Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Cameroon

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
ICPE/ADR
Planned End Date:
12/2019
Completion Date:
12/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
50,000

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Download document ICPE Cameroon ToR.pdf tor English 252.37 KB Posted 13
Download document ICPE Cameroon Annexes.pdf related-document English 856.08 KB Posted 24
Download document ICPD_Cameroon_EvalBrief.pdf summary English 202.60 KB Posted 27
Download document ICPR_Cameroon_full report.pdf report English 4574.38 KB Posted 38
Title Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Cameroon
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2019
Planned End Date: 12/2019
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
  • 2. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
  • 3. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
  • 4. Output 3.1.1 Core government functions and inclusive basic services4 restored post-crisis for stabilisation, durable solutions to displacement and return to sustainable development pathways within the framework of national policies and priorities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 50,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 50,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Heather Bryant Chief of Section
Gedeon Djissa Research Consultant gedeon.djissa@undp.org
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: CAMEROON, REPUBLIC OF
Lessons
Findings
1.

Implementation of the Recommendations of the 2017 Assessment of Development Results

This section of the report reviews the ADR recommendations and analyses the extent to which the country office has implemented the recommendations. The focus of the analysis is on the strategic intent of the recommendations and the current situation, recognizing that some of the details of the original recommendations are not necessarily relevant in the new context. 

ADR Recommendation 1: UNDP should concentrate more on results, strengthen its strategic positioning and cultivate its image.

Finding 1: The UNDP Country Office has significantly strengthened its strategic positioning since the ADR was carried out in 2016. 


Tag: Effectiveness Relevance Local Governance Communication Partnership Results-Based Management Strategic Positioning Theory of Change Country Government Inclusive economic growth Coordination Technical Support

2.

ADR Recommendation 2: UNDP should reflect on the possibility of reinvesting in support to strengthening democratic processes and the rule of law.

Finding 2: UNDP’s initial response to the ADR was focused on increasing its support to electoral processes, with some limited results. Recently, UNDP has been strengthening its positioning in other areas of governance, notably in decentralization, a positive trend. 


Tag: Election Human rights Local Governance Rule of law Strategic Positioning Promotion of dialogue Poverty Reduction Urbanization Agenda 2030 SDG Integration SDG monitoring and reporting

3.

ADR Recommendation 3: UNDP should strike a balance between upstream interventions and downstream work and avoid becoming confined to the role of an implementing agency for rapid recovery projects.

Finding 3: UNDP is maintaining an appropriate balance between upstream and downstream work. 


Tag: Vulnerable Relevance Project and Programme management Conflict resolution

4.

ADR Recommendation 4: UNDP should continue to work to reduce gender inequalities and promote the empowerment of women, as well as the reduction of other forms of inequality and exclusion.

Finding 4: UNDP has made progress in responding to this recommendation, although further work is needed. 


Tag: Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Women's Empowerment Inclusive economic growth Jobs and Livelihoods Youth

5.

ADR Recommendation 5: UNDP should update its partnership and resource mobilization strategy. It should also strengthen its advocacy with the Government in order to increase the national contribution to the country programme. 

Finding 5: UNDP has successfully mobilized resources for the current programme and diversified its donors, however some projects have been unable to mobilize the resources needed to achieve their intended results. 


Tag: Effectiveness Efficiency Government Cost-sharing Resource mobilization Communication Partnership Country Government

6.

ADR Recommendation 6: UNDP should strengthen its monitoring and evaluation activities, placing the accent on the changes brought about by these activities, as well as on the progress made in achieving the intended outcomes. UNDP should also structure its office according to the geographic concentration of its programming, allocating more staff to the Far North to strengthen coordination and monitoring.

Finding 6: UNDP has made some progress in response to this recommendation but needs to further strengthen its results-based monitoring, reporting and evaluation. 


Tag: Local Governance Business Model Country Support Platform Knowledge management Monitoring and Evaluation Results-Based Management Conflict Extremism Coordination Technical Support

7.

Progress towards outputs and outcomes of the CPD 2018-2020 Outcome 1: By 2020, women and youth have increased and equitable access to decent employment opportunities and are more economically independent 

UNDP’s programme seeks to contribute to this outcome by supporting institutional development (municipal employment offices), strengthening of agriculture value chains, strengthening the recognition of the importance of and community level actors in the development minerals sector, and extension of financial services to unserved vulnerable populations. Expenditure under this outcome represents 13% of the total country programme. 

Output 1.1: Appropriate mechanisms are operational for women and youth to access socio-economic opportunities

Finding 7. UNDP made some progress towards the intended output through support to the Government to articulate the instructional architecture for and legal status of municipal employment offices (BEMs), which are designed to implement employment policy at the local level. UNDP also supported establishment of several BEMs. UNDP has also supported other initiatives promoting youth entrepreneurship that contribute to the intended outcome, even if not to the “mechanisms” referred to in the output statement. Achievement of the output is “at risk.” 


Tag: Agriculture Vulnerable Effectiveness Sustainability Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Civic Engagement Local Governance Strategic Positioning Capacity Building Education Inclusive economic growth Jobs and Livelihoods Micro-credit Youth

8.

Output 1.2: Inclusive economic diversification supported through qualitative improvement of local products brought to market, exploitation of neglected development mineral resources and access to benefit-sharing of genetic materials.

Finding 8. UNDP has supported the strengthening of agricultural production chains, the development of the development minerals sector (a sector having received no attention in the past) and access to benefit-sharing of two plant resources, as planned. The output is not likely to be fully achieved (“at risk”) at programme end, particularly with respect to the first component (agricultural production chains). 


Tag: Agriculture Agriculture land resouces Natural Resouce management Efficiency Sustainability Local Governance Inclusive economic growth Technology

9.

Output 1.3: Local financial institutions enabled to provide financial products and services to youth and women in the intervention areas.

Finding 9. – UNDP has contributed to improve the financial inclusion in Cameroon by supporting the completion of a FinScope survey and the development of new financial services and products for the benefit of three financial institutions to enlarge their coverage of vulnerable groups. However, tangible results for youth and women are limited to date. Achievement of the output is at risk.


Tag: Vulnerable Efficiency Impact Gender Equality Women's Empowerment e-Governance Local Governance Monitoring and Evaluation Inclusive economic growth Micro-credit Technology Youth Policy Advisory South-South Cooperation Technical Support Leaving no one behind

10.

Progress towards outcome 1.

Finding 10. Some progress has been made towards the outputs designed to contribute to the first CPD outcome and UNDP is contributing in a modest way to the intended outcome of increased access to socio-economic opportunities in the zones of intervention. Results however are below target in part due to a lack of resources, particularly for the resilience programme (PAREC). While there is a a lack of data available to assess UNDP’s contribution in terms of the established outcome indicators, given the limited scale of intervention, UNDP has a low level of influence on the outcome indicators.


Tag: Effectiveness Relevance Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Results-Based Management Theory of Change Resilience Inclusive economic growth Jobs and Livelihoods Micro-credit Youth Data and Statistics

11.

Outcome 2: By 2020, the population (especially vulnerable groups) in the intervention areas are more resilient to environmental, social and economic shocks

UNDP has undertaken a wide range of interventions designed directly or indirectly to strengthen resilience to environmental, social and economic shocks, from development planning at multiple levels, development of market information systems, livelihoods initiatives, natural resource management and disaster risk reduction mechanisms, as well as prevention and management of social conflicts and violet extremism. Interventions under this outcome account for 87% of programme expenditure in 2018-2019. 

Output 2.1: Relevant institutions demonstrate sensitivity to and responsibility for the priorities voiced by citizens (in particular young people, women and marginalized groups) and have improved service delivery

Finding 11. UNDP has provided significant support at the strategic level to strengthen capacities for inclusive development, including support to the development of the new national development strategy 2020-2030 and in this respect this part of the output can be considered “on track”. UNDP has provided some support to delivery of specific and relevant services (birth certificates) in the Far North, but otherwise contributions to improved service delivery appear to have been limited. 


Tag: Vulnerable Sustainability Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Civic Engagement Election Justice system Local Governance Knowledge management Monitoring and Evaluation Service delivery Conflict Extremism Resilience Social cohesion Capacity Building Youth Policy Advisory Technical Support SDG Integration SDG monitoring and reporting Voluntary National Review

12.

Output 2.2: Relevant institutions are able to prevent and manage economic shocks that affect the demand for and supply of main consumer products.

Finding 12. No significant results have been achieved to date with respect to this output, and the lack of financial resources and the complexity of the mechanisms envisaged put the achievement of this output at risk. 


Tag: Efficiency Relevance e-Governance Local Governance Inclusive economic growth Technology

13.

Output 2.3: The local economy is revitalized and generates jobs and environmentally sustainable livelihoods opportunities for crisis-affected men and women

Finding 13. During the current programmatic cycle, UNDP’s has provided cash for work and kits to develop income generating activities to men and women in crisis affected areas in the Far North, as well as support to livelihoods in the North West and South West. UNDP has been contributing to the output, but due to inconsistencies in data and reporting it is difficult to assess if progress is on track to meet the CPD targets.


Tag: Agriculture Agriculture co-operatives Disaster Risk Reduction Sustainability Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Local Governance Partnership Results-Based Management UN Agencies Conflict Crisis prevention Extremism Resilience Security Stabilization Jobs and Livelihoods Micro-credit Youth

14.

Output 2.4: Local institutions and communities in intervention areas enabled to prevent and address social conflicts and violent extremism

Finding 14. UNDP considers results in this area amongst its most important, including the creation of eleven mediation platforms in the Far North and work with 6700 young people who are now considered “actors for conflict prevention”. An evaluation of two projects in 2019 found that in spite of the challenges due to the deterioration of the security situation, the projects generated significant results. Progress towards this output is “on track”. 


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Impact Sustainability Gender Equality Gender-Based Violence Women's Empowerment Civic Engagement Election Human rights Local Governance Crisis prevention Extremism Peace Building Promotion of dialogue Security Social cohesion Stabilization Capacity Building Youth

15.

Output 2.5: Systems in place to manage natural resources including preparing for and addressing consequences of climate change and natural hazards at all levels of local institutions and community

Finding 15. Progress towards this output is currently “off-track” due to a delayed start to one initiative and a suspension of activities of the other, but there is still potential if the projects continue beyond the current programme period. 


Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Disaster Risk Reduction Biodiversity Natural Resouce management Protected Areas Effectiveness Human rights Local Governance Security

16.

Output 2.6: National and local institutions enabled to mobilize resources to cope with natural hazards (floods drought)

Finding 16. No progress has been made towards output 2.6; it is “off track”. 


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Natural Disaster Resource mobilization

17.

Output 2.7: Capacities of affected and vulnerable populations enhanced for natural resources management and mitigation of the consequences of natural hazards

Finding 17. This output overlaps with other outputs and there are no other significant results. Consistent with the IEO’s assessment of the other outputs, this output is rated as off track.


Tag: Natural Disaster Vulnerable Biodiversity Natural Resouce management Local Governance Technology

18.

Progress toward outcome 2

Finding 18: The review was not able to gather enough evidence to provide a thorough assessment of programme effectiveness in this outcome area nor validate the progress reported against outcome indicators. Despite uneven results across outputs, generally UNDP’s programme is judged relevant and, given the challenging context, to be making noticeable contributions in terms of outputs at the central level on strategic planning and at the local level on multiple fronts on stabilization, prevention of violent extremism and early recovery. The overall level of influence on outcome indicators is low. 


Tag: Vulnerable Relevance Results-Based Management Theory of Change Extremism

19.

Programme design and management

This section briefly examines some elements of the country programme design and programme management.

Finding 19. The UNDAF and CPD outcomes do not provide an appropriate framework for UNDP’s work. The CPD outcomes, outputs and indicators overlap, limiting their utility as a framework. 


Tag: Results-Based Management Theory of Change Peace Building Resilience Jobs and Livelihoods Social Protection

20.

Finding 20. Reporting is inconsistent and insufficiently results-oriented.


Tag: Monitoring and Evaluation Results-Based Management Theory of Change

Recommendations
1

Recommendation 1. UNDP should continue its main lines of strategic programming, notably support to capacity development for implementation and monitoring and evaluation of the national development plan and other key policies promoting inclusive, sustainable development in line with the 2030 Agenda, as well as to stabilization and prevention of violent extremism and other crises.

UNDP should continue to pursue openings to expand its programming in other areas of governance in partnership with the government, such as decentralization, human rights and access to justice. UNDP should also continue to strengthen its portfolio in support of the realization of the “planetary” SDGs. UNDP however may reconsider its ongoing investment in agricultural value chains, this having been identified as an area of weakness in the ADR, and results again being limited under the present programme; resources could be better used to increase the scale and results of work in other areas.

2

Recommendation 2. UNDP should ensure that UN Cooperation Framework (UNCF) Outcomes – and the UNDP country programme - provide an appropriate framework for structuring and monitoring UNDP’s contribution to the national development framework and the 2030 agenda. 

For example, UNDP should advocate for a UNCF outcome with a stronger linkage to SDG 16 and national goals with respect to building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions. It should also advocate for an outcome clearly related to the SDGs strongly associated with the “planet.” An outcome referring to strengthened resilience of vulnerable populations would still be appropriate, but even if most of UNDP’s work arguably contributes in one way or another to building resilience, this should not be a “catch all” outcome for all of UNDP’s contributions. 

3

Recommendation 3. UNDP should continue to strengthen its monitoring, evaluation and reporting.

 As mentioned in the ADR, close monitoring is important in crisis contexts to ensure that interventions are doing no harm. Monitoring of sustainability is also important when working with vulnerable populations, for example to ensure that livelihoods support has included sufficient follow-up to allow the majority to continue their new income generating activities. There is scope to further strengthen the monitoring team covering work in crisis-affected areas. Indicator protocol sheets should be developed for all new programme indicators with precise definitions indicating what data is to be collected from where, and records kept so that reporting from year to year is consistent and meaningful. While accurate reporting against indicators is important, going beyond indicators is often necessary to communicate real changes in development conditions. 

4

Recommendation 4: UNDP should continue its focus on vulnerable groups and ensure that its programmes are “leaving no one behind”.

When seeking to identify the “most vulnerable” or those beingeft behind, UNDP should ensure that even when focusing on the poorest or most-crises affected municipalities, that it identifies the most vulnerable within those areas. UNDP should continue to implement its gender strategy and pursue gender mainstreaming and women’s equality in all of its interventions. 

5

Recommendation 5. UNDP should strengthen its knoweldge management, particularly in the area of crisis response. 

UNDP’s programme is increasing in size, with an increasing number of interventions in crisis-affected areas. It is an opportune moment to develop strategies for documenting lessons learned – beyond minimum requirements for monitoring, evaluation and reporting - and ensure they are shared with teams working in other projects or areas of the country, as well as with other countries in the region (including documentation of any cases where something that worked in one context did not work in another). 

6

Recommendation 6. UNDP should seek to increase synergies between teams and interventions, for example between PAREC and stabilization/crisis prevention and recovery projects working in the same areas.

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