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Evaluation of the UNDAF Cycles 2011-2015 and 2016-2018
Commissioning Unit: Cambodia
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2018
Evaluation Type: UNDAF
Completion Date: 11/2017
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Cambodia
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1: The UNCT and the RCO in consultation with the PMT should explore ways to assure full-time capacity with a dedicated budget to manage the UNDAF process, to guide its development and maintenance, to promote areas of coordination and joint programming, to ensure all agencies have an appropriate role, reconcile differences and usher in a new sense of common purpose.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/02/28]

The UNCT agrees with the recommendation to prioritise capacity for managing the UNDAF process. However, in view of the current financial contribution to UNDAF, it will be challenging for UNCT to mobilize full/required resource for the UNDAF process. Enhancing resource for UNDAF will be pursued through the existing RCO and the PMT as much as possible. While anticipating results from a reform of the UN Development System on resource for strengthening RC Offices capacity, the UNCT has explored cost-share formula to support UNDAF coordination as per the UNCT workplan.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- RCO to review assignment of roles and focal responsibility to maximize capacity dedicated to UNDAF management.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
RCO/ RC 2018/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Key action is not relevant to UNDP]
History
2- UNCT to ensure all agreed UNDAF processes are sufficiently resourced, as per the UNCT workplan.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
UNCT 2018/03 Completed RCO took the lead and UNDP supported in its role as UNCT member. The Common Budgetary Framework has developed, reflects an estimation of the total resource requirement for the UN system in Cambodia to deliver the commitments outlined in the UNDAF 2019- 2023. All agencies have carefully analysed spending from the previous programming cycle and have provided resource mobilization targets considered to be realistic within the five-year implementation period of the UNDAF. Under new UNDAF 2019- 2023, an UNDAF financing strategy will be developed to map out a resource mobilization plan to help address the UNDAF funding gap. This will be done through allocating existing resources effectively and achieving greater impact by accessing additional resources. History
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation 2: The UNCT and the RCO in consultation with the PMT should assume responsibility for building the next UNDAF on a credible and well-reasoned theory of change, undertaken in tandem with the Common Country Assessment, informed by widely accepted understandings of conditions of inclusive growth documented in the development literature.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/02/28]

The UNCT agrees with the recommendation. A theory of change exercise is planned for January 2018, based on a Common Country Assessment (CCA). The CCA is based on a joint Vulnerability Analysis undertaken by the UNCT to clarify areas where there are gaps in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the SDGs and where the UN can provide support.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- Development of a well-reasoned theory of change to be informed by the Common Country Assessment. The development of the theory of change includes: a. Decide on areas of intervention shown to have a close correlation with poverty reduction. b. Identify those Sustainable Development Goals that correspond to these chosen areas of intervention. c. Invite agencies to identify where they match or fit with this mapping of linked SDGs.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/07/09]
RCO/PMT 2018/06 Completed Based on the strategic priorities agreed at multi-stakeholder strategic prioritization workshop in January 2018, five high-level UNDAF outcome statements have been developed for UNDAF 2018 – 2023: 1) Expanding social opportunities; 2) Expanding economic opportunities; 3) Sustainable living; 4) Managing urbanization; and 5) Participation and accountability. UNDAF Result Groups have also been established, one for each of the five outcomes to develop a Theory of Change (TOC) and a results framework for each strategic outcome. This work includes the selection of indicators and targets for intermediate outcomes, budget formulation and a discussion on the data sources for monitoring the progress and timeline. The result framework and theory of change of each outcome is being finalised to integrate into the full UNDAF document. The new UNDAF lists the SDGs which correspond to the UNDAF Outcomes. History
2- Completion of Common Country Assessment informed by a Vulnerability analysis to support the Theory of Change exercise.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/07/09]
RCO/PMT/UNCT 2018/03 Completed CCA is finalized. As of part of the development of result matrix and writing up of theory of change, each result group has closely consulted within UN agencies and stakeholders. Technical consultations with government and civil society organizations were facilitated to review the draft result framework of each outcome. History
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 3: The UNCT and the RCO in consultation with the PMT, in collaborating with agencies, should follow the numerous directives already in place for utilizing the UNDAF to place Agenda 2030 at the centre of UN activities in Cambodia to develop the 2019-2023 UNDAF.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/02/28]

The UNCT agreed with the recommendation. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the SDGs are integrated in the conceptual framework for the formulation of the UNDAF 2019-2023.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- Integrate the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the SDGs in the conceptual framework for the Common Country Assessment
[Added: 2018/02/28]
RCO/PMT/UNCT 2018/01 Completed The draft CCA reflects the SDGs are part of the conceptual framework.
2- 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the SDGs integrated in the formulation of the UNDAF 2019-2023 results.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
RCO/PMT/UNCT 2018/09 Completed The UNDAF 2019-2023 puts the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs at the core. The UNDAF 2019-2023 is structured into four focus areas, shaped by the central themes of the SDGs (People, Planet, Prosperity and Peace), with five related UNDAF outcomes and the fifth outcome is focused on “Managing Urbanisation” as a cross-cutting guiding principle. Each UNDAF outcome lists the SDGs which correspond to the outcome. History
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation 4: The UNCT, the RCO and the PMT should take advantage of emerging opportunities for joint programming. These should be the stepping stones for a more coordinated UNDAF.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/02/28]

The UNCT agrees with the recommendation and will be guided by the reform of the UN Development System.  Designing greater programme coherence will be an essential part of the UNDAF formulation process.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- Clarify joint programming strategy for the UNDAF 2019-2023 (scope, participation, resource mobilisation, etc.)
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/12/10]
RCO/PMT 2018/09 Completed UNCT has used the UNDAF 2019-2023 process to facilitate joint programming through 4 key “accelerators” or prioritised programme areas that can trigger a positive multiplier effects across the SDGs: Social Protection, Nutrition, Empowering Youth and Enhancing national statistical infrastructure and building data producer and user capacities History
2- UNCT/PMT to identify opportunities for joint programmes around areas of SDG acceleration as part of the UNDAF result framework formulation and then consider possibility to develop joint funding proposals.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/12/10]
RCO/PMT/UNCT 2018/09 Completed UNCT has used the UNDAF 2019-2023 process to facilitate joint programming through 4 key “accelerators” or prioritised programme areas that can trigger a positive multiplier effects across the SDGs: Social Protection, Nutrition, Empowering Youth and Enhancing national statistical infrastructure and building data producer and user capacities History
5. Recommendation:

Recommendation 5: The UNCT and the RCO in consultation with the PMT should be particularly cognizant of the considerable commitments the UNDAF requires of all agencies, large and small. Every effort should be made to ensure that the process is an inclusive one, sensitive to the considerable differences among agencies in size, endowments and expertise.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/02/28]

The UNCT agrees with the recommendation, with the understanding that the success of the UNDAF depends also on the commitment of all participating agencies to the principle of mutual accountability for coherence and results. The UNDAF is a joint commitment of the UNCT to support the SDGs and national priorities, strategically and in line with the comparative advantage of the UN.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- Update the cost-sharing arrangement for the UNCT Cambodia in light of the evolving size of agencies, resident and non-resident.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
RCO/UNCT 2018/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Not related to UNDP.]
Formula of cost- share to be discussed and approved by UNCT History
2- UNDAF coordination and management processes will be further simplified and agencies will be asked to indicate in which processes they wish to be involved. Communication flows will be improved, including better sharing information on the progress to promote collaboration among agencies.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/12/10]
RCO/UNCT 2018/12 Completed UNDAF results groups launched in line with UNDAF guidelines. Five results groups, one for each of the five UNDAF outcomes, are established to lead and guide the UNDAF formulation and implementation, using Joint Annual Work Plans. The UNDAF results groups are comprised of individual agency programme staff contributing to each of the five outcomes. Each results group is co-chaired by two heads of agencies. History
3- Update the UNCT Code of Conduct with resident and non-resident agencies
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
RCO/UNCT 2018/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Not related to UNDP. ]
History
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation 6: The UNCT and the RCO in consultation with the PMT along with collaborating agencies should assume a more constructive, realistic and critical approach to results reporting.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/02/28]

The UNCT agrees with the recommendation and this will be initiated for full implementation in the new UNDAF cycle 2019-2023.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- Revise the UNDAF reporting format for 2019-2023 in line with new UNDAF guidelines.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/12/10]
RCO/PMT 2018/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Not applicable to UNDP]
History
2- Revise the format of the UNDAF reporting in the Joint Annual Review Meeting with the Government to foster more policy dialogue.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
RCO/PMT/UNCT 2018/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Not related to UNDP.]
History
7. Recommendation:

Recommendation 7: The UNCT and the RCO in consultation with the PMT should vet the UNDAF and its results matrices to ensure that extra care is taken to propose performance indicators, targets and data collection procedures that are pertinent to programme impact where it is taking place.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/02/28]

The UNCT agrees with the recommendation.  The UNDAF outcomes will be formulated such that key results can be attributed to cooperation with the UN system, with a corresponding M&E framework.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- Formulate the UNDAF result matrix with indicators and targets of different level (SDGs, outcome and intermediate outcome) to permit performance monitoring and evaluation of impact. The UNDAF result matrix shall demonstrate a causal logic relationship from input to results based on Theory of Change.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/07/09]
M&E/PMT 2018/06 Completed As part of the development of new UNDAF, the UN system developed a ‘theory of change’ for each of the five outcomes. This exercise resulted in the formulation of results chains, describing the relationship between lower- and higher-level results that the UN is seeking to achieve. It also identified the preconditions, risks and assumptions that lie between different levels of change. The Theory of Change of each UNDAF outcome proposes pathways leading to three distinct areas of change: 3 intermediate outcomes within the result framework (outcome, inter-mediate outcomes, indicators, baselines, means of verification and common budgetary framework). History
8. Recommendation:

Recommendation 8: The UNCT, the RCO, participating agencies and the PMT should be particularly attentive to achieving a reasonable balance between supporting economic growth on the one hand, and protecting specific vulnerable populations on the other.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/02/28]

The UNCT agrees with the recommendation. This is embedded in the Common Country Assessment based on a joint vulnerability analysis.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- The Common Country Assessment reflects a balance between support to economic growth and the needs of vulnerable populations.
[Added: 2018/02/28]
RCO/PMT/UNCT 2018/03 Completed The CCA takes national priorities into consideration and integrates a vulnerability analysis.
2- The UNDAF results matrix reflects a balance between support to economic growth and the needs of vulnerable populations.
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
RCO/PMT/UNCT 2018/09 Completed The UNDAF 2019-2023 is structured into four focus areas, shaped by the central themes of the SDGs (People, Planet, Prosperity and Peace), with five related UNDAF outcomes. The fifth outcome is focused on “Managing Urbanisation” as a cross-cutting guiding principle. The outcome 1 focuses on expanding social opportunities while outcome 2 focuses on expanding economic opportunities - with particular attention on marginalized and vulnerable populations. History
9. Recommendation:

Recommendation 9: The UNCT in collaboration with the RCO should build on past programming successes. It is important to meet the challenges posed in the programming areas of governance with programming initiatives that recognize the obstacles and yet that meet these obstacles with renewed attention.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/06] [Last Updated: 2018/02/28]

The UNCT agrees with the recommendation. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- Ensure the TOC exercise includes governance components
[Added: 2018/02/28]
RCO/PMT/Result Groups 2018/06 Completed One of the pillars of the CCA and of the theory of change addresses governance issues.
2- Ensure the formulation of UNDAF 2019-2023 key results reflect a coordinated / coherent approach to governance
[Added: 2018/02/28] [Last Updated: 2018/07/09]
RCO/PMT/Result Groups 2018/06 Completed One of the pillars of the CCA and of the theory of change addresses governance issues. Outcome 4 of the new UNDAF focuses on Participation and Accountability “By 2023, women and men, including the underrepresented, marginalized and vulnerable, benefit from more transparent and accountable legislative and governance frameworks that ensure meaningful and informed participation in economic and social development and political processes.” History

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