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Terminal Evaluation Early Recovery and Rehabilitation for Central Mindanao
Commissioning Unit:Philippines
Evaluation Plan:2012-2018
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date:12/2012
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Philippines
1. Recommendation: Conduct of Early Baseline Study for Proper Targeting. The intervention should focus on reform rather than merely restore pre-existing systems, following a rigorous analysis of the circumstance and location of the IDPs. This will typically require carrying out in-depth needs assessments at the early stage, if possible even before the formal end of hostilities. The need for conflict sensitivity in any intervention remains paramount. This implies understanding the social and ethnic dynamics that may have contributed to or resulted from the conflict to ensure they are not exacerbated by infrastructure programmes.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/12/26]

We recognize the need for an early conduct of baseline study. The ERRCM commissioned a baseline study at the start of its programme implementation. However, the procurement process (based on RA 9184) took some time and the failure of bidding resulted to delay. Thus, for future projects to be implemented by MinDA, we are recommending that a baseline study be incorporated already in the project document prepared by the funding institution or through a separate project prior to programme implementation. The study will be conducted within the programme life cycle will only focus on the status of the identified areas/beneficiary/intervention as stated in the logframe indicators

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation: Social Cohesion Promotes Early Recovery and Rehabilitation. Rebuilding social cohesion in internally-displaced families and communities is a vital aspect of recovery, rehabilitation and development of the affected population. The rebuilding process of the IDP families and communities needs to be deliberately pursued and nurtured, and cannot be left to chance. The competence of providing services to strengthen social cohesion would be better delivered by NGOs, academe and peace networks, rather than by government personnel. While it is the responsibility of the government to deliver mandated social, economic, environmental and development administration services.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/12/26]

The social cohesion component in implementing community-based projects is present in completed MinDA implemented projects. We agree with the recommendation, thus future programs of MinDA which might have community-based assistance shall continue to incorporate social cohesion strategies as part of the social preparation stage. This is in line with Mindanao 2020 wherein one of the strategies being put forth by MinDA is the promotion of social cohesion as one of the important dimensions in sustainable development

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation: Basic Social Services. Basic social services remain as the core in the early recovery and rehabilitation of IDP communities in conflict-affected/vulnerable areas. Delivery of basic services need to be anchored on the principles of participation, rights-based approach, gender sensitivity, cultural and conflict sensitivity and inclusivity in order to optimally maximize the benefits of the intervention. Education and health sectors, by their nature, greatly shape and are influenced by social norms and interactions. As such, the overarching need for conflict sensitivity in all assistance programmes and projects is particularly acute for these sectors. Initiatives with demonstrated direct developmental effects, such as those which improve access to water and sanitation and those which foster complementarities between large-scale and small-scale projects, should be promoted.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/12/26]

Provision of basic social services is a core consideration in the crafting of proposals by MinDA, specifically in community-based area development projects. The Human Development Cluster of the Mindanao Development Forum focuses specifically on basic social services. This is vital as an avenue in improving the governance capacity of the players especially local government units. The ERCM project allcated more than 70% of its budget to direct services that benefited the communities.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation: Community Economic Development. Community economic development should be based on economic advantage. This would require understanding the economic context of the IDP communities which include among others the identification of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats leading toward the determination of the comparative advantage of the area; alignment of the economic intervention with the industry priorities of the provincial and regional governments. Subsector industry analysis is imperative in order to produce products that can be scaled-up into the larger market. Restoring and improving the economic infrastructure, though important, should not be at the expense of health and education
Management Response: [Added: 2013/12/26] [Last Updated: 2013/12/26]

In the implementation of the ERRCM project, participatory approach is employed, thus for the livelihood projects, people's organizations were the ones who identified their needed livelihood assistance. There were cases wherein the identified livelihood may not be sustainable in the long run (e.g. every PO is in the same type of livelihood, thus lowering the income potential), thus the programme suggested more appropriate interventions that consider value adding. While the programme recognized the capacities and the use of resources within the community, the programme crafted strategies that would be more appropriate. These strategies included business planning, and other capacity building activities catered to the needs of the communities.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation: Local Governance Capacity. Local government institutions are the frontline in the early recovery, rehabilitation and development. Continuous capacity building of LGUs is imperative for the early recovery and sustainability of basic social services and economic development of the conflict-affected areas and IDPs in Mindanao.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/12/26] [Last Updated: 2013/12/26]

The role of the LGUs in the implementation of the project is crucial to sustainability. In the implementation of the ERRCM project, there are cases wherein the local governments were partnered to directly implement infrastructure projects. In future programming of projects in Mindanao, MinDA shall ensure that LGU-implementation mechanisms shall also be incorporated (e.g. monitoring and Advisory Groups) in the design as one of the strategies that would enable the participation of LGUs.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation: Disaster Risk Reduction and Management. Continuous capacity building of LGUs on disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM), achievement of Millennium Development Goals and conflict-sensitive and peace-promotive (CSPP) processes are imperative, thus, they are mainly responsible for the IDP communities? resiliency.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/12/26] [Last Updated: 2013/12/26]

The ERRCM project's design includes provision of capacity building activities for LGUs on DRRM. All the basic social services provided by the project are contributing to the achievement of the MDGs. Culture of Peace activities were conducted at the community level. meanwhile, MinDA is continually supporting Conflict Sensitive and Peace Promoting Processes. MinDA is also providing capacity-building to LGUs through its other projects. MiNDA has partnered with NEDA XI for its CSPP Planning last Sept 2012. Through the MindaNOW: Nurturing our Waters program, LGUs, LGU Alliances and River basin organizations will be capapcitated on DRRM. Lastly, MinDA is assisting LGUs that were affected by Typhoon Bopha (Pablo) in their provision of services to affected communities.

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation: Research Opportunities. The following are some of the possible researchable areas in the context of building disaster resiliency of the IDP communities: - Business-Sector Motivators. There is a need to investigate factors most likely to motivate businesses of all sizes to collaborate with the public sector to build disaster resilience in different types of communities. There are a number of impediments to business participation in private?public collaboration of all types, including disaster resilience. The barriers include private?public sector cultural differences, concerns about information sharing, and wariness of government mandates and regulations. What is not clear is how to overcome such challenges and increase incentives for business participation in disaster-loss?reduction activities. - Integrating NGOs. Providing support to research on how to motivate and integrate community-based, faith-based, and other NGOs?including those not crisis oriented?into resilience-focused collaboration. - Changing Emergency-Management Culture. Support to research on how the emergency-management sectors can be moved toward a ?culture of collaboration? that engages the full fabric of the community in enhancing resilience. - Learning through Support of Collaboration. There should be research that focuses on demonstration projects that quantify risk and outcome metrics, enhance disaster resilience at the community level, and document best practices. New efforts to support and nurture community-level resilience-focused private?public collaboration could include research and demonstration projects aimed at enhancing disaster resilience at the community level and documenting best practices.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/12/26] [Last Updated: 2013/12/26]

The recommendations is noted and MinDA shall push for the inclusion of the various suggestions in the Mindanao Research and Development Agenda.

Key Actions:

8. Recommendation: Support to Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro. Future programming of IDPs in conflict-affected and vulnerable areas in Mindanao should be rationalized within the ambit of supporting the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/12/26] [Last Updated: 2013/12/26]

The recommendation is noted. In support to the implementation of the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro, MinDA is taking into consideration the implementation of programs and projects, specifically for IDPs, in the Bangsamoro areas.

Key Actions:

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