Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Seychelles

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document ICPE Seychelles ToR.pdf tor English 225.52 KB Posted 93
Download document ICPE Seychelles Annexes.pdf related-document English 1143.41 KB Posted 128
Download document ICPE_Seychelles.pdf report English 6241.29 KB Posted 229
Download document ICPE_Seychelles_EvalBrief.pdf summary English 197.52 KB Posted 42
Title Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Seychelles
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2019
Planned End Date: 12/2019
Management Response: No
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.1 Capacities developed across the whole of government to integrate the 2030 Agenda, the Paris Agreement and other international agreements in development plans and budgets, and to analyse progress towards the SDGs, using innovative and data-driven solutions
  • 2. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
David Slattery Lead Evaluation
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:

Finding 1. Consistent UNDP engagement with, or influence over, Seychelles policies, legislation or institutional capacities for poverty reduction has been highly constrained by a lack of adequate human and financial resources.

Tag: Environment Policy Efficiency Parliament Rule of law Operational Efficiency Poverty Reduction Technical Support


Finding 2. The work of UNDP in water resource management has a significant, but as yet mostly unrealised, potential with impacts constrained by basic project management challenges. The impact and potential scalability of innovations trialled by UNDP have yet to be thoroughly assessed, though there are positive signs that some of these have reasonable prospects for replication and sustainability.

Tag: Natural Disaster Ecosystem based adaption Natural Resouce management Water resources Effectiveness Impact Project and Programme management Quality Assurance Technical Support


Finding 3. Despite some challenges, progress towards the outcomes, outputs and indicators set out in the CPD in the area of protected area management has been adequate. UNDP has provided valuable support for the revitalisation of the Seychelles National Parks Authority (SNPA). This has contributed to a major reform of its mandate, which will potentially increase its effectiveness as a conservation organisation rather than a revenue collection agency. Feedback received from stakeholders during the field mission indicates that UNDP has fulfilled its role in facilitating and supporting implementation of GEF grants.

Tag: Environment Policy Protected Areas Site Conservation / Preservation Effectiveness Global Environment Facility fund Operational Efficiency Strategic Positioning Technical Support


Finding 4. Whether the work of UNDP on protected area management succeeds in elevating the conservation status and improving the management of important marine and terrestrial biodiversity will ultimately depend on decisions outside of the control of the project.

Tag: Sustainability Environment Policy Protected Areas Site Conservation / Preservation Effectiveness Technical Support


Finding 5. The contribution of UNDP to improved resource efficiency has been modest and well short of targets. The scope for UNDP to make a more substantial contribution may increase when a review of energy sector policies being conducted by the Seychelles Government is completed. This will help to clarify which energy efficiency strategies and incentives are likely to be most effective.

Tag: Strategic Positioning Clean Energy Energy Resource mobilization Efficiency Technical Support


Finding 6. The UNDP environment portfolio in Seychelles focuses on important and challenging issues and provides a highly valued source of external support for partners. Notwithstanding, overall the performance of the portfolio has been uneven, and a lack of resources has limited UNDP engagement and support for policy development outside of projects.

Tag: Donor relations Implementation Modality Resource mobilization Efficiency Technical Support


Finding 7. Given the context, and the limitations of existing GEF funding mechanisms, the PCU established by UNDP within the Ministry of Environment and Energy is a sensible arrangement to absorb the project management costs of UNDP support to the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change (MEECC) through multiple projects.

Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate finance Operational Efficiency Global Environment Facility fund Resource mobilization Efficiency Technical Support


Finding 8. Implementation has been made more challenging by unnecessarily complex project designs and insufficient attention to the feasibility of some major components of projects.

Tag: Ecosystem based adaption Effectiveness Implementation Modality Project and Programme management Technical Support


Finding 9. For a small sub-office like UNDP Seychelles, the ability to access technical backstopping and support from relevant UNDP experts is critical to ensure high quality project design and implementation.

Tag: Human and Financial resources Implementation Modality Project and Programme management Efficiency Advocacy


Finding 10. Given the environmental focus of the current programme, the scope to promote gender equality in a significant and consistent way is constrained. Reflecting this, in the current programme cycle, 75 per cent of expenditure was reported as making a limited contribution to gender equality (GEN1). The remaining 25 per cent of expenditure did not make a noticeable contribution to gender equality (GEN0).

Tag: Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Women's Empowerment Operational Efficiency Technical Support


Finding 11. The Seychelles Country Programme Document does not serve as an effective vehicle for accountability to the UNDP Executive Board for results alignment and resources assigned to the programme.

Tag: Operational Efficiency UNDP management Efficiency


Finding 12. There are significant weaknesses in results-based management at the project level.

Tag: Results-Based Management Effectiveness


In developing the new Country Programme Document, care should be taken to reflect the particular needs and issues of Seychelles as a small island state with high-income status, and the capacity of UNDP to provide support. UNDP should focus its limited resources on strengthening the focus of the programme on environmental management and climate change, and synergies between its different components. The CPD should reflect the fact that, while it is a significant partner in the environment sector in Seychelles, the resources UNDP can mobilise are very small relative to the size of the Seychelles economy. In recent years they have represented less than 1 per cent of general government expenditure. This means that the ability of UNDP to directly generate benefits is limited by the small scale of its interventions, relying on its ability to generate larger impacts by promoting systemic changes in Seychelles Government policy or practice in its focus areas. The CPD should be based on a conservative assessment of future resource mobilisation prospects. UNDP has done well to mobilise the funding it has, despite increasing competition for GEF funding.44 There is currently enough funding to justify the country sub-office structure, largely through GEF 6 and 7, but it is likely that Seychelles will not continue to enjoy access to these sources of funding. This is something the country office should prepare for, even if it might not happen for another five years. For the next CPD period, and reflecting these likely constraints, UNDP should place greater emphasis on its role as a provider of knowledge and advisory services in its existing focus areas. UNDP should seek support from internal experts and funding to engage in analytical and preparatory work to support Seychelles to mobilise climate change finance. Given the income status of Seychelles, this is likely to be the main source of concessional funding available for the country over the next CPD period and beyond.


The country office should ensure that future project designs avoid unnecessary proliferation of project components and counterparts and include only well-reasoned, straightforward monitoring and evaluation frameworks and targets. Where designs include plans for complex physical works that have not been subject to detailed feasibility studies, sufficient time should be allocated to complete this work, and flexibility should be provided to respond appropriately to the outcomes. The unnecessary complexity of some project designs, and insufficient due diligence in the identification of sub-projects, created significant delays and increased project management risks. Recognising the small island state context, as far as possible, project designs should be kept simple, and flexibility for adaptive management should be retained.


The country office should improve results-based management through a series of recommended measures. Programme level reporting frameworks should only include objectives, targets and related indicators over which UNDP can realistically have a measurable influence. Increased monitoring and evaluation and research capacity should be built into individual project designs or a shared resource should be established to provide analytical support across the PCU. Finally, a common narrative should be developed across the programme explaining the challenges that UNDP is helping Seychelles Government to address.

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