Success message
error message
warn message
Mid-Term Evaluation of the Anti-Corruption for Peaceful and Inclusive Societies (ACPIS) Global Programme
Commissioning Unit: Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 09/2019
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

Establish and maintain a global anti-corruption architecture – both within UNDP and for the broader anti-corruption community.

There is a need for sufficient funding and staff to ensure UNDP has global, regional and, where demand is strong, national anti-corruption technical services. The Programme should be designed to allow for multiple donors to fund different regional and national priorities, but the focus of the Programme must remain global. For the global anticorruption community, ACPIS must have the resources to build and maintain partnerships with a broader network of actors—both within the UN system and externally with relevant anti-corruption actors and organisations.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/16] [Last Updated: 2020/12/31]

UNDP will develop the next phase of ACPIS by the end of 2019 and will work together with DFAT/Australia for the next phase of funding. Given that ACPIS is also mobilizing resources from various donors (e.g., Sida, Norad, etc.), UNDP envisions to have a next phase of ACPIS as a global initiative with various donors prioritizing their respective areas of anti-corruption work, including their priority regions (e.g., Asia-Pacific region as Australia’s priority region). UNDP’s new Funding Windows are pooled, flexible funding mechanisms that help UNDP and partners align around common goals to support country-level efforts to achieve the SDGs. Anti-corruption is an integral part of UNDP’s funding window on governance and thus, for the next phase of ACPIS, UNDP plans to leverage the opportunity to maximize the pooled resources on anti-corruption through this funding window

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Extend current global project through the end of the current SP and develop a new anti-global corruption (ACPIS 2) while undertaking resource mobilization activities in parallel.
[Added: 2020/12/31]
Project team 2020/12 Completed This recommendation has been fully addressed by the global anti-corruption team. First of all, the ACPIS project ending in December 2020 has been extended until December 2021. In 2021, the global anti-corruption team will develop a new global anti-corruption programme ACPIS 2 for 2022-2025 that will be aligned with UNDP’s new Strategic Plan for 2022-2025. In addition, ACPIS project mobilized additional resources from Sida (around $2.5mln) in the end of 2019 and Norad (around $2.2mln) in the end of 2020. While the scope of the programme remains global, the support will be provided to target countries in the Asia-Pacific and Africa regions. Resource mobilization activities are ongoing and will have continuous nature as the programme team shapes its next generation global anti-corruption programme. The ACPIS team further strengthened a global anti-corruption architecture within UNDP by closely engaging with anti-corruption and governance advisors in all regions as well as working with various teams within UNDP such as global health team, peacebuilding and conflict teams to integrate anti-corruption in various development areas. In addition, ACPIS team closely works with the WHO, the Global Fund and the World Bank as part of the Anti-Corruption, Transparency and Accountability (ACTA) for Health Alliance to address corruption in the health sector. The global ACTA project will be implemented in 2021 with funding from Norad. UNDP’s global anti-corruption and health teams will be actively engaged in project implementation at the global and country levels. The global anti-corruption team also worked with the B20 to advance the agenda on empowering women leaders across the supply chain to promote women’s empowerment, business integrity and anti-corruption. UNDP, UNODC and UN/DPPA are co-chairs of the UN Global Task Force on Corruption. The Task Force aims to strengthen a One UN approach in addressing global corruption challenges. The ‘UN Common Position to Address Global Corruption’ was developed by the Global Task Force to establish a common framework for the United Nations system on support to Member States to prevent and respond to corruption challenges.
2. Recommendation:

ACPIS must maintain an active Community of Practice within UNDP for its anticorruption actors.

A key aspect of a global programme is to be a knowledge broker within UNDP. This should include many diverse tools and not only rely on in-person interactions between staff, but it must be robust and allow for routine engagement.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/16] [Last Updated: 2020/12/31]

In early 2019, as part of UNDP’s policy and programme support review, UNDP has established a Global Policy Network (GPN) bringing together various thematic areas including governance into one connected network. The vision of UNDP’s GPN is to become the cutting-edge provider of timely development advice; providing support to Country Offices and programme countries in an integrated and coherent manner— to instantly connect countries to the world of knowledge, resources and networks of best practice they need to achieve development breakthroughs. AS part of the GPN, UNDP established seven Communities of Practice, aligned with the six signature solutions and with the SDG Integration mandate. The anti-corruption Community of Practice, which is a part of UNDP’s GPN on Governance, has a long history and comprises UNDP’s staff at global, regional and country levels, as well as UNDP’s programme and donor partners. Since 2003, UNDP has been organizing regional and global community of practice meetings to strengthen its policy and programme architecture. UNDP organized two regional anti-corruption community of practice meetings in 2019 (Europe and CIS region in May and Asia-Pacific region in June) and will organize a global community of practice meeting in 2020 in Seoul, back-to-back with the International Anti-Corruption Conference. ACPIS will continue to coordinate the anti-corruption community of practice, including regional and country level networks on anti-corruption.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Actively promote platforms and mechanisms for knowledge generation, exchange, and uptake in the areas of transparency, accountability and anti-corruption.
[Added: 2020/12/31]
Project team 2020/12 Completed UNDP’s global anti-corruption programme has been a knowledge broker within UNDP on issues related to transparency, accountability and anti-corruption and leads UNDP’s global anti-corruption community of practice that is part of Global Policy Network (GPN) on governance. In March 2020, the global anti-corruption team carried out a global anti-corruption community of practice survey with 127 governance, SDG 16 and anti-corruption focal points from UNDP Country Offices, Regional Hubs, Global Policy Centres and Headquarters participating in this survey. 62% of respondents highlighted that they have ongoing or soon to be launched anti-corruption projects in their respective Country Offices. Around 72% of respondents noted that anti-corruption is part of their governance projects. Around 60% of respondents highlighted that Country Offices lack financial resources and technical capacities to implement anti-corruption initiatives. In addition, in 2019 global anti-corruption team supported in organizing two Regional Community of Practice Meetings (Asia-Pacific and Europe-CIS) as well as actively engaged in promoting global advocacy through participating in High-Level Political Forum, UN Public Service Forum, OECD Anti-Corruption Task Team, OECD Anti-Corruption and Integrity Forum, Conference of States Parties to UNCAC, International Anti-Corruption Conference, commemoration of International Anti-Corruption Day. In 2020, in the context of COVID-19, 2 knowledge products on transparency, accountability and anti-corruption in COVID-19 response and recovery were developed: methodology and guidance note/service offer. 4 webinars were organized to exchange knowledge on integrating anti-corruption in crisis response and recovery priorities, including sharing good practices from COs. UNDP’s global anti-corruption programme also shared global experiences in country-level webinars on anti-corruption and COVID-19 (e.g. Liberia, Kenya, etc.). 3 blogs on anti-corruption and COVID-19 were jointly published with partners including WHO, Global Fund, and World Bank, focusing on: the role of technology, and an integrated approach to mitigating corruption risks in the health sector. While this recommendation is ongoing in its nature, activities have been robust and will continue to be through the remainder of ACPIS and in anticipation of ACPIS2.
3. Recommendation:

Where pilot projects develop new and innovative ideas and approaches to fighting corruption, there needs to be transition planning to ensure these ideas are institutionalised and replicated.

This is the second round of pilot projects for UNDP Global Anti-Corruption Programme. Many of the projects in this round showed success, but are not yet Institutionalised or complete. UNDP and donors must develop a plan for how these project outputs can formalized within national structures and, where possible, replicated.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/16] [Last Updated: 2020/12/31]

In many country level projects, governments have already invested to sustain country level results achieved through ACPIS’ support, with examples presented below. ACPIS will continue to promote the sustainability of country level results and maximise impact of the country projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support countries in the institutionalization of transparency, accountability and anti-corruption initiatives, thereby strengthening prospects for sustainability.
[Added: 2020/12/31]
Project team 2020/12 Completed In the framework of this project, the recommendation has been fully addressed. The mid-term evaluation already showed that the pilot projects have been successful at the mid-point of their implementation. ACPIS team continued its support to these countries to ensure that the initiatives are institutionalized. For example, in the Philippines the DevLive initiative has been included as a Government commitment in the Open Government Partnership action plan. In Bhutan, the youth and business integrity initiatives supported in the framework of ACPIS have been included in country’s National Anti-Corruption Strategy for 2019-2023. In Myanmar, building on the anti-corruption initiative supported by ACPIS, the President’s Office endorsed the establishment of Corruption Prevention Units (CPUs) in line ministries to improve oversight and accountability. As a result, CPUs have been established in 22 ministries and government organizations. The Cabinet of Thailand approved the integrity curriculum and made it mandatory for 67 public universities. Ensuring sustainability of initiatives and institutionalization of transparency, accountability and anti-corruption measures are at the center of global anti-corruption team’s support to the countries. In the new initiatives supported by Sida and Norad, the ACPIS programme envisions moving from pilot projects to more long-term initiatives by actively engaging the government counterparts from the outset of project planning, contributing more financial resources and ensuring that measures envisioned during the life of the project are institutionalized by the government prior to the completion of the initiatives.
4. Recommendation:

Beyond this phase of UNDP Global Programme, consideration should be given to the following as priority areas for the next phase of the work: 

o Continue to develop the concept of integrity promotion as a means of fighting corruption (including more piloting and one or more key research studies to build the academic basis for such an approach)

o Focus on integration of anti-corruption measures into SDG implementation

o Expand social accountability work, including promotion of already piloted ideas and incubating new ideas

o Focus on technology and innovation as one of the emerging issues on anticorruption (e.g., there are good lessons learned from the Philippines and PNG on technology).

o Ensure sufficient human resources – globally and regionally – to provide timely and demand-driven support to national partners

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/16] [Last Updated: 2020/12/31]

As identified by this evaluation and UNDP’s anti-corruption community of practice, UNDP indeed is focusing on these emerging issues, which will be prioritised in future projects and in the continued partnership with DFAT/Australia. ACPIS will continue to promote integrity, focus on integrating anti-corruption in SDG implementation, expand social accountability work, and focus on technology and innovation as an emerging issue on anti-corruption. ACPIS will also explore synergies with the newly-established Global Centre for Technology, Innovation and Sustainable Development in Singapore, for possible collaboration on activities where anti-corruption, technology, innovation and sustainable development are linked.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Address priority areas including integration promotion, integration of anti-corruption measures in SDG implementation; expand social accountability work; increase focus on technology and innovation on emerging issue on anti-corruption; ensure sufficient human resources to respond to demand of national partners.
[Added: 2020/12/31]
Project team 2020/12 Completed This recommendation is fully implemented. Since 2018 when the mid-term review was conducted, UNDP’s global anti-corruption team supported more than 60 countries across all regions to prevent and address corruption, working closely with national government institutions and anti-corruption agencies, civil society organisations and the private sector to integrate anti-corruption measures in SDG implementation, national, sectoral and local development plans and processes; strengthen institutional capacity to implement, measure and monitor SDG 16 and its anti-corruption targets; leverage technology and innovation to promote integrity and anti-corruption; empower civil society (including women and youth) to enhance social accountability; and engage with the private sector to promote a fair business environment. In addition, the global anti-corruption team with the 2 new projects funded by Sida (2020-2023) and Norad (2020-2023) will be supporting selected countries in Africa and Asia-Pacific region to implement initiatives aimed at promoting integrity in service delivery, integrating anti-corruption into SDG implementation, engaging citizens, youth and women groups in monitoring service delivery, supporting digital governance, technology and innovation initiatives for transparency, accountability and anti-corruption.
5. Recommendation:

UNDPs Anti-Corruption Work Needs Stronger Global Coordination:

ACPIS and UNDP’s Bureau for Policy and Programme Support need to take stock of knowledge which has been created and put it in practice worldwide. A repository and database of all anti-corruption skills available within UNDP would benefit all within the agency’s anti-corruption practice.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/16] [Last Updated: 2020/12/31]

UNDP’s global anti-corruption team will continue to coordinate regional and country level teams in terms of providing policy and programme support, including guidance, knowledge, and facilitation. ACPIS will also improve its anti-corruption knowledge strategy through the following ways: 1) Producing publications in other languages; and 2) Revising and updating all online courses that are made available to both internal and external stakeholders. In line with UNDP’s Global Policy Network (GPN), the global anti-corruption team will strengthen its community of practice architecture, for stronger global coordination of UNDP’s anti-corruption work. As mentioned above, two regional community of practice meetings were organized in 2019 (Europe and CIS region in May and Asia-Pacific region in June).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Facilitate and coordinate knowledge generation, exchange and uptake across UNDP's global anti-corruption architecture/community of practitioners.
[Added: 2020/12/31]
Project team 2020/12 Completed UNDP’s global anti-corruption team continued to coordinate work of regional and country teams as it relates to provision of policy and programme support on anti-corruption, including guidance, knowledge and facilitation. As noted in the Management Response, ACPIS team has improved its anti-corruption knowledge strategy as follows: 1) Produced knowledge projects in other languages. For example, in the context of COVID-19, 2 knowledge products on transparency, accountability and anti-corruption in COVID-19 response and recovery were translated into French and Spanish, made available on UNDP’s website and shared with French and Spanish speaking country offices; 2) Is revising and updating its online courses on regulars basis. For example, the online course on Integration of Anti-Corruption in 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was updated and a module related to COVID-19 and related corruption risks was added to the course. In addition, as noted under Recommendation 1 the ACPIS team further strengthened a global anti-corruption architecture within UNDP by closely engaging with anti-corruption and governance advisors in all regions as well as working with various teams within UNDP such as global health team, peacebuilding and conflict teams to integrate anti-corruption in various development areas. Work with ACTA Health Alliance, B20, UN Global Task Force on Corruption, close coordination with UNODC, donor and programme partners have strengthened UNDP’s anti-corruption work at the global level and improved its global coordination.
6. Recommendation:

Increase Global Programme Staffing to Ensure Ability to Lead UNDP on AntiCorruption:

The global programme office should have more staff and individuals who manage individual aspects of UNDP’s global anti-corruption practice. The current contingent of staff are highly productive, but more staff is required to ensure the needs of a global architecture are being met. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/16] [Last Updated: 2020/12/31]

ACPIS is currently working on the next phase of partnership with DFAT/Australia to develop a four-year project (2020-2024). ACPIS is also currently in negotiation with Sida on the partnership on anti-corruption and the SDGs. These will allow for strengthening the capacity of the global anti-corruption team to meet the needs of the global anti-corruption practice. UNDP is also currently in discussion with the Republic of Korea and with Sida, to have 2 staff seconded to the global anti-corruption team.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Secure additional resources and engage experts (e.g secondments, consultants) to bolster overall global expert staffing available to meet the needs of the UNDP global anti-corruption architecture.
[Added: 2020/12/31]
Project team 2020/12 Completed The negotiations with the Republic of Korea resulted in signing an agreement of secondment from Korea’s Anti-Corruption agency (ACRC) for 2 years (2020-2021). In addition, global anti-corruption team is closely working with regional anti-corruption advisors and where possible engaging individuals who manage specific activities on cost-sharing basis. For example, to develop an online course on Integrity in Public Procurement, global anti-corruption team together with the anti-corruption team of Bangkok Regional Hub hired international consultants to develop content of the online course and technical framework of the course on a cost-sharing basis. In addition, as global anti-corruption team is housed in the Singapore Global Policy Center, the financial and operations support is being cost-shared with the Center. With the additional resources received from Sida and Norad, the ACPIS team will hire individuals who will manage specific aspects of the programme. ACPIS team will continue to look into possibilities to engage more staff into its global team on an ongoing basis.
7. Recommendation:

Build on Anti-Corruption Integration into UNDP’s Development Agenda:

ACPIS has shown the path to mainstreaming anti-corruption measures into all development projects and SDG objectives and targets, but now there must be a plan for replicating this work throughout UNDP’s projects and programming.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/11/16] [Last Updated: 2020/12/31]

In 2019, UNDP launched an online course ‘Anti-Corruption in the Context of the 2030 Agenda’, which trained 100 participants across 45 countries. The second edition of training will be launched in August 2019. In addition, the next phase of the partnership with DFAT/Australia and the upcoming partnership with Sida will strengthen national level capacity to mainstream anti-corruption measures into all development projects and SDG objectives and targets, through online and face-to-face training, national SDG platforms, and supporting measurement and monitoring of anti-corruption targets in the SDGs. ACPIS will also tap into the expertise and experience of the newly established Global Network on Anti-Corruption, Transparency and Accountability in Health Systems (GNACTA), which is established by World Health Organization (WHO), the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and UNDP, with an aim of strengthening integrity in health funds and programmes by mitigating corruption and other risks to accelerate the progress on SDGs. ACPIS will continue to build synergies with UNDP’s projects and programming, to support the integration of anti-corruption in all development projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Deepen integration of anti-corruption with other development sectors in support of SDG achievement.
[Added: 2020/12/31]
Project team 2020/12 Completed ACPIS team has continued its successful collaboration with UN System Staff College to develop and implement the online course on ‘Anti-Corruption in the Context of the 2030 Agenda’, with significant inputs from UNODC, Sida, GIZ, OHCHR, U4, and the International Anti-Corruption Academy. It has rolled out 4 editions (as of Dec 2020), and has trained more than 500 participants from over 80 countries around the world. In addition, as noted in the key action under recommendation 1, ACPIS team closely works with the WHO, the Global Fund and the World Bank as part of the Anti-Corruption, Transparency and Accountability (ACTA) for Health Alliance to address corruption in the health sector. This partnership will be implemented in 2021 with new funding from Norad. UNDP’s global anti-corruption and health teams will be actively engaged in project implementation at the global and country levels. This initiative will enable integration of anti-corruption in the health sector.

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org