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Final Evaluation of the project Mongolia’s Network of Managed Resource Protected Area
Commissioning Unit:Mongolia
Evaluation Plan:2017-2021
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date:07/2018
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Mongolia
1. Recommendation:

Terminal Evaluation Review Recommendation 1: Prepare an exit plan that outlines actions that require follow-up after project closure, clearly describing what has been delivered through the project and what actions the beneficiaries are responsible. Recommended follow-up actions are described below in sub-recommendations 1a-1f.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

This recommendation is fully supported. Prepared an Exit Strategy that defines 10 key outputs of MRPA project and which outlines detailed actions to be followed-up by respective stakeholders after project closure.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Get discussed an Exit Strategy by PB members and by stakeholders at project Closing workshop and integrate comments received.
[Added: 2018/08/05]
NDP, NDC 2018/06 Completed An Exit Strategy was discussed at PB meeting on 13th June and among all stakeholders during project Closing Workshop held on 14th June 2018. Comments received were incorporated and the document was finalized.
2. Handover an approved Exit Strategy to PAAD, MET to make sure to integrate key activities into PAAD’s 2019 workplan.
[Added: 2018/08/05] [Last Updated: 2018/09/18]
NPD, NPC 2018/06 Completed An Exit Strategy was discussed at PB meeting on 13th June and among all stakeholders during project Closing Workshop held on 14th June 2018. Comments received were incorporated, the document was finalized and handed over to PAAD/MET.
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1a: Prepare a policy dialogue and advocacy plan (e.g., incorporating into an existing project or one under development) for advancing the proposed legislative and regulatory reforms that have not been passed by project closure.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 1a: This recommendation is fully supported. Assist PAAD/MET in integrating policy dialog and advocacy plan for advancing the proposed legislative and regulatory reforms into existing project or one under development.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.Assisted PAAD in preparing policy dialog and advocacy plan for finalizing the revised Law on SPA
[Added: 2018/08/05]
NPD, NPC 2018/06 Completed The revised Law on SPA is planned to be submitted by MET to the Parliament in September 2018.
2. Policy dialog and advocacy items for the proposed legislative and regulatory reforms integrated into policy actions of WWF Mongolia, the relevant components of existing KfW’s PA project and of upcoming 4 years project of GIZ on strengthening PA system in Mongolia (2019-2022).
[Added: 2018/08/05]
NDP, NDC 2018/07 Completed There are three upcoming projects to be implemented since 2019: a) GIZ project to strengthen the management effectiveness of the PA system in Mongolia during the period 2019-2022 and b) 2nd phase of the ongoing KfW’s project towards building capacity and infrastructure for Mongolia’s PA system and c) UNDP’s ENSURE project on landscape conservation. Both NPD and NPC were involved in several meetings organized by the project evaluation team and provided comments which include the ones that ensure the sustainability of policy outcomes of UNDP implemented projects (SPAN & MRPA).
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1b: Resolve the continued operation of CBO database and assess ways in which the maintenance of this site could be self-sustaining. One option is combining it to the website of the national organization of natural resource CBOs and promoting online sale of CBO products and services and linking with more advanced small and medium size businesses that have a proven track record and established networks in Mongolia.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 1b: Ensure completion of data entrance into CBO database and handover CBO webpage to the National Association of CBOs.

This recommendation is partially supported. The decision of the Working Group established at MET on receiving databases developed by MRPA project made a decision to assign functions of LPA database oversight to PAAD and Information Center where as CBO database will be maintained by aimag Environment offices.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Agree with MET on handing over both the database and webpage on CBOs to respective department of MET or to the National Association of CBOs for its future maintenance.
[Added: 2018/08/05] [Last Updated: 2018/09/18]
NDP 2018/06 Completed As per June 2018 the database contains 1078 CBO data out of total 1629 of 21 aimags. PAAD in collaboration with the Information Center at the institute of Meteorology and aimag Environment Offices will ensure the entrance of CBO data into database by each aimag
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1c: Monitor the operation of the trophy hunting cost sharing arrangements at the Gulzat LPA; particularly considering the current legal case regarding the local NGO overseeing the CBOs that are managing the LPA. And, advocate for the aimag government to stop cutting soum governments budgets, depending upon how much income is allocated to the soums from trophy hunting revenue.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05] [Last Updated: 2018/09/18]

Management Response 1c: This recommendation is partially supported. The project activities are ending in July 2018 whereas trophy hunting cost sharing arrangements will take place starting from late August. Thereby, to ensure further monitoring and sustainable trophy hunting, there is proposed to establish an agreement among PAAD, aimag Environment office and the LPA management entity.  The legal case was finalized in June 20018.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.Assist in preparing a sustainability agreement among PAAD, aimag Environment office and the LPA management entity.
[Added: 2018/08/05]
NPC, NPD 2018/06 Completed An agreement will be approved jointly by the Minister of MET and Uvs aimag governor and will oversee further actions to be undertaken by each partner to strengthen the management of Gulzat LPA. Tasks of aimag and soum government include trophy hunting cost sharing arrangements and allocation of hunting income adequately in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations.
5. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1d: Provide information to all aimag governors regarding the lessons learned through the trophy hunting income sharing arrangements at the Gulzat LPA and opportunities for generating mutually beneficial conservation and socioeconomic outcomes.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 1d: This recommendation is fully supported. Prepare a leaflet based on lessons learned in Gulzat LPA and distribute to relevant aimags with established hunting areas.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Prepare a leaflet on best practices and lessons learned in Gulzat LPA
[Added: 2018/08/05]
PIU 2018/06 Completed The leaflet was prepared and distributed to participants of the closing workshop organized on 14 June 2018.
2. Print out the leaflet in a sufficient number and handover to respective department of MET, to aimag and soum government offices for further dissemination to wider audience.
[Added: 2018/08/05]
NPC, NPD 2018/07 Completed
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1e: Monitor and facilitate the initial functioning of the conservation trust fund established with contributions from CBOs in three soums, the project and the Green Gold program.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 1e: This recommendation is fully supported. Facilitate the initial functioning of trust fund in 3 soums of Tumenkhaan-Shalz LPA.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Ensure approval of the fund rule by each soum Citizens Representative Khural
[Added: 2018/08/05] [Last Updated: 2018/08/06]
NPC, PIU 2018/07 Completed Size of the trust fund: 1.Norovlin soum, Khentii aimag 15,8mln tug, 2. Bayan uul soum, Dornod aimag 35,8 mln tug, 3. Tsagaav ovoo soum 25,9 mln tug. The fund was formed at equal contribution of herders, Green Gold and the MRPA project. The fund will be disbursed for funding small project proposals received from herders and certain percentage of fund income will be allocated for Volunteer ranger’s incentives and operation cost. All this expected to contribute to sustainable community-based LPA management. The fund operation has started in all 3 soums.
2. Facilitate in generating contributions from herders to the fund
[Added: 2018/08/05]
NPC, PIU 2018/06 Completed
3. Establish a tri-partite MOU (MET, soum administration and the Green Gold) on ensuring sustainable operation and regular monitoring of the fund after project end.
[Added: 2018/08/05]
NPD, NPC 2018/06 Completed
7. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1f: Facilitate partnerships for advancing the sustainable financing options identified for the demonstration LPAs, e.g., carrying out feasibility studies and/or value chain analyses of the potential impact investments at the Khavtgar LPA and Tumenkhaan-Shalz LPA regarding sustainable meat production.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05] [Last Updated: 2018/09/18]

Management Response 1f: This recommendation is fully supported. In close cooperation with BIOFIN project, facilitate feasibility studies, fundraising and start-up of the sustainable meat production in target two LPAs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Assist BIOFIN in carrying out feasibility studies and conduct site visits with key stakeholders
[Added: 2018/08/05]
PIU of MRPA & BIOFIN projects 2018/06 Completed Assisted and conducted series of meeting with local decision makers, local business entities and herder communities in aimag and soum centers.
2. Agree with aimag and soum decision makers on start-up actions of the sustainable meat production
[Added: 2018/08/05] [Last Updated: 2018/09/18]
PIU of MRPA & BIOFIN projects 2018/06 Completed Agreed with aimag and soum authorities on potential locations of proposed units of meat production, particularly “animal health zone” in the boundaries of Tsagaan-ovoo and Norovlin soums, slaughtering and fodder units in all 4 soums. BIOFIN continues to work on advocacy and fund raising to explore potential funders for sustainable meat production. Also, it targets to establish and register an appropriate business entity for meat production. Discussions ongoing with the “Makh Impex” on resolving safe slaughtering, “APU” company on providing fodder from beer remains and some business people in target 2 aimags on funding the bisuness and may be running some of units and 4 soums as well as in UB on co-funding the sustainable meat production.
8. Recommendation:

Recommendation 2: Prepare a best practice guideline for managed resource protected areas in Mongolia, drawing upon the experiences gained through the three demonstration sites on the project. The guideline should be available on the PAAD website and disseminated to other governmental and non-governmental partners.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 2: This recommendation is fully supported. Prepared guidelines (five leaflets – overall project outcomes in both languages and per each LPA in Mongolian) in managing local protected areas, drawing upon the best practices and lessons learned gained through three demonstration sites on the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Prepared and printed out the following documentations based upon project implementation: overall project best practices and lessons learned, leaflet for Gulzat, Tumenkhaan-Shalz and Khavtgar LPAs, infographic, photo stories, two success stories article and video with English subtitles.
[Added: 2018/08/05]
PIU 2018/06 Completed Numbers of leaflets have been delivered to respective aimag and soum agencies, respected departments of MET for further distribution to relevant audience.
2. Developed and submitted two key regulations to PAAD, MET: a) Regulation on taking land under local protection; b) Guideline on granting LPA management to NGO
[Added: 2018/08/05]
PIU 2018/06 Completed PAAD has to lead on approval of those regulations immediately after approval of the revised Law on SPA.
3. Outputs were presented and distributed to all stakeholders, including target 3 aimags, 6 soums, CBOs, NGOs, MET, academia and other development agencies.
[Added: 2018/08/05]
PIU 2018/07 Completed
4. All project outputs placed on the following social networks: www.mpa.mn, www.facebook.com/protectedareasmongolia/ ; www.mne.mn ; www.undp.mn
[Added: 2018/08/05]
NPD, NPC 2018/07 Completed
9. Recommendation:

Recommendation 3: Carry out a critical review of the end-of-project assessments of management effectiveness of the three demonstration LPAs and document the results using the standard GEF-5 tracking tool template; some of the scores seemed overly optimistic and the GEF-5 Excel form was not used. As part of this process, it would be advisable also apply the approved Mongolian version of the METT to allow comparative analysis among other protected areas in the national system.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 3: This recommendation is fully supported. Review of the management effectiveness of three demonstration LPAs using the final version of Mongolian METT developed jointly with PAAD and WWF.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Undertake careful review of the management effectiveness of the three target LPAs using the current template
[Added: 2018/08/05]
NPC 2018/07 Completed METT for all 3 target LPAs was revised with focus to some of ambitious evaluations commented by TE. Below are the revised scores out of possible highest 108: ? Gulzat LPA - 66 or 61.1% (previous scores 75 or 69.4%) ? Tumenkhaan-Shalz LPA – 60 or 55.6% (previous scores 67 or 62.2%) ? Khavtgar LPA – 65 or 60.2% (previous scores 78 or 72.2%)
2. Agree with KfW to conduct METT evaluation of three LPAs as part of next 4 years’ Management Plan development to be done by end of 2018.
[Added: 2018/08/05] [Last Updated: 2018/09/18]
UNDP PO 2018/07 Completed MET with assistance of WWF has revised the current METT which planned to be approved by Minister’s Council in September 2018. Since end of 2018 KfW is planning to start a one year project in Tumenkhaan-Shalz LPA. The project will include development of the next 4 years’ Management Plan, METT evaluation in accordance with the newly approved template and capacity building and procurement of equipment for Rangers.
10. Recommendation:

Recommendation 4: Account for cofinancing contributions that materialized during project implementation, e.g., from the Land Agency (ALAGAC), aimag and soum governments at the three LPA demonstration areas, the Green Gold program funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, the Khan Khentii SPA, etc.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 4: This recommendation is fully supported. Estimate cofinancing contributions that materialized during project implementation from respective partners and stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Make estimation of cofinancing contributions from following partners: aimag and soum Government offices, ALAGAC, Green Gold of SDC, Canada Fund.
[Added: 2018/08/06]
NPC 2018/07 Completed A total of 731,108 USD cofinancing was materialized from project partners (MET, MoF, ALAGAC, Information Center at Institute of Meteorology, Mining authority, 3 aimag government offices, Environment and Land management departments, 6 soum government offices, 4 PAAs, Green Gold of SDC, Canada Fund) during project implementation period.
11. Recommendation:

Recommendation 5: Prepare a technical report summarizing the reintroduction and subsequent monitoring of marmot at the Tumenkhaan-Shalz LPA. The success achieved through this reintroduction could provide useful guidance to other conservation efforts; the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, who led the efforts, might be interested in preparing a scientific publication.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 5: This recommendation is fully supported. Agree with lead experts involved in marmot re-introduction on preparing the technical report for further scientific publication.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Ensure monitoring activities in target area and submission of data to researchers
[Added: 2018/08/06] [Last Updated: 2018/09/18]
NPC, UNDP PO 2018/10 Completed Two volunteer Rangers in close collaboration with the soum Ranger conducting regular monitoring in the area of Kharaat and Uvur Khooloi communities where was conducted marmot re-introduction.
3. Local monitoring report is to be produced and provided to the key researchers that will feed into the technical report on results of marmot re-introduction.
[Added: 2018/08/06] [Last Updated: 2019/01/01]
UNDP PO 2018/12 Completed Agreed with researchers on writing a technical report with compiled and analyzed data for recent 3 years of monitoring. Local monitoring report is prepared to feed into the technical report and provided to the researchers.
12. Recommendation:

Recommendation 6: Further develop the LPA management plans, including broader ecosystem recovery objectives, e.g., through implementation of pasture use fees and improved coordination between LPAs, SPAs and buffer zones to SPAs.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 6: This recommendation is fully supported. Coordinate with and assist in integration of the development of the management plan for target LPAs with ongoing and/or upcoming donor projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Coordinate with and integrate the recommendation with upcoming KfW’s small project in Tumenkhaan-Shalz and SDC’s Green Gold programme in both Tumenkhaan-Shalz and Khavtgar; Uvs aimag Environment Office and the management entity of Gulzat LPA.
[Added: 2018/08/06] [Last Updated: 2018/09/18]
NPC, NPD 2018/07 Completed The following two projects will provide technical and financial support on development of the management plans: 1. Ongoing SDC’s “Green Gold” programme in 4 soums of Tumenkhaan-Shalz and Khavtgar LPAs (2017-2021) 2. Upcoming project targeted to particular strengthening the management structure of Tumenkhaan-Shalz LPA and investment to Volunteer Rangers equipment and techniques (Sept 2018-January 2019) For Gulzat, there is an expected high income from trophy hunting in coming 2-3 years and the development of the Management Plan has defined as one of priority activity to be undertaken in 2018.
13. Recommendation:

Recommendation 7: Prepare (or update) a national protected area (PA) system strategy. The role of LPAs in the national PA system is unclear. For example, aimag governments show higher ownership of buffer zones than LPAs; many LPAs declared to deter mining activities; role of state protected areas unclear in the management of LPAs and buffer zones; there has been a strong focus on PA expansion and less attention placed on effective management and governance. Moreover, LPAs and community conservation co-management arrangements are under-represented in the 2015-2025 NBSAP. The PA system strategy should include, but not be limited to the following items:

• Identify LPA priority areas, using the ecoregional assessments prepared by TNC, overlaying key

biodiversity areas (KBAs), etc.

• Encourage multiple functions, including biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services (e.g., water

security), fire danger areas, etc.

• Outline institutional arrangements, including buffer zone management. Clarify roles of state protected areas (SPAs) in management of buffer zones and LPAs.

The PA system strategy should be incorporated into upcoming release of the national program on protected areas.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 7: This recommendation is partially supported. There is a strategic document for the Mongolia’s PA system – the National Program on PAs - exist and which has been revised recently and an approval process of the document has started at the MET. Thereby, there is a good potential to integrate recommendations provided above into the National Program on PAs as well as into currently revised Law on SPA.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Compile and submit recommendations provided by TE to PAAD and the Working Group on the law revision.
[Added: 2018/08/06]
NPC 2018/07 Completed
2. Integrate into policy support activities of UNDP ENSURE project and other environmental programmes.
[Added: 2018/08/06] [Last Updated: 2019/01/01]
UNDP PO 2018/12 Completed The policy support activities are integrated into the UNDP LD offset and Ensure projects.
14. Recommendation:

Recommendation 8: Review and update wildlife management policies and legislation regarding trophy hunting. Based on the findings of this terminal evaluation, there is a high demand for implementing wildlife trophy hunting; this was the fallback financing option mentioned by local governments and CBOs managing the demonstration LPAs. Issues to consider in updated policies and legislation include, but are not limited to, participatory governance, allocation of income generated, alternative forms of issuing licenses, e.g., through online auctions, revising the Law on Natural Resource Payment to provide the legal basis for some of these income allocation alternatives, etc.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 8: This recommendation is partially supported. Since the project is ending there is no possibility to review and update wildlife management policies and legislation. During implementation period, the PIU continuously was providing comments and recommendations regarding trophy hunting as well as was part of the Working Group.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Drawing upon results in Gulzat LPA and recommendation of the project TE, compile and include best practices and lessons learned into developed Guideline
[Added: 2018/08/06]
NPC, PIU 2018/06 Completed Recommendations include – strengthen related legislation to exercise an open and science-based adequate distribution of the hunting quote, alternative forms of issuing licenses, e.g. online auctions while giving priority votes to communities and the management entity, to regulate the license fee of argali sheep in line with the international market, and a promote trophy hunting of argali as a tool for nature protection.
2. Submit recommendations to the Working Group on revising the wildlife management legislation.
[Added: 2018/08/06]
NPC 2018/07 Completed
15. Recommendation:

Recommendation 9: Increase public awareness of the value of the protected area system, including managed resource protected areas, using contemporary mechanisms, such as social media, performing arts, etc.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/08/05]

Management Response 9: This recommendation is fully supported. Based on successes and lessons learned prepare public awareness materials to increase the value of effective management of  LPAs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project best practices and lessons learned compiled and put into handouts, leaflets and success stories and placed at relevant social networks.
[Added: 2018/08/06]
NPC 2018/07 Completed Please see the management response to Recommendation 2: Numbers of leaflets have been delivered to respective aimag and soum agencies, respected departments of MET for further distribution to relevant audience.

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