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Final evaluation of the project "Addressing climate change risks to farming systems in Turkmenistan at national and community level"
Commissioning Unit: Turkmenistan
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 07/2017
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Turkmenistan
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation:

Publish and disseminate case studies on the most innovative adaptation measures, combining the technical descriptions and socioeconomic impact forecast

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

UNDP CO will publish case studies on the most innovative adaptation measures implemented in the framework of this project and will make sure that these materials will be appropriately utilized in existing and potential environment/water related projects supporting climate resilient livelihoods of local communities. Moreover, UNDP will work closely with national partners, namely the State Committee of Turkmenistan on environment protection and land resources and Ministry of Agriculture and Water economy, to disseminate materials through their structures at national and local levels.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Support publishing the booklets/infographics describing technical description and socio-economic impact of adaptation measures in the framework of existing SCRL project
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2018/03/16]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio 2018/03 Completed Design of user friendly info-graphics on adaptation measures with technical description and socio-economic impact were prepared and will be published in the framework of SCRL project. Update 16/03/2018: User friendly info-graphics and brochures were published in the framework of SCRL project and were disseminated in the pilot project sites of the environment portfolio. History
1.2. Disseminate the produced materials through structures of the national partners of the project at national and local levels
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2018/03/16]
Environment Portfolio, national partners 2018/03 Completed All materials produced within the framework of the project were discriminated to national and local partners. History
2. Recommendation:

Publish and disseminate easy- to- use instructions on the Operation and management (O&M) of the adaptation measures introduced to the communities

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

2.1 Publish user friendly brochures related to adaptation measures in the framework of existing SCRL project ;

2.2 Disseminate the produced materials through structures of the national partners of the project at national and local levels

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Publish user friendly brochures related to adaptation measures in the framework of existing SCRL project
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2018/03/16]
UNDP Environment Portfolio 2018/03 Completed Design of user friendly infographics on adaptation measures with technical description and socio-economic impact were prepared and will be published in the framework of SCRL project. Updated 16/03/2018: Material related to adaptation measures were published in the framework of SCRL project. History
2.2. Disseminate the produced materials through structures of the national partners of the project at national and local levels
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2018/09/05]
UNDP Environment Portfolio, national partners 2018/12 Completed Materials were disseminated to local communities History
3. Recommendation:

Develop, publish and disseminate Lessons Learnt: one was published on technical side of the adaptation measures; the case studies (combining the technical and socioeconomic impact related information in separate brochures, as in Recommendation No2) could be the 2nd; and the 3rd one should be on the institutional aspects of the WUGs

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

Best practices and lessons learnt will be developed and disseminated in the framework of existing SCRL project and future potential environment related projects. The information will also be used for building a larger proposal on upscaling nationwide water and land management practices.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1. Develop and publish user friendly technical description and socio-economic impact of adaptation measures in the framework SCRL project
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2018/09/05]
UNDP Environment Portfolio, AF Project team, SCRL Project team 2018/05 Completed Design of user friendly infographics on adaptation measures with technical description and socio-economic impact were prepared and will be published in the framework of SCRL project Update on 05/09/2018: User friendly technical description and socio-economic impact of adaptation measures published in the framework of SCRL project. History
3.2. Monitor the developments around established WUGs and based on their institutional capacity and viability develop and publish lessons learnt/best practices in the framework of existing SCRL project
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
UNDP Environment Portfolio, AF Project team, SCRL Project team 2019/12 Initiated -During the filed visits by project staff Project functioning of established WUGs were monitored and were provided consultations regarding their further capacity development. Similar exercises will be used in pilot sites of SCRL project taking into account the lessons learnt/best practices of this project. -Update on 05/09/2018: Status "ongoing". Developments around established Water User Groups is regularly monitored and lessons learnt/best practices will be published based on their functionality. -Update on 09/01/2019: Developments around established WUGs is regularly monitored and this experience is incorporated into activities in the pilot sites of the SCRL project. Lessons learnt/best practices will be published based on gained experience in the framework of SCRL project. History
4. Recommendation:

Finalize the editing of the video documentary about the project and arrange the airing

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

UNDP will continue consultations with the government regarding broadcasting the produced documentary about the project in a national TV and using it for other learning purposes (for example, using it for students at the education establishments)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Continue partnership with the state TV company which was involved in producing the documentary, for editing it and making it applicable for broadcasting at national television
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio, Communication Associate 2019/12 Initiated -UNDP Communication Associate keeps contact with TV company regarding this issue. -Updated on 11 Dec 2017: The deadline for this key action was December 2017, but due to challenges to update documentary regarding adaptation measures with local TV company, this action was extended by June 2018. -Updated on 05/09/2018: Status is "ongoing". UNDP CO keeps contact with TV company regarding this issue and looks for possibility making this product in the framework of existing environment related projects -Updated on 09/01/2019:Bureaucratic challenges related with state TV structures made it difficult to have edited version for broadcasting at national television. It was decided to use the documentary internally and in partnerships with relevant agencies and education establishments. History
4.2. Look for partnership with relevant government agencies and education establishments for utilizing documentary for educational purposes
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
Environment Portfolio, Communication Associate, National partners 2018/12 Completed -Partnership built with government agencies including education institutions regarding using this documentary for educational purposes. -Updated on 09/01/2019: Partnerships were built with Agricultural Institute of Dashoguz, Agricultural University of Ashgabat, National Research Institute “Turkmensuwylymtaslama” and the Land Management Service under the State Committee on Environment Protection and Land Resources and research institutes of the Ministry of agriculture which already use it in their training programs and field research activities. History
4.3 Continue using the documentary internally within functioning and upcoming UNDP projects for building capacity and raising awareness of local population regarding efficient use of water resources in the context of climate change
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2017/12/11]
Environment Portfolio 2017/12 Completed The documentary was actively used internally within functioning SCRL project pilot sites in order to raise awareness of local population regarding efficient use of water resources in the context of climate change. History
5. Recommendation:

Conduct presentation(s) (could be in a format of one well-structured conference) ensuring the participation of the stakeholders not yet actively engaged, especially from the welayats not covered by the project

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

UNDP will continue cooperation with relevant national partners on promoting the replication of the positive results of implemented adaptation measures in all three pilot regions of the project in other parts of the country, as well share this experience in the framework of functioning projects that cover other parts of Turkmenistan by presenting it UNDP’s current and potential projects will promote not only the Sustainability but also Replication of the project results

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1. Submit project results/lessons learnt to relevant stakeholders including government agencies not actively engaged in the project
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2017/09/19]
UNDP, AF Project team 2017/12 Completed Executive summary of final evaluation report was shared during Project Board Meeting held on Aug 2017 and was sent to relevant stakeholders History
5.2. Participation in different national initiatives such as Environment protection Day, Earth Day and present project materials/results (brochures, booklets)
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2017/09/19]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio 2017/12 Completed Project staff participated in Environment protection Day - in first Central Asian Environment forum held in Ashgabat in early June 2017 History
5.3. Use positive experience of the AF project in the framework of the SCRL project that covers communities in Lebap and Dashoguz welayats
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2018/09/05]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio 2018/05 Completed SCRL project is actively using positive experience of AF project in its pilot sites Updated on 05/09/2018: Successful adaptation measures done in AF project will be continued in further activities and pilot communities of SCRL project. History
6. Recommendation:

Conduct high-level discussions with the Government over linking the project results and national investment plans, field trips, and alike

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

UNDP will keep high-level consultations with the Government on incorporating project results into implementation of national programmes and strategies such as “The Strategy of Economic, Political, and Cultural Development of Turkmenistan Until 2020" which envisages an increase in agricultural production and/or “The National Socio-Economic Development Strategy of Turkmenistan to 2030 which pursues the objective of modernization of the water management system and improving water efficiency”

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Promote government agencies dealing with implementation of national programmes to include project results and best practices into those programmes
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2017/12/11]
UNDP CO, Environment Portfolio 2017/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Due to changes in the government structures, merging Ministries of Economic development and Finance, previously submitted strategy on NEPAAM will be revisited and new national adaption programme will be developed with aim to support obligations under Paris Agreement and implementation of SDGs. ]
History
7. Recommendation:

Complete the last round of the research initiated in Sakarchaga (b) initiate the last round of the socioeconomic impact analysis to capture late benefits and (c) complete the training on the two models (FAO and USDA) for the engaged parties: carry out these by linking these to the UNDP’s new CRL project. Transfer the equipment purchased for the research in Sakarchaga to the CRL project

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

Recommendation is accepted. Activities under this recommendation will be implemented by UNDP within existing SCRL project and upcoming water and land management projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1. Provide relevant stakeholders with the report on socio-economic impact analysis of implemented adaptation measures
[Added: 2017/08/31]
Environment portfolio, AF project team, SCRL project team 2018/03 Completed Report on socio-economic impact analysis was submitted to relevant stakeholders for their review in 2016. Further upgrade of this analysis will be carried out by SCRL project
7.2. Transfer of the equipment purchased for the research in Sakarchaga to the CRL project
[Added: 2017/08/31]
Environment portfolio, AF project team, SCRL project team 2017/10 Completed Equipment was transferred to SCRL project according to UNDP rules
7.3. Seek for opportunity to conduct training on FAO and USDA models and involve Agricultural University into this research in the framework of SCRL project
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2018/09/05]
Environment Portfolio, SCRL Project 2018/08 Completed In the framework of the SCRL project there are plans to use FAO and USDA models for research purposes. Updated on 05/09/2018: On August 14-15, 2018 in the framework of the SCRL project 2-day training was held on FAO model AquaCrop which was attended by about 30 representatives of government agencies including agricultural-educational establishments History
8. Recommendation:

Translate the manuals for simulation exercises based on FAO AquaCrop and USDA NRCS SURFACE methodologies into Turkmen language, as was planned and hand it over to the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources, as well as the State Agrarian University.  Carry out this recommendation by linking it to the new CRL project

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

UNDP CO is committed to continue cooperation with government agencies dealing with water and land management. Dialogue will be kept with relevant agencies and education establishments in this field in supporting their needs for innovative technologies in agriculture that leads to rationale use of water and land resources in the context of climate change. Transition and dissemination will be done by the end of 2017.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1. Continue cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and water resources and its educational/research structures (Agricultural University and Water Design Institute) and discuss possibility of using mentioned methodologies in their research and practical work
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
UNDP Environment Portfolio, SCRL Project 2018/12 Completed All mentioned agencies are partners of functioning UNDP projects in one way or other, so their interest for mentioned methods will be captured within these projects. Updated on 11 Dec 2017: The status will be extended due to bureaucratic procedures of establishing partnership with educational institutions. Updated on 05/09/2018: The status is "in progress". All mentioned agencies are partners of functioning UNDP projects in one way or other, so their interest for mentioned methods will be captured within these projects. Currently functioning SCRL project is actively cooperating with Agricultural University on related field. -Updated on 09/01/2019:Partnerships were built with Ministry of agriculture and its education/research structures on using FAO AquaCrop products. In the framework of the SCRL project two-day National workshop was held in August 2018 with participation of around 30 experts and researchers from mentioned institutions. (http://www.turkmenistan.gov.tm/?id=16901). With the practical application of this tool it is expected that farmers will increase the amount of yield by 25% and reduce amount of water for irrigation by 20%. The project plans to test the software on the basis of project Agro-information centers in the pilot farmer associations of Lebap and Dashoguz regions. There will be free consultation for water users and assistance in analysing the recommendations provided by the FAO AquaCrop software. Similar activities are expected in the framework of the EERE project History
8.2. Seek for opportunity for translating manuals for simulation exercises based on FAO AquaCrop and USDA NRCS SURFACE methodologies into local languages
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2017/12/11]
UNDP Environment Portfolio, EERE Project, SCRL Project 2017/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This action is not any more applicable due to the lack of funds to translate the manuals ]
History
9. Recommendation:

Strengthen the information base (resource centres) for the pilot WUGs – to increase their chances of sustainable operations. Monitor the developments around the WUGs. Carry out this recommendation by linking it to the new CRL project

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

Recommendation is accepted. UNDP will closely monitor developments around established Water Users Groups in pilot regions and will support reforms/initiatives of the government in mainstreaming national legislation in related area that will lead to establishment of proper Water User Associations

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1. Provide some support to established WUGs in the form of books, training materials, brochures, best practices, etc. to boost their chances of sustainability in the framework of existing environment related project
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2017/09/19]
UNDP Environment Portfolio, EERE Project, SCRL Project 2017/10 Completed Resource Centers of established WUGs in pilot regions were provided with books, training materials and brochures for expanding capacity of WUG members on adverse effects of climate change to environment and agriculture. History
9.2. Promote establishment of similar WUGs in pilot regions of the existing UNDP environment projects by using WUG Establishment Guidebook/Manual developed in the framework of AF project
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2017/12/11]
UNDP Environment Portfolio, EERE Project, SCRL Project 2017/12 Completed Experience from AF project on establishing WUGs will be promoted in other pilot regions of SCRL and EERE projects. History
9.3. Continue consultations with the government regarding adoption of additions and changes to the Law on Daikhan Associations to enhance the legislative basis of the operation of WUGs/WUAs and development of subsidiary laws and regulations to Water Code for introducing progressive pricing policies and communal management for local water services
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
UNDP Environment Portfolio, EERE Project, SCRL Project 2019/12 Initiated -Revision of the Law on Daikhan Associations is included in work plan of the functioning SCRL project and national experts were hired to work on this document. -Updated on 09/01/2019: In the framework of the functioning SCRL project, a package of amendments to the Laws on daykhan associations and daykhan economy society that was prepared and discussed with representative of all interested parties (Agriculture Ministry, daykhan associations, daykhan economy societies, private sector and other land users etc). These revisions will entail ensuring some level of economic independence to daykhan associations and Daykhan Economic societies and expanding their role to implement inherent functions of water use and management, without drastic alteration of their current responsibilities of agricultural production. Proposed amendments cover the issues of efficient use of irrigation water resources and mandates of these two juridical bodies in terms of irrigation water supply, responsibilities for maintenance and exploitation of irrigation and drainage water channels. All proposed amendments will be submitted to Parliament of Turkmenistan for further consideration and approval. History
10. Recommendation:

Utilize in full the opportunities for additional partnerships with the: (a) EU, GIZ, WB: to support the government in strengthening the agricultural extension services; (b) GIZ project on water basin management in Mary region and (c) FAO – the newly starting regional project on climate change adaptation, to share the accumulated experience and best practices 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

UNDP will work closely with the Government of Turkmenistan to develop/strengthen agricultural extension service to advance the quality of consultative services provided to farmers/tenants/leaseholders in terms of efficient use of water and land resources. Relevant partnerships will be maintained with development partners in developing a larger proposal on upscaling, which will also focus on introduction of extension services.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1. Identify key national ministries and entities who will be engaged into the dialogue on development of agricultural extension service
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
UNDP Environment Portfolio 2018/12 Completed -Country Office keeps dialogue with key national partners on development of extension service. -Updated on 09/01/2019: CO identified key national agencies and entities on development of extension service. Identified key partners: Ministry of agriculture and water resources, State Committee on environment protection and land resources, the Union of industrialists and entrepreneurs History
10.2. Initiate dialogue with the identified national partners, share international best practices in related field, arrange discussion forums
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
UNDP Environment Portfolio 2018/12 Completed -UNDP Country Office in Turkmenistan arranged 2 missions of International consultant and meetings/discussions were arranged with national partners on related topic. -Updated on 09/01/2019: CO engaged in dialogue with identified partners and arranged 2 missions of International consultant and meetings/discussions were arranged with relevant national partners on related topic. As a result, project proposal was drafted to Adaptation Fund for funding. History
10.3. Development of the project document focusing on the establishment of the national agricultural extension service and looking for potential international donors and government resources for funding the project
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
UNDP Environment Portfolio 2019/07 Initiated -UNDP CO in Turkmenisrtan submitted new project proposal to AF for funding, major focus of it will be establishing extension service. -Updated on 09/01/2019:CO submitted new project proposal to AF for funding, major focus of it will be establishing extension service. AF comments were responded, and project proposal was resubmitted, and currently CO is expecting decision of the AF on funding the project History
10.4. Build partnerships with currently functioning EU project “Support to Further Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development in Turkmenistan” and other relevant projects/initiatives for joint work and avoid duplication
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
UNDP Environment Portfolio 2018/12 Completed -Partnerships are built with functioning EU and FAO projects for combining efforts in related field and avoid duplication. -Updated on 09/01/2019: Good working relationships and cooperation was built with functioning EU and FAO projects for combining efforts in related field and avoid duplication. History
11. Recommendation:

Seek further funding from the international organizations to support transformative national and sectoral policy reform in state crops sector for scaling-up climate-resilient agriculture, and improved enforcement of water and land use regulations, coupled with accelerated wide-scale dissemination of water saving and resilient farming technologies and practices among smallholder farmers and state-run collective associations.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/08/31]

Recommendation is accepted. Work is already underway to build up a large proposal in upscaling efficient water an land management practices. UNDP will also support government efforts to reform agricultural sector that includes modernization of the water management system and improving water efficiency, as well as climate change considerations and introduction of efficient water/land related adaptation practices.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1. Engage in discussions with key government agencies on reforming agricultural sector and familiarize them with community level adaptation measures successfully implemented by UNDP projects
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
UNDP Environment Portfolio 2019/12 Initiated -Government is continually advised on implemented successful adaptation measures that can contribute reforming agricultural sector. As a result, government is in the stage of reforming structure of daihan associations and reforming water sector. -Updated on 09/01/2019: Government is continually advised on implemented successful adaptation measures that can contribute reforming agricultural sector. As a result, government is in the stage of reforming agriculture sector giving more focus on private sector in this process (reforming structure of daikhan associations and reforming water sector). History
11.2. Seek further funding opportunities from international organizations to support reforms in agricultural sector initiated by the Government
[Added: 2017/08/31] [Last Updated: 2019/01/08]
UNDP Environment Portfolio 2019/12 Initiated -UNDP CO in Turkmenistan submitted another proposal to AF for funding. 2 other project proposals to GSF is underway. -Updated on 09/01/2019: CO submitted another proposal to AF for funding. CO also submitted National Adaptation Planning project proposal to Green Climate Fund and expect its decision. Another project proposal to Green Climate Fund is underway. History

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