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EvaluaciĆ³n Final Fortalecimiento de Capacidades en Acueductos Rurales (ASADAS) en la Zona Norte
Commissioning Unit: Costa Rica
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 05/2021
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Costa Rica
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

Support the strengthening and sustainability (as a sustainable business model) of Federations, Leagues and Unions (FLU) of ASADAS, Unions, as well as and the integration of ASADAS.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. AYA established the integration or merging of ASADAS as a mechanism to reduce the number of ASADAS and consolidate several ASADAS into larger units, with higher operational and sustainable capacities. Some elements need to be improved in the strategy including sustainability variables (social, financial, environmental, legal). Further, consultation, negotiation and early management of conflicts mechanisms need to be applied to reduce resistance and handle disagreements. The Project supported both associativity and integration of ASADAS and promoted the empowerment of FLUs so that they are placed to drive development efforts, by providing essential services for the growth and modernization of the ASADAS.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

Access to financing for ASADAS through the Water Resource Protection Tariff (TPRH) or banking entities

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. Review the credit instruments available to the ASADAS, as well as the debt approval mechanisms applied by the AYA so that ASADAS have a wider spectrum of and better financing alternatives.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

Information and dissemination campaign to guarantee availability and access to the tools created by the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. The Project has developed many tools and knowledge products related to aqueducts management, water resources protection and adaptation to climate change, useful not only for ASADAS but for a wider public and it use, and exploitation must be guaranteed.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Create a repository to make the tools and all the knowledge material of the Project available.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
UNDP - PMU 2021/09 Initiated
Transfer of all resources and materials in digital format to AYA.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
UNDP-PMU 2021/09 Initiated
Execute at least three Webinars a year for dissemination of tools and knowledge products for ASADAS and other public.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
UNDP - PMU 2021/06 Completed
4. Recommendation:

Ensure that ASADAS investments have a gender focus and an integrated adaptation approach (ecosystem-based adaptation, community-based adaptation and local disaster risk management.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. With the support of the Project, the AYA Institutional Gender Policy and its Strategic Plan were developed, as well as the agenda for accelerating gender equality and empowering women in community water management in which actions, mechanisms and concrete steps are clearly defined to address the gender perspective, both at the AYA and ASADAS levels. For its part the integrated adaptation approach (Infrastructure-based adaptation, Ecosystem -based adaptation, Community-based adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction) is based on the National Climate Change Policy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
AYA Gender Task force implements the Institutional Gender Policy of the AYA at the regional office of communal aqueducts and ASADAS levels.
[Added: 2021/07/01]
AYA (Gender Direction and ASADAS division) supported by UNDP gender unit 2022/12 Initiated
AYA Gender task force implements the agenda to accelerate gender equality and empower women in community water management approved in 2020-2021.
[Added: 2021/07/01]
AYA (Gender Direction and ASADAS division) supported by UNDP gender unit 2022/12 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Review of the legal framework governing ASADAS.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. The regulations governing the subsidiary provision of aqueduct services by ASADAS need to be adapted to the current context and its new challenges, moving towards a more progressive frameworks that allow the functional and business development of ASADAS in their capacity as public service providers, encompassing community water management as a whole.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

Change in the ASADAS regulation to encourage the participation of women and youth.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. The Project and the UNDP gender unit actively supported the revision process that introduced revisions to the ASADAS Regulation, approved in 2019, but substantial modifications are still required to achieve equity and inclusion.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A taskforce restructure and update the ASADAS' regulatory frameworks, address barriers and guarantee equal access for women and youth to the different participation and decision-making bodies, such ASADAS executive boards.
[Added: 2021/07/01]
AYA supported by UNDP gender unit, PACWM and APG 2022/12 Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Institutionalization of the vision climate change adaptation

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. The Project developed tools and mechanisms that support adaptation and disaster risk management capacities, in response to extreme weather events which impact aqueducts and communities. To guarantee the implementation of such tools and mechanisms is essential to a proper prevention approach in ASADAS. But furthermore, it is required that AYA, ARESEP, Directorate of Water, SENARA, INDER adopt a conceptual and programmatic adaptation vision, in order to have a climate-smart vision on the management of water resources.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A task force conducts an interinstitutional programmatic review to include climate change adaptation in the conceptual vision and action plans of the AYA, ARESEP, Directorate of Water, SENARA, INDER including the promotion of nature-based solutions, risk management and resilience.
[Added: 2021/07/01]
AYA supported by DCC-UNDP 2021/12 Initiated
Task force established to support the use of the Comprehensive Risk Management tool in ASADAS (GIRA) so ASADAS they incorporate risk variables, including climate in their planning exercises.
[Added: 2021/07/01]
AYA supported by UNDP 2021/12 Initiated
Institutionalize the procedures to support ASADAS affected by climate-induced and other natural disasters, and the reciprocal assistance mechanisms between ASADAS to have the capacity to prepare and respond to circumstances of extreme events.
[Added: 2021/07/01]
AYA supported by National Emergency Commission - UNDP 2021/12 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

Planning based on hydrogeological information and improvement in the availability and access to hydrometeorological data at the local level.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree, Promote studies and modeling to improve and increase the hydrogeological information of the country's aquifers and increase of hydrometeorological data to allow a better understanding of current availability of water and to future impacts of climate change on the future availability of water in Costa Rica, as well as supporting ASADAS to conduct the required hydrogeological studies to identify their catchment areas which need to be protected /conserved. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Promote hydrogeological studies with a watershed approach to increase (quantity and quality) the country's hydrogeological information, primarily in areas with water stress.
[Added: 2021/07/01]
AYA Supported by UNDP, Water Directorate and SENARA 2021/12 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

Active involvement of the private sector in the management of water resources.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. Implementation of measures to guarantee responsible and committed involvement in the maintenance and protection of aquifers by all sectors that use water.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To encourage ASADAS to know and promote methodologies such as the Sustainable Aquifer Use Plans (PAS-SENARA) to generate greater involvement and responsibilities in the tasks of protecting water resources, by all sectors that use water in the local level.
[Added: 2021/07/01]
AYA Supported by UNDP 2022/12 Initiated
Link with initiatives such as Finance for Biodiversity (BioFin-UNDP) and Performance-based Payments (GEF7) in the promotion of financial initiatives for the protection of water sources and the management of Protected Wildlife Areas under a land-use development approach.
[Added: 2021/07/01]
AYA Supported by UNDP 2022/12 Initiated
10. Recommendation:

To boost government cost-sharing modality

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. AYA and UNDP have a long history of productive collaboration, built on a portfolio of projects which are funded by multilateral or bilateral donor funds. The modality of execution of public funds (government cost-sharing) is already applied by several UN agencies, including UNDP, and AYA itself is already developing projects using this modality, with good results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Task force established to develop a UNDP-AYA cooperation roadmap, to makes possible the extension of impacts and results of this project and explore new opportunities and modalities of collaboration.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
UNDP - AYA 2021/12 Initiated
11. Recommendation:

Allocate resources for the strengthening of the Regional Offices of Communal Aqueducts (ORAC).

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. The ORACs have a decisive role in supporting the ASADAS in the regions, but they require stronger organizational capacities and economic resources.

Key Actions:

12. Recommendation:

Improve, in the design of proposals, the relationship of objectives-products-indicators.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Partially agree. The project design has been assessed by different counterparts, but probably there is always room to improve the vertical funds’ (GEF, GCF, AF) project formulation process, to facilitate management and have more clarity in the expected results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Expand the range of review and technical filters of projects in their state of gestation to improve its formulation.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
UNDP 2021/12 Initiated
13. Recommendation:

Continuity of project actions through other financing mechanisms. Along the same lines, there are opportunities to strengthen the network of partners at the local and national level that allow continuity to the efforts of this type of projects, promoting their replicability and scaling up.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/07/01]

Agree. Request the existing Platform of Allies for Community Water Management a strategy for harnessing, monitoring of use, expansion and permanent improvement of the topics addressed and the results obtained by the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support the functioning of the Platform of Allies for Community Water Management to apply the best practices, tools and lessons derived from this Project as well as promote other initiatives aimed at replicating and scaling these experiences.
[Added: 2021/07/01]
Supported by UNDP, PACWM and APG 2021/12 Initiated

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