Homes Rehabilitation Phase III

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Palestine
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
07/2019
Completion Date:
06/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
7,000

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Download document Final Report UNDP Rehabilitation in Jerusalem June 2019.pdf report English 445.82 KB Posted 161
Title Homes Rehabilitation Phase III
Atlas Project Number: 00090065
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Palestine
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2019
Planned End Date: 07/2019
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
Evaluation Budget(US $): 7,000
Source of Funding: Project Funding
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 7,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Abdel Wahab Al-Sabbagh Independent Evaluator OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: OFID, local community, and Welfare Association
Countries: OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES
Comments:

Draft under review.

Lessons
Findings
1.

10.0 Relevance and Appropriateness

One of the main issues in this evaluation is the degree of the project’s appropriateness and relevance to the problems which need to be tackled. This project was evaluated by revising the project proposal, and also through holding meetings and interviews with the active parties and partners of the project. All beneficiaries agreed that the project is appropriate and relevant to their needs and basic problems; however, their views were slightly different from one activity to another. Beneficiaries also mentioned that some activities are of high priority for them, and all of them emphasized the importance and appropriateness of the implemented activities within the framework of the project plan which was relevant to beneficiaries needs, in conformity with the results and the list of proposed priorities for interventions. 

It is worth mentioning that beneficiaries need everything as they are marginalized and poor categories; thus, they need the support of others to foster their steadfastness in Jerusalem. So, it’s hard to say that the achieved progress is not relevant to beneficiaries needs (as they need everything). However, as one of the beneficiaries mentioned, I think that several meetings should be made with citizens rather than making a survey (questionnaire) to identify their needs; as they do not only need renovation or maintenance of their houses, but they also need to resolve the problems they encounter through construction interventions and so on. The key element in this respect is not associated with the specified amount of money or the construction restrictions (a woman suggested tiling (paving) the external yard as it allows the leakage of water to the inside, and another woman suggested building a separate room with a bathroom for her son to be able to use it easily).


Tag: Relevance Civic Engagement Partnership Project and Programme management Results-Based Management Poverty Reduction Vulnerable

2.

11.0 Effectiveness

UNDP adopts self-assistance methodology in the project implementation; this methodology is based on the idea that the property owner selects the work team or the contractor by himself. In some cases, the property owner and his family implement renovation and rehabilitation work by themselves, after the project’s scope of work is identified by UNDP engineers’ team. The scope of work, special determinants as well as funding conditions and transfer of payments are included within the framework of an agreement signed between the property owner and UNDP administration and the contractor, in the presence of a lawyer to ratify on the agreement. Certainly, the signing of this agreement depends on the availability of legal conditions as well as “no-objection” of all parties associated with the property. This philosophy of work, which is considered new at the level of renovation programs in East Jerusalem, deserves attention.


Tag: Effectiveness Efficiency Project and Programme management Financial Inclusion Poverty Reduction Vulnerable

3.

12.0 Efficiency

In general, after comparing between project inputs and achieved outputs, it appears that the project has a high level of efficiency in terms of using resources and time effectively despite of the shortage of staff in comparison with the required tasks. At the operational level, the project was managed in a fair manner in accordance with the available resources and based on the donor’s conditions or requirements. The project has well benefited from the technical and administrative experience of some partners (contractors). It is also worth mentioning that part of the project was accomplished by the partner “Welfare Association”, which has contributed in saving time and accelerating progress. 


Tag: Efficiency Donor relations Human and Financial resources Operational Efficiency Results-Based Management Poverty Reduction Vulnerable

4.

13.0 Gender

By aiming to improve the houses of Palestinian families, and according to the dominant culture among Palestinian families, the project targets gender; as despite of the efforts made for the empowerment of women, the difficult economic and social conditions in Jerusalem have trapped the Palestinian woman and hindered her from being further involved in the labor market. Thus, house renovation and its considerable influence on the tasks which women do at home, as asserted by the project’s women beneficiaries (Abeer – Mary), may assist women to get additional time for empowering herself through education and work. 


Tag: Effectiveness Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Women's Empowerment Policies & Procedures Programme/Project Design Project and Programme management Poverty Reduction Vulnerable

5.

14.0 Impact

Impact measurement methodology concerning social and humanitarian issues is a very difficult task; as there is no tool which accurately measures the level of impact or change made in the short run in various and interrelated aspects and issues and under changing circumstances. The project’s impact is considered one of the most important aspects of project assessment, and it is considered the main goal of this assessment; that is identifying the change or difference made by this project “renovation and rehabilitation of residential units in East Jerusalem”, and examining to what extent the initial goal was achieved which is “ensuring and providing safe and appropriate housing conditions through the renovation and rehabilitation of houses, mitigating economic burdens and creating job opportunities.

The living conditions of Palestinian citizens in Jerusalem are characterized by population density and overcrowding inside homes, as well as humidity, shortage of lighting and ventilation, lack of sanitary facilities as well as water and sewage supply in addition to other conditions. Therefore, the project has had a positive and tangible influence in this respect; as it has mitigated the impact of these conditions by providing wider spaces in some cases, adding new spaces which were not utilized, or by dividing the same room into parts, as well as improving lighting and ventilation. 


Tag: Waste management Impact Sanitation Humanitarian development nexus Poverty Reduction Vulnerable

6.

14.0 Impact (continuation)

It is worth mentioning here that all project beneficiaries are of low-income and marginalized categories; which is evidenced by their income level and the housing conditions in which they live, as well as the type of work they do. Despite of the economic importance of the project as a kind of assistance for marginalized and low-income categories, the other dimensions of the project are not less important or less influencing than its social and political dimensions which justify investment in it.


Tag: Impact Partnership Inclusive economic growth Jobs and Livelihoods Poverty Reduction Vulnerable

7.

14.0 Impact (continuation)

As it is a developmental project, it is necessary to verify the sustainability of several activities which were implemented. The evaluation team asked the interviewed persons about the project sustainability and if the positive impacts will proceed or not, and all of them think that the positive impacts on the society will proceed, since the project activities constitute as a significant element of their life, so they are continuous. The project activities were implemented in a manner which ensures their sustainability. The materials and tools used in construction were of high quality specifications. All these factors contribute in ensuring the project sustainability and assist in increasing the expected benefit from implementing the project. For instance, as (Hidaya) mentioned, the materials used, including Aluminum, are good, and tiling the external yard with stones will make it unnecessary to renovate it again. Mohammad Abdo also mentioned that the supervising engineer recommended to use special materials of excellent quality for water insulation of roofs (the contractor did not approve on that in the beginning), and thanks to these materials, water leakage has been ceased.


Tag: Impact Sustainability Ownership Partnership Poverty Reduction Vulnerable

Recommendations
1

Evaluation Recommendation 1:

House maintenance and rehabilitation in East Jerusalem is considered as a positive form of the initiative which strives for fostering the steadfastness of Jerusalemite citizens as well as improving their standard of living in light of the weak interventions and increasing marginalization. Thus, we recommend encouraging financiers to proceed in implementing similar projects due to the immense need for them, and also to increase funding for such projects and expand their scope in several neighborhoods and regions of Jerusalem and old city.

Despite of the variation of needs and living conditions among Palestinian citizens in Jerusalem, and by reviewing the project and its total value (which is limited according to the number of beneficiaries), the project is still of high significance and benefit; thus it is realistic to search for two levels of funding. 

The first level of funding is limited and covers a part of the needs of very poor families or families which suffer from problems, and it affects the majority of Palestinian families in the old city of Jerusalem. The second level of funding targets houses and families which have more costly needs; which requires the ability to identify and prepare documents which indicate the necessary tasks and visits…etc. It is also necessary to search for different financers or expand the cycle of demand from the financer according to the needs, as some problems of the Palestinian families will require long years to be resolved due to the mechanism used and high costs of house renovation and rehabilitation; thus problems will accumulate year after year (whether we opened the door for accepting applications or not). 

2

Evaluation Recommendation 2

Cooperation between several representatives who are similar in delivering such projects is considered an urgent need; as cooperation in all activities and efforts will increase the positive impact of such projects. The simplest form of this cooperation is providing a database of applicants to be administrated by UNDP as an international organization with the participation of concerned institutions, and UNDP may play a role in coordination between donors.

 

3

Evaluation Recommendation 3

I think that it may be useful to search for a mechanism to expand beneficiaries’ participation in identifying their main priorities according to their economic and social problems. This means that it is not sufficient to prepare a questionnaire, but rather it is necessary to make long and extended discussions with beneficiaries; as I think that this will assist in finding solutions not only associated with the utilization of empty spaces or maintenance of buildings. Therefore, it is necessary to allocate longer time and wider space to carry out a sociological survey of the applicant families.

Paper-based and electronic registries about housing in Jerusalem (beneficiaries applications) are used after being updated to provide very significant information that constitute as a fundamental base to serve the purpose of renovation projects; as they are delivered to several donors without needing to wait for a long period to review, classify applications and deliver them to donors, otherwise the situation will remain as it is in the future.

4

Evaluation Recommendation 4:

Despite of the policy which aims to the preservation of buildings through rehabilitation and provision or improvement of services, it is not only adequate to renovate the historical buildings from inside to ensure the their sustainable viability, but it is also necessary to make a more comprehensive improvement of the building including the yard or several yards together; thus contributing to elevate the functional and historical value of the building and effectively ensure protecting buildings from external influences.

1. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation 1:

House maintenance and rehabilitation in East Jerusalem is considered as a positive form of the initiative which strives for fostering the steadfastness of Jerusalemite citizens as well as improving their standard of living in light of the weak interventions and increasing marginalization. Thus, we recommend encouraging financiers to proceed in implementing similar projects due to the immense need for them, and also to increase funding for such projects and expand their scope in several neighborhoods and regions of Jerusalem and old city.

Despite of the variation of needs and living conditions among Palestinian citizens in Jerusalem, and by reviewing the project and its total value (which is limited according to the number of beneficiaries), the project is still of high significance and benefit; thus it is realistic to search for two levels of funding. 

The first level of funding is limited and covers a part of the needs of very poor families or families which suffer from problems, and it affects the majority of Palestinian families in the old city of Jerusalem. The second level of funding targets houses and families which have more costly needs; which requires the ability to identify and prepare documents which indicate the necessary tasks and visits…etc. It is also necessary to search for different financers or expand the cycle of demand from the financer according to the needs, as some problems of the Palestinian families will require long years to be resolved due to the mechanism used and high costs of house renovation and rehabilitation; thus problems will accumulate year after year (whether we opened the door for accepting applications or not). 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/07]

House rehabilitation project is considered as one of UNDP flagship for reinforcing resilience of the Palestinian community in East Jerusalem. The project lies at the center of strategic and policy engagement at all levels, including UNDP PPF. Serious resource mobilization efforts are underway for securing additional resources to meet the existing demand. As for the house rehabilitation response, a review of small-scale rehabilitation will be initiated.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Development and formulation of new concept notes for addressing the immense needs for improving the housing conditions in East Jerusalem
[Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2020/04/20]
Rania Nubani May Daghash Motaz Dawabsheh 2020/04 Completed New concept notes were developed to address the needs of the Palestinian community in East Jerusalem for improving housing conditions. A new platform was designed to unify all the efforts of active partners for supporting house rehabilitation. Proposals shared with several donors, primarily, the Islamic Development Bank, who before the COVID-19 outbreak expressed interest in financing housing with USD 6.0 million. History
1.2 Embark on resource mobilization actions including resources of the Government
[Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2020/04/28]
Rania Nubani May Daghash Motaz Dawabsheh 2020/04 Completed As outlined in the kay action 1.1, the Islamic Development Bank was approached as the key donor for the house rehabilitation in East Jerusalem. A contribution of USD 6 million is currently among the hard pipelines. History
1.3 Facilitate resource mobilization interventions including site visits and awareness campaigns
[Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2020/08/06]
Rania Nubani May Daghash Motaz Dawabsheh 2020/07 Completed Project proposal and associated concept notes were developed and shared with the main donor of house rehabilitation, namely, IsDB. The Government of Palestine is supporting the negotiation with IsDB for earmarking resources to the project. In addition, the project was shared with Kuwait and Qatar. Due to restrictions on movement as a result of COVID-19, field visits didn’t take place. History
2. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation 2

Cooperation between several representatives who are similar in delivering such projects is considered an urgent need; as cooperation in all activities and efforts will increase the positive impact of such projects. The simplest form of this cooperation is providing a database of applicants to be administrated by UNDP as an international organization with the participation of concerned institutions, and UNDP may play a role in coordination between donors.

 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/07]

The recommendation made by the evaluator is excellent point. UNDP is engaged with national partners and counterparts for the development of unified database that will serve the whole efforts, specifically in maximizing impact and avoiding duplication of efforts towards synergy and coordination. The administration of the database is delicate issue that will be addressed at the level of the Government including Ministry of Jerusalem Affairs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Initiate discussion with counterparts for systemizing the data collection and assessing the feasibility of a unified database
[Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2019/10/02]
Rania Nubani May Daghash Motaz Dawabsheh 2019/09 Completed A coordination mechanism was established with counterparts, such as Welfare Association, Al Rafah, Jordanian Engineers Association. In this fora, discussions on the systematisation of data collection are ongoing whereas a platform will be established. History
2.2 Produce a proposal for database management for the review and endorsement of national counterparts
[Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2019/11/28]
Rania Nubani May Daghash Motaz Dawabsheh 2019/11 Completed UNDP was fully engaged during the past period in supporting the key partners for the provision of data management system that has been operationalized. It is managed by Welfare Association. UNDP has been granted with access and data entry at the project team level started. History
3. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation 3

I think that it may be useful to search for a mechanism to expand beneficiaries’ participation in identifying their main priorities according to their economic and social problems. This means that it is not sufficient to prepare a questionnaire, but rather it is necessary to make long and extended discussions with beneficiaries; as I think that this will assist in finding solutions not only associated with the utilization of empty spaces or maintenance of buildings. Therefore, it is necessary to allocate longer time and wider space to carry out a sociological survey of the applicant families.

Paper-based and electronic registries about housing in Jerusalem (beneficiaries applications) are used after being updated to provide very significant information that constitute as a fundamental base to serve the purpose of renovation projects; as they are delivered to several donors without needing to wait for a long period to review, classify applications and deliver them to donors, otherwise the situation will remain as it is in the future.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/07]

Comprehensive review of the assessment and selection processes will be commissioned in line with the comments/ remarks provided by the evaluator. Consultations will be made with national counterparts and verification will be initiated.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Review the assessment and selection process
[Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2019/11/28]
Rania Nubani May Daghash Motaz Dawabsheh 2019/11 Completed UNDP proposed to the Islamic Development Bank to re-look into the whole implementation processes of house rehabilitation interventions in East Jerusalem. A proposal and action plan were shared, including a methodology for the enhancement of the assessment and selection processes. History
3.2 Initiate consultations and in-depth discussion at internal and external levels (House Rehabilitation Consortium: Welfare Association, Abu Zahra, Ministry of Jerusalem Affairs)
[Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2020/02/20]
Rania Nubani May Daghash Motaz Dawabsheh 2020/02 Completed Consultations were initiated and are ongoing with key stakeholders for house rehabilitation in Jerusalem. This will result in the creation of a platform for the harmonization of the house rehabilitation response to be financed by the IsDB. History
3.3 Review, validation and endorsement of the assessment and selection processes
[Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2020/08/06]
Rania Nubani May Daghash Motaz Dawabsheh 2020/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Due to uncertainty of securing additional resources, notably, within the current situation of COVID-19, this milestone has been suspended to be implemented within new upcoming phases.]
History
4. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation 4:

Despite of the policy which aims to the preservation of buildings through rehabilitation and provision or improvement of services, it is not only adequate to renovate the historical buildings from inside to ensure the their sustainable viability, but it is also necessary to make a more comprehensive improvement of the building including the yard or several yards together; thus contributing to elevate the functional and historical value of the building and effectively ensure protecting buildings from external influences.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2021/02/07]

UNDP is taking note of this recommendation. The assessment and planning of house rehabilitation will be amended to look into comprehensive assistance rather than focused housing interventions, taking into consideration the need for validating such engagement with cultural heritage lenses.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Review the rehabilitation procedures and processes, with the engagement of a cultural heritage expert
[Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2020/02/03]
Rania Nubani May Daghash Motaz Dawabsheh 2020/01 Completed attachment added History
4.2 Consultations/ meetings with donors for comprehensive response including the focus on historical values of buildings being at World Heritage Site (Old City)
[Added: 2019/08/08] [Last Updated: 2020/02/20]
Rania Nubani May Daghash Motaz Dawabsheh 2020/02 Completed Consultations were initiated and are ongoing with key stakeholders for house rehabilitation in Jerusalem. This will result in the creation of a platform for the harmonization of the house rehabilitation response to be financed by the IsDB History

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