Evaluation report of the UNDP’s Outcome Inclusive Growth

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Evaluation Plan:
2020-2022, Angola
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
10/2020
Completion Date:
11/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
12,000

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Title Evaluation report of the UNDP’s Outcome Inclusive Growth
Atlas Project Number: 110554,76670
Evaluation Plan: 2020-2022, Angola
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2020
Planned End Date: 10/2020
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.2.1 Capacities at national and sub-national levels strengthened to promote inclusive local economic development and deliver basic services including HIV and related services
Evaluation Budget(US $): 12,000
Source of Funding: TRAC funds
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 12,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Cristina Rodrigues International Consultant crisrodrigues70@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Government of Angola, United Nations agencies, CSO, academia, NGOs,
Countries: ANGOLA
Lessons
1.

Lessons learned for future UNDP inclusive and sustainable economic growth support to Angola are mostly focussed on: - how unclear planning and programming affects the Outcome; - the fact that there are activities that produced recognisably good results; on the potentials of partnerships and synergies; on the weight contextual changes can have in programmes and projects.


Findings
1.

The main general finding is that the Outcome area lacked a clear theory of change throughout, consistent for both programmes and the two projects. Regarding its relevance in the country, UNDP support is evidently needed and the UNDP is considered important for the government for the work in the area. The selected method of delivery has been appropriate to the development context and the UNDP has been influential in national debates on Economic Management and Inclusive Growth. However, the capacity of response to changing scenarios and to requests made by national partners in the Inclusive Growth area was evidently lagging behind for the most part of the two projects of the Outcome. Regarding the effectiveness of the project, the evaluation found that UNDP support has contributed towards an improvement in national government capacity for Economic Management and private sector led growth for employment generation and poverty reduction. UNDP worked with other UN agencies and other international and national delivery partners in this sense and utilised innovative techniques and best practices in its Economic Management and Inclusive Growth programming. The Outcome expected results were achieved in general. Stakeholders perceive UNDP as a strong advocate for improving government effectiveness and integrity in Economic Management in Angola. However, the evaluation found that UNDP is currently not well suited to provide Economic Management/private sector development support to national and local governments in Angola given the small available resources for the area and consequently the small scattered and ad hoc support to activities. In terms of efficiency, UNDP approaches, resources, models, conceptual framework are currently relevant to achieve the planned Outcome but were fragmented in the 2013-2017 programme. UNDP’s governance strategy and execution has somehow been efficient and cost effective and the monitoring and evaluation systems put in place help to ensure that programmes are managed efficiently and effectively. Alternative approaches were not, however, considered in designing the projects. The evaluation of the sustainability found that Economic Management and Inclusive Growth interventions are likely to be sustainable in general and that UNDP has set in place mechanisms to support the government of the Angola to sustain improvements made through these inclusive growth interventions. As for the partnership strategy, this has been limited and inconsistent in the Economic Management and Inclusive Growth sector, with potential partners in the private and bilateral sectors only entering into partnerships very recently. Partnerships affected the progress towards achieving the outputs, positively and negatively. However, UNDP has been effective in partnering with civil society and the private sector to promote good and sound Economic Management. The analysis of cross-cutting issues found that gender was addressed in the design, implementation and monitoring of Economic Management and Inclusive Growth projects and UNDP’s support promoted positive changes in gender equality, but not explicitly. Given the size of the projects, a limited number of youth, women and other disadvantaged and marginalized groups benefitted from UNDP’s work in support of Economic Management and Inclusive Growth.


Recommendations
1

UNDP Country Office should follow and systematically re-appraise the theory of change of the intervention and the Outcome area should become more focused, with solidly established objectives and activities leading to economic development. This needs to be defined as early as possible in the new programming, stating clear directions for the work to be done. The projects and Outcome programme should establish clear outputs and indicators and assure their monitoring and evaluation throughout. The Outcome needs to continue to consolidate its efforts and avoid fragmentation through clearly defined programming and resource allocation. UNDP should review the importance of the Outcome for its CP and allocate more staff – for instance, through the UN JPO Programme – and seek for increased funding, for example through partnerships initiated with IFI and bilateral cooperation.  The Outcome should be prepared for an expansion of the expected results. In addition, increased normative work for economic development policy is needed and can be done by using project results to advocate for policy change.

2

UNDP needs to focus more on youth and employment to more adequately align to the government priority set for youth, employment and the economy in general to address poverty and development. These two targets should be clearly emphasised in the Country Program, making economic development particularly targeted at youth an autonomous area within the programme. Simultaneously, the development of the Outcome should work to transversalise economic development to other CP areas like the environment, sustainable value chains or gender focussed projects. Poverty should be brought forth again to the programming of the UNDP Angola, together with improved communication of Outcome results to increase relevance. The UNDP work in the area of the SDGs should become more a CO effort than of the UNDP specifically.

3

Activities in the Outcome should continue to invest in sustainability, especially through the expansion of successful sustainable projects and practises. While the new activities should continue to emphasize and target sustainability, the projects and activities that have already proved to be likely to be replicated and even continued by the government in the same or similar models should be given priority.

4

UNDP should develop a clear and relevant partnership strategy, based on the good experiences of joint work and oriented towards the Outcome objectives and aims. At the UN CO level, the UNDP should explore synergies with the ILO and FAO, especially in what productive and income generating activities are concerned. Also, the synergies with the UNDP Accelerator Lab in Angola need to focus on innovations for job and economic opportunities creation, particularly for the youth and women in the informal economy. UNDP can also further explore the partnerships and funding from the European Union, the World Bank/IFAD or the AfDB, as well as work within government programmes. Given the graduation of Angola to MIC, government funding for activities in this area needs to be more actively sought.

5

Gender equality and Human Rights should continue to be taken into consideration in the design and implementation of projects but an increased focus on women as key actors for the Angolan economic development should be pursued. While the continuation of activities targeting women or vulnerable groups is desired, the Outcome needs to open for new modalities of fostering equality and addressing the more vulnerable.

1. Recommendation:

UNDP Country Office should follow and systematically re-appraise the theory of change of the intervention and the Outcome area should become more focused, with solidly established objectives and activities leading to economic development. This needs to be defined as early as possible in the new programming, stating clear directions for the work to be done. The projects and Outcome programme should establish clear outputs and indicators and assure their monitoring and evaluation throughout. The Outcome needs to continue to consolidate its efforts and avoid fragmentation through clearly defined programming and resource allocation. UNDP should review the importance of the Outcome for its CP and allocate more staff – for instance, through the UN JPO Programme – and seek for increased funding, for example through partnerships initiated with IFI and bilateral cooperation.  The Outcome should be prepared for an expansion of the expected results. In addition, increased normative work for economic development policy is needed and can be done by using project results to advocate for policy change.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/29] [Last Updated: 2020/12/29]

Fully accept. The focus on upstream level will continue as way to produce evidence for better poverty policy responses. This has been the case for elaboration and construction of Municipal Multidimensional Poverty Report and the National Multidimensional Poverty Indicators and Reports. UNPD has also assisted the Ministry of State for Social Sector in mapping the effectiveness of social national programs. All these reports have led to influence the revisions of the National Development Programme 2018-2022, budgeting options and prioritization in planning for social protection and economic development policies. The study on skills supply and demand in Huila professional has also led to the formulation and publication of the Presidential Decree that will regulate professional internship and industrial attachment of young people graduating to the TVET in the country. With additional financial resources expected from Norwegian and Rapid Financial Facility (RFF), the Inclusive Growth Unit will certainly increase not only its technical team but the scale in terms of  influencing innovative solutions  and policies advancing economy development and poverty reduction in area of economic diversification, TVET, social protection for informal economy sector  and digitalization, and youth employment. UNDP will also support the implementation of the iSDG model in country through the Ministry of Economy and Planning to identify pathway policies needed for the country to align and achieve the SDGs. Results will be achieved to partnering with UN Agencies, IFIs and Development agencies.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Extension for additional one year for the actual Country Economist Consultant
[Added: 2020/12/29] [Last Updated: 2021/04/16]
UNDP 2021/03 Completed Extended the contract of the Country Economist Consultant. History
2. Recommendation:

UNDP needs to focus more on youth and employment to more adequately align to the government priority set for youth, employment and the economy in general to address poverty and development. These two targets should be clearly emphasised in the Country Program, making economic development particularly targeted at youth an autonomous area within the programme. Simultaneously, the development of the Outcome should work to transversalise economic development to other CP areas like the environment, sustainable value chains or gender focussed projects. Poverty should be brought forth again to the programming of the UNDP Angola, together with improved communication of Outcome results to increase relevance. The UNDP work in the area of the SDGs should become more a CO effort than of the UNDP specifically.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/29] [Last Updated: 2020/12/29]

Fully accept. UNDP is positioning itself in the country in area of youth skills development and employment programme support. Youth and gender are crosscutting issues in the CPD with prioritization in economic empowerment and inclusive participation. The Memorandum of Understating between the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Insurance was signed in 2020, and the Action Plan is now in place. With support from Turkey_ UNDP Partnership 100 young people graduating from TVET in Huila Province have been admitted to professional internship with local companies. In joint resource mobilization effort between UNICEF and UNDP, the financial resources will be available from Norway to build back better in post COVID-19 context which will enhance skill development and job creation for the youth in Angola. The Inclusive Growth Unit will recruit two additional staff on service contract to deliver UNDP’s engagement on youth skill deveppement, entrepreneurship and employment initiative.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Finalize ToR for recruitment of two professional with specialisation in youth vocational training and employment
[Added: 2020/12/29] [Last Updated: 2021/04/16]
Programme Unit 2021/03 Completed In April the two position was published in UNDP Jobs site for the recruitment process. History
3. Recommendation:

Activities in the Outcome should continue to invest in sustainability, especially through the expansion of successful sustainable projects and practises. While the new activities should continue to emphasize and target sustainability, the projects and activities that have already proved to be likely to be replicated and even continued by the government in the same or similar models should be given priority.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/29] [Last Updated: 2020/12/29]

Partially accepts.There is a clear alignment between CDP outcome with UNSDCF e with National Development Plan. It is acknowledged that the scale of the country economic diversification will depend on highly and professionally qualified people. UNDP investments in professional vocational training will not only foster employment prospects but also larger participation of young people in productive sector. In aligning with PRODESI and PREI will give more substantiality as the government is heavily investing in productive sector and formulation of informal sector. This is outcome prioritization will be given for  concrete actions with potential for  greater impact for employment generation and poverty reduction.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Updating the theory of change according to the changing environment
[Added: 2020/12/29] [Last Updated: 2021/04/16]
Programme Unit 2021/03 Completed The Inclusive Growth & Development Programme aims to support government efforts by setting up platforms that promote self-employment in urban areas and small business incubation centres to provide youth-driven start-ups with financial and technical advice. In addition, the Inclusive Growth & Development Programme will support the country office initiatives that emphasize development cooperation, collaborative networks, innovation and scale-up and scale-out efforts. Also, provide inputs focusing on unemployment and compile data and analysis for reports that technical support to management on macroeconomic policies, trends and relevant linkages with topical emerging issues in Angola to youth job creation, enterpreunsership and poverty reduction. History
4. Recommendation:

UNDP should develop a clear and relevant partnership strategy, based on the good experiences of joint work and oriented towards the Outcome objectives and aims. At the UN CO level, the UNDP should explore synergies with the ILO and FAO, especially in what productive and income generating activities are concerned. Also, the synergies with the UNDP Accelerator Lab in Angola need to focus on innovations for job and economic opportunities creation, particularly for the youth and women in the informal economy. UNDP can also further explore the partnerships and funding from the European Union, the World Bank/IFAD or the AfDB, as well as work within government programmes. Given the graduation of Angola to MIC, government funding for activities in this area needs to be more actively sought.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/29] [Last Updated: 2020/12/29]

Fully accept. Available Partnership Strategy and Resource Mobilization emphasizing collaborative partnership with IFIs, Privates sector and government for greater impact and delivery of development services.  A Joint Programme titled: Angola Catalytic Finance Initiative (ACFI) to initiate the poultry value chain has submit to the Joint SDG Fund. FAO will focus on the acceleration of inclusive and sustainable agribusiness investment in Economic Growth Corridors, Agro-economic Information System and AgrInvest. UNDP will emphasize on vocational training and industrial apprenticeship. The IFC will concentrate ongoing upstream initiatives and advisory services programs, leveraging the Agribusiness Leadership Programme, focusing on the development of capacities and models in the poultry sectors. UNFPA will build the integration of women in the value chain.

UNDP is also engaged with ILO in elaboration of the study of skills demand and supply in Huila Province and further collaboration is now envisaged in analysis of the impact of Covid-19 on informal economic sector in Angola.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Review and finalization of the Country Partnership Strategy and Resource Mobilization
[Added: 2020/12/29] [Last Updated: 2021/03/29]
Programme Unit 2021/03 Completed Finalized the Partnership Strategy and Resource Mobilization emphasizing collaborative partnership with IFIs, Privates sector and government for greater impact and delivery of development services. History
5. Recommendation:

Gender equality and Human Rights should continue to be taken into consideration in the design and implementation of projects but an increased focus on women as key actors for the Angolan economic development should be pursued. While the continuation of activities targeting women or vulnerable groups is desired, the Outcome needs to open for new modalities of fostering equality and addressing the more vulnerable.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/29] [Last Updated: 2020/12/29]

Fully accept. In actual projects gender is consider as priority. With funds from Norway in building back better in post COVID-19 context which will enhance skill development and job creation for the youth in Angola, 60% of young women are expected to benefit directly from the intervention. The Inclusive Growth Unit is expected to increase the staff by recruitment of the two qualified women.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Design and advertisement of the ToR indication clearly that will be encouraged to apply
[Added: 2020/12/29] [Last Updated: 2021/04/16]
Programme Unit 2021/03 Completed To respond to these challenges, UNDP and UNICEF partnered with the Royal Norwegian Embassy of Luanda to promote an innovative project aimed at enhancing skills development for the Angolan youth, focused on the promotion of quality Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), youth employment and entrepreneurship, and youth engagement. History

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