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Terminal Evaluation Report: Strengthening the Capacity of Valunerable Coastal Communities to Address the Risk of Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events
Commissioning Unit: Thailand
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 03/2014
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Thailand
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation: 1)There remain opportunities for including climate change adaptation into the upcoming four-year strategic provincial plans (2015-18) The four-year strategic plans (2015-2018) of the three provinces provide flexibility for climate change adaptation projects/activities to be included from 2016 fiscal year onwards, by having concerned line agencies submit the proposals which are a continuation or enhancement of the Project results. We suggest holding a joint workshop with subnational planners and regional agency officials from the three provinces and facilitated by the UNDP, to discuss which actions could be integrated into their strategic plans and how to best ensure continued focus on community-based adaptation in subnational planning and budgeting.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/12/30]

The project will seek opportunities to present the project key results to the Integrated Provincial Committee of the 3 pilot provinces: Nakhon Si Thammarat, Trang, and Pattalung.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Key results of the project have been presented to the Integrated Provincial Committee of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, chaired by the Governor, in April 2014, by the Director of Relief and Community Health Bureau of the Thai Red Cross Society and the project team The final results were also presented and captured in the final project report to the project board, on 14 May 2014, participated by vice governors from the 3 provinces.
[Added: 2014/12/30]
2014/06 Completed
2. Recommendation: 2)Support a top-down VCA in order to better facilitate engagement by provincial level planners The vulnerability and capacity assessments (VCAs) were carried out on a village scale and the proposed climate risk reduction measures were also, in most cases, rather small in size. Provincial planners would likely gain a more insightful perspective if a VCA would be made on a province dimension. The assessment would not need to be detailed, but rather a broad look at land use trends and pressures on coastal areas and resources.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/12/30]

As the project is drawing to a close, it will be difficult to have financial support to conduct the VCA at the provincial level, UNDP will build on the groundwork on village-scaled VCA in developing future projects on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reductions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP developed a proposal for the support under GEF 6 on "Landscape Approach to Climate Smart Urban Development", which aims to promote an integrated approach in urban development, to incorporate disaster and climate risk reduction, climate change mitigation actions, and biodiversity conservation, which also emphasizes the rural-urban inter-linkages in the efforts. This proposal of USD 4.39 M is developed based on the lessons learned and ground work done in the SCCF project, and will focus on the city and provincial level.
[Added: 2014/12/30]
2014/09 Completed The PIF is put in the 3rd Priority in the Thailand's GEF 6 National Portfolio Framework. The implementing partner is the national policy and planning body (National Economic and Social Development Board) and the Disaster Risk Reduction agency (Department of Disaster Risk Prevention and Mitigation) and Town and Country Planning, as well as the UNFCCC Focal Agency (Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning - ONEP)
3. Recommendation: 3) Integrate climate change adaptation in spatial and land use planning processes Subnational administrations are actively involved in spatial planning, and the 50-year National Spatial Development Policy covers the fields of (1) land use and development, (2) agriculture, (3) urban and rural development, (4) industry, (5) tourism, (6) social services, (7) transportation, energy, IT, telecommunication, (8) prevention of natural disasters (ref.: Department of Public Works and Town & Country Planning, Ministry of Interior). By integrating climate change adaptation into spatial plans, e.g., with respect to land use, the impacts could potentially be more widespread and more sustainable, and the result would provide an overall framework for some of the activities proposed in the socioeconomic development processes. With concerns involving the prospect of ASEAN integration in 2015 and also the experiences of the devastating floods of 2011, there is currently momentum focused on revising the National Spatial Development Plan. Under these circumstances, there is a potential entry point for introducing climate change adaptation as a cross-cutting component.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/12/30]

As the project is drawing to a close, it will be difficult to have financial support to conduct the VCA at the provincial level, UNDP will build on the groundwork on village-scaled VCA in developing future projects on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reductions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Same as #2 - the new proposal has a component on'landscape' approach to emphasise the importance of integrating climate change consideration into land use planning process
[Added: 2014/12/30]
2014/09 Completed The PIF is put in the 3rd Priority in the Thailand's GEF 6 National Portfolio Framework.
4. Recommendation: 4)Sponsor a case study of a moderate size "hard" measure that links community-based adaptation Focusing on a case study that showcases interaction among subnational authorities on a moderate size "hard" measure would be useful in terms of demonstrating available funding mechanisms for more substantial interventions, for instance, through the provincial plan or supported by one of the line ministries at the regional or district level.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/12/30] [Last Updated: 2014/12/30]

As the project is drawing to a close, it will be difficult to have financial support to conduct the VCA at the provincial level, UNDP will build on the groundwork on village-scaled VCA in developing future projects on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reductions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Same as #2 - the new proposal has a components on urban infrastructure development which takes into account climate resilience and green and low carbon urban infrastructure
[Added: 2014/12/30]
2014/09 Completed The PIF is put in the 3rd Priority in the Thailand's GEF 6 National Portfolio Framework.
5. Recommendation: 5)Expand environmental impact assessment practice and legislation with climate change adaptation aspects Continued economic expansion in Thailand will impart further pressures on ecosystems. By expanding the environmental impact assessment requirements to include climate change adaptation aspects, development within coastal communities, and elsewhere in the country, would need to better demonstrate that ecosystem services are being sustainably utilized and not jeopardized, and the built environment is designed in a way to enhance adaptive capacities in the face of climate change.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/12/30]

Having an intervention on the EIA process will be a long-term and a project on its own. UNDP will have to seek further funding opportunities to work in collaboration with partner (especially ONEP who is responsible for the EIA process in Thailand)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Same as #2 - the new proposal has a components on urban infrastructure development which takes into account climate resilience and green and low carbon urban infrastructure UNDP CO sought policy entry points to introduce the idea of integrating climate change dimension into the EIA process, through the existing collaboration with ONEP on climate finance (2013-2016) with support from UNDP core funding and SIDA. This is particularly relevant as ONEP is now looking into decentralizing the EIA consideration and approval process to the provincial level.
[Added: 2014/12/30]
2014/09 Completed
6. Recommendation: 6)Focus on fully utilizing existing national programs and developing new domestic sources to support climate change action As the economic status of Thailand continues to increase, the level of international development funding will further decrease. There are a number of existing national and private sector programs available to local communities for development assistance. As outlined in the CPEIR , there is limited fiscal flexibility in the government budget. There are discussions of re-formulating the environmental fund, to divert financing to climate change adaptation and mitigation measures, but this would entail reducing support elsewhere. The report goes on to stress the importance of developing new domestic fiscal measures, coupled with raising international funds.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/12/30] [Last Updated: 2014/12/30]

This recommendation will be taken forward in the UNDP support the government, i.e. ONEP, to have a feasibility study on the establishment of a 'National Adaptation Facility' using domestic resources to support adaptation actions at the local level, as recommended in the CPEIR Report (2012)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The feasibility study is conducted in June - September 2014
[Added: 2014/12/30]
2014/09 Completed the idea of establishing a 'national adaptation facility' is put as one of the mechanism to support the implementation of the forthcoming national climate change master plan (2015-2050)
7. Recommendation: 7)Include intangible benefits into performance indicators for such projects For such development projects, indicators need to be formulated that measure such intangible aspects. Measurement is not as straightforward as for indicators that can easily be quantified, but there are existing tools available, such as livelihood surveys that can be applied.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/12/30]

This recommendation is well-noted and will be taken into consideration in developing CC adaptation project in the future

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Action taken with exhibition showcasing the results in the three pilot provinces, with specially focus on community innovation and adaptive capacity in linking traditional knowledge in their responses to the new and emerging challenges of climate change.
[Added: 2014/12/30]
2014/06 Completed
8. Recommendation: 8)Promote traditional knowledge for climate change adaptation The Project has successfully highlighted local capacity in implementing traditional knowledge in climate change adaptation. An example was observed at Libong Island in the Trang province, where villagers have been experimenting with expanding mangrove forests and collecting information to assess ecosystem responses. These efforts should be linked with the national project on coastal conservation, where there might be a chance to upscale the techniques in other regions of the country.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/12/30]

This point will be taken forward especially to highlight the exhibition of SCCF project at the 6th ASEAN Forum on Disaster Risk Reduction hosted by Thailand on June 23-26, 2014.

Key Actions:

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