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LMAC Support Project
Commissioning Unit: Lebanon
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 12/2019
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Lebanon
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation:

Recommendations regarding future LMAC requirements and potential UNDP support

The 2018 LMAC Annual Report notes two challenges: fundraising for land release (resource mobilization for INGO operators) and maintaining institutional support (with expected end of EU and UNDP support by end 2019). “LMAC is still in need of institutional support whether it is through the enhancement of information management, donor coordination, reporting and fundraising or capacity building in particular to issues related to IED whether it is NMAS chapter MRE, Clearance, Quality Assurance/Control or MVA.” The evaluation shares the LMAC summary of the challenges faced and identifies below specific short and medium-term support required by LMAC. These requirements are presented to LMAC, UNDP and interested donors for discussion to determine which are priority for LMAC and of interest to donors for support in the coming phase.

Operations – Improved evidence of contamination enables LMAC to prioritize and task demining operators to efficiently address socio-economic impact of landmines and cluster munitions 

Recommendation 1: UNDP should continue to provide specific support to efforts to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the national demining programme based on engagement between LMAC and operators, including in context of LMAC rotation.  Specific studies that would be valuable to conduct include: (a) review of past prioritization methodologies (LIS 2004 and LMAC 2011) and the extent to which prioritized communities and tasks have been resolved; (b) revision of current prioritization methodology to reflect changes on the ground and socio-economic impact of hazards on communities; (c) assessment of the efficiency improvements from NMAS revision; and (d) review of post-clearance impact monitoring and reporting.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

UNDP has asked for a 6 moth no cost extension. As part of the request we stated that we will be hiring a consultant that will produce a clear methodology (revamp) for prioritizing the demining tasks. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Consultant recruited for revising the prioritization methodologies
[Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2020/12/20]
UNDP CO 2020/10 Completed the consultant was recruited and finalized its work. The revision of priorities methodology was submitted History
Consultant recruited for revising the prioritization methodologies
[Added: 2020/12/20]
Wassim El Chami 2019/09 Canceled
2. Recommendation:

Recommendations regarding future LMAC requirements and potential UNDP support

The 2018 LMAC Annual Report notes two challenges: fundraising for land release (resource mobilization for INGO operators) and maintaining institutional support (with expected end of EU and UNDP support by end 2019). “LMAC is still in need of institutional support whether it is through the enhancement of information management, donor coordination, reporting and fundraising or capacity building in particular to issues related to IED whether it is NMAS chapter MRE, Clearance, Quality Assurance/Control or MVA.” The evaluation shares the LMAC summary of the challenges faced and identifies below specific short and medium-term support required by LMAC. These requirements are presented to LMAC, UNDP and interested donors for discussion to determine which are priority for LMAC and of interest to donors for support in the coming phase.

Operations – Improved evidence of contamination enables LMAC to prioritize and task demining operators to efficiently address socio-economic impact of landmines and cluster munitions 

Recommendation 2: The IMSMA database will remain essential for long-term; support is important until qualified LMAC civilian staff take over. Currently the database provides essential support to strategic planning, priority setting, tasking and handover of completed tasks. It is the basis for recording progress made and projection of remaining contamination and would benefit from regular non-technical survey (NTS). Overtime, errors accumulate in any database; thorough review and cleanup should be conducted periodically to remove duplicates, overlapping records and other anomalies. The review should start from the results of cleaning done as part of the IMSMA conversion and also consider operator databases to identify any anomalies for reconciliation. In the future the database will be essential for the residual risk phase, providing the record of past contamination and clearance. This will be important for support to development actors – public and private – to understand presence or absence of risk on land to be used for infrastructure or other public or private development. UNDP should work with the government and the international community to ensure any support necessary to maintain the improved database to be useful for future development investments. 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/09] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

In partnership with LMAC and GICHD, the issue of residual risk and response has been agreed to be tackled by GICHD as part of their ongoing work with LMAC.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The IMSMA database cleanup was conducted by LMAC with guidance from GICHD
[Added: 2020/12/20]
UNDP CO 2020/10 Completed The management response was taken into account and the database cleanup was conducted following the guidance of GICHD
3. Recommendation:

Recommendations regarding future LMAC requirements and potential UNDP support

The 2018 LMAC Annual Report notes two challenges: fundraising for land release (resource mobilization for INGO operators) and maintaining institutional support (with expected end of EU and UNDP support by end 2019). “LMAC is still in need of institutional support whether it is through the enhancement of information management, donor coordination, reporting and fundraising or capacity building in particular to issues related to IED whether it is NMAS chapter MRE, Clearance, Quality Assurance/Control or MVA.” The evaluation shares the LMAC summary of the challenges faced and identifies below specific short and medium-term support required by LMAC. These requirements are presented to LMAC, UNDP and interested donors for discussion to determine which are priority for LMAC and of interest to donors for support in the coming phase.

Operations – Improved evidence of contamination enables LMAC to prioritize and task demining operators to efficiently address socio-economic impact of landmines and cluster munitions 

Recommndation 3: UNDP should support LMAC to develop a residual response mechanism pilot based on current CLO rapid response experience.  Rapid response is triggered by learning of new incident/victim or reported finding of ERW, with immediate response by CLOs.  Issues to be considered include whether this should be done by current CLOs or by personnel provided through NGO partners and whether in the future the function should be transitioned to military or police vs continue with civilian personnel in LMAC posts.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/03] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
CLOs functions was transmitted to military personnel starting 1 Jan 2021
[Added: 2020/12/20] [Last Updated: 2021/04/15]
UNDP CO 2021/01 Completed CLOs functions was transmitted to military personnel. the documentation was provided soon History
CLOs functions will be transmitted to military personnel starting 1 Jan 2021 and handing over is currently being finalysed
[Added: 2020/12/20]
UNDP CO 2021/01 Canceled
4. Recommendation:

MRE – Impacted communities are empowered to deal with the residual risk of mines

Recommendation 4: UNDP should work with UN family and international community to advocate with the Ministry of Education and Higher Education to incorporate MRE into the national curriculum. The MRE Steering Committee should arrange for an evaluation of the MRE efforts in Lebanon, perhaps beginning with the two-week “health topic,” with input from the MRE operators and potentially GICHD or other specialised international support. UNDP should support attention to the differing needs and circumstances of women and men, children and adults, refugees and others. UNDP should work with the UN agencies and international community to support the EORE training under development to reduce the risk to displaced Syrians in Lebanon and when they return home. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/03] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will work with the MRE steering committee next year to discuss the possibility or evaluating previous actions
[Added: 2020/12/20] [Last Updated: 2021/04/15]
UNDP CO 2021/05 Not Initiated History
5. Recommendation:

MVA – Victims are enabled to socially and economically integrate into their communities

Recommendation 5: UNDP should continue its lobbying efforts with Parliament and ministries for implementation of law 220/2000 to ensure a general improvement for all persons with disabilities including mine victims. UNDP should ensure attention to different situations of women and men, girls and boys. UNDP should follow-up with employers who may have persons with disabilities in their work force in order to seek their involvement as champions for implementation of the law 220/2000. Specific studies that would be valuable to conduct at this time include: (a) type and extent of employment of mine victims in Lebanon; and (b) survey of mine victims regarding their needs and services received considering Law 220/2000. Both studies should consider gender and age.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/03] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
the lobbying efforts and advocacy efforts of UNDP have been consistent on this. However with the economic and financial crisis it is expected for this recommendation to be increasingly difficult to be implemented although the support to persons with disabilities is a cross cutting issue that UNDP mainstreaming in its programming
[Added: 2020/12/20] [Last Updated: 2021/04/16]
UNDP CO 2021/05 Not Initiated History
6. Recommendation:

LMAC meets national, regional and international obligations and opportunities

Recommendation 6: LMAC will continue to require support to engage with donors, UN agencies, Parliamentarians, and the private sector. UNDP should maintain its strategic partnership with LMAC, which provides important benefits for engagement with the national and international community. As part of the partnership, UNDP should assist LMAC to strengthen communication with stakeholders:

• LMAC-donors (twice annual meeting of ISG; alternate quarters with MAF)

• LMAC-donors and operators (twice annual Mine Action Forum)

• LMAC-operators (two to four meetings annually of TWG)

• Clear Transparency and Annual Reports

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/03] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The ISG was discontinued due to its limited impact however the MAF and other platforms are operational and being conducted on a regular baisis, including the reporting part
[Added: 2020/12/20]
UNDP CO 2021/05 Initiated
7. Recommendation:

LMAC meets national, regional and international obligations and opportunities

Recommendation 7: UNDP should support LMAC in development and negotiation of an exit strategy for international assistance. The exit strategy should present the target capabilities for LMAC to operate without further institutional support. It should recognize that LMAC will continue to require outside civilians to support the non-traditional roles required for a national mine action center until it is able to recruit its own civilian staff for these positions. It should identify support to LMAC and the national mine action programme that may be necessary even after other requirements have been met. The exit strategy should be agreed with the principal donors supporting mine action in Lebanon.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/03] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
the exit strategy was completed in 2020
[Added: 2020/12/20]
UNDP CO 2020/10 Completed The exit strategy was finalized
8. Recommendation:

LMAC meets national, regional and international obligations and opportunities

Recommendation 8: Resource mobilization for operational partners depends on the image and enabling environment provided by the quality of the LMAP and of LMAC management, together with specific proposals put forward by the INGOs. The single most important statement the government could make to mobilize more resources would be to accede to the APMBC. UNDP should support LMAC to ensure the enabling environment for operator resource mobilization through:

• Clear realistic national mine action strategy

• Transparent priority setting, including consideration of community socio-economic impact

• Transparent reporting and treaty compliance

• Recognition of operator role in LMAC reports

• Advocacy for accession to the APMBC

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/03] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
the new mine action strategy was developed in 2020 and the advocacy efforts for accessing the APMBC are ongoing to create an enabling environment
[Added: 2020/12/20]
UNDP CO 2021/05 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

LMAC meets national, regional and international obligations and opportunities

Recommendation 9: Resource mobilization for UNDP continuation – for which LMAC expressed strong interest – has not been a major issue in recent years, thanks to the on-going EU commitment. Going forward, LMAC request to continue its partnership with UNDP would benefit from high level government expression of support for continued UNDP work with LMAC. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/03] [Last Updated: 2020/11/08]

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
with the EU phasing out of mine action support, UNDP has been exploring opportunities for funding with other donors such as the Netherlands, Norway, UK…
[Added: 2020/12/20]
UNDP CO 2021/05 Initiated

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