Mid-Term Evaluation of FATA Transition and Recovery Programme

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Pakistan
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
04/2021
Completion Date:
04/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Mid-Term Evaluation of FATA Transition and Recovery Programme
Atlas Project Number: 00088875
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Pakistan
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 04/2021
Planned End Date: 04/2021
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
  • 2. Output 3.1.1 Core government functions and inclusive basic services4 restored post-crisis for stabilisation, durable solutions to displacement and return to sustainable development pathways within the framework of national policies and priorities
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
SDG Target
  • 1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
  • 8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
  • 8.6 By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: Donor
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 52,776
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Khalid Mahmood Mr sebecon.isb@gmail.com PAKISTAN
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, NGOs, Government of KP
Countries: PAKISTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Given the tribal culture, huge geographic area (27,000 km2), lag in infrastructure, insufficient basic social services, and more than 5 million inhabitants (2.4 million+ female population) of the Newly Merged Districts, the UNDP may revisit the target audience needs assessment methodology and processes for SDP future interventions to provide social, economic and development assistance in a more encompassing manner so that ‘no one is left behind (especially women and vulnerable) as some of the respondents mentioned they were not involved in the needs identification process. This will further assist in (a) prioritizing the needs of beneficiaries and (b) empowering more women.

2

Engaging communities and stakeholders on project strategies, work plans, and expenditure are important to increase their awareness and ownership for the durability of results; hence, the UNDP may re-examine the SDP implementation and outreach methodologies for further supporting and enhancing project results’ efficiency with reference to community engagement and basic social services.

3

Though SDP has significantly contributed towards the achievement of the UNDP country program outcomes and outputs, the national and provincial development priorities in addressing the needs of communities in NMDs based on respondents’ feedback; however, the Governments of Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Development Partners (multilateral and bilateral) may consider further funding to diversify and deepen programming (livelihoods, skills, public-private partnerships, education, health, employment, social protection assistance – BISP, Ehsaas –, women rights, community physical infrastructure, municipal services, roads, etc.) in a strategic and sustainable manner as the Newly Merged Districts have a huge geographic area with substantial population size and voluminous needs for infrastructure and basic social services, which cannot be addressed in short-term with limited funding, collaborations, and programming.

1. Recommendation:

Given the tribal culture, huge geographic area (27,000 km2), lag in infrastructure, insufficient basic social services, and more than 5 million inhabitants (2.4 million+ female population) of the Newly Merged Districts, the UNDP may revisit the target audience needs assessment methodology and processes for SDP future interventions to provide social, economic and development assistance in a more encompassing manner so that ‘no one is left behind (especially women and vulnerable) as some of the respondents mentioned they were not involved in the needs identification process. This will further assist in (a) prioritizing the needs of beneficiaries and (b) empowering more women.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

UNDP fully accepts this recommendation and will keep focusing on the engagement of communities and stakeholders in needs identification and solution mapping. The second phase of SDP evolved considering the emerging needs of the communities of the merged districts and supports the Tribal Decade Strategy (2020-2030) which is a roadmap for equitable and sustainable development of the area.  UNDP is already very much inclined towards gender equality and has substantial arrangements in place— and has achieved the Gender Seal Bronze certification in the year 2020. All the interventions of UNDP ensure participation of at least 40% of women and the IPs have been sensitized and trained accordingly. The evaluation recommendation is agreed to with the following key actions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 UNDP will make efforts to mobilize additional resources for the focused output for women empowerment.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
(i) Program Unit (ii) Project Team 2022/07 Not Initiated The implementation of key action depends on the availability of financial resources.
1.2 In future project proposals to donors, the project will propose to have a revised need assessment strategy in consultation with the government
[Added: 2021/06/30]
(i) Program Unit (ii) Project Team 2022/07 Not Initiated The implementation of key action depends on the availability of financial resources.
1.3 Government data on communities needs to be validated (sample-based) before using it to inform future initiatives
[Added: 2021/06/30]
(i) Project Team (ii) Government partners 2021/12 Not Initiated
1.4 UNDP would actively pursue IPs in the future to consider the mentioned recommended actions. Implementing partners will be trained on participatory approaches and gender mainstreaming aiming at improved skills in prioritizing the needs of beneficiaries and empowering more women
[Added: 2021/06/30]
(i) PMU/Project Team (ii) Implementing Partners 2021/12 Not Initiated UNDP arranges sensitization training for its IPs every year on different modules, this year SDP will focus on gender mainstreaming and participatory approaches.
2. Recommendation:

Engaging communities and stakeholders on project strategies, work plans, and expenditure are important to increase their awareness and ownership for the durability of results; hence, the UNDP may re-examine the SDP implementation and outreach methodologies for further supporting and enhancing project results’ efficiency with reference to community engagement and basic social services.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

UNDP partially accepts this recommendation as UNDP does not share expenditure with communities unless asked. UNDP however does share expenditures on infrastructure through the billboards/signboards. UNDP’s implementing partners regularly meet and will continue to engage community members (both men and women), to understand their evolving needs. UNDP engages communities and other major stakeholders during all the phases of the project cycle and includes communities’ feedback in project implementation strategies.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 UNDP is implementing a focused project for girls’ education which was highlighted as an emerging need of girls during the consultation with the stakeholders. Successful completion of this project will enhance women’s participation in the social and economic spheres.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
Programme Unit/ Project Team 2022/12 Initiated History
2.2 UNDP is initiating a new project on WASH and market infrastructure under SDP which will be implemented through the involvement of CBOs, while ensuring maximum participation of the community stakeholders during different phases of the project.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
(i) Project Team (ii) Programme Unit 2022/08 Not Initiated History
3. Recommendation:

Though SDP has significantly contributed towards the achievement of the UNDP country program outcomes and outputs, the national and provincial development priorities in addressing the needs of communities in NMDs based on respondents’ feedback; however, the Governments of Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Development Partners (multilateral and bilateral) may consider further funding to diversify and deepen programming (livelihoods, skills, public-private partnerships, education, health, employment, social protection assistance – BISP, Ehsaas –, women rights, community physical infrastructure, municipal services, roads, etc.) in a strategic and sustainable manner as the Newly Merged Districts have a huge geographic area with substantial population size and voluminous needs for infrastructure and basic social services, which cannot be addressed in short-term with limited funding, collaborations, and programming.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

UNDP fully accepts this recommendation and is already working on expanding the programme’s focus on livelihoods, skills, public private partnerships, education, health, employment, and social protection assistance for the holistic development of the merged districts.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 UNDP’s Merged Areas Governance Project will continue to support the Government in the implementation of the Tribal Decade Strategy which is a major commitment of the Government to allocate resources to the newly merged areas.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
iii. Project team iv. Programme Units 2022/12 Initiated History
3.2 UNDP is mobilizing resources and is in continuous contact with major development partners for allocation of funds to diversify and deepen programming related to livelihood, skill development, and other areas as identified in the recommendation(livelihoods, skills, public-private partnerships, education, health, employment, social protection assistance – BISP, Ehsaas –, women rights, community physical infrastructure, municipal services, roads, etc.). But its implementation is subject to securing funding from donors.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
i. Project team ii. Programme Units 2022/12 Not Initiated History

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