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Final evaluation: Local Governance Support Project II
Commissioning Unit: Uzbekistan
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 08/2017
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Uzbekistan
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
1. Recommendation:

Improve Linkage between Projects and SDGs. Ensure better links between Governance projects and SDGs, UNDAF and UNDP Country Strategies, so that projects would clearly contribute to the higher-level targets and goals in a measurable way. Government is responsible for all the 17 SDGs achievement and its effectiveness should be measured by nationalised SDGs plus other globally measured benchmarks: HDI, World Governance Index; Doing Business, Freedom Index, Transparency Index, and other. For example – SDG 1 eradicate extreme poverty – identify and eradicate the extreme poverty cases in Uzbekistan through local governance/development projects. The SDG will be then further translated to the regions, city/district and mahalla levels.

1.1 Ensure Localisation of Sustainable Development Goals. There is an existing SDG working groups at the Statistics Committee that is to lead the Government on the nationalisation of SDGs. UN CO can support an additional SDG Localisation Work Group that would translated the adapted Uzbekistan National SDGs into Regional and, potentially District SDGs., using the established SDG indicators. After the indicators and action plans are agreed for each region, the national and regional monitoring will be conducted, with publicly available annual and five-year reports, corrective action publicly discussed.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/01/02]

Localization of SDGs, i.e designing national SDGs, targets and indicators is already underway through wider UN activity in the country, as well as within the framework recently launched “Support to Policy Research for Sustainable Development" project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Improvement of linkage of project with SDGs will be ensured through more close interaction and review during the design stage, especially during the Pre-PAC and LPAC meetings, as well as during consultations with national partners and beneficiaries.
[Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
Cluster on Good Governance, Policy and Communication 2018/12 Completed Government has nationalized SDGs and adopted resolution with national goals and targets. History
2. Recommendation:

Consider Further Areas of Local Governance Support:

While the President of Uzbekistan has been successfully establishing a series of new government rules, it is recommended to concentrate future support in the Local Governance sector on developing local governance and self-governance institutions, and in particular their following functions:

2.1 Inclusiveness: involvement of women, NGO, poor, disabled, youth, entrepreneurs through encouraging their self-organizations and institutionalizing their involvement in all local decisions at all levels: mahalla, rayon, city, oblast – by law and by practice. Monitor, measure, publicly acknowledge their involvement.

2.2 Integrated Regional Strategic Development: technical support in further development of integrated regional strategic planning based on robust baseline assessments, measurable socio-economic indicators and quarterly, annual and triannual monitoring and evaluation as part of effective institutions development.

2.3 Local Civil Service Committed to People-centered Reforms: support the implementation of the Civil Service Reform at the local levels, transparent and accountable standards for all levels of the local civil servants and help measure the impact on their service on the various strata of the local population – through detailed, clear and measurable system of performance indicators and population opinion surveys.

2.4 Trade Potential Assessments: Taking into consideration a number of the Uzbekistan regions bordering other countries, regional trade assessments as well as potential impact of WTO accession on the local development could be of high value and would inform the regional development plans.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/01/02]

The recommendations will be considered and integrated in future development interventions in local governance area, particularly in close consultation with the Cabinet of Ministers, the Ministry of Economy, regional administrations and other relevant stakeholders and beneficiaries. Particularly, in line with national development priorities and Action Strategy for 2017-2021, the priority areas of local governance, including enhanced and evidence-based policymaking will be incorporated into project proposal to potential donors, such the European Union.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Underline these areas in talking points for high-level meetings with the national partners, consider to include these points into new project proposal on local governance.
[Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
Cluster on Good Governance, Policy and Communication 2018/12 Completed After long negotiations between UNDP and EUD, EU has approved a grant proposal on public services in rural areas. Implementation of this project will be carried out through UNDP Uzbekistan. National partner will be Ministry of Justice and Agency for Public. UNDP-EU proposal on cooperation with MoJ History
3. Recommendation:

Improve Project and Programme Operations

3.1 Strengthen Result-oriented Management. It is recommended to provide training on Result-based Management and Monitoring to all core UNDP staff and all the project employees and consultants on an annual basis.  Many activities and tools introduced by UNDP projects tend to become an ‘end in itself’ or ‘endless processes’ and declared as ‘development results’ even before they are scaled up and adopted (e.g. laws, OSS, functional analyses, etc.).

3.2 Ensure Establishing Measurable and Verified Baselines and Indicators. It is recommended to establish measurable and verifiable baselines and indicators in each UNDP project. Sometimes it requires conducting baseline studies and surveys that might seem to be an extra cost in the situation of limited funding. However, SMART approach is an investment that will eventually help to achieve development results at reasonable cost or cut ineffective projects.

3.3 Develop Realistic Budgets. It is recommended not to design projects that have more than 30% funding gap. It is always possible to scale up and/or expand successfully implemented activities with additional funding.

3.4 Improve Quality and Presentation of Project Reports. It is recommended that UNDP should require all projects to have a background section, an executive summary and result and activity narrative and the documentary evidence attached to the reports so that an external reader could easily and quickly familiarise themselves with the project progress and achievements.

3.5 Ensure Coordination and Prevention of Effort Duplication. Country Office should have and in-house facility for the Country Programme, Thematic Areas and individual projects monitoring and a regular (quarterly basis) in order to identify and prevent the duplication of activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/01/02]

Efforts aimed at enhancement of programme administration and project management should be streamlined and increased.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conducting trainings on results-based management, Monitoring and Evaluation, sharing the best practice and guidelines, organizing meetings between projects to identify possible synergies, designing template for reports and quality assurance by programme staff.
[Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2019/10/09]
CO M&E focal point 2019/10 Completed The CPD formulation/PPM training workshop took place on 2-4 October 2019 at Miran hotel and all programme & project staff participated. History
4. Recommendation:

Mobilise Specialist Support to Women Empowerment. Cooperate with UN Women for any women component in any project, including Governance. The time of simple declaration of women importance is over. Tailor made approaches by specialist organisation are necessary to achieve gender improvements.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/01/02]

Special support to women empowerment at the local level will be integrated into a new project "Empowering women to participate in public administration and socio-economic life" designed jointly with the Women's Committee of Uzbekistan. Considering the absence of UN Women at the country level, cooperation will be organized through RCO and regional office of UN Women in Almaty.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Include the recommendation into CO Gender equality team meeting agenda and discuss more concrete ways forward. Discuss with Women’s Committee of Uzbekistan areas for joint cooperation to promote women empowerment.
[Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
CO Gender Focal Point 2018/12 Completed Women empowerment project was launched with Women's committee. UNDP has mobilized UN Task force on preparation of substantial inputs to the draft Law on Prevention of Domestic Violence. all comments were shared with Government. Role of women was highlighted in the international conference dedicated to women and PAR. UN in Uzbekistan is supporting 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence, which is an international campaign to challenge violence against women and girls. Link to conference History
5. Recommendation:

Promote and Support a Population Census. In a series of public speeches, President Mirziyoyev has emphasised the gaping gap of information on how many people live in each Uzbekistan household, what age they are, what is their employment status and what help they might need. This information is needed to improve people’s welfare and to better plan and manage the budget resources. The last Census in Uzbekistan was conducted in 1989. There have been a lot of population changes since then. The new Census that can be supported by UN Group and other donors could address that population information need. This can be done using modern ICT technologies, including mobile phone applications (there are 21.5 million mobile services users as of August 2017).

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/01/02]

The recommendation will be promoted during the consultation with national partners, as well as UNDAF Steering Committee meetings, donor coordination meetings. Subject to government's approval and availability of funding.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Organize meeting with Sustainable Development Cluster and discuss possibility to support jointly a Population Census. Discuss with UNICEF within the framework in UNDAF Results Group on Governance other alternative ways to Population census.
[Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
Cluster on Good Governance, Policy and Communication 2018/12 Completed Government has made decision to conduct Population census in 2020. In addition, under national SDGs indicators, Government is considering the conduct MICS survey in cooperation with UNICEF. Survey design is planned for 2019. History
6. Recommendation:

Utilise Internationally and Regionally Benchmarkable Governance Measuring Methodologies, e.g. Subnational Doing Business Surveys. It is recommended to assist the Government Commission on Doing Business Reforms design and conduct a Subnational Doing Business Survey using the World Bank’s Doing Business methodology with four sampling groups: e-governance clients; one-stop-shop clients, non-one-stop-shop clients, women entrepreneurs; rural entrepreneurs, at least 50 in each group. Currently, BFU-3 is considering conducting subnational DB surveys in Tashkent and two other regions. It is recommended that UNDP supports the subnational surveys in all the 14 regions of Uzbekistan that will present an internationally comparable assessment of the business climate at the regional level. It is recommended that the Government of Uzbekistan would then run an annual regional DB competition, similar to the e-Transparency Competition introduced in 2016.

A separate sub-national survey of selected public (non-entrepreneurship-related) services in regional centres, districts and cities and mahallas – either a standalone exercise to inform the governance reforms or as part of a more comprehensive local development project, e.g. as described below.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/01/02]

Introduction and implementation of Governance Measuring Methodologies will be promoted during SDG localization process, i.e. identifying national SDG indicators. Conducting and supporting the subnational survey across the country will require both national ownership and additional funding.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To propose to include the recommendation to new UNDAF JWP for 2018-2020 as an indicator and discuss the possibility with national partners.
[Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
Cluster on Good Governance, Policy and Communication 2018/12 Completed National SDGs foresees the indicators which should be measures by different surveys, including WB surveys. Uzbekistan participates actively in WB Doing business survey. History
7. Recommendation:

7.1 Top-down. It is recommended that the Government of Uzbekistan could establish a dedicated team for the Public Administration Reform design and implementation (commission) directly reporting to the President. The initial analysis will be based on 1)The long-term objectives of the country, e.g. nationalised Agenda-2030: prosperity, eradication of poverty, achieving high income status, etc.; 2) The key objectives of the Country Strategy in place, e.g. Strategy of Actions 2017-2021; 3) Comprehensive analysis of all public services and functions at the national, regional, local and mahalla levels, as there are currently both vertical and horizontal redundancies, duplications and inefficiencies; 4) Clear targets, indicators, timelines and resource pan for the reform; 5) Monitoring and Evaluation mechanism in place to take corrective action at all levels.

It is recommended that UNDP consider supporting the initiation of such commission and its support. The LGSP Inter-agency Working Group could be a prototype of the possible commission. However, unlike LGSP, the Government funding would be a prerequisite for its operations and the reforms.

7.2 Bottom-up. Following the Uzbekistan President’s Resolution Priority Measure if Local Development Resolution of 8 August 2017, all the local development reforms will be from now on in the order of “Mahalla-District/City-Oblast-Republic”, i.e. based on ordinary people needs. It is proposed to concentrate future UNDP interventions both on the top-down and bottom-up governance initiatives;  assist the local officials in selected disadvantaged local mahalla councils, district knokimityats and regions to collect primary statistical and socio-economic data, inform the district development, support local development projects, strengthen self-governance; help decrease the dependence on subsidies and scale up the successful practices, while at the same time preparing the policy framework for the Public Administration and Local Participatory Governance Reform at the national level.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/04]

The recommendations will be considered in future development interventions in governance area, particularly in close consultation with the Cabinet of Ministers, the Ministry of Economy, regional administrations and other interested agencies and ministries, taking into account the scope of intervention and availability of funding.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Underline these areas in talking points for high-level meetings with the Cabinet of Ministers, the Ministry of Economy, regional administrations and other interested agencies, as well as potential donors.
[Added: 2017/12/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
Cluster on Good Governance, Policy and Communication 2018/12 Completed Concept of Administrative reforms was adopted in September 2017. It was designed with support of UNDP. Government has created a special department in Presidential Administration, which is responsible for legal support of all reforms. UNDP has supported the portal of "Meningfikrim" (my opinion) which allows e-petitions directly from people. Link to concept History

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