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Mid-Term Evaluation: UN-REDD Programme National Programme Myanmar
Commissioning Unit: Myanmar
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 01/2019
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Myanmar
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation:

8. Recommendations

The following recommendations emerge from the findings and conclusions presented in the previous sections. They were developed on the basis of input provided by stakeholders’ interview, in country mission feedbacks, external reviews, and lessons learned from relevant sources. 

Outcome 1 and 2 

1: Review the membership and ToRs of Task Force and Technical Working Groups – considering draft REDD+ Strategy, reorganization of mandates of ministries and different departments over the last few years. Expand the memberships to include more representation of IPs including private sectors in the TF and TWGs.  Review the membership and ToRs of Task Force and Technical Working Groups - considering draft REDD+ Strategy, reorganization of mandates of ministries and different departments over the last few years. Expand the memberships to include more representation of IPs, private sectors, Academics, sub-nationals governments, in the TF ad TWGs.  Review TWG ToR to enhance the coordination of the 3 TWG (considering more joint meeting or combine REDD+ strategy and Safeguards groups).

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

Review of TWG ToR’s is planned as Myanmar moves from Phase 1 into Phase 2 of REDD+

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Add 2 relevant departments as TF members
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project Team 2019/03 Completed
1.2. TOR of TWG will be revised after finalization of strategy
[Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2020/12/09]
Project Team 2020/10 Completed The Task Force and associated TWG’s have now been disbanded. New governance structures appropriate for REDD+ Phase 2 are being put in place, with enhanced coordination between the parent body (National REDD+ Coordinating Committee) and the new TWG’s. TOR of REDD+ NCC and 2 TWGs is prepared. History
2. Recommendation:

2: The consultation until now was the focus on bringing information, but more focus consultation methodology has to be developed, particularly to address FPIC, EAOs, remote areas population, inter alia.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

Development of a process for Free, Prior and Informed Consent-FPIC (and design of a GRM); and increased grassroots awareness raising is a major focus for 2019

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Organize Free, Prior and Informed Consent- FPIC workshop
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project team 2019/03 Completed
2.2 Pilot FPIC
[Added: 2019/05/10] [Last Updated: 2019/12/12]
Project Team 2019/10 Completed 11 Village Tracts under 3 townships in Mon state were selected to conduct the pilot of FPIC and GRM. Final Report is developed on Preparation and Piloting of a Process to Ensure the Right to Free, Prior, Informed and Consent is Respected and the design of a Grievance Redress Mechanism History
2.3 Operationalize EAO engagement plan
[Added: 2019/05/10] [Last Updated: 2019/12/12]
Project Team 2019/10 Completed EAO engagement plan is operationalized. History
3. Recommendation:

3 .  Enhance the coordination and UN Agencies joint activities and programming.   A regular meeting of PMU and focal points of collaborating agencies and minute of discussions and follow up. At least every 1 month.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

Very frequent meetings are held with FD; meetings with other agencies can be planned if REDD+ focal points are established (see recommendation 4)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Frequent meetings with FD and UN-REDD agencies
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project team, Forest Department (FD) 2019/03 Completed
4. Recommendation:

4. Though the AWP is done jointly – agencies need to consider on hierarchy and sequencing of the activities - so that the results could be optimally utilized. Civil Society Stakeholders remarked there could be better coordination amongst three UN collaborating agencies in terms of organizing meetings/workshops and planning of joint activities. The Inter-agency coordination was perceived as weak to some stakeholders. Although these would be due to misinformation or incomplete perception, we recommend taking action to improve communication with civil society stakeholders about inter-agency coordination and the sequencing and hierarchy of activities

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

Although the PMU has not heard similar comments, efforts to improve information flow to CSO’s will be investigated.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 A revised communications strategy for REDD+ Myanmar, prepared and presented to 7th TF meeting
[Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/05 Completed The revised knowledge management and communication strategy is attached . History
5. Recommendation:

5. An initial capacity building needs assessment was conducted. Recommend reviewing the progress, finding gaps and coming up with a systematic approach to addressing the capacity needs together with other on-going UN projects, including other donors.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

Agreed the recommendation and will implement accordingly.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Training on building advocacy, networking and monitoring skills for national and local NGOs in Yangon, and Taungyi covering relevant NGOs in Bago, NPT, Rakhine, Ayeyarwaddy, Shan and Kayar regions
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project team 2019/03 Completed
5.2 Another 4 trainings to cover the rest of the State/Regions
[Added: 2019/05/10] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/06 Completed Additional 4 training have been conducted and now cover for all states/regions in Myanmar History
5.3 15 training on building technical, facilitation and communication skill for Official from Ministries with responsibilities for implementing REDD+ Policies and Measures will be conducted to cover all State/Region
[Added: 2019/05/10] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/06 Completed Fifteen Training covers the representatives of government officers from all states and regions under Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation – MONREC ( Forest Department-FD , Environmental Conservation Department- ECD, Myanma Timber Enterprise – MTE ), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation – MOALI ( Department of Agriculture – DOA, Department of Agricultural Land Management and Statistics – DALMS, Department of planning) , Ministry of Office of the Union Government – MOUG ( General Administration Department –GAD) , Ministry of Home Affairs – MOHA (Myanmar Police Force –MPF). History
5.4 Capacity building on Safeguards will be conducted throughout the process of SIS setting in 2019
[Added: 2019/05/10] [Last Updated: 2019/12/12]
Project Team 2019/12 Completed 5 meetings/ workshop on Safeguards conducted History
6. Recommendation:

6. Conduct a national and comprehensive stakeholder dialogue process involving key government departments, CSO and representatives of ethnic peoples to either develop a common understanding and terminology acceptable to all sides, and consistent with the international standards of the UNFCCC and the UNDRIP.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

An Ethnic Group, Forests and Climate Change Week is planned for 2019.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 A national validation workshop for the REDD+ Strategy and involving as many ethnic groups as feasible will be held in Q3
[Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2019/12/12]
Project Team 2019/10 Completed National validation workshop for the REDD+ Strategy has been conducted with the involvement of representatives from 20 different ethnic organizations (Ethnic CSOs, Ethnic Youth Organizations, Self-Administered Areas, Ethnic Armed Organizations which signed for Nationwide ceasefire Agreement) . History
7. Recommendation:

7. UN-REDD have developed a framework for participatory governance assessments (PGA) for information sharing and learning on how REDD+ governance and safeguards can be addressed and respected in a systematic manner. This framework has been pilot and tested in several countries at the sub-national level. Recommend implement a sub-national pilot of the PGA to examine aspects of governance: legal and policy frameworks, capacities of REDD+ stakeholders at sub-national level, the impact of existing laws and practices, as well as anti-corruption and conflict issues.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

This would require the establishment of a forest governance monitoring or survey component, which is not presently planned or budgeted for.  The low expenditure rates identified in the subsequent clarification are not reflected in expenditure data.

The PMU will seek the advice of RTA’s in informing results and share lessons learned with stakeholders of the participatory governance assessments in Lam Dong province, Vietnam.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Sent request to RTAs
[Added: 2019/05/08]
Project Team 2019/03 Completed
8. Recommendation:

8. Consultations about the development a grievance mechanism have been conducted. Recommend establish an initial national feedback and grievance redress mechanism as part of the REDD+ institutional arrangements. Such a mechanism needs to be available in order to facilitate handling of any request for feedback or complaint by any REDD+ Readiness stakeholders, with particular attention to providing adequate access to geographically and culturally isolated and vulnerable communities.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

Design and piloting of a GRM is a major focus for 2019.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Discuss design of Grievance Redress Mechanism (GRM)
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2019/12/12]
Project Team 2019/10 Completed GRM has been developed and report prepared History
8.2 Pilot FPIC
[Added: 2019/05/10] [Last Updated: 2019/12/12]
Project Team 2019/10 Completed FPIC has been piloted in Mon state. History
9. Recommendation:

9. Make a focused approach to integrating relevant policies of REDD+ into national policy/law reforms and development process through formation of a small task force and clear timeline and entry points in reform process, with the support and the involvement of the three UN agencies.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

The formation of focused groups is a standard practice for legal reforms – such a group is currently active on the Forest Rules development

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Develop process for Forest Rules
[Added: 2019/05/09]
Project Team 2019/03 Completed
9.2 Implement process with FD, UN agencies and NGOs
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/06 Completed UNDP supported consultation completed and UNDP continue to provide technical support to Forest Department. History
10. Recommendation:

10.  Develop a roadmap for sub-national implementation to support the development of sub-national REDD+ strategies.  Particularly, develop options of how to support community leads forest conservations.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

A roadmap for sub-national implementation will be developed in the investment plan.  Whether sub-national REDD+ strategies are needed is debatable – the benefits of such strategies would need to be described.  Community-led conservation will be a major feature of REDD+ implementation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 Develop investment plan
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2021/05/04]
Project Team 2021/04 Completed REDD+ Investment plan developed and attached History
10.2 Pilot community led conservation with Korean funding and in mangroves with new Norwegian funding
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2021/06/21]
Project Team 2021/06 Completed Pilot Community led conservation was initiated during the UN-REDD NP and continued implementation with Korean and REDD+ Mangrove Fund under Governance for Resilience and Sustainability Project (GRSP). History
11. Recommendation:

11. Accelerate the REDD+ investment program development.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2021/02/23]

Agree with the recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 Investment programme development
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2021/06/21]
Project Team 2021/06 Completed REDD+ Investment Plan Myanmar developed History
12. Recommendation:

12. Develop innovative actions and mechanisms to increase high level support (policy brief, high level forums/meeting, parliamentarian meetings).  Use existing structures or coordination mechanisms to implement and scale up REDD+ across levels of government.  UN partner agencies with the implementation partner should advocate for higher-level political support. Consider the role of NECC and PEB to achieve this end.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2021/02/24]

Agree with the recommentation and will implement accordinlgy

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1 Taskforce (TF) reports to National Environmental Conservation Committee and Climate Change Central Committee (NECCCC)
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2020/12/23]
Project Team 2020/12 Completed UNDP provided technical and operational support to the National programme on REDD+ Information and REDD+ Strategy Target to be presented at the Climate Change Working Group under National Environmental Conservation Committee and Climate Change Central Committee (NECCC) and the main body of NECCCC as well History
13. Recommendation:

13: UN partner agencies should work with the implementation partner to strengthen country ownership over allaspects of national REDD+ efforts, including the development of a more bottom-up approach. This general recommendation is tightly in line with the recommendations 2, 4, 11, 12, 16, 24, 28 and includes them at some extent.

The more bottom-up approach means a more vertically integrated or more decentralized approach that involves local decision making bodies in whose jurisdiction forests are principally located.

Also, signify the willingness to address claims or concerns of subnational stakeholders and to decentralize REDD+ efforts across governing structures and other stakeholders. For example, if financial resources will remain completely centralized in the future, the likelihood that any forest conservation effort succeeds is very low. In these sense, it is very important consider a communities based or pro-poor benefit share mechanism.

More decentralizing intervention would help strengthen ownership over the REDD+ agenda, ultimately improving

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2021/02/24]

Country ownership is planned to be strengthened through closer links between the Taskforce and NE5C.

 

The need for a “pro-poor” benefit sharing mechanism is included in a current, on-going consultancy.

 

Greater decentralization of REDD+ administration in Phase 2 will e discussed with the National REDD+ Taskforce on 31st January 2019.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1 Consultant will provide recommendations to support management response
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/06 Completed Decentralization is part of the proposed Outcome 6; pro-poor benefit sharing was developed internally by the Programme Management Unit (PMU) following finance consultants’ inputs. UNDP continue technical assistance in on-going consultancy for the need for a “pro-poor” benefit sharing mechanism. History
14. Recommendation:

14. Greater emphasis could be placed on strengthening institutional coherence and capacity across levels of government. Recommend efforts to harmonize and support the institutional capacities across levels government, from community councils to district, and state level authorities. Giving priority to the sub-national areas with pilot initiatives or possible investments through other REDD+ initiatives or donors. Shifting the emphasis from national level programming to cross-scale and jurisdictional-level effort.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2021/02/24]

The MTR does not identify any activities to be dropped. This recommendation is in line with the recommendation 27.

This recommendation could be implementing jointly with REDD+ related sub-nationals initiatives o pilot projects. This recommendation could be implementing jointly with REDD+ related sub-nationals initiatives o pilot projects. For example, as part of a GCF funding proposal development.

Consider elaborate a Readiness Plan Proposal (R-PP) to include additional readiness support needs and search for additional donors. The emphasis on national level programming is considered valid.  Nevertheless, strengthening sub-national institutions is also a focus (for example through UN-REDD TA to support the establishment of sub-national REDD+ implementation coordination bodies.  A contract for sub-national government and CSO capacity development has just been signed.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
14.1 Provide capacity building training
[Added: 2019/05/09] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
Project Team 2019/06 Completed Fifteen training conducted for the representatives of government officers from all states and regions under Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation – MONREC ( Forest Department-FD , Environmental Conservation Department- ECD, Myanma Timber Enterprise – MTE ), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation – MOALI ( Department of Agriculture – DOA, Department of Agricultural Land Management and Statistics – DALMS, Department of planning) , Ministry of Office of the Union Government – MOUG ( General Administration Department –GAD) , Ministry of Home Affairs – MOHA (Myanmar Police Force –MPF). Five training for CSOs conducted for the representatives of CSOs from all state/regions. History
15. Recommendation:

8. Recommendations

The following recommendations emerge from the findings and conclusions presented in the previous sections. They were developed on the basis of input provided by stakeholders’ interview, in country mission feedbacks, external reviews, and lessons learned from relevant sources.

Outcome 1 and 2

1. Strength the involvement of civil society in programme processes, as well as clarifies the respective constituencies of CSOs and IP organizations. Ensure the fair and verifiablerepresentation of CSOs, IPs, and other forest-dependent communities in programme decisionmaking.

2. Review the membership and ToRs of Task Force and Technical Working Groups – considering draft REDD+ Strategy, reorganization of mandates of ministries and different departments over the last few years. Expand the memberships to include more representation of IPs including private sectors in the TF and TWGs. Review the membership and ToRs of Task Force and Technical Working Groups - considering draft REDD+ Strategy, reorganization of mandates of ministries and different departments over the last few years. Expand the memberships to include more representation of IPs, private sectors, Academics, sub-nationals governments, in the TF ad TWGs. Review TWG ToR to enhance the coordination of the 3 TWG (considering more joint meeting or combine REDD+ strategy and Safeguards groups).

3. In order to address weakness of horizontal sharing of information and communication of outcomes of TF and TWG meeting by members represented in these groups. Recommend TF and TWGs members to sharing outcomes and information amongst IP/CSOs represented and their line agencies.

4. In order to expand the national capacity building process and consistency of participation, recommend appointing of REDD+ focal point and alternate focal point in relevant ministries and departments both at the central and sub-national levels, in additional to TF and TWGs.

5. Review of per diem and transportation rates for the counterparts based on the market rate and comparison with other bilateral donors to ensure the support needed to foster and expand participation. Especially, this issue is relevant to increase equity of woman participation in the consultation process.

6. Include CSO and IP stakeholders in knowledge exchange opportunities and SouthSouth exchanges. Support local stakeholders to self-organize them and conduct horizontal peer-directed learning.

7. The consultation until now was the focus on bringing information, but more focus consultation methodology has to be developed, particularly to address FPIC, EAOs, remote areas population, inter alia.

8. Enhance the coordination and UN Agencies joint activities and programming. A regular meeting of PMU and focal points of collaborating agencies and minute of discussions and follow up. At least every 1 month.

9. Though the AWP is done jointly – agencies need to consider on hierarchy and sequencing of the activities - so that the results could be optimally utilized.

10. An initial Capacity building needs assessment was conducted. Recommend reviewing the progress, finding gaps and coming up with a systematic approach to addressing the capacity needs together with other on-going UN projects, including other donors.

11. Review the membership and ToRs of Task Force and Technical Working Groups – considering draft REDD+ Strategy, reorganization of mandates of ministries and different departments over the last few years. Expand the memberships to include more representation of IPs, private sectors, Academics, sub-nationals governments, in the TF ad TWGs. ReviewTWG ToR to enhance the coordination of the 3 TWG (considering more joint meeting or combine REDD+ strategy and Safeguards groups).

12. To sustain the national capacity building and consistency of participation, recommend appointing of REDD+ alternate focal point in relevant ministries and departments. Consider including sub-national governments in REDD+ decision-making bodies and promote subnational arrangements for REDD+ at the local level.

13. The Myanmar REDD+ web portal or platform to access and share general information on REDD+ with stakeholders is a remarkably step to improve public access to information. The MTR recommends continue the efforts and improve the portal with all the information available. Furthermore, development a communication strategy with the objective of achieving a deeper understanding of climate change and forests in the national context and a greater understanding and support informed participation in REDD+ activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/02/16] [Last Updated: 2021/02/24]

Key Actions:

16. Recommendation:

Outcome 3

14. Ensure understanding of all stakeholders about the mandate of the Programme, especially that SIS/SoI will not improve per se how safeguards are addressed and respected and are not designed to directly resolve systemic issues.

15. Conduct a national and comprehensive stakeholder dialogue process involving key government departments, CSO and representatives of ethnic peoples to either develop a common understanding and terminology acceptable to all sides, and consistent with the international standards of the UNFCCC and the UNDRIP.

16. UN-REDD have developed a framework for participatory governance assessments (PGA) for information sharing and learning on how REDD+ governance and safeguards can be addressed and respected in a systematic manner. This framework has been pilot and tested in several countries at the sub-national level. Recommend implement a sub-national pilot of the PGA to examine aspects of governance: legal and policy frameworks, capacities of REDD+ stakeholders at sub-national level, the impact of existing laws and practices, as well as anticorruption and conflict issues.

17. Consultations about the development a grievance mechanism have been conducted. Recommend establish an initial national feedback and grievance redress mechanism as part of the REDD+ institutional arrangements. Such a mechanism needs to be available in order to facilitate handling of any request for feedback or complaint by any REDD+ Readiness stakeholders, with particular attention to providing adequate access to geographically and culturally isolated and vulnerable communities.

18. In order to ensure that adequate steps are taken to develop the national overall approach to addressing and respecting the safeguards. Recommend to identify alternative work streams to content with contentious safeguards issues.

19. Enhance inter-agency support to safeguards-related activities to get the information of how safeguards are addressed and respected. Recommend continue to track NFMS and SIS developments, to explore and identify any emerging possible entry points for integration. 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/02/16] [Last Updated: 2021/02/24]

Key Actions:

17. Recommendation:

Outcome 4

20. Accelerate the work to set up the forest monitoring web-GIS portal.

21. NFMS and REL: Identify specific gaps in actions to improve institutional development and national ownership of new capacities and to ensure the transfer and institutionalization of the knowledge. 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/02/16] [Last Updated: 2021/02/24]

Key Actions:

18. Recommendation:

Outcome 5

22. Make a focused approach to integrating relevant policies of REDD+ into national policy/law reforms and development process through formation of a small task force and clear timeline and entry points in reform process, with the support and the involvement of the three UN agencies.

23. REDD+ Strategy: To a broader consultation and finalize the process. Recommend more consultations with EAOs and implementation of the plan, envisage/call for more support to the PMU from NPD and UNDPCO.

24. Develop a roadmap for sub-national implementation to support the development of sub-national REDD+ strategies. Particularly, develop options of how to support community leads forest conservations.

25. Accelerate the REDD+ investment program development. 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/02/16] [Last Updated: 2021/02/24]

Key Actions:

19. Recommendation:

Cross-cutting recommendations

26. Develop innovative actions and mechanisms to increase high level support (policy brief, high level forums/meeting, parliamentarian meetings). Use existing structures or coordination mechanisms to implement and scale up REDD+ across levels of government. UN partner agencies with the implementation partner should advocate for higher-level political support. Consider the role of NECC and PEB to achieve this end.

27. UN partner agencies should work with the implementation partner to strengthen country ownership over all aspects of national REDD+ efforts, including the development of a more bottom-up approach.

28. Greater emphasis could be placed on strengthening institutional coherence and capacity across levels of government. Recommend efforts to harmonize and support the institutional capacities across levels government, from community councils to district, and state level authorities. Giving priority to the sub-national areas with pilot initiatives or possible investments through other REDD+ initiatives or donors. Shifting the emphasis from national level programming to cross-scale and jurisdictional-level effort.

29. Intensify efforts to mainstream gender issues across the programme, providing sufficient resources, tools and relevant training to ensure a more comprehensive and systematic approach. Integrate gender concerns, especially at the local level, will be important to address the drivers of deforestation. Consider hiring a gender specialist to strengthen the opportunities and approaches related to gender issues in the programme. In order to support gender mainstreaming, recommend: a) provide training for programme staff and stakeholders; b) Establish partnerships with organizations at local, national o global level working in gender and environment issues (i.e. Mangrove for the Future; Women’s League of Burma); c) Apply gender sensitive participatory approach to ensure and enhance the participation and speed up the voice of woman in the consultation process d) Develop a gender roadmap for the national REDD+ process. 

30. Strengthening the resilience of programme implementing an adaptive management framework to address the changes in the local or global context.

31. Support the integration REDD+ into the university curriculum. Develop an initial road map in order to start the process of integrating REDD+ related issues into university curricula at various levels of the education sector and take in consideration the project “Least Developed Countries Universities Consortium on Climate Change” (LUCCC), which has the objective to strengthen capacity of universities on climate change subjects in Least Developed Countries.

32. Continue efforts to mobilize resources for the implementation phase, building on the political momentum the process has generated so far and leveraging on ongoing support from national and international development partners to ensure long-term sustainability and to minimize the gap between the readiness and the implementation phases.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/02/16] [Last Updated: 2021/02/24]

Key Actions:

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