End Term Project Evaluation: Southern Rangeland

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Kenya
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
03/2021
Completion Date:
04/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
60,000

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Title End Term Project Evaluation: Southern Rangeland
Atlas Project Number: 00083343
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Kenya
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 04/2021
Planned End Date: 03/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Sustainable
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 60,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 21,707
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Brent Tegler International Consultant KENYA
Sean White National Consultant KENYA
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Enhancing Wildlife Conservation in the Productive Southern Kenya Rangelands
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4827
PIMS Number: 4490
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: KENYA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

KWS work with AET and RPs to develop a sustainability plan for the implementation of the AEMP.

2

Discuss and develop a sustainability plan to facilitate AET’s continued leadership and coordination role

3

Host AEMP stakeholder meeting to review the AEMP Plan Implementation Structure and formally establish and identify members of all required committees:

  • Plan Implementation Committee
  • Research and Monitoring committee
  • Education, awareness and extension services committee
  • Tourism Development and Management committee
  • Finance and resource mobilization committee:
  • Enterprise Development committee
4

Host AEMP stakeholder meeting to review actions identified in the AEMP Plan to identify:

  • priority actions to be implemented
  • budget required to support actions and potential sources of funding
  • key implementing agency and supporting implementing parties for each action
  • ten year plan with a timeline for implementation of each of the AEMP actions
5

Develop mechanisms to ensure that when land subdivision occurs, private land owners follow management as defined by the AEMP, i.e. filling the gap left when GR committees are no longer in control of private land.  ALOCA established in Kimana GRs, represents and coordinates private owners of the six conservancies and provides a good working model.

6

Complete a post-project gender analysis to identify:

  • gender issues learned/encountered over the course of the project
  • project outputs that support the empowerment of women and mechanisms to sustain these outputs
  • recommendations / strategies to address gender issues going forward
7

Develop a communication strategy for the AEMP to better communicate and advocate the work completed by the Southern Rangelands project.

8

Coordinate, harmonise and standardise ecological monitoring within the landscape and aim to produce landscape level information that has identified and addressed the gaps

9

Coordinate and harmonize approaches within the landscape to security, anti poaching, patrols, compensation for crop raiding and other damage.

10

Enhance participation of the County Government and the government livestock sector at national and county levels in integrated rangeland planning through engagement in AEMP, AET and KWS meetings and activities.

1. Recommendation:

KWS work with AET and RPs to develop a sustainability plan for the implementation of the AEMP.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/02]

KWS and AET are gazetted as the key partners to the coordination of the implementation of the AEMP and will take up the mandate.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 .Draft a plan for community and organisational engagement, and financial flows by stakeholders to the implementation of the AEMP strategies and activities
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2021/07 Completed Done History
1.2 Mobilize partners/stakeholders to AEMP implementation based on the available resources, focusing on Years 1 to 3.
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2021/08 Completed Done History
1.3. Institute a bi-annual stakeholders and resources review of the sustainability plan
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2021/08 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This action will no longer be persued since the project closed down.]
History
2. Recommendation:

Discuss and develop a sustainability plan to facilitate AET’s continued leadership and coordination role

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/02]

 Fully Accept. Through the project implementation committee (PIC), AET has been positioned as the AEMP implementation coordinator of all partners, stakeholders and landowners. The prevailing situation is that most partners active in the Amboseli Landscape are resourced through philanthropic contributions and can only forecast annual activities dependent on the resources at hand.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Establish Project Implementation Committee (PIC) as provided in the AEMP: ToRs for the PIC and members appointed.
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• AET • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF 2021/07 Completed The PIC has been established. A meeting was held in July to initiate this. History
Establish the modalities and focal points for routine coordination action by AET/PIC.
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• AET • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF 2021/07 Completed No further from UNDP. KWS and AET will continue with the coordination activities with the stakeholders within the landscape executing the AEMP. History
Develop a resource mobilisation plan for PIC coordination actions in the short term
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• AET • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF 2021/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The project closed down]
History
Develop a resource mobilisation plan for PIC coordination actions in the short term
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• AET • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF 2021/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: The Project closed down.]
History
3. Recommendation:

Host AEMP stakeholder meeting to review the AEMP Plan Implementation Structure and formally establish and identify members of all required committees:

  • Plan Implementation Committee
  • Research and Monitoring committee
  • Education, awareness and extension services committee
  • Tourism Development and Management committee
  • Finance and resource mobilization committee:
  • Enterprise Development committee
Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/02]

Partially Accept. The AEMP implementation has been detailed in the Plan but a review is welcome given the dynamics in resource availability and stakeholders engagement in the Amboseli Landscape interventions. This will optimize and synergize the actions of all the partners.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Respective committees ToRs developed and approved by the PIC.
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• AET • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF • GRs • County Gov’t • Amboseli landscape Research Organisations 2021/09 Completed This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further History
PIC review of AEMP implementation structure
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• AET • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF • GRs • County Gov’t • Amboseli landscape Research Organisations 2021/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further ]
History
Stakeholders forum validate the implementation structure and ToRs, and appoint members to the respective committees
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• AET • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF • GRs • County Gov’t • Amboseli landscape Research Organisations 2021/10 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further ]
History
4. Recommendation:

Host AEMP stakeholder meeting to review actions identified in the AEMP Plan to identify:

  • priority actions to be implemented
  • budget required to support actions and potential sources of funding
  • key implementing agency and supporting implementing parties for each action
  • ten year plan with a timeline for implementation of each of the AEMP actions
Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/02]

Fully Accept. Multiyear workplan is to be developed from the AEMP that prioritises action based on resources and stakeholders capacities to implement the Plan in the short and longer term

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Stakeholders meeting to prioritize the workplan activities and get commitments for implementation by partners
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/12/02]
• AET • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF • GRs • County Gov’t • Research Partners 2021/10 Completed Project Implementation Committee (PIC) developed a 3-year work plan that is currently under implementation with partners own funds in their ongoing initiatives. The PIC monitors and documents the progress. History
Technical team appointed by the PIC to develop draft multi-year workplan
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• AET • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF • GRs • County Gov’t • Research Partners 2021/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further ]
History
5. Recommendation:

Develop mechanisms to ensure that when land subdivision occurs, private land owners follow management as defined by the AEMP, i.e. filling the gap left when GR committees are no longer in control of private land.  ALOCA established in Kimana GRs, represents and coordinates private owners of the six conservancies and provides a good working model.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/02]

Partially Accept: The AEMP is gazetted and taken as a subsidiary document to the Kajiado County Spatial Plan with regards to landuse in the Amboseli Landscape. Regulation and enforcement of the proposed landuse under the AEMP will be implemented based on these provisions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Lobby for the PIC comments/approval as a step in the land ownership and/or landuse change process within the Amboseli Landscape
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/06/27]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF 2022/09 Completed The PIC approved the land-use proposals in the AEMP and facilitated group ranches meetings on parcelling the land to individual land titles, at the same time recommending the individuals to release their parcels for wildlife rangelands History
Develop a land trust that can purchase parcels on offer and keep them for the wildlife dispersal area/conservancy land use for the areas identified as corridors and dispersal
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/06/27]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF 2022/06 Completed The Process is being undertaken under an ongoing USAID supported project over the next 4 years History
Engage County Government in mainstreaming the AEMP as a land use management tool guideline in the subdivision processes
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/04/17]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life • ALOCA • AECF 2022/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further]
History
6. Recommendation:

Complete a post-project gender analysis to identify:

  • gender issues learned/encountered over the course of the project
  • project outputs that support the empowerment of women and mechanisms to sustain these outputs
  • recommendations / strategies to address gender issues going forward
Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/02]

Partially Accept. There were gender considerations in the implementation of the project. At least 20% of participation in key strategic and planning meetings for this project comprised women. Some activities such as bead work, pasture enhancements, milk banking, among others, specifically targeted women groups and hence had 100% participation of women.  Livelihoods that specifically targeted women were also implemented, and tangible results realized from the interventions. Documentation was the weakest link and this will be addressed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Document project activities that targeted the women groups highlighting the challenges addressed by activities, implementation experiences and the lessons
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/04/17]
• UNDP • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2022/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further]
History
Mainstream/engender the AEMP and multiyear workplans
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/04/17]
• UNDP • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2022/12 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further]
This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further History
Disseminate lessons for mainstreaming into ongoing activities in the Amboseli Landscape and wildlife sector.
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/04/17]
• UNDP • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2022/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further]
History
Disseminate lessons for mainstreaming into ongoing activities in the Amboseli Landscape and wildlife sector.
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/04/17]
• UNDP • KWS • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2022/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further]
History
7. Recommendation:

Develop a communication strategy for the AEMP to better communicate and advocate the work completed by the Southern Rangelands project.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/02]

Fully Accept. Knowledge of partner activities and the planned interventions allows for synergy of action and updates of the conservation situation within the Amboseli Landscape. Lessons from past implementation useful in improving delivery and mobilisation of resources for the AEMP implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Technical team appointed by PIC drafts a communication strategy that details cost
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/09/13]
• KWS • AET • UNDP 2021/09 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further ]
This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further History
Partners package knowledge products on the Southern Rangelands project results that will be a baseline and also inform AEMP implementation
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/04/17]
• KWS • AET • UNDP 2022/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further]
History
8. Recommendation:

Coordinate, harmonise and standardise ecological monitoring within the landscape and aim to produce landscape level information that has identified and addressed the gaps

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/02]

Fully Accept. Various monitoring activities are ongoing at all levels. Independently the community scouts, research institutions and partner organisations undertaking short studies and long-term studies. These range from the seasonal pasture condition to the tracking of collared animals to understand their range and distribution. Institutionalization of an information depository and access protocols is a timely need.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Identify organisation and mechanism that would optimize information depository and sharing within the Amboseli Landscape.
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/04/17]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2022/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further]
This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further History
Develop information sharing and access protocol for the Amboseli Landscape partners and stakeholders.
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/06/12]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2022/05 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This project ended. Additional resources to undertake proposed activities are unavailable. This action point will therefore no longer be tracked.]
This project ended. Additional resources to undertake proposed activities are unavailable. This action point will therefore no longer be tracked. History
9. Recommendation:

Coordinate and harmonize approaches within the landscape to security, anti poaching, patrols, compensation for crop raiding and other damage.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/02]

Fully Accept. Wildlife security, human wildlife conflict and compensation schemes in place by the different partners in the Amboseli Landscape stands to benefit from synergy if a focal point is established   

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Link the respective partner security systems to the KWS command center
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/04/17]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2022/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further]
This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further History
Approval of the HWC Protocols developed by the Amboseli Landscape partners followed by its adoption/use by all
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/04/17]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2022/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further]
History
10. Recommendation:

Enhance participation of the County Government and the government livestock sector at national and county levels in integrated rangeland planning through engagement in AEMP, AET and KWS meetings and activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/08/02]

Partially Accept. Officials of the Livestock Department within the Amboseli landscape were engaged on specific activities for technical support but not as project implementers. Given that livestock rearing is a compatible and complimentary activity to wildlife conservation, the inclusion of the Livestock Department in the project implementation will be ensured.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Livestock Department is included as part of the PIC
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2021/12/02]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2021/09 Completed AET and the County Government of Kajiado entered into a collaboration agreement. The Livestock Department under the Kajiado County being one of the key departments that will guide the implantation of the AEMP grazing and livestock improvement objective/strategy. Livestock has been included in the PIC. History
Livestock Department engaged as a key stakeholder in the implementation of future projects for alignment with county and national livestock sector development.
[Added: 2021/08/02] [Last Updated: 2022/04/17]
• KWS • AET • ACC • MWCT • Big Life 2022/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further]
This activity is dependent on the availability of resources to facilitate coordination activities. Since the project is closed down, the resources are unavailable. UNDP will not pursue this action further History

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