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Terminal evaluation of the project on Land Degradation Offset and Mitigation
Commissioning Unit: Mongolia
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 07/2019
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Mongolia
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation:

Conduct workshops on “Sustaining and Scaling up Land Degradation Mitigation and Offsets” in each of the project Aimags to jointly review the findings of the TE, to assess needs for capacity building and to plan forward. Project management to organize meetings, or request Aimag governments to organize participatory meetings, and share the findings with UNDP to inform programming in case of following up activities being undertaken as a stand-alone project, or if ENSURE project can support follow-up.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Organize workshop in Uvs
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/05 Completed workshop conducted
1.2. Organize workshop in Khovd
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/06 Completed workshop conducted
1.3 Organize workshop in Zavkhan in cooperation with ENSURE project
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU in collaboration with ENSURE project 2019/08 Completed Conducted
1.4. Capacity building for locals through the local technical committees, who will continue their activities. Communication will be initiated.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
Local Technical Committees 2019/08 Completed Completed Communicated with all aimag governors through written correspondence. The Khushuut development fund, Durvuljin soum development fund and Bukhmurun development funds confirmed to provide support for future activities. Official letter Nr 06/4768 from 08.July.2019
1.5. To continue project MON 16/301’s activities such as drawing up soum development plans, and cooperating with local herders, citizens and governments of all levels to build capacity under UNDP’s ENSURE project.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU and ENSURE project 2019/08 Completed Completed All relevant activities were included in ENSURE project’s activity plan and approved. Working in the evaluation panel of consultancy service on Soum development plan
1.6. Agreement with the TNC and WWF reached to organise a capacity building for the environmental sector and land management personnel through its local branches on offsetting principles to ensure sustainability.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/08 Completed Completed. TNC and WWF have agreed and confirmed us that training on offsetting can be organized.
2. Recommendation:

Confirm that all LPAs identified by the ERA, and registered by ALAMGAC are also registered with MRPAM, and show up in the online database (https://cmcs.mrpam.gov.mn/). Project management to request both agencies to compare notes and make updates as needed in case of inconsistencies.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Aimag land management plans, and the citizen’s representative khural’s decisions should be based on the Eco regional assessment results. The resulting database can be used by the cadastral department at the MET. The Ministry of Mining and Industry will also be able to make decisions on mining licenses by comparing their information with this database and consulting with the MET.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/08 Completed The coherence between the relevant organizations was improved through workshops, trainings and by implementing the guidelines approved by Order no A/93 by the Head of Department for Land management, and geodesy on “The registration of land into the cadastral database”, redundancies can be removed completely given time. A handbook on 3 years of project implementation was made in partnership with the Department of land management and geodesy and distributed to the relevant stakeholders and organization.
3. Recommendation:

Address the issue of exploration license in Durvuljin Soum which overlaps with the selected offsetting area of Bayan Airag Exploration LLC and the pasture contracted by the Soum Governor for management by Janchiv Cooperative. Project management to bring the issue to the attention of Bayan Airag LLC and Durvuljin Soum Governor and Khural Chair, for these stakeholders to follow up

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1. Written correspondence will be sent to the relevant organizations regarding the above exploration license issue License number: XV-014381 Name: Khalzan khoshuu Type: Exploration license Status: Valid Owner: ???? Area /hg/: 2890.72 Although preparations to explore were made in 2018, their activities were cut short after locals protested. 3.2. Communicate with the MET and MHI on the possibility of getting the land in concern approved to be included in the local special protected areas or on other possible solutions. Also cooperate with Khomiin tal NGO, which supports the local government.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU PIU/Department of Environment and Natural resource Management of MET 2019/08 Completed Completed Letters were sent to both the MET and the Ministry of Mining and Heavy Industry (MMHI) on making sure that exploitation licenses are not issued for the areas that will be offset. Official letter Nr 06/4767 from 08 of July, 2019
4. Recommendation:

Share the final project report, or a summary, with the Altai Sayan Ecoregion Project of WWF in Khovd, and discuss the follow-up of activities by WWF in the overlapping project areas.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1. All relevant information and reports were shared both in electronic and printed form. 4.2. Comments to the WWF’s consulting strategy will be submitted and will cooperate with Khomiin tal NGO and Darvi soum’s government during implementation.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU and UNDP CO 2019/07 Completed - Completed. A letter, referenced Nr 06/4769 was sent on 8 of July, 2019. -Completed. Corresponded with both the WWF and Khomiin tal NGO and have agreed to include the relevant activities in their future plan.
5. Recommendation:

Suggest to mining companies to include spring protection as successfully practiced by WWF in the pilot landscapes. Project management bring to the attention to the participating mining companies to consider including spring protection as practiced by WWF (and TNC) in the pilot areas in future offset planning. Details available at WWF Altai Sayan Region office in Khovd.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1. All relevant information and reports were shared both in electronic and printed form.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/07 Completed Completed. A letter, referenced Nr03/4770 was sent in July, 2019, which included a CD and hardcopy.
6. Recommendation:

Conduct training and awareness raising with staff of MRPAM in charge of registering Local Protected Areas about the significance and legitimacy of local protected areas in Mongolia’s development planning, about the issue of competing land use.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Recommendation accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1. A written recommendation to include officials from the MMHI, Mineral resources and petroleum authority (MRPAM), cadastral surveying specialists, and local citizen’s representatives khural’s representatives were sent to the MET and TNC NGO. Since the representatives from the citizen’s representative’s khural that we trained to change every 4 years, it is crucial to re-train after every election period. Agree with The Nature Conservancy to work on organizing the training and workshops.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU, TNC, MET, UNDP CO 2019/07 Completed Completed, The Nature Conservancy will work to organize trainings and workshops on the importance of included lands in the specially protected areas, and reduction of environmental degradation by mining activities and its rehabilitation through offsetting in accordance with their work plan for this year.
7. Recommendation:

Bring together ALAMGAC and MRPAM to develop an effective mechanism that ensures database and information on mining licenses and LPAs is identical. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Partially accepted as the action is not covered in the project document and no additional resources available. However, possible measures listed below will be implemented.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1. Widely advertise and inform relevant parties about the guidelines approved by the Head of Department of Land Management and geodesy. 7.2. Organize events to inform parties of project activities such as adding land to specially protected areas and the ecological and economic importance of the said activity. Will cooperated with the MET and UNDP’s public relations department to advertise the main outcomes of the project including the use of social media accounts.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU MET UNDP, CO 2019/08 Completed Completed. The issue was addressed in the Laws on land, special protected areas and natural resources. Starting from December 2018, the MMHI has been asking for the MET’s approval before issuing licenses. The database at the MET will include ecologically sensitive areas and project’s documents such as reports, policies and guidelines will be published in a handbook and distributed to relevant parties. - Completed : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbE3C9HyvT0 https://www.facebook.com/UNCCDMongolia/ Improved the online video lesson on land protection - http://e-gazar.blogspot.com/ Improved the project’s website - http://www. ldn-mongolia.mn/ Advertising of project activities was done through the project’s website and Facebook page and through NGOs that support ecological education, TV, newspapers and certain blogs in 2019. A short documentary movie on project activities was also made. Manuals, handbooks and other documents were distributed to the local governments, residents and businesses, and development programs. Internationally used methodologies on the reduction of land degradation that can be found on https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/1099145X were included in the MET specialist in charge of land degradation’s work plan. Started work on renewing the National Program against Desertification in accordance with the UN’s Convention to Combat Desertification. Mongolia’s environmental protection strategy should be updated to focus more on finding scientific basis for including offsetting principles in land management and use planning, and surveying areas for offsetting locations, and planning for offsetting, etc. Academy of Geography and Geo-ecology Implement research on methodologies; Prepared content such as handbooks and articles to further publicize offsetting principles using social and newspaper channels. Regularly updated the Facebook page “Let’s get rid of land degradation completely”.
7.3. To propose an amendment to the Land on law that includes a clause for not allowing the issue of mining / mineral resource exploration licenses on special protected areas.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/08 Completed Completed. The mentioned issues were addressed in our comments to the law concept approved by the Ministry of Justice and Internal Affairs.
8. Recommendation:

Update required competency standards in relevant organizations to include knowledge and skills on mitigation hierarchy and offsets. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare content such as handbooks and documentaries on project outcomes, the current state of mitigation hierarchy and offsetting in Mongolia, experiences, and capacity building for publishing and distribution to the relevant stakeholders. These materials will also be used by the MET for future trainings and workshops.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/06 Completed Completed. All relevant materials were sent through official correspondence, in July, 2019.
Both TNC and the WWF have stated they will be able to continue this work during one of our Project steering committee meetings. Their local branches, and local citizens should also be asked to provide support for further activities. Initiate a plan to implement this on a step-by-step basis.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
MET TNC WWF 2019/08 Completed Completed. In order to decrease the issuance of mining licenses in general, it is crucial to widen the area of special protected areas in Mongolia and since this is one our main goals, we will plan and implement this on a step-by-step basis. This is discussed and initiated.
8.3. Additionally, include the before-mentioned issues in the recommendations section of the annual contract signed by the Minister of Environment and Tourism and each aimag’s governor. Letters on the issue will be circulated.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
MET 2019/07 Completed Completed. The local technical committees established in the project aimags will continue their work. Letters regarding this issue were sent to the respective aimag governors in July, 2019. And the results of each aimag Governor’s work will be evaluated using the annual contract signed with the MET.
9. Recommendation:

Explore options to include mitigation hierarchy and offsetting into curricula on land and environmental management and policy at tertiary education institutions.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Work to include classes (worth credits toward graduation) on reducing land degradation, land management plans, ecologically sensitive areas and mitigation and offsetting principles at universities and colleges. Work to include classes on the steps to reduce impact on the environment, and the theory of offsetting at the National University of Mongolia (NUM)‘s School of Engineering and Applied Science’s curriculum.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/08 Completed Completed. Offsetting and mitigation principles were successfully added to Eco-Asia school’s curriculum. Environmental assessment and relevant issues need to be added to curriculums for bachelors’ degrees and approved by the Ministry of Education and Culture (MEC). The University of Agriculture of Mongolia also has added offsetting and mitigation principles to their environmental rehabilitation class program. It was also decided that the University of Science and Technology will be adding topics such as land degradation and offsetting to their curriculum at the School of Geology and Mining for majors such as hydrogeological engineering, etc.
9.2 Continue workshops and trainings on mitigation and offsetting. Initiate an agreement with the universities and colleges.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
MET UNDP, CO BGM 2019/08 Completed Completed. Lessons on mitigation and offsetting, and the reduction of land degradation will be taught at universities and colleges. Environmental protectors, land management specialists and relevant professionals will continue to get information on this topic through workshops and trainings held by the MET in the future. The professional training institute BGM has also shown interest in providing both online and classroom trainings on this topic.
10. Recommendation:

Organize experience sharing on the mechanism of the Tripartite Council (Local Government, Local Communities, Mining Company) that has been established in Khanbogd Soum for dispute resolution, joint fact-finding and joint planning

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1. The local technical committees will continue their work in their relevant regions to cooperate with their local governments on offsetting and mitigation issues and perform the necessary steps whenever action is needed.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/07 Completed Completed. A letter, referenced Nr 06/4768 was sent in July, 2019 regarding this issue.
10.2. Make a recommendation to the relevant ministries and organizations on learning from Umnugobi aimag’s experiences and learnings.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
TNC MET Mining companies 2019/07 Completed Completed. A national conference on offsetting and mitigation was held in 2018 in Umnugobi. Another study tour to discuss the issues and outcomes that came after the conference, the new conditions created since then and for general experience sharing is recommended.
11. Recommendation:

Support the development of a manual for local communities on mitigation hierarchy and offsetting, and on the principle and process of joint fact finding. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1. Additional manuals and information sheets will be prepared and distributed. 11.2. All prepared documents will be sent to the MET, the Department of Land Management and all relevant organizations.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/07 Completed Completed
12. Recommendation:

Suggest to mining companies to include spring protection as successfully practiced by WWF in the pilot landscapes

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/13]

Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1. Work to include protection for freshwater sources in environmental management plans by mining companies. Also, recommend studying the WWF’s experiences. 12.2. Videos on this topic will be sent in CD form to mining companies.
[Added: 2020/01/13]
PIU 2019/07 Completed Completed. An official letter Nr 06/4768 was sent to Bayan airag exploration LLC, Khotgor mining company and Mon Enco LLC and Green gold NGO regarding this issue. And the letter was sent regarding the action #12.2

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