where UNDP has the potential to strengthen governance include enhancing transparency and accountability mechanisms. UNDP should revisit its northern Uganda programme strategy and pay specific attention to informing government policy regarding the integration of northern Uganda development priorities into the national development strategy. UNDP should focus on areas in northern Uganda where support would be more meaningful and would complement ongoing efforts. UNDP should reduce the number of small interventions that do not have substantial relevance in terms of contribution to development results. Instead, it should focus on fewer interventions, over a longer period of time, which would enhance development results. UNDP needs to assess where its efforts can have the most effect and where corporate capacities can be harnessed, and then align its activities accordingly. UNDP should continue advocating and supporting peace- building initiatives together with interventions pertaining to human security. These initiatives should include support to demining and to small arms and light weapons collection and destruction. UNDP should support national priorities under the Peace, Recovery and Development Plan for Northern Uganda through proactive advocacy and support to local coordination mechanisms in the four identified northern regions.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

This recommendation has been addressed, the number of components and outcomes under the new CP/CPAP has been greatly reduced to two and six respectively

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 The number of components and outcomes in the CPD/CPAP has been scaled down to two and six respectively
[Added: 2010/04/29]
Senior Management 2009/12 Completed This is already done
4.2 Develop Resource Mobilization Strategy that ensures sustainable resource mobilization and partnerships
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2014/06/17]
Senior Management 2014/04 Completed
5. Recommendation: 5. UNDP should no longer work on interventionspecific pilot projects. The pilot approach should only be used for integrated approaches at the district level and with interventions that are both mutually reinforcing across practice areas and are linked by measurable and common objectives. This will ensure that interventions remain focused and are conducive to creating substantial results. In addition, it will avoid leading to a dispersion of resources along unchartered programmatic lines with no demonstrated contribution to MDG or development priorities. A focus on districts as programme entry points will allow UNDP to carry out initial participatory baselines and discuss expected results with stakeholders, so that a district monitoring and evaluation plan is a reflection of the participatory process.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

In the new CPD/CPAP 2010-2014, UNDP and UNCDF are undertaking pilot projects that focus on governance, economic growth and gender issues in selected local government

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Develop capacity development plans for local governments that are in line with the National Development Plan
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Democratic Governance Unit 2011/04 Completed Initiated with the CPAP. One of the CPAP outputs is on strengthening service delivery and focus is on strengthening local government planning process in line with NDP. As part of the project, focus will be on harmonising the planning frameworks and developing appropriate capacity development strategies and plans for delivery of better services.
6. Recommendation: 6. UNDP should clarify what is intended by capacity development and outline support parameters. There should be a clear framework for implementing and monitoring capacity development activities. A core area of UNDP support involves developing the capacities of national institutions. For capacity development interventions, UNDP should develop clear parameters and timelines, and embed them within the programme strategy for each area. While there should be periodic monitoring of interventions' progress, UNDP should also take sufficient measures to ensure that all concerned stakeholders have a common understanding of these strategies. UNDP has been consistent in implementing programmes through the government, which is essential for developing national capacities. For effective implementation of development programmes, further efforts should be made to strengthen the administrative and finance mechanisms of government partners.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

CO capacity development implementation and monitoring proposed in the CP/CPAP are based on UNDP Practice Note on Capacity Development

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Develop training plan and manuals for technical staff in selected CSOs, institutions and districts
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit and Democratic Governance Unit 2011/12 Completed Projects in place to build capacity of Aid Liaison Department to undertake monitoring of CPAP implementationInitiated with the implementation of the new CPAP 2010-2014. Under the outcome, ?selected local governments and oversight entities have capacity and deliver accountable, inclusive, and demand-driven social and economic services?, developing capacities of CSOs has been identified as a key entry point
6.2 Train technical staff in selected CSOs, institutions and districts
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
Poverty Reduction Unit and Democratic Governance Unit 2011/12 Completed Capacity building initiatives have been integrated in IP project documents and workplans at project level; HACT and finance management trainings that have been given to IPs, both government and CSOs. In addition, the capacity development tracker is in place.
6.3 Develop capacity of selected CSOs, institutions and districts
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit and Democratic Governance Unit 2011/06 Completed Capacity assessment of economic actors in Northern Uganda undertaken; capacity assessment of local governments in Northern Uganda undertaken in 2010 Under the outcome, ?Capacity of selected local governments and oversight entities built and delivering accountable, inclusive and demand driven social and economic services?, developing capacities of CSOs is the main intervention
7. Recommendation: 7. UNDP should define the role it can play in coordination and more systematically engage in various coordination mechanisms in the country. UNDP should be more proactive in its engagement of sector working groups and in the coordination mechanisms on northern Uganda development, governance, poverty reduction and private- sector support. There are several Poverty Eradication Action Plan/National Development Strategy working groups, in addition to sector groups and donor coordination mechanisms. UNDP should actively engage in areas that are relevant to its programme agenda and where it is organizationally well placed to contribute. There should be more efforts to support policy and research papers in key UNDP areas of development. Sufficient resources should be allocated for such activities, and UNDP should ensure that senio rlevel staff participates in coordination meetings.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

The CO will continue to play its lead role in the Northern Uganda Recovery and Development group as a co-chair of the group. UNDP will further play a lead coordination role in Northern Uganda

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Co-chair of the NURD Group and provide Secretariat to the NURD
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Senior Management 2011/01 Completed The Chair of the NURD is on a rotational basis with UNDP as the co-chair while Norway is the Chair. This arrangement is schedule to change in May when new chairs of the groups
7.2 Coordination role in Northern Uganda
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
Senior Management 2012/12 Completed UNDP is co-chairing the NURD group and other donor working groups.
8. Recommendation: 8. UNDP should be more proactive in advocating the human development dimensions of growth and poverty reduction. UNDP should extend continuous support to advocacy tools such as Human Development Reports, including taking steps to support regional Human Development Reports in the forthcoming programme. Uganda has good statistics on the poverty and social sectors. To provide effective feedback to policy makers, UNDP should provide more structured information on key development issues, as UNDP has not yet identified or filled strategic gaps in this area. National Human Development Reports are a useful advocacy tool, because they provide alternative perspectives on key development issues, inform development and transition processes, and complement analysis of the poverty and social sectors. It is suggested that UNDP support a Human Development Report on linkages among post- conflict reconstruction, national development strategies; and gender issues in development. To be useful to development stakeholders, the reports should be of high quality and credibility. UNDP should proactively explore the possibility of supporting Regional Human Development Reports, which will complement the analysis of the poverty and social sectors. This will also provide an opportunity to address some of the region- specific issues in human development.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

In the new CPD, the CO on top of MDG tracking, will support localization of Human Development Reports and policy dialogues on MDG

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Policy dialogues on MDGs facilitated
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit 2011/12 Completed NHDR reports are disseminated in policy dialogue workshops at national and sub national levels
8.2 MDG based policies mainstreamed into national and sub-national development initiatives
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2013/03/25]
Poverty Reduction Unit 2012/12 Completed Two policy projects in i) Agriculture, Trade and Tourism and ii) Environment and natural resources are being implemented. The The CO supported the launch of the HDR and is is also supporting several evidence based analytical studies to inform policy
8.3 Produce Human Development Reports to support UNDP programmatic areas and National Development Plan
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Strategic Policy Unit 2011/12 Completed NHDRs produced annually
9. Recommendation: 9. UNDP should strengthen its partnerships with NGOs and CSOs in engaging in development and taking a proactive advocacy role. The agency should support measures to facilitate linkages among the government, the private sector and NGOs in engaging in post- conflict and development issues. The African Peer Review Mechanism process has shown that civil society can play an important role in informing development planning. UNDP should play a supportive role in furthering the role of NGOs and CSOs in development planning. Wherever possible, UNDP should strengthen the capacities of NGOs and CSOs to be able to play an effective role in development processes. A clear strategy should also be formulated for working with NGOs in order to strengthen their public accountability role with government.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

The CO through the new CP will use strategic partnerships with NGOs, CSOs and the private sector as a way to support government to achieve the objectives of the National Development Plan

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Partnerships with NGOs, CSOs and private sector will be developed
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit and Democratic Governance Unit 2011/06 Completed This will be implemented projects under the CPAP Under the outcome, ?Capacity of selected local governments and oversight entities built and delivering accountable, inclusive and demand driven social and economic services?, developing capacities of CSOs has been identified as a key entry point
9.2 Capacity of NGOs, CSOs and private sector developed to play key roles in post-conflict and development issues
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Poverty Reduction Unit and Democratic Governance Unit 2011/04 Completed Initiated with the implemmentation of the new CPAP 2010-2014. Capacity being built through the Peace Building Fund Joint Programme.
10. Recommendation: 10. UNDP should strengthen its presence at the local level. The capacities of area offices should be further strengthened and empowered in order to ensure that interventions play an effective role in programme implementation. Strengthening the effectiveness of the programme- particularly in supporting interventions in northern Uganda- and strengthening service delivery at the local level both require strong area offices. UNDP should take sufficient measures to improve the staff capacity of the area offices and ensure the offices are adequately empowered to play an effective role in the implementation of programme interventions. Field offices should also strengthen linkages between government and non- state actors in development intervention. Field office staff should be experienced in governance and poverty reduction issues, so that the office can perform as a UNDP office rather than being limited to conflict prevention and recovery issues.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

In line with the Change Management process, the CO will, open a sub-office in Gulu to support and strengthen programme intervention in the north and north-east of the country

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 Launch Gulu Sub Office
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Senior Management 2011/12 Completed Lira and Gulu Sub Offices were operationalised.
10.2 Staffing of Sub Office
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2011/12/30]
Senior Management 2010/01 Completed Action implemented
11. Recommendation: 11. UNDP should substantially strengthen the results focus of the country programme. This should include a strong programme management system and a monitoring and evaluation framework, and there should be optimal use of the results- based management system. For improved contribution to development results, UNDP should take urgent measures to strengthen programme reporting tools and systems. Resultsbased management needs to be strengthened, and in the forthcoming programme UNDP should include systematic monitoring of outcome indicators. Baseline information should be prepared for all outputs and outcomes. UNDP should strengthen gender analysis and gender disaggregated data for all interventions. Adequate human resources and funds should be allocated for monitoring and evaluation of the programme.
Management Response: [Added: 2009/09/23] [Last Updated: 2010/04/29]

The CO is committed to strengthening the use of results based management in planning, implementation and management of the new CP/CPAP. The CP/CPAP results frameworks have been reviewed to make them RBM complaint

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 CO staff trained in M&E
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2015/07/29]
Senior Management 2009/09 Completed 2 RBM trainings were conducted for Staff
11.2 Results based M&E framework in CPD and CPAP
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2015/07/29]
Management Support Unit 2009/10 Completed Done for CPAP
11.3 Mid-term review of Programme
[Added: 2010/04/29] [Last Updated: 2013/08/01]
Senior Management 2012/12 Completed Completed the review of the Country Programme Action Plan 2010-2014.

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