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Mid-term evaluation of Strengthening Governance of Climate Change Finance project
Commissioning Unit: RBAP
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 07/2021
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: RBAP
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

Revisit the TOC to validate assumptions and strengthen interconnectedness between outputs.

The project TOC has not been revised since inception and needs to be updated. Change pathways in the TOC must be informed by learning from pilots, and from the work on innovative financing and risk informed development. Importantly, the TOC revision exercise should take into consideration the implications of Covid-19 on the continued relevance of outputs and the outcome, and on the validity of critical assumptions underlying them. The TOC should reflect the integration of gender, human rights and poverty reduction.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Agreed with the recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Update ToC and the project’s assumptions, taking into consideration the COVID-19 impact and inclusive post-covid green recovery, better integration of Gender and SociaI Inclusion.
[Added: 2021/08/23] [Last Updated: 2021/10/04]
GCCF Project Team 2021/10 Completed GCCF TOC attached. please see attachment. Developed, revised in consultation with PMU - being shared with SIDA History
1.2 Prepare the updated TOC and resent to Sida for their approval by December 2021.
[Added: 2021/08/23] [Last Updated: 2021/10/04]
GCCF Project team 2022/02 Not Initiated History
1.3 Include lessons learned from the implementation of GCCF and the MTR to inform the potential next GCCF phase.
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project team 2022/06 Not Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Develop a strong narrative for the project and revisit the communications strategy.

The project has expanded its work in PFM reform, moving to engagement with line ministries and local governments. The communications needs of the project have grown as a result, with new audiences and new types of products and materials required. In terms of reporting, the project is unable to capture results currently, particularly those that lie outside the results framework. This will be counter-productive going forward, not just when it comes to building support for gender-responsive climate finance but also in demonstrating the project’s success and highlighting learning from its work. The communications strategy for the project should be revisited to focus on the project’s thematic areas of work (e.g., gender, human rights, poverty reduction). It should seek to strengthen engagement with regional policy actors and other key partners (e.g., government champions, civil society, etc.). Given this broadened scope for communications, implementation of the strategy should be supported by a dedicated resource within the project team.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Agreed with the recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Revisit GCCF project communication strategy and refine its focus to better capture project results and /or impact related to its thematic areas, raising its visibility both with internal and external partners.
[Added: 2021/08/23] [Last Updated: 2021/10/12]
GCCF Project Team, GCCF Project Communication Outreach and Knowledge Management Officer 2021/10 Completed Draft Communications strategy attached History
2.2 Dedicated resources for key interventions and products defined in the updated communication strategy.
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team, GCCF Project Communication Outreach and Knowledge Management Officer 2022/12 Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Identify areas of emerging interest for project intervention to have an impact on the regional and global discourse.

The project should increase its engagement with UNFCCC, particularly with respect to two emerging areas of work around the Enhanced Lima Work Programme on Gender and its Gender Action Plan agreed in at COP25, and the enhanced transparency framework to be negotiated this year at COP26. This is an opportunity for the project to increase its profile globally and to broaden the scope of its influence on the regional and global discourse on climate, gender, poverty and human rights.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Agreed with the recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Providing a platform for dialogue for Parties to the Convention (countries) and other stakeholders in their efforts to jointly implement relevant priority areas and actions of the UNFCCC GAP, especially priority area D (detailed in 3.3 and 3.4) & contributing to major UNFCCC mandated events (COPs, SB meetings, etc)
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team 2022/06 Not Initiated
3.2 Closer engagement with UNFCCC on production of knowledge products to support countries and regional entities on climate finance
[Added: 2021/08/23] [Last Updated: 2021/08/24]
GCCF project team 2021/11 Not Initiated History
3.3 Strengthening the capacity of gender mechanisms, including Parliamentarians, commissions, funding ministries, non-governmental organizations and civil society organizations, for the integration of gender-responsive budgeting into climate finance, access and delivery through training, expert workshops, technical papers and tools
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF project team 2022/06 Not Initiated
3.4 Support capacity-building on gender budgeting, including on the integration of gender-responsive budgeting into national budgets to advance gender-responsive climate policies, plans, strategies and action, including in relation to NDCs and NAPs through enhancing integration with the UNDP SCALA Project and in the implementation of programmes and projects under UNFCCC and other financial mechanisms (GEF, GCF, etc.)
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project team 2022/06 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Ramp up advocacy to strengthen political will and influence public opinion.

Building political will for climate-responsive PFM reform is essential if the project intends to expand the scope of its work to new countries in the region. To build political will, the project needs to ramp up political advocacy efforts. Engagement at the national government level should be broadened to include a wider range of public policy experts and senior decision makers. Technical specialists within the project team should be in the forefront of advocacy efforts, with support from the communications function as necessary (e.g., knowledge products, fact sheets, other materials).

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Agreed with the recommendation. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Inclusion of a strong advocacy and partnership focus in the implementation of the updated communication strategy through production of different visibility products, policy briefs and fact sheets capturing impact
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team 2022/06 Not Initiated
4.2 Facilitate the production of evidence-based assessments and reporting of impact against expenditure to enable the buy-in of stakeholders for the need to ensure effective use of public finances to meet goals and priorities related to gender and climate change resilience and to inform future policymaking and budgeting
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team 2022/06 Not Initiated
4.3 Help awareness-building and enhancing information-sharing through the exchange of experiences and best practices through the organization of dialogues with Networks of Parliamentarians and with regional and subregional umbrella organizations (ASEAN, ADB, UNESCAP, Pacific Islands Forum, Pacific Community, etc).
[Added: 2021/08/23] [Last Updated: 2021/08/24]
GCCF project team 2022/03 Not Initiated History
5. Recommendation:

Develop concise and accessible communications materials on lessons learned from pilots to inform project strategy, TOC development and advocacy efforts in the next phase.

Learning on applied frameworks for gender, poverty and human rights is where the project must carve out its next-generation niche. For this, the first requirement is to systematically compile results and learning from pilots and action research. These materials can be used to inform the design of the next phase of the project, and collateral can be used for awareness-raising and advocacy work with a wider audience.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Agreed with the recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Work with Communication Experts and external consultants on documenting project results/ drawn from pilots and building on the of evidence-based assessments and collection of good practices
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Communication Outreach and Knowledge Management Officer 2022/06 Not Initiated
5.2 Synthesize lessons learned from different project materials and experiences across the region to build a strong advocacy narrative to inform the next phase of the project concept note.
[Added: 2021/08/23] [Last Updated: 2021/08/24]
GCCF Project Team 2021/12 Not Initiated History
6. Recommendation:

Develop a comprehensive gender strategy and action plan for the project.

The project needs to put in place a gender strategy to properly integrate and mainstream gender responsiveness in all activities. In line with the project’s objective of engagement with international policy debate, the strategy should build on the Enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan, specifically Priority area A (capacity building, knowledge management and communications) and Priority area D (gender-responsive implementation and means of implementation). Priority area D focuses on national budgets and presents an opportunity for the project to demonstrate its cumulative knowledge and technical advantage. The strategy should also consider recommendations from the CIFOR study on green financing and adaptation. It should be supported by an action plan which clearly sets out actions for different workstreams and collaborative action to bring together workstreams for full gender integration. The project’s regional Gender and Social Inclusion Reference Group could serve as a peer review mechanism for the gender strategy and, subsequently, as an advisory forum while the strategy is under implementation.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Partially agreed with the recommendation. The gender and human rights strategy had been developed at the project inception stage, it has to be updated to be better synchronized with the updated forward-looking  ToC. The GSI reference group will be used as a platform to amplify the implementation of the   gender and human rights strategy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 revisit the existing GCCF project Gender and Human Rights strategy, taking into consideration existing research findings and recommendations i.e CIFOR and CDRI studies to better inform current context for project implementation.
[Added: 2021/08/23] [Last Updated: 2021/10/04]
GCCF Project Gender Specialist 2021/10 Completed Designed and shared in consultation with RBAP Gender Advisor, Governance and PB Specialist and PMU History
6.2 Building on the revised / refined Gender and Human Rights strategy, develop an action plan informed by common priorities of the UNFCCC GAP with clear interventions and responsibilities.
[Added: 2021/08/23] [Last Updated: 2021/10/04]
GCCF Project Gender Specialist 2022/03 Not Initiated History
6.3 Galvanize the GSI Reference Group will to serve as a platform to amplify the implementation of the gender and human rights strategy.
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Gender Specialist 2022/12 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Build on pilots for deeper engagement on climate finance involving climate sector and CSOs at the sub-national level.

The project is poised to bring together its local-level work in collaboration with CSOs with the urban green agenda policy moment which is upon us. This is also within the remit of the urban agenda related to SDG localisation and as such is an area that the project should consider incorporating into its work going forward. To this end, the project should work on the development of local green recovery plans and integrated climate finance frameworks at the local level, and continue with this workstream in the next project cycle. Gender, human rights and poverty reduction should be integrated in pilots in order to contribute to the programme.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Partially agreed with the recommendation. The work on inclusive recovery and integrated climate financing framework should be considered as the main focus rather than focusing on narrowed scope on urban green agenda.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Support the implementation of gender and socially inclusive climate integration at the sub national level through working with the CSOs and local governments
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project team 2022/06 Not Initiated
7.2 Include gender and social inclusion in addressing wider risks to development including disaster management
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project team 2022/06 Not Initiated
8. Recommendation:

Explore and integrate risk financing as part of climate finance.

The project has expanded on its work on CBT and assessments to move into innovative financing. The investment and financial flows assessments that the project has undertaken in different countries, along with the cost-benefit analysis, socio economic costs of climate change and risk profiling of development investments, should be build upon to introduce risk financing to enhance national resilience and adaptation efforts.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Partially agreed with the recommendation.  Risk profiling of development investments shall focus on adaptation and mitigation taking into note the risks posed to gender and poverty.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Targeting climate change, gender and social inclusion risks as an integral part of financing processes and supporting financial management processes and capacity building at the national subnational level and enable mechanisms which can effectively channel climate financing to a community level in an inclusive and gender-responsive manner
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team 2022/06 Not Initiated
8.2 Identify innovative solutions across the project portfolio for enabling an inclusive green recovery mitigate risk and maximize positive social impact and long-term resilience at scale
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team 2022/06 Not Initiated
9. Recommendation:

Revisit the TOC to support a broader vision and regional approach.

The project is on course to scale up its work, with a network approach broadening its outreach and expanding its workstreams. This will need a new TOC that incorporates new realities in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic, and addresses green recovery and the future-proofing of development investments. This will also be an opportunity for the project to reposition itself in the broader context of emerging global agendas on urban development, urban greening, climate activism, enhanced transparency frameworks and enhanced work programmes on gender.

The journey towards scale will involve expanding outreach to new ecosystem actors at the national level through engagement on areas like taxation, subsidies and private-sector investment. It will also require bringing stakeholders together at a regional and national levels, both for knowledge exchange and to develop common goals. These can be translated within the TOC as the regional ‘public good’ and regional ‘public bad’ that the project as a whole aims to address through separate and collective country-level actions. The results chain, causal pathways and underlying assumptions for the new workstreams should clearly articulate gender responsiveness, social inclusion, human rights and the contribution to poverty reduction

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Agreed with the recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 A new ToC will be developed building on the experiences from the current Phase and the new realities that will be further elaborated in the new project document for GCCF Next Phase.
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team 2022/03 Not Initiated
9.2 The revised ToC will focus on implementing gender equality work with a transformational impact, identifying and addressing some of the underlying causes of gender inequality, as well as early, medium and long-term actions, and related outcomes needed to achieve gender equality and an inclusive green recovery, based on the results and findings from the country level activities
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team 2022/03 Not Initiated
9.3 A more robust framework for connecting with the international, regional and local partners to accelerate the implementation of climate change at the country level.
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team 2022/09 Not Initiated
10. Recommendation:

Broaden the scope of climate public finance efforts.

Related to the previous recommendation, the project should broaden its scope to engage more meaningfully with the domestic climate finance policy and practice community. Specifically, this may involve areas such as risk financing, subsidies, private sector financing, taxation, and so on. Importantly, the project should do so while keeping gender responsiveness and mainstreaming as part of the agenda. The project’s current partnerships with WOCAN and UN Women can help streamline gender-responsiveness in the expansion. In practical terms, this would entail (a) designing interventions and policy options keeping in view the roles and participation of men and women in different sectors of the economy, and (b) including gender-responsive indicators against new activities in the results framework. This broader scope will also result in greater involvement with country NDCs and policy-level engagement with vertical funds (e.g., GCF, GEF, adaptation fund, least developed countries fund).

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 Better integration with country-level climate change planning processes (NDCs, NAPs, including through the SCALA programme) with a broad sectoral focus
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF team 2022/06 Not Initiated
10.2 Scale up synergies with country vertical fund portfolios (design and implementation) and relevant stakeholders (NDAs, gender machinery) and development partners /practitioners for greater impact
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF team 2022/06 Not Initiated
10.3 Explore engagement with the government for providing an enabling environment for private sector investment in climate change
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF team 2022/06 Not Initiated
11. Recommendation:

Make advocacy and public communications a separate and complementary workstream to enhance project profile and effectiveness

 

As noted above, advocacy and communications efforts must be ramped up to build momentum for project expansion and to disseminate results. A dedicated resource should be placed within the project team to develop a robust communications strategy that is in line with the revised TOC, supports project functions and sets out a strategic plan for the effective production and dissemination of knowledge products and promotional materials.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 Develop a clear visual identity and web presence for the project to advance visibility and outreach
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team, GCCF Project Communication Outreach and Knowledge Management Officer, BRH PMU 2023/01 Not Initiated
11.2 Closely integrate the project’s communications stream with the Climate Finance Network (future social inclusion pillar) allowing to consolidate the collective experience of countries and practitioners in the region, creating a participatory interactive platform
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF Project Team, GCCF Project Communication Outreach and Knowledge Management Officer, BRH PMU 2023/01 Not Initiated
12. Recommendation:

Revisit monitoring and evaluation framework to develop improved systems and tools to capture results at the community level.

The project should develop an MEL plan that is up to the task of capturing results, triangulating evidence and adapting to changing evidence and learning needs. This will require a costed MEL plan to be included in the project, with a blend and balance of monitoring activities, independent reviews of certain strategies or components, evaluations, and events and processes for continuous learning, reflection and knowledge sharing.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Agreed with the recommendation. The work is to be further explored with SIDA in the GCCF new phase.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1 Design longer-term approaches that include defining gender-climate goals in conjunction, identifying potential actions and policies against these goals, defining key performance indicators and collecting, analyzing and reporting on local performance data by key stakeholders
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF team, BRH PMU 2022/09 Not Initiated
12.2 Add relevant indicators to capture the results at the community level
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF team, BRH PMU 2022/09 Not Initiated
13. Recommendation:

Explore possibilities to be involved in and contribute to other areas of global climate action.

There are new and emerging areas of global focus for climate action where the project can contribute and participate on the basis of its experience in the development and implementation of climate finance reform, arguably a critical component of actionable change to achieve global climate goals. These areas include the growing trend of climate activism, discussions around green recovery, the urban agenda for green cities, and transparency in domestic budgets.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/23]

Agreed with the recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1 explore into Innovative Finance in the GCCF next phase. Selected new areas for Innovative Finance worth exploring can be Carbon Tax, Carbon Price Options, Debt and Insurance, Thematic Bond, Green Financing scheme and so on.
[Added: 2021/08/23]
Climate Finance team, BRH PMU 2022/09 Not Initiated
13.2 The programme will be part of the dialogue on the discussion on inclusive green recovery and / or Leaving no one behind agenda with tangible solutions, including galvanizing the gender-smart investing community is thinking about how climate finance may be unlocked as a tool to respond to novel global challenges
[Added: 2021/08/23]
GCCF team 2022/09 Not Initiated

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