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Final Evaluation of phase 3 on Strengthening Capacities and Knowledge of Civil Society for the Consensual and Sustainable Management of Land and Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
Commissioning Unit: Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
Evaluation Plan: 2014-2017
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 02/2015
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

Design and Management

Corrective actions for future project design and implementation

  • Capacity-building for conflict prevention should not be delinked from the conflict reduction outcomes.  Therefore, the design of projects should clearly show the link between capacity-building and peace outcomes. Such projects require, however, a medium to long term approach and larger funding
  • The focus of projects with limited budget and short timeframe should be on a limited number of mutually reinforcing interventions that contribute directly to Conflict Prevention and Resolution in order to maximize the benefits from the limited budget.

Actions to take in order to reinforce benefits generated by the project

  • provide additional funding to extend the projects for two years in order to enable the consolidation of the gains already made in terms of conflict resolution  capacity and conflict resolution mechanisms including taking action for:
  • Strengthening the analytical capacity of CSOs to understand implications of land and natural resource policies and concession agreements;
  • Establishing network of conflict resolution among NGOs that participated in the current 3rd phase to enable systematic sharing of knowledge and experiences,
  • Enabling the GLR NGO/CSOs to engage with international stakeholders such as the UN Global Compact, the World Economic Forum, the World Bank, and regional stakeholders such as the ICGLR, the land Policy Initiative and Africa Mining Vision Secretariat as well as the AU.

Changes to the project strategy, including the indicators and targets in the project log frame

  • The Key Results (outputs, outcomes, impact) should be defined in a manner that clearly articulates and shows the Result Chain, i.e., the logical and hierarchy link between the key results.
  • The Key Results metrics (indicators, baseline and targets) should be defined in a manner that permits ready determination of project performance, i.e., change in indicators over time.
  • Substantial knowledge development and capacity-building activities require medium to long term programming instead of short-term projects.

Additional capacity-building support to civil society in the form of workshops and seminars in the following subject areas :

  • Program and project development, financial management and reporting, RBM and formulation of results chain(s).results
  • Post-conflict Peace and Development programming and program implementation
  • Land and Natural Resources mediation techniques, conflict analysis and several technical subjects such as environmental protection standards, health and safety.

 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/19] [Last Updated: 2019/04/22]

View note to file.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

Thematic 

Environment

Provide technical support to the governments in the harmonization of the overlapping jurisdictions of government departments and the inconsistent laws and regulations governing the use of land and natural resources, i.e., mining license issuing, environment, wildlife, forestry, protected areas, and land (Case of Uganda).

Provide technical support to the government for the establishment and enforcement of the requirement of environmental and social impact studies as part of the mining license application process

Provide technical support to the government for the development of instruments and the establishment of enforcement mechanisms for the preservation of protected areas,

Provide technical training to the CSO on environmental protection

Provide support for scaling up the Rubaya comprehensive project on ASM and the mitigation of environmental degradation across the GLR.

Land and property rights

The EU-UN partnership should leverage the experience gained though its project in Ituri DRC, and Karamoja Uganda to organize the group of 6 NGO/CSO into a core NGO/CSO network  regarding land and property rights, to be e expanded gradually to include additional GLR NGO/CSO. A request was formulated to that effect by the CSOs at the workshop in Kampala. The CSO view it as critical to create an equivalent of the existing civil society platform on illegal exploitation of minerals in the region for Land Tenure and Property Rights.

The EU-UN partnership should provide additional capacity-building support to the newly created land and property CSO network. The core NGO/CSO should be encouraged to work in collaboration with the Secretariat of the ICGLR to advocate and support the process of domestication of protocols 9 and 10 of the Pact on Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region, and the six articles/tools of the Regional Initiative against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources (RINR). The ICGLR Ministerial summit is planned for April 2015 and will lead to the development of a national action plan for the domestication of the RNIR.

The EU-UN Partnership should support as a next phase of activity, the Great Lakes national action plan for domestication of the ICGLR protocol on Land and Displacement following the ICGLR Land and Displacement Ministerial Summit.

The EU-UN Partnership program should provide support to the Secretariat of the ICGLR in building technical capacity to address land and natural resources conflict issues, including national ICGLR coordination mechanisms, beginning with the four countries covered by the current project.

The EU-UN Partnership program should provide support to the Governments of the GLR in the development of integrated approaches and strategies regarding land and property rights, leveraging the NGO/CSOs network and the ICGLR Secretariat.

Poverty

The CSOs should document cases and produce a well-documented report to advocate for a pro-poor regulatory framework.

The EU-UN Partnership should support a regional network of CSO to undertake specific analysis and identify, through members of the partnership, international practices and relevant experiences in ASM formalization using a pro-poor approach. The study should also identify and recommend ways and means of reducing the mining license fees which constitute the greatest barrier to entry into the mining sector. Many artisanal miners would organize themselves into regular mining cooperatives, i.e., cooperatives where members enjoy equal rights and privileges, were it not for exorbitant government license fees.

 

 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/22] [Last Updated: 2019/04/22]

View note to file.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

Regional and ICGLR

Trans-border conflicts

The EU-UN partnership together with WB Great lakes Conflict Facility, and within the framework of the Peace and Security Framework for the region, should encourage CSOs to share experiences, build trans-boundary networks and undertake a trans-boundary conflict analysis study to develop action plans;

The EU-UN partnership should support the ICGLR Secretariat in the organization by GLR CSO of a mapping of regional trans-boundary conflicts;

Similarly, with the discovery of oil and mineral deposits attracting international oil and mining companies to various corners of the GLR, the EU-UN Partnership should support the GLR CSO together with the ICGLR Secretariat to engage with the private sector and develop a training for CSO on how to engage with the private sector and how to build a land and mining coordination group.

In the same vein, the conflict resolution mechanisms (The Mines Consultation Boards-MCB) established with support from the EU-UN partnership 3rd phase should be strengthened, through the development of a legal framework of action granting the MCB a legal status and a legally enforceable mandate.

Cooperation and collaboration with the ICGLR Secretariat;

Provide support for the Domestication of the ICGLR protocols. In this regard, provide support for the organization by the CSO of national information and education campaigns and public mobilization campaigns for the domestication and implementation at the national level of the ICGLR protocols, including the protocol against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources, in particular the six special tools of the  Regional Initiative against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region (RINR)[1], with special emphasis on the Traceability Instruments and Mechanisms, (Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative - EITI). The recent work of the Burundian NGO OLUCOME provides a good source of experience and lessons learned for the development of future initiatives in other countries.

In relation to the coming ICGLR High level Ministerial on land and property rights, the EU-UN support should include:

  • An analysis of the current status of the domestication of the protocol regarding protection of property rights for IDPs and refugees and identifying practical successes and challenges in each Member State to better define a road-map for further support to Member States in their domestication effort;
  • An analysis and lessons  learned from the ICGLR Member States’ experiences and approaches on land management and property rights related to IDPs and Refugees;
  • Advocacy for a renewal by Member States of their commitment to take appropriate measures for the implementation of the international principles contained in the Protocol and to develop cooperation mechanisms to achieve  lasting solutions for the reintegration of IDPs and refugees;
  • Put in place a follow-up and evaluation mechanisms for monitoring progress in the implementation of the protocol. 

 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/22] [Last Updated: 2019/04/22]

View note to file.

Key Actions:

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