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BAIKAL BASIN ECOSYSTEM mangement
Commissioning Unit: Russian Federation
Evaluation Plan: 2011-2017
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 06/2014
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Russian Federation
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation: The SAP development process should include consultations with sub-national government stakeholders, such as soum and aimag level government representatives in Mongolia. To ensure implementation of the SAP it must be integrated with the planning processes and policies of the Aimags whose territories are included in the Selenga basin. The project could support at least one round of stakeholder consultations, which should be held in the early phases of SAP development (presumably in the third quarter of 2014). If necessary the project should transfer resources from Outcome 3 to Outcome 1 to cover these activities. This could be facilitated through the environment departments of the Aimag governments.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

Consultations with sub-national government stakeholders will be organized in the fourth quarter of 2014 and first quarter of 2015. Necessary resources will be transferred from Outcome 3 to Outcome 1 to cover these activities after the PSC approval on the third SC meeting in July 2014.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Agree necessary resources with the PSC
[Added: 2014/08/03]
PMU, PSC 2011/07 Completed
Organize consultations with sub-national government stakeholders
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, MEGD, MNRE 2015/12 Completed The Project Terminal Evaluation indicated that the SAP was "fully in-line with national priorities and ministerial workplans. Due to the significant support within both countries There have been indications that the ministries will be adopting the actions of the SAP within their own workplans irrespectively of any formal endorsement process". The TE considered this level of support for the SAP as "very encouraging". History
2. Recommendation: The project should explore the possibility of providing further immediate support to the government of Mongolia for reviewing and analyzing the draft revised transboundary agreement with Russia. This approach would follow similar activities undertaken in previous donor projects in which the project supported activities such as expert legal analysis, and consultation with the Department of Justice. Being a transboundary agreement, this would be facilitated in collaboration with both the MEGD and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The UNDP Mongolia Country Office may be able to help facilitate such an approach.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

Consultations with the Department of Justice of MEGD will be organized with the support of UNDP Mongolia Country Office and under the lead of international legal expert.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Organize consultations with Department of Justice of MEGD Mongolia for reviewing and analyzing the draft revised transboundary agreement with Russia.
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, PSC, agreement development expert 2015/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Consultations with the Department of Justice of MEGD were organized with the support of UNDP Mongolia Country Office. The final outcome is that "the governments did not agree to further work at this time with respect to the transboundary agreements. However they both indicated to the project Terminal Evaluation that this may be considered in future"]
History
3. Recommendation: The project exit strategy should be developed by the end of 2014, for approval by relevant stakeholders in early 2015. The exit strategy is necessary to clearly define roles and responsibilities to support the sustainability of project results. This would include, for example, clear agreement about the responsibility for managing and updating the BIC website.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

The project exit strategy will be developed by the end of 2014.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop the project exit strategy and have it approved
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PM 2015/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: A formal exit strategy has not been prepared by the project. Instead, there was an exchange of letter between governments of Mongolia and the Russian Federation that specified key stakeholder responsibilities upon project completion. All project results have been made available to the countries. ]
History
4. Recommendation: It is recommended that the project explore all potential opportunities to undertake additional demonstration or pilot activities in Mongolia related to integrated natural resource management. The project has thus far included relatively few practical on-the-ground activities in Mongolia, and such activities are often important for gaining stakeholder support and buy-in, and raising awareness. This could have important dividends for the project in Mongolia, by engaging aimag and soum government stakeholders.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

Demonstration or pilot activities in Mongolia are not mentioned in the project document but this key recommendation will be raised on the third SC meeting and after consideration will be taken into account in the 2015 project workplan.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inform the PSC
[Added: 2014/08/03]
PMU, PSC 2014/07 Completed
Revise 2015 project workplan according to SC meeting decision
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, PSC 2015/01 Completed The project has supported the development of two RBM Plans in Mongolia. Insufficient funds were available for new pilot actions. History
5. Recommendation: The Baikal project should explore the option of collaborating with the GEF SGP in Mongolia to activate the Baikal NGO network, and potentially undertake some biodiversity-related pilot activities in Mongolia supporting IWRM management.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

PMU will closely collaborate with GEF SGP in Mongolia.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Organize a set of meetings with GEF SGP.
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, UNDP Mongolia Country Office, GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP) in Mongolia 2015/03 Completed The Project did correspond with the GEF SGP but this did not lead to further actions. The Baikal NGO network has been established History
6. Recommendation: The project should consider a variety of approaches to increase the chances of the two countries moving toward accepting the revised and updated transboundary water and environment management agreement. One opportunity could be to hold a media event highlighting ?20 years of cooperation? on water management between Russia and Mongolia (or even 40 years, going back to the 1974 agreement). This theme could also be extended to an academic conference on the subject where participants discuss and explore current key topics related to transboundary water management for the two countries.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

The Baikal project will organize a conference ?20 years of cooperation? on water management between Russia and Mongolia (or even 40 years, going back to the 1974 agreement) after both government approvals.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Agree a conference necessity with MNRE, MEGD, PSC
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, MNRE, MEGD, PSC 2014/09 Completed History
Organize the conference
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, MNRE, MEGD 2015/10 Completed A meeting was organised in October 2015 in Mongolia (supported by the project) linked to the planned plenipotentiaries meeting and the water/biodiversity commissions meetings. History
7. Recommendation: To strengthen the current plenipotentiaries mechanism in lieu of a new joint commission the project should work with the key stakeholders and both the government of Russia and government of Mongolia to integrate the SAP actions and targets into the meetings and workplans of the current plenipotentiaries mechanism. This would help consolidate the project results and strengthen sustainability, demonstrating initial steps toward implementation of the SAP.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

The Baikal project will continue supporting different activities of working group of the plenipotentiaries and meetings of plenipotentiaries as well. Developed SAP will be considered during next meeting of working group.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The Project will continue supporting different activities of working group of the plenipotentiaries and meetings of plenipotentiaries as well. Developed SAP will be considered during next meeting of working group.
[Added: 2018/11/09]
PM 2015/12 Completed The project supported two additional meetings in 2015
8. Recommendation: Once the Baikal Information Centre (BIC) website is fully operational it should be promoted and linked to as many other relevant websites as possible, in particular the website of the MEGD in Mongolia and MNRE in Russia, as well as the websites of the environmental agencies of the Republic of Buryatia and the relevant Aimags in Mongolia. The BIC will be a great public information resource, but it is necessary to make a proactive effort to drive website traffic to the site to ensure that it becomes known to the widest possible relevant audience. This would include search-engine optimization as well, and, for example, publication of the website URL on any printed materials of the project.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

According to 2014 project workplan the BIC website will be fully operational by the end of 2014. From the beginning of 2015 PMU will promote it to project stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Promote BIC website to project stakeholders.
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, BIC developers 2015/10 Completed BIC was promoted on different meetings, conferences and presentations. The Ecological Atlas produced by the Baikal Project is a part of BIC. In 2015 it was published and promoted at very high level (Ministries, Head of three regions of Russia, the President and Prime Minister of Mongolia, top academicians of Russian and Mongolian Academy of Science, Russian and Mongolian ambassadors and etc). History
9. Recommendation: In Mongolia the project should seek opportunities to develop the capacity of Mongolia?s watershed management institutions, i.e. River Basin Management Authorities and River Basin Councils. This could include, for example, the possibility of developing the capacity of the River Basin Councils (RBCs) to act as conduits for public and expert input to Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) relevant to the river basin management plans. In addition, the River Basin Management Authorities are expected to operate as key actors in implementing integrated water resource management in Mongolia, but they require training and technical capacity on IWRM issues and approaches. The River Basin Management Authorities and River Basin Councils for the Eg and Ider rivers are still being established, and thus there is a good opportunity for the Baikal project to directly contribute to the establishment of these bodies to support implementation of the river basin management plans that were developed under the Baikal project.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

The Baikal project will organize set of training to implement developed river basin management plans for the Eg and Ider sub-basins.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Organize trainings for implementing management plans for the Eg and Ider sub-basins.
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, RBCs, MEGD 2015/09 Completed Training workshops to implement river basin management plans that have been developed for the Eg and Ider basins were undertaken History
10. Recommendation: The project should increase activity related to responsible mining in Mongolia. The project should ensure that the lessons from the biodiversity friendly mining pilot activities on the Russian-side are documented and shared with the Mongolian colleagues. In addition, the project should engage with the stakeholders in Mongolia involved with identifying and disseminating environmentally responsible best practices for the mining industry. The Asia Foundation has organized stakeholder roundtable events on this issue, and it is a critical issue for the Baikal watershed in Mongolia. The above activities would require relatively little project funding. In addition the project should explore the option of conducting environmentally responsible mining pilot projects in Mongolia (most likely in the artisanal sector), not necessarily with biodiversity funding, but with funding from the international waters portion of the project budget, or with funding from other partners, such as the GEF-SGP.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

The project will share with the Mongolian the lessons from the biodiversity friendly mining pilot activities and engage with the stakeholders in Mongolia involved with identifying and disseminating environmentally responsible best practices for the mining industry.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Share the results of biodiversity friendly mining pilot activities with Mongolian government.
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU 2015/09 Completed The project has shared all outputs, lessons, etc. History
Involve Mongolian stakeholders into discussion of best practices for the mining industry in Russia
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, PSC 2015/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Deemed outside the scope and influence of this project]
History
11. Recommendation: The project should conduct an assessment of the feasibility and opportunities for citizen-based water quality monitoring networks, supporting the implementation of river basin management plans. Such a program would help more closely track water quality issues; Mongolia?s rivers have a high capacity for quick self-cleaning, so if pollution or water quality issues are reported, by the time government officials are able to respond and test the water, the pollution may already be significantly diluted. Citizen-based monitoring programs also serve a dual purpose of increasing public awareness and supporting environmental education, and they can also be relatively cost-effective means of collecting basic monitoring data. Examples of such programs include the Georgia (USA) Adopt-A-Stream program (http://www.georgiaadoptastream.com/db/), and Cook Inletkeeper (Alaska, USA) Citizen Environmental Monitoring Program (http://inletkeeper.org/clean-water/citizen-monitoring).
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

Mongolia and Russia have a governmental water quality monitoring networks. Firstly it is necessary to agree a wiliness of both countries for citizen-based water quality monitoring networks. If governments are fine PMU will conduct an assessment of the feasibility and opportunities for citizen-based water quality monitoring networks.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Agree a necessity for citizen-based water quality monitoring networks in Mongolian and Russia.
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, PSC 2014/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Monitoring has been undertaken bilaterally by different institutes supported by the project and the governments. ]
History
Conduct an assessment of the feasibility and opportunities for citizen-based water quality monitoring networks.
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU 2015/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Monitoring has been undertaken bilaterally by different institutes supported by the project and the governments. ]
History
12. Recommendation: The key technical experts from the Baikal project should participate in the inception workshop of the FAO/GEF mainstreaming project that will be starting in 2014, in order to identify all potential synergies between the two projects. One area of potential synergy may be related to Payments for Ecosystem Services, which the FAO project plans to pilot within Mongolia.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

The PMU will be involved into the inception workshop of the FAO/GEF mainstreaming project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Participate in the inception workshop of the FAO/GEF mainstreaming project.
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, UNDP, FAO 2015/12 Completed The Mongolian PMU have been involved in various international projects to enhance co-ordination between initiatives. History
13. Recommendation: Support information dissemination and awareness raising of key issues identified in the TDA through 1-2 page policy briefs highlighting the key points of the primary threats and issues identified in the TDA for the Baikal Basin, particularly for Mongolia. Stakeholders highlighted the fact that it is critical to continue raising awareness of high-level policy makers in understanding these complex issues.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

The TDA will be distributed among wide ranges of stakeholders and public libraries by the end of 2014.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Distribute TDA
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU 2014/12 Completed History
14. Recommendation: There is an excellent opportunity to explore and assess the feasibility of payments for ecosystem services (PES) from a transboundary perspective. There are numerous examples of successful PES for watershed maintenance around the world, but there are few or no known examples of transboundary PES. The Baikal basin has strong potential for such a scheme, since Russia is the downstream partner, and has greater resources (higher GDP, higher level of development) than Mongolia. A PES scheme could even be explored on a non-cash basis, where Russia agrees to provide technical support, or timber, or invest in development in Mongolia (specifically, for example, in the soums located ear the border) in exchange for a guaranteed level of water quality in the Selenga river as it crosses the border, or for ensuring a certain level of forest coverage in specific zones in Mongolia. It is highly unlikely that such a scheme could be piloted on a small scale before completion of the current IWRM project, but the concept should be explored, potentially with an exploratory concept paper or feasibility study, and inclusion of the idea in the SAP. Moving toward such a scheme could be globally significant.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

PMU will study a way of using of transboundary PES in 2015 if budget is available and this activity will be approved by PSC.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Study known examples of transboundary PES and conduct a feasibility study of using PES in the Baikal Basin in 2015.
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, PSC 2015/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Insufficient budget to enable this to be undertaken. It is noted that the GEF IW:LEARN will also be addressing economic valuation aspects and this could be considered within a SAP implementation follow-on project.]
History
15. Recommendation: The evaluation recommends that the project keep detailed records of co-financing received from all sources. With the Russian Federal investment program in the Baikal region the project can be considered to have more co-financing than originally planned. At the same time, the number and type of co-financing partners, not just the amount of co-financing received, can be an important indication of stakeholder ownership and support. Thus it would be beneficial for the project to record the range of partner organizations who have contributed any amount of cash or in-kind co-financing.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

PMU will continue keep detailed records of co-financing received from all sources.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Keep detailed records of co-financing received from all sources
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU 2015/12 Completed The PMU has maintained a detailed account of the CF by year and related project component/activity History
16. Recommendation: The evaluation recommends that the project results framework be reviews in its entirety following this mid-term evaluation to ensure that additional changes are not required in the 2nd half of the project. In particular, the indicators for Outcome 2 are not reflective of the planned project results under this outcome.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

The PSC will discuss these changes during the third SC meeting and review the result framework.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Review the results framework
[Added: 2014/08/03] [Last Updated: 2018/11/09]
PMU, PSC 2014/09 Completed The results framework was reviewed and several minor modifications approved by the 3rd PSC History
17. Recommendation: n/a
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/03]

n/a

Key Actions:

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