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Terminal Evaluation for Marine Park Conservation project
Commissioning Unit: Malaysia
Evaluation Plan: 2013-2015
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 11/2013
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Malaysia
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
1. Recommendation: There are 29 recommendations all together as below: 1. Conduct advocacy for passage of a Marine Parks Act. 2. Strengthen awareness-raising on the importance of MPAs and DMPM efforts at State and District Action Council monthly meetings, especially relating to awareness of importance of MPA management for the economic sustainability of small marine park islands. 3. Marine Parks is still a new department, therefore staff are still in need of further training and experience; enhance technical knowledge of staff at all levels, through training, academic coursework and mentorship. This should include capacity-building in basic marine biology and ecology, protected area management, environmental impact assessment, enforcement, and related disciplines. 4. Review MPA Management Plans to ensure adequate technical acceptability. Through further community consultation, finalize Plans and pursue their adoption to give a legal basis for enforcing the conditions of the Plans. Replicate plans for other MPs. 5. To overcome divisions associated with sector-based management, identify and strengthen mechanisms to facilitate more effective coordination between agencies responsible for oversight of land-based and marine-based activities (e.g., through the Cabinet Committee for National Physical Planning). Alternatively, explore the establishment of integrated State parks that include management of both terrestrial and marine components. 6. Strengthen sustainable financing for marine park operations by (i) developing an action plan based on the DMPM business plan that is time bound with a prioritized road map, (ii) exploring linkages with relevant GoM-UNDP initiatives such as project for Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES), Biodiversity Finance Assessment and international initiatives such as The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) studies, (iii) exploring the feasibility of additional mechanisms including global trends and practices such as voluntary tourist contribution systems, tourism tax on rooms, carefully designed and monitored volunteer tourism, etc., (iv) discussing the potential for benefit sharing with local communities/local authorities (e.g. funds from voluntary contributions to be channeled to community development and capacity building) and (v) considering development of a full cost assessment of financing needs that are linked to conservation objectives and strategies to fulfill the costs. 7. The SSCs should be maintained. The prevailing proposal is that the project SSCs will be converted to State Steering Committees for Marine Park Management 8. Proposal for Ministry of Tourism to incorporate environmental sustainability perspectives in their mission, policy and objectives in view of the increasing tourist demand to natural areas and to maintain Malaysia?s competitiveness as a tourism attraction. The proposal includes the adoption of KPIs to ensure achievement of environmental targets (e.g., a defined number of resorts annually are accredited through an eco?rating system etc.) 9. Through a consortium of agencies (Ministry of Health, Tourism, NRE/DMPM, State government agencies), develop action plan/strategy to utilize water quality monitoring information to guarantee that acceptable water quality standards are applied/enforced, ensuring public health and safety, and maintenance of environmental/ ecological quality in MPs. 10. Implement measures to address inefficiencies associated with frequent rotation of staff of relevant agencies, committee members of NSC, SSC, etc 11. DMPM share data on MPMIS with relevant stakeholders including research institutions, NGOs through signing MoUs in order for them to support DMPM programs and advocacy. 12. DMPM share project experiences with potential partners including private stakeholders, NGOs, academic institutions, etc. to identify ways to work together more closely in the future particularly in terms of capacity building, tourism and research initiatives. 13. For future projects, GoM and UNDP should cooperate on streamlining consultant procurement procedures, and develop SOP to address non-performance of consultants. 14. DMPM convene workshop (with NGOs and academic partners) to identify research priorities?due to finite research budget, it is important that funds are applied to address the most pressing research needs and to determine how research results will be used to support improved MP management. 15.Support the creation of a National Biodiversity Centre 16. Develop an action plan and initiate steps to ensure compliance by existing locally owned resorts (in terms of obtaining valid business operating licenses, Certificates of Fitness, conversion of agriculture titled lands to building/industrial lands) to enhance the responsibility and ownership of resort operators towards improving waste management and adopting green practices. 17. Document the benefits of establishing CCCs and where appropriate, replicate their establishment. 18. Enhance collaboration with relevant research institutions, associations and NGOs particularly to lead advocacy and advance conservation agenda within the tourism sector. 19. Ensure that sections of the 2nd National Physical Plan are carried forward into local plans, with sufficient monitoring and enforcement with respect to development on the ground. 20. Actively provide inputs to key processes such as the on-going/up-coming National Ecotourism Plan and National Biodiversity Policy reviews making use of information generated through the Project. 21. As a tool to promote greater awareness of the importance of marine biodiversity, conduct a comprehensive economic valuation study to assess the value of coral reefs and other coastal ecosystems, to the Malaysian economy in terms of fisheries production, tourism potential, shoreline protection and other values 22. To facilitate vertical coordination, implement mechanisms for periodic exchange between National, State, and local level committees (e.g., call special or annual meetings of NSC where State and Community representatives invited to present issues). 23. In coordination with academia, DMPM, and MoSTI, to study and solve problems of marine park island management in an integrated, holistic way, advocate development of university curriculum /program for small island ecosystems; the marine parks would make ideal study sites for such a program 24. In response to desires voiced by local communities, consider changes to the 2 nautical mile no-fishing zone, to allow controlled fishing within designated areas. Initiate dialogue with affected communities and identify research priorities to explore the feasibility of this option and then to develop appropriate guidelines. 25. DMPM should be maintained within NRE. Reabsorption of the Department into Fisheries Department would represent a conflict between KPIs for conservation (supported by NRE) versus those for production (supported by Ag/Fisheries) 26. Undertake a review of outdated regulations and legislation, with the objective of updating and harmonizing outdated or conflicting aspects. This should highlight environmental sustainability, user fees, fines and sanctions, etc. 27. The NSC should be maintained, and meet at least once/yr. The platform for continuation of the NSC could be through the steering committee for next Malaysia plan, or National Advisory Council for Marine Parks (meet 2x / yr) 28. Promotion should be strengthened for CSR activities in support of environmental initiatives and marine conservation (e.g.-National Electric Board installed solar panels in P. Tinggi (hybrid diesel/PV for villages) 29. In cooperation with DMPM and academia, MoTOUR should undertake tourist pre-arrival and post-departure surveys to ascertain whether visitors? awareness of marine conservation issues increased as a result of visiting marine parks Underlying threats and root causes of problems should be identified early on in the project, so that adaptive measures could be undertaken improve proejct effectiveness (e.g., addressing land tenure issues to facilitate greater engagement among tourism operators)
Management Response: [Added: 2013/12/27] [Last Updated: 2013/12/27]

All recommendations have been revisited, agreed and discussed in the last NSC meeting. Department of Marine Park will adopt where relevant, especially related to MP Act and withing the scope of the department

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Monitoring of the possible adoption of the above recommendations, where possible.
[Added: 2013/12/27] [Last Updated: 2016/06/01]
DMPM, MNRE, EPU 2015/12 Completed End of 10 Malaysia Plan for final adoption of the recommendations. update: As reported in the 11th Malaysia Plan, Chapter 6, 'Pursuing green growth for sustainability and resilience' (pp 6-8; 6-11). History

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