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TE: Improved Management Effectiveness of the Chobe-Kwando-Linyanti Matrix of Protected Areas Project
Commissioning Unit: Botswana
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 10/2018
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Botswana
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
1. Recommendation:

There remains a pressing need to strengthen PA management effectiveness and to support more holistic and coordinated planning for sustainable development in Chobe District. There is
currently a real opportunity to achieve this given that all core management plans are either being, or about to be, revised This is an opportunity that is unlikely to arise again for at least
another 5 years. If this process is well co-ordinated, it can work to establish management plans across the area that are mutually supportive and which contribute to ecosystem-based,
integrated, management of the area as a whole. Relevant plans that are due to be reviewed and revised include:
  - The Chobe National Park Management Plan (CNP are looking for funding to support development of a new CNP management plan)
 - Management Plans for all of the forest reserves. This is being funded by Forest Conservation Botswana (FCB). FR management plans will be developed following completion of the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) currently being undertaken to support the forest reserve management planning process.
 - The District Development Plan (8th DDP)
 - Chobe Enclave Conservation Trust (CECT) Management Plan for CH1. CECT are looking for support to revise their outdated management plan.
 - Revision of the Botswana component of the KAZA TFCA Integrated Development Plan (current plan 2013 – 2017)
It is strongly recommended that GoB look at opportunities to ensure that all of the above plan revision processes are effectively coordinated, so as to achieve more integrated, ecosystembased management of the area as a whole. GoB may wish to consider how the overall management planning process could be best coordinated and facilitated; the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) would seem well placed to take on this role given a) their overall mandate for coordination of initiatives to achieve environmental sustainability, b) the national
significance of Chobe District for biodiversity conservation, protected area management and wildlife-based tourism and c) the experience of DEA in integrated management planning (Okavango Delta and Makgadikgadi Framework Management Plan).

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/30] [Last Updated: 2021/11/30]

Rejected - this recommendation is outside the scope of the project, directed to the governement and beyond UNDP's control 

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

Sustainable development in Chobe District requires management and planning agencies to base decision-making on an understanding of ecosystems and the impact of patterns of landuse
and development on them. The establishment of effective and integrated monitoring systems and the use of monitoring data to inform planning and management actions is key.
The Bio-Chobe project has produced three important reports/tools that contribute to the information and guidance necessary to support more effective management of the area; this
information should be internalised and actively used by relevant agencies. The key reports and tools produced under the Bio-Chobe project include the following: The Survey and Assessment of the Conservation Threats of the Chobe National Park and Chobe Forest Reserves’ and associated with it the ‘Status Report of the Wildlife and Habitats within and around Chobe National Park.’ Both of these studies provide key information to support biodiversity conservation and PA Management within the CKL matrix. The former
assesses threats across the CKL area and provides guidance on how to set up abatement/mitigation strategies for each threat. It examines current monitoring programmes,
identifying ways to strengthen systems to more effectively monitor threats/threat levels and the effectiveness of mitigation actions. The Status Report essentially repeats the analysis in the
Threats Assessment, however it adds a summary of key issues currently preventing Botswana from moving ahead with achieving biodiversity conservation results, which will be useful for
management planning across the CKL matrix. The emphasis on ecosystem-based management, the relevance of the KAZA TFCA area, role of CBNRM and potential benefits of a
multi-stakeholder platform are good guidance for sustainable management and biodiversity conservation across the area. DWNP/CNP and DFRR/FR should review these two documents, internalise the information and analysis in them, and institutionalise the recommended monitoring and mitigation actions. The Threats Assessment and Status Report will be particularly valuable for DWNP/CNP and DFRR in development of management plans for CNP and the forest reserves; these studies provide both baseline data and analysis and specific recommendations to support management planning in these areas. Given the importance of ecosystem-based management to the CKL area and KAZA TFCA, and
given the multiple threats associated with land-use planning outside PAs, the Threat Assessment and Status Report should also be used to guide management planning outside the
PAs, to ensure that this works to mitigate threats and support ecosystem-based management across the area as a whole. The Status Report recommends that a ‘a Multi-Stakeholder Platform (MSP) could be established for Chobe District and the entire Northern Conservation Zone.’ This is a good recommendation to support the overall management planning process highlighted above. MSPs have been developed in southern Africa as a way to promote sustainable development through a shared learning process and forum for dialogue.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/30]

Rejected - the recommendation is outside the scope of the project and beyond UNDP's control

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:


A number of issues and concerns have been raised during the Bio-Chobe project terminal evaluation regarding the Integrated Land Use Plan (ILUP) developed under the project, and it is
strongly recommended by the TE that the plan is reviewed and revised based on the following:
ix) conduct a strategic environmental assessment (SEA) focussed on the land use zoning and implementation framework proposed within the ILUP, as is required by Botswanan regulations. Once a strategic environmental assessment (SEA) has been completed, the ILUP should be amended to address any issues or concerns raised by it.
x) it will be essential for MEWT to review the final draft of the ILUP in detail to ensure that it can support effective PA management, biodiversity conservation and sustainable tourism, given the importance of all of these to sustainable development of District, and to the nation. MEWT should ensure that the ILUP is well aligned with the management objectives of CNP and the forest reserves and that it incorporates the findings of all relevant SEA in the District.
xi) assess whether categorisation of Chobe District in to ‘land use designation’ areas is an appropriate approach to support adaptive, ecosystem-based management of the area.
xii) ensure alignment of the ILUP with the objectives of the 8th District Development Plan
xiii) Identify ways in which the ILUP could be implemented through a multi-stakeholder partnership rather than being ‘owned’ by a single agency or group. This will help to ensure
that the ILUP supports more integrated planning and management of the area as whole.
xiv) If following the above, the decision is made to move ahead with an amended ILUP, there should be effective consultation with, and endorsement by, all key stakeholders who will be
affected by the land use zoning proposed within the ILUP, including communities, NGOs and official approval by all Government departments. As part of this process it is essential that all
stakeholders are made fully aware of what is being proposed in the ILUP, how it is likely to affect them and how the ILUP will be implemented.
xv) ensure that, if the plan is adopted/endorsed, implementation of the plan is dependent upon the establishment of a multi-stakeholder monitoring team and system, to ensure that the plan
can support informed, adaptive management.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/30]

Rejected -the recommendation cannot be implemented by UNDP but rather by the implementing partner. this reocommendation is beyond UNDP's control.

Key Actions:

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