Evaluation of “Improving Environmental Monitoring in the Black Sea II" Project

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2021, RBEC
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
09/2019
Completion Date:
09/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
11,000

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document 1. ToR Evaluation Expert EMBLAS-Fin.docx tor English 53.97 KB Posted 310
Download document 2019-05-13 EMBLAS II TE-final4-exclAT.pdf report English 1543.69 KB Posted 365
Title Evaluation of “Improving Environmental Monitoring in the Black Sea II" Project
Atlas Project Number: 00077906
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, RBEC
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2019
Planned End Date: 09/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
SDG Target
  • 14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
  • 14.a Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Evaluation Budget(US $): 11,000
Source of Funding: EU funding
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 7,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Glen Hearns Evaluation Expert mailto:ghearns@eco-logical-resolutions.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, EU
Countries: GEORGIA, REPUBLIC OFUKRAINE
Lessons
Findings
1.

5 Findings

5.1 Project Design 

Strategic design and Framework

The EMBLAS-II project strategy and design is effective in building upon the previous success of EMBLAS I, and focussing on i) improving the availability and quality of Black Sea environmental data with ii) improving partner countries' ability to perform marine environmental monitoring, both at a national level, but also importantly at a regional level. The regional level capacity is critical to help build transparency regarding data and monitoring for decisions and consequently, the effort placed in training and capacity development, particularly under the rubric of harmonization is well developed. 

EMBLAS-II was designed and delivered around seven inter-related activities:

1. Support at the implementation of countries’ obligations under the Bucharest and other related Conventions and Agreements. 2. National Pilot Monitoring Studies (NPMS) - Development and implementation of NPMS for testing and harmonisation of developed by EMBLAS-I drafts of cost-effective National Black Sea Integrated Monitoring and Assessment Programmes (N-BSIMAPs) in accordance with reporting obligations under the WFD, MSFD and BSIMAP. 3. Large scale implementation of training and intercomparison programmes on monitoring methods and quality assurance adhering to the ISO 17025 standard. 4. Joint Open Sea Surveys (JOSS) - Implementation of the Joint Black Sea Surveys methodology along the lines of the MSFD, WFD and BSIMAP. 5. Upgrade and operation of the web-based Black Sea Water Quality Database. 6. Dissemination of knowledge and best practices, public awareness and visibility. 7. Management and coordination of the project

The project addresses political level priorities regionally through activity #1 and nationally through activities #1 and #2. It addresses technical interests in terms of developing national level programs (#2), building capacity needs (#3), obtaining data and reporting (#4) and sharing data (#5). It recognized importance of building up public awareness and action around the Black Sea (#6). In doing so, EMBLAS-II was designed to meet the different interests of stakeholders in a realistic and functional way. The EMBLAS-II Results and Resources Framework (Annex F), as developed in the Inception Report,12 illustrates sound causal relationships between overall objectives, intended outcomes of the project, and project deliverables or outputs to achieve those outcomes. The project activities are supportive of one another. The indicators, for the most part are SMART compatible and can be verified through documents, web based information and interviews. 


Tag: Environment Policy Effectiveness Gender Mainstreaming Women's Empowerment Donor relations Policies & Procedures Programme/Project Design Results-Based Management Risk Management Theory of Change Capacity Building Data and Statistics

2.

5.2 Project Implementation and Adaptive Management

Overall the Project Management and adaptive Management for was found to be “Satisfactory”. 

Implementation arrangements Both EMBAS I & II were under Direct Implementation Modality (DIM) by UNDP. Figure 1 outlines the basic organizational architecture of EMBLAS II. 

In EMBLAS-II the execution partners consisted of 7 national institutions and the BSC, which had a role of “Responsible Parties”: • Odessa National I.I. Mechnikov University (ONU) - Ukraine; • Ukrainian Scientific Center of Ecology of the Sea (UkrSCES) – Odessa, Ukraine; • Institute of Marine Biology (IMB) – Ukraine; • Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU) – Georgia; • National Environmental Agency “Black Sea Monitoring Center” (NEA) – Tbilisi, Georgia; • State Oceanographic Institute (SOI) – Russian Federation; • P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences (SIO-RAS) - Russian Federation; • Permanent Secretariat of the Black Sea Commission (BSC PS) – international

Under EMBLAS-II, these partners were pre-defined in the Project Document and are national scientific institutions or universities funded by the state budget. EMBLAS-Plus does not have pre-defined partners, but rather, as requested by the EC, call for proposals has been launched to identify the project partners (responsible parties) to ensure a broader competitive selection of “responsible parties”. The call went out 5th of February 2019 and was available through the project website, twitter and facebook. The decision to not have pre-defined partners has meant that the initial stages of EMBLAS-Plus will be used to evaluate and secure institutions and experts in the collection and analysis of data. 


Tag: Government Cost-sharing Implementation Modality Operational Efficiency Partnership Project and Programme management

3.

5.2.2 Stakeholder Engagement:

Stakeholder engagement, overall, was considered to be “Highly Satisfactory”. One of the key risks identified in the Project Document was the “non-involvement or lack of interest in parties” which was mitigated though continual involvement of project stakeholders, and in particular national project partners, both in the preparatory phase of the project as well as throughout during Steering Committee meetings and EMBLAS project team involvement in conferences and meetings including:

- General Assembly of SOLUTIONS project in October 2015, Stockholm;- Meeting of the Monitoring and Assessment Expert Group of the International Commission for the of the Danube River (ICPDR) in October 2015, Bratislava – discussions related to the harmonization of the ICPDR and the Black Sea Commission databases; - The Black Sea Commission Meeting, October 2015, Istanbul - presentation of the EMBLAS-II key activities, among presentations from other projects like EMODNET and PERSEUS; - PERSEUS Final Scientific Conference, 7-9 December 2015, Brussels; - APENA Workshop in 13-14 September 2016 in Odessa; - The Black Sea Commission Meeting, October 2016, Istanbul; - The Black Sea Stakeholder Conference on Blue Economy 15 September 2017, Batumi, Georgia – project presentation; - The Black Sea Commission Meeting, October 2017, Istanbul; - 20th Ordinary Meeting of the ICPDR, 12-13 December 2017, Vienna, Austria – presentation of the project - 9th International Black Sea Symposium, 21-22 March 2018, Athens, Greece – project presentation; - DNAqua-Net workshop “Validation and reporting of single species e-DNA analyses”, 26-27 March 2018, Innsbruck, Austria - presentation about the first results of e-DNA study in the Black Sea at http://dnaqua.net/


Tag: Effectiveness Communication Knowledge management Partnership Programme Synergy Coordination

4.

5.3 Project-level Monitoring, Evaluation Systems and reporting:

Section 6 of the Project Document outlines a detailed and effective monitoring and evaluation framework for EMBLAS-II. The M&E plan called for a “mid-term” and “final evaluation” to be conducted. As previously discussed the “Mid-term” evaluation was contained within the terminal evaluation of the EMBLAS I project. There was sufficient fund set aside for evaluation activities. The recommendations and results of which were integrated into the planning of the remainder of EMLAS-II illustrating a high degree of responsiveness from the Project Team. For example, one of the recommendations was to have EMBLAS-II extended as well as maintaining closer cooperation with BSC secretariat stemmed from the mid-term evaluation. The result was the project was extended from 1 October 2017 to 31 May 2018, and increased connection and training was conducted with UkrSCES, which is the Black Sea Activity centre and has been in charge of the development of the Black Sea Water Quality Database, which is storing all data collected during the monitoring cruises. 


Tag: Knowledge management Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Building Advocacy Coordination

5.

5.4 Project Results towards Outcomes

5.4.1 Relevance: 

The relevance of the project is considered “Relevant”. The project design on EMBLAS II followed on from its predecessor in supporting the countries’ interest in developing and effective and efficient monitoring practices and improving upon environmental reporting and communication which are obligations under Article XV of the Bucharest Convention as well as the requirements for Marine Strategy Framework Directive.  The development of monitoring programs and capacity is directly related to the key project objective: to improve the level of protection of the Black Sea environment which relates to both national and regional stated priorities. All the beneficiary countries engaged in the EMBLAS II and EMBLAS-Plus projects have ratified the Black Sea Convention. Moreover, at the UN Ocean Conference in June 2017, the project has been registered as a “voluntary commitment for the SDG 14 (Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development)”. The EMBLAS II project addresses UNDP Outcome 1: Growth and development are inclusive and sustainable, incorporating productive capacities that create employment and livelihoods for the poor and excluded. The project’s development of information and knowledge transfer or pollution control provides for a more sustainable resource base in the Black Sea in terms of tourism and fisheries. 


Tag: Environmental impact assessment Relevance Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Gender Parity Knowledge management Policies & Procedures Capacity Building Youth

6.

5.4.2 Effectiveness

The effectiveness of the project was considered as “Satisfactory”. Overall the EMBLAS II project has achieved its intended outputs and activities, and in the case of building awareness, has expanding and surpassed targets originally intended in the Project Document. Implementation of this project was partly linked to the activities of the Black Sea Commission and its Advisory Groups, including coordinating the reporting on indicators, Status of the Environment Report for the Black Sea (submitted for approval in October 2018). The activities of data collection (surveys), collation and data management, development of data bases all help support countries meet their reporting commitments to implement the Bucharest Convention as well as ensuring support and activities for the project. 

As shown in Table 1 the project was overall successful in reaching its output targets and consequent outcomes. More specifically the project exceeded targets for:

- developing policy documents to support harmonization on national legislation with EU standards; - data coverage descriptors specified in EU MSFD; - the number of new data entries in the Black Sea water quality database; - the number of organizations using jointly agreed data collection templates - the number of experts able to apply modern / novel monitoring techniques - number of pupils involved in the education campaigns on environmental sentinels and BS Clean Beach Days;  and, - Number of people reached through communication and public outreach activities.

Two sets of surveys were conducted in both 2016 and 2017 as part of data gathering and collaboration on the regional data base. In both seasons two cruises were conducted, one by Russia and the other by Ukraine and Georgia. National monitoring programs were established and run for 12 month periods in order to test and harmonize the drafts of cost-effective National Black Sea Integrated Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Programmes (N-BSIMAPs). The sites included 4 monitoring sites in Georgia; 2 monitoring sites in the Russian Federation; and 2 monitoring sites in the Ukraine. The project conducted its planned upgrading of the Black Sea Information System (BSIS) and BS WQD.  This included the development of standard entry sheets for digitization. The information portal is not accessible without a password, and no assessment of the extent and usability of the data base or any visualization tools have been done as part of this evaluation. The project was also successful at fostering new policies including:

i. Delineation of water bodies for Ukraine and Georgia prepared, submitted to MENR UA and MEPA GE for consideration;

ii. Road map for MSFD Implementation and Plan for Initial Assessment prepared for Ukraine, submitted to MENR UA;

iii. Economic assessment for national monitoring;

iv. “Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection of Georgia and the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine on cooperation in the field of environmental protection of the Black Sea and its catchment”, during the 4th High-level Stakeholder Conference on Blue Economy in the Black Sea, on 15 September.


Tag: Environmental impact assessment Effectiveness Communication Operational Efficiency Civil Societies and NGOs Donor UN Agencies Advocacy Data and Statistics

7.

5.4.3 Efficiency

The efficiency of the project was considered at “Highly Satisfactory”. The project structure outlined in the Inception Report (Figure 1) proved an efficient way of structuring the project. The reports of the Steering Committee outline the decision making at various key stages of the project, including changes to the DoA; the determination to request an extension of 8 months; changes to scope of activities, for example the reduce the scale of activities appropriately.


Tag: Efficiency Operational Efficiency Oversight

8.

5.5 Sustainability

The entire EMBLAS-II project has been conducted with the view to sustainability of the project outcomes. The project emphasizes the improvement of monitoring capabilities of the countries to undertake actions associated with the Bucharest Convention as well as EU responsibilities associated with the WFD and MSFD. By working enhancing the capacity of key semi-public institutions within the region, the project has advanced the ability of littoral states to meet their monitoring needs, as well as develop and enhance the ability for joint data collection. The extensive awareness campaign will be a catalyst for ongoing public and political support for the improvement of the environmental situation in the Black Sea. 

There was no officially EMBLAS supported 2018 Black Sea Clean Beach Day, nevertheless, schools and communities previously involved have kept up the tradition. In one case two schools (one in Georgia and one in Ukraine) interacted via skype to discuss and share their activities. 

5.5.1 Financial sustainability: The financial sustainability of the project in sustain the project benefits are “moderately likely”. While the countries are committed to continue monitoring and assessment of the Black Sea in line with their commitments under the Bucharest Convention and in preparing to adhere to EU framework directives, the cost associated with monitoring is not insignificant. This is particularly true with monitoring associated with new indicators such as micro plastics or biological indicators. Currently, the key national partner institutions do not all have the capability to conduct analysis of some indicators with acceptable QA/QC standards. This means either samples must be sent outside the region with additional costs, or institutions need to develop the capacity which will need to be sustained. There are clearly funds under EMBLAS-Plus to continue to the process of monitoring, harmonization and capacity building for another two years; however, additional funding will likely be needed beyond EMBLAS-Plus to sustain monitoring at a level required by the MSFD. There is a strong likelihood that with greater integration into the EU there may be more opportunities for continued support for monitoring efforts. 


Tag: Sustainability Integration Monitoring and Evaluation Partnership Theory of Change Country Government Capacity Building Data and Statistics

9.

5.6 Overall Impact 

The overall impact of the EMBLAS-II project can be said to be “satisfactory”. The project has built and improved understanding of pressures and impacts arising from human activities in support to knowledge-based environmental protection. It contributed to improvements in the field of environment protection management, providing for guiding documents and management tools, new methods of surveying, harmonizing indicators and survey methods. The harmonization, at least in the indicators being measured, will allow for improved knowledge. The upgrading of the BS WQD67 allows for digitized input for data from the region. It is currently maintained by UkrSCES, and contains the data collected during the EMBLAS-II Surveys in 2016 and 2017 as well as the 12 months national monitoring programs conducted as part of EMBLAS-II. 


Tag: Environment Policy Natural Resouce management Impact Communication Knowledge management

Recommendations
1

Build momentum for cooperation and trust by continuing to create partnerships and linkages with other projects. While one of the key goals of EMBLAS is to support the Black Sea Integrated Monitoring and Assessment Programme (BSIMAP), the project should emphasize development of synergies with existing and potential projects where benefit sharing can occur. This is important as the greater inter-relationships there are with other projects and other countries in the region the greater the possibility to ensure ongoing information and data exchange for environmental protection in the Black Sea. For example, the Exit Strategy promoted coordination between EMBLAS-Plus and the ENI CBC “Black Sea Basin Joint Operational Programme 2014-2020”. It will be particularly important to link with projects that include Black Sea countries, other than the key beneficiaries, such as Turkey and Romania, to help create greater momentum for cooperation in the region. To this end, a review of projects, and “project linkage” memo or note should be developed and reviewed by the Steering Committee within the first year.

2

Emphasize raising public awareness as a means of building knowledge and maintaining political will. EMBLAS-II did a very good job at building public awareness in the region regarding the protection of the Black Sea and pollution. It will be important to increase the effort associated with this under EMBLAS-Plus.

  • Upgrading the “Black Sea SaveBook” to be able to have multiple experts address questions in a “wiki” semi-open format. For example, an active user could be invited to respond to questions within a certain range of knowledge, otherwise more knowledge experts can be invited. Identify the institution that will sustain the Save Book early in the project so that they operate it during the course of the project and do not just get it handed over to them at the end. Consider requesting an academic institution to take over.

  • Consider establishing the Black Sea Clean Beach Day earlier in the year (late September) to involve more people with better weather, create collection competitions, awards, or self-made funny videos (oddest piece of litter), etc. that can be incorporated into the Black Sea Day ceremonies on October 31.

  • Place greater focus on “sharing data with other marine information platforms” explore the possibility to link with other international groups with high visibility platforms, and take advantage of info-graphics and visualization tools. For example linking with IUCN’s marine visualization tools being developed under LME:LEARN.

3

Conduct a short study on the economic valuation/importance of the environment in the Black Sea, particularly for tourism and fisheries.  Either through linking with other projects, or developing a standalone product, a policy brief on the economic benefits of the environment would be useful to enhance political action at the national and regional levels. If such a study cannot be accomplished within the timeframe of EMBLAS-Plus then the foundations for such a study should be laid for future work. Such a study would help increase involvement and awareness from line ministries associated with the economic development which would also enhance developing political will amongst a broader base.

4

Improve information and knowledge transfer both within the region and outside the region, to support functionality and usability of the Black Sea Information System (BSIS) and the Black Sea Water Quality Database (BS WQD).

  • As per the Exit Strategy of EMBLAS-II, develop an agreement for the long-term maintenance of the Black Sea Water Quality Database, and its interaction with the Black Sea Information System under EMBLAS-Plus;
  • Consider allowing public and academic access to the BSIS, or at least certain levels of information it contains; and
  • Sharing data with other marine information platforms.

 

5

Activity and deliverables planning should take into account a start-up period for the project to become operational (3 months) as well as an information consolidation period at the end of the project (3 months). Also, project planning should include prioritization of the project activities at an early stage of the project implementation to ensure that unforeseen events do not undermine the overall project outcomes.

6

To mitigate the effect of altering exchange rates explore:

  • Having the entire committed grant exchanged into USD and held in a special donor’s account, or placed in escrow to be released as per donor prescription;
  • Including an assessment of “currency exchange risk” under the risk management strategy;
  • Allowing sufficient reserve in the budget planning, for example agreeing to 5% contingency amount that can be held back until requested; 
  • Provide for some flexibility within project planning to alter outputs that would not undermine the project outcomes (for example, ensure outcomes are not dependent upon single outputs) - Active adaptive planning should be adopted where by details of activities are committed to depending on the amount received per tranche;
  • Consider suggesting that the UNDP develop an “exchange contingency fund” to help address shortfalls – this could conceivably be contributed to by projects that have benefited from exchange rate fluctuations.
7

With the “call for partners” and “call for proposals” ensure that one of the criteria is the “commitment of institutions to sustain the activities post EMBLAS-Plus”, as well as overall sustainability of pilot local activities

8

Involvement of women in the project implementation should be further strengthened, in particularly in the context of the planned Call for proposals, which will be targeting local communities, NGOs/CSOs and general public.

9

8 Recommendations for EMBLAS-Plus (In general)

The exit strategy for EMBLAS II addresses sustainability in several areas including:

- Ensuring that the data collected on the ocean surveys are used in the next Status of Environment report (2014-2010); form part of the initial assessments to be developed by Ukraine and Georgia linked to EU MSFD; survey methodologies and standard operating procedures are shared with the Black Sea Commission advisory groups; and that guidelines for macroplankton are added to the biological guidelines to be reviewed by the BS Commission.

- Maintenance and expansion of the Black Sea Water Quality Data Base (BS WQD) through the Ukrainian project partner UkrSCES, which is the Black Sea Regional Activity Center for Pollution Monitoring and Assessment of the Black Sea Commission; sharing the data with other marine information platforms; collecting and sharing data from other (past and future) surveys; increasing the number of modules within the BSIS to include biodiversity, marine litter and noise; improve the data base functionality for reporting; develop and on-line user guide; and a concept for the long-term maintenance of the database, and its interaction with the Black Sea Information System should be prepared.

- Improving the public awareness, specifically through the Black Sea SaveBook Game, the Black Sea Guardian Angel Award, and the SC Clean Beach Day.

- Further linking Initial Assessments to be developed by Ukraine and Georgia, linked to the EU MSFD implementation with data collected by EMBLAS-Plus.

The Exit Strategy is correct in advancing sustainability of the project outputs through promoting the use of the data and information generated (including SOPs); enhancing the Black Sea Water Quality Data Base; and building public awareness. These are the principal pillars upon which EMBLAS-Plus is founded along with a focus on reduction of marine litter. The exit strategy emphasises that the use of the data generated and methodologies developed should go to a broader audience than the BSC. This is echoed in sharing the BS WQD information with other marine platforms. It is important that the information generated be accessible to a wide a range of audiences as possible so that it may have the maximum amount of impact. Expanding beyond serving the BSC, and the Bucharest convention, will help ensure that this is achieved. Indeed, linking the information generated to Ukraine and Georgia’s implementation of the EU MSFD is clearly, another important element in the sustainability of the EMBLAS II outputs. However, outputs could be of use even beyond the scope of the BSC or the project countries.

Linking to other projects to enhance use and dissemination, however, should not detract from the focus on supporting the Bucharest Convention. This is also important as more attention is given to reporting requirements associated with the EU MSFD. As the source of funding for the activities is coming from the EU, a balance needs to be sought between enhancing EU alignment in the region and supporting the BSC. As noted in the EMBLAS-Plus Pro Doc: “The situation of EU-Russian Federation relations will be kept under review. It may have an impact on the activities of the BSC in which the Russian Federation could be involved.” Consequently, while aligning with the variety of national priorities that exist, emphasis should be first and foremost placed on the protection of the marine environment, which is supported by the Bucharest Convention, and additionally EU MSFD, amongst others.

One of the risks identified in the EMBLAS-Plus Pro Doc is poor coordination with Black Sea countries not involved in EMBLAS-Plus. It will therefore be important to emphasize linkages with other projects which will include other countries in the region and serve to broaden the base of potential activities. While the core of the EMBLAS-Plus should remain supporting the Bucharest Convention, the manner in which it does so should be as broad as possible. Linkages to both projects providing information which could feed into the BSIS as well as projects which could benefit from the information produced through EMBLAS-Plus will enhance the sustainability of the activities conducted. A review of potential partner projects should be conducted within the first year of the project.

The exit strategy emphasises public awareness raising ensure to sustainability of the work achieved; however, it does not go much into the mechanics of how this is to be achieved. On the other hand, this is elaborated under Result 3 in the Project Document for EMBLAS-Plus. The focus is enhancing the “Black Sea SaveBook” phone app, the Black Sea Clean Beach Day, and improving visibility of the project in general. 

The importance of raising the general awareness of the public is underscored by understanding the role it plays in the various countries with regard to influencing political momentum towards achieving project goals and maintaining momentum for sustainability of action. The first three risks identified to EMBLAS-Plus, section 3.5.2 of the Proc Doc, which relate to the importance of building public awareness and momentum for a clean Black Sea: 

- Continued administrative and structural difficulties and unstable political situation in the countries. Recently, both Ukraine and Georgia have faced administrative reforms which affected the field of environmental protection;

- Forthcoming Presidential and Parliamentarian elections in Ukraine, in 2019. Both elections will have impact on overall implementation as well as on partnership with the government of Ukraine. This may also result in changes in the management of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources; and,

- Political relationships of Russian Federation with Ukraine and Georgia may have some implications on the project implementation, in particular for the organization of Joint Black Sea Surveys. 

Building public awareness around the issues will help to build momentum and understanding around the state of the Black Sea and the actions which are needed to bring it to an appropriate level of environmental protection. The Public awareness and interest will outlive structural and political reforms, and to varying degrees influence political action/response in the project countries. Another factor that could influence a political action and maintain momentum to achieve project goals, would be to link tourism and Black Sea protection. If there are significant economic drivers beyond fisheries, then this can help to persuade political will. The EMBLAS-Plus Pro Doc, mentions the impact on human welfare and tourism; however, does not identify specific activities other than including them in the list of NGO’s and civil society organisation in which to promote awareness. It may be beyond the scope of EMBLAS-Plus to conduct a study on tourism, however it would be useful to build linkages with any regional or national studies/projects involved in tourism. Possibly in conjunction with Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) programmes 2014-2020.

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org