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Enhanced Rural Resilience in Yemen (ERRY) Joint Programme Mid-Term Evaluation
Commissioning Unit:Yemen
Evaluation Plan:2012-2019
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date:08/2017
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Yemen
1. Recommendation:

ERRY Joint-coordination  - Programme Coherence & Delivery

  1. It is essential that all the organizational entities involved in implementing different ERRY components understand the ERRY design and how the different parts of ERRY fit together to individually and collectively build towards the desired outcomes. It is recommended that a Theory of Change is developed that articulates how the ERRY intervention will lead to change and how the different components are part of it. Systematic documentation of the benefits of ERRY collaboration and integration will support a learning agenda and enable different components to understand how they relate and contribute to make results and impacts more sustainable.
  2. ERRY management should map out who is implementing the project on the ground as several IPs are delivering ERRY services through local civil society structures. Joint planning to advance implementation synergies at both practical and conceptual levels is also recommended.
Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/05/02]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
ERRY JCU will support PUNOs strengthening awareness of their IPs on ERRY objectives, design and how different components individually and collectively contribute to the objective;
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
ERRY JCU 2018/10 Completed JCU supported PNUOs in strengthening the awareness of their IPs on the joint project objectives.
ERRY JCU will enhance Local authorities’ awareness on the ERRY objectives and its design through workshops and regular meetings;
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
ERRY JCU 2018/12 Completed This has been done regularly
ERRY JCU has developed an ERRY Theory of Change (ToC) in collaboration with PUNOs. The ToC monitoring mechanisms will be designed and implemented;
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/13]
ERRY JCU 2018/10 Completed ToC has been developed and has been implemented. ToC attached for ease reference.
ERRY JCU will systematically document the benefits of ERRY collaboration and share best practices and lessons learned will all stakeholders
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2019/01/21]
ERRY JCU PUNOs 2019/06 Initiated It is still ongoing
Strengthen the monthly planning at the sub-national level and document who is doing what
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/13]
ERRY JCU PUNOs 2018/10 Completed JCU mapped out each IP who is implementing the project on the ground. Attached for ease reference.
2. Recommendation:

ERRY Joint-coordination  - Joint Assessments and Monitoring Visits

Joint assessments and monitoring visits (instead of only agency-specific) to governorates and districts are recommended to strengthen the exchange of information, sharing of progress and joint learning. This will promote both formal and informal connections between different ERRY components and with the local authorities.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/05/02]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Organize joint-monitoring visits by the team/partners at the sub-national level: quarterly visits to selected PUNOs’ activities in selected districts, planned and facilitated by JCU sub-national coordination
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
ERRY JCU 2018/12 Completed Ongoing on regular basis. Joint-monitoring annual plan is completed by end of December.
Organize joint-monitoring visits by the team/partners at the Sana’a/Aden level: quarterly visits to selected PUNOs’ activities in selected districts planned and facilitated by JCU National coordination
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
ERRY JCU 2018/10 Completed This was conducted.
3. Recommendation:

ERRY Joint-coordination  - Relationship and Communication with Local Actors

It is essential that ERRY is perceived positively by both communities and local authorities. This involves regular and open communication with the concerned local actors. Such communication should be through one channel, with the JCU taking a lead at the national and sub-national levels. To strengthen the two-way accountability between PUNOs and local authorities and communities, it is recommended to set up an anonymous feedback mechanism at the joint-programme level.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/05/02]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Quarterly meetings with National Authorities
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
ERRY JCU PUNOs 2018/12 Completed Quarterly meetings were conducted for 2018
Quarterly meetings at the governorate level organized by the JCU Sub-national Coordination
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
ERRY JCU PUNOs 2018/12 Completed Quarterly meetings were conducted for 2018
Reviewed PUNOs’ existing complaints mechanisms and a programme’s level holistic feedback and hotline system
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
ERRY JCU PUNOs 2018/12 Completed
4. Recommendation:

ERRY Joint-coordination  - Project Efficiency

Financial efficiency should be used as a window into broader programmatic implementation. It is recommended to review the background and implementing modalities of the IPs and their subcontracted partners to ensure conflict sensitive implementation and consistent quality and alignment with ERRY programmatic goals. Regular review of project efficiency may also enable reallocation of resources, while ensuring sound financial management. The programme’s targets should also be revised to ensure the project is realistically attaining its full delivery potential.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/05/02]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
ERRY JCU will review the sub contracted IPs’ overhead costs for optimization
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
ERRY JCU And PUNOs 2018/12 Completed
ERRY Log frame will be revised to adjust targets and related budget categories
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/13]
ERRY JCU And PUNOs 2018/10 Completed This was completed by mid-October. Log Frame attached for ease reference.
5. Recommendation:

ERRY Joint-coordination  - Gender Specific Programming

A more systematic approach to gender is recommended by conducting or strengthening gender-specific assessments to identify or adapt programming and activities to encourage more women to participate and benefit from ERRY. For example, by designing women-sensitive Cash for Work activities, engaging more women in solar micro-enterprises, increasing the proportion of women in home- based small businesses, increasing women participation in VCCs and as Insider Mediators, and promoting the creation of women economic empowerment small projects such as the dairy product processing and marketing. More specifically, ERRY should develop a Gender Strategy outlining its gender equality ambitions, specific activities and targets.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/05/02]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop, in collaboration with PUNOs and IPs, an ERRY gender strategy/guidance on ways to increase women participation in various programme interventions
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
ERRY JCU 2019/03 Initiated Progressing
6. Recommendation:

ERRY Joint-coordination  - Synergies

Optimizing synergies should be key to the ERRY approach. For example, producing energy is a key factor in economic self-reliance and income-generating activities. Recognize existing areas of synergy and further strengthen synergies between economic empowerment components with solar energy.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/05/02]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A two-pagers on ERRY Synergies, along with an action plan will be developed detailing: - Technical areas of synergies among PUNOs - Implementation location/communities - Coordination mechanisms with VCCs
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/13]
ERRY JCU and PUNOs 2018/10 Completed Two-Pager and Action Plan attached.
7. Recommendation:

ERRY Joint-coordination  - Visibility & Communication

ERRY should strengthen its external communication and enhance its visibility, using more innovative tools to communicate to its external audiences such as social media, videos, newsletters, etc. ERRY should also advocate for resilience-based approach in the Yemeni humanitarian context, linking resilience with humanitarian work.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/06/04]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1- Develop communication guidelines and an internal/external communication system 2- Develop a Joint-communication Plan to be implemented by PUNOs and JCU 3- Organize/sponsor resilience oriented discussions and advocacies 4- FAO will produce Extension Manuals, Leaflets and Posters on good technical practices of implementing agricultural value chains.
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/13]
ERRY JCU FAO and UNDP 2018/12 Completed Attached
8. Recommendation:

Economic Empowerment Component  - Cash for Work Interventions

The strength of Cash for Work is that it can target households but the physical infrastructure benefits the whole of the community.  It can be strengthened by developing activities that encourage more women participation. Many of the local conflicts that lead to breakdown in social cohesion can be addressed through Cash for Work projects. Closer collaboration between these activities and the social cohesion component is encouraged. Linkages should also be sought between Cash for Work activities and community resilience plans. Cash for Work interventions should be designed in a way to improve livelihoods, increase income and reduce food insecurity.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/06/04]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop plans to increase women and vulnerable people participation by PUNOs
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2019/01/21]
PUNOs JCU 2019/06 Initiated Ongoing
Develop Post-cash for work interventions by WFP supported by ILO/UNDP
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
ILO UNDP 2018/12 Completed
9. Recommendation:

Economic Empowerment Component  - Community Resilience Planning

The key to strengthening resilience is to attend to both economic/infrastructure and social aspects. Community cohesion and strong local inclusive networks is as important as attending to increased productivity, additional cash or a road or water well. This could be achieved through strengthening VCCs capacities to plan, mobilize resources and implement self-help initiatives. Close attention and alignment between ERRY interventions as what communities have done for themselves by developing their own resilience plans will go a long way towards ownership and sustaining of ERRY interventions.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/06/04]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will develop a capacity building plan for VCC
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
UNDP 2018/12 Completed VCC capacity building plan attached
Share experience and information by VCCs and VAPAs with all PUNOs
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
UNDP/FAO 2018/12 Completed
Establish VCCs in all communities where ERRY is being implemented
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
UNDP 2018/12 Completed
Implement all interventions through/in collaboration with VCCs
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
PUNOs 2018/12 Completed
10. Recommendation:

Economic Empowerment Component  - Agricultural Value Chain Development

The current methodology as developed by FAO works very well and other PUNOs can learn from it. This component should focus on contribution to food security and livelihoods for small-holders and farming communities. As an additional area of intervention and support, fisheries can be investigated. Many people in some of the districts relied on fisheries as a means of income and livelihood.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/06/04]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Clarify targeting criteria to reach vulnerable people
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
FAO 2018/12 Completed
Accelerate interventions in all targeted communities
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
ILO and UNDP 2018/12 Completed
Develop synergy plans with Solar energy component and skills development
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
ILO and UNDP 2018/12 Completed
11. Recommendation:

Economic Empowerment Component  - Collaboration with Humanitarian Interventions and Other Programmes

All PUNOs have other programmes and projects beyond ERRY. Collaboration of ERRY with cash-for-work and other similar interventions throughout the country will offer scope for complementary approaches. More urgently, ERRY should explore and collaborate with agencies implementing cholera interventions on strengthening of assets or resources related to water sources and hygiene. ERRY should work more closely with Yemen Cholera Response Task Force and WFP/UNICEF to explore ways ERRY can contribute to cholera prevention. More generally, ERRY should coordinate with humanitarian interventions through the existing coordination and joint-planning mechanisms such as Food Security Cluster Coordination and Early Recovery Cluster Coordination

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/06/04]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Explore additional ways through which ERRY can contribute to Cholera prevention
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
ERRY JCU PUNOs 2018/12 Completed Already done through different workshops and trainings in which awareness on Cholera was incorporated
Integrate and implement cholera prevention measures throughout ERRY interventions by all PUNOs
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
ERRY JCU PUNOs 2018/12 Completed Completed for 2018 and ongoing on regular basis
Ensure ERRY coordination with other programmes through clusters coordination at national and sub-national level, by IPs, PUNOs, and JCU
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
ERRY JCU PUNOs 2018/12 Completed Completed for 2018 and ongoing regularly
12. Recommendation:

Solar Energy and Social Cohesion Components - Implementing Partner Capacity

Build up IPs’ core competencies, including how to structure and assume their role in their community and how to engage with local authorities. Support IPs in undertaking brief, cost-effective feedback mechanisms to ascertain community perceptions of their organisation’s work.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/06/04]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Capacity building of IPs working on Solar as part of UNDP IPs’ Capacity Building Plan
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
UNDP 2019/02 Initiated Progressing
13. Recommendation:

Solar Energy and Social Cohesion Components  - Social Cohesion

It is recommended to align the social aspects of dialogue with the substantive components of livelihoods, including Cash for Work, solar, and the planning processes at community and district level. This will promote resolving local conflicts through inputs and resources that can be provided by ERRY.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/06/04]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare a strategy to streamline social cohesion across ERRY interventions
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/11/07]
UNDP 2019/03 Initiated
14. Recommendation:

Strengthening Local Authorities and Private Sector Component  - Strengthen Local Authorities

ERRY should strengthen the engagement with local authorities in the next phase, provided a substantial improvement in their capacity. Already delivered under ERRY I, the capacity building component will be complemented with an injection of cash to ensure interest of communities in a structure that makes important decisions.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/06/04]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP to strengthen its plan of capacity building of the local authorities in ERRY I
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
UNDP 2019/06 Initiated ongoing
15. Recommendation:

Strengthening Local Authorities and Private Sector Component  - Communication

ERRY JCU should take a stronger lead role to streamline ERRY communication and coordination with local decision-making structures instead of relying on individual PUNOs and IPs to act by themselves. A system is needed to ensure communication is channeled through one point. It can be considered that one PUNO lead for one governorate on behalf of the consortium.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/05/02] [Last Updated: 2018/06/04]

Recommendation taken into consideration

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
ERRY JCU will work to improve coordination and communication at the governorate level through sub national coordinators
[Added: 2018/06/04] [Last Updated: 2018/12/20]
ERRY JCU PUNOs 2019/06 Initiated Ongoing regularly

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