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OUTCOME 1 Evaluation (sustainable livelihood opportunities, including economic recovery and social inclusion)
Commissioning Unit: Syria
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2022
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Completion Date: 03/2019
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Syria
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
1. Recommendation:

Adopt a longer-term sustainable livelihoods approach to programme design.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/21] [Last Updated: 2019/05/28]

This point has been realized as needs and actions have been taken accordingly.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP Syria is to adapt the three-track (Track A, B and C) approach of the UN Policy for Post-Conflict Employment Creation, Income Generation and Reintegration for its livelihoods and economic recovery programming in the context of Syria. Track A programming responds to the urgent needs of crisis-affected groups with interventions to help stabilize livelihoods. Track B programming focuses on medium- to long-term local economic recovery, including interventions to boost sustainable employment, income generation, and reintegration. Track C programming focuses on long-term employment creation and inclusive economic growth. Interventions in Track C help to strengthen the national systems and policies that are needed in order to sustain the progress achieved in Tracks A and B. These three tracks represented through all phases of recovery, however their intensity peaks at different times in the post-crisis period, as shown below in a continuum. Given the context in Syria, the intensity of Track A has been high, and feasibility of Track B and C programming has been less. While track A intervention will continue to be applied as emergency support to newly accessible areas, while more track B and probably C will be applied through mainstreaming sustainable practices, and inclusive market development and capacity building programmes to introduce and mainstream newly developed concepts. However, UNDP Syria looks ahead, identifying feasible approaches of Track B that will lead to Track C, and aims at scaling up its work toward sustainable job and livelihoods creation. UNDP Syria also ensures that when short-term interventions are warranted, they are complemented with interventions that lay the foundation for sustainability and resilience. In order to implement this approach in the context of Syria, there are two areas of focus by UNDP Syria’s livelihoods and economic recovery. - Key Area of Focus 1: Integrated, micro-level crisis-response, recovery and development interventions that expand access to sustainable livelihoods - Key Area of Focus 2: Policies and institutional capacity for sustainable livelihoods and economic recovery Under these focus, there are currently four thematic sectors planned for concrete interventions. - Key sector 1: Agricultural livelihoods mainstreaming climate change adaption and disaster risk reduction - Key sector 2: Inclusive private sector recovery and development mainstreaming social innovation - Key sector 3: Active labour market - Key sector 4: Persons with Disabilities and social protection
[Added: 2019/05/28] [Last Updated: 2021/05/17]
UNDP Syria 2020/12 Completed To ensure a longer-term sustainable livelihoods programme, UNDP Syria, starting mid-2020, has started a three-track approach : 1- Track A: emergency interventions for livelihoods stabilization, 2- Track B: provide support to medium-to-long-term local economic recovery and Track C : support longer-term employment creation paving the way for economic growth. This approach focuses on 4 thematic areas: - Agricultural livelihoods and climate change adaption - Local private sector recovery support - Active labour market -Persons with Disabilities and social protection History
2. Recommendation:

Institute systemic organization-wide needs assessments which adopt a sustainable Livelihoods approach as the ultimate goal

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/28]

This point has been realized as needs, and actions have been taken accordingly

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP Syria has started to conduct context analysis at the local level as well as various assessments including livelihoods and market system assessments. The tools are developed in-house and implemented in various areas including newly accessible areas such as Rural Damascus and South region.
[Added: 2019/05/28] [Last Updated: 2021/05/17]
UNDP Syria 2020/12 Completed 11 context analyses were conduced at 11 governorates to feed into the design of new programmes and interventions bearing in mind the specificity and needs of each area. History
3. Recommendation:

Focus on specific labor-intensive value chains accessible to local communities

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/28]

Value chain development approach has been identified as an efficient and active approach in Syria, and actions have been taken already.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Value chain analysis on textile was conducted as a pilot in Aleppo, and now various interventions are made based on the analysis already. Value chain analysis and development are now central in the design, and now it is widely adopted in agricultural livelihoods.
[Added: 2019/05/28] [Last Updated: 2021/05/17]
UNDP Syria 2020/12 Completed Within the the three-track approach that UNDP Syria has adopted for its livelihoods support , the programme has become more focused on thematic areas to respond to specific needs ; these areas include: labor market, value chains and rural development as well as PWDs social protection and inclusion. History
4. Recommendation:

Mandate beneficiary-level needs assessments and outcome indicators as preconditions for programme design

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/28]

This need is recognized, yet tracking against individual level indicators to capture quality impacts is not practically feasible mainly due to sensitivity and accessibility.  Having said that, UNDP Syria has taken an action to develop a structure of indicators and start to pilot impact evaluation at the individual level in 2019.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The logical tree of indicators on both long-term sustainable livelihoods and short-term livelihoods support has been developed, in addition to a design of impact evaluation piloting on selected projects through tracking beneficiaries after the project period. Based on the analysis of these data, UNDP Syria will further explore how best to capture impacts of its livelihoods support especially on sustainability.
[Added: 2019/05/28] [Last Updated: 2021/05/17]
UNDP Syria 2020/12 Completed A set of new indicators were developed by Livelihoods support team together with M&E and other portfolios to help better tracking impact of implemented projects at both individual and households levels depending on the nature of the interventions. History

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