Mid-term Review of Socio-Technical Facilitation Services to Housing Reconstruction in Gorkha District (GoI funded)

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Nepal
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
07/2019
Completion Date:
07/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
5,000

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Title Mid-term Review of Socio-Technical Facilitation Services to Housing Reconstruction in Gorkha District (GoI funded)
Atlas Project Number: 00061320
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Nepal
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 07/2019
Planned End Date: 07/2019
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Resilience
  • 3. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.1.1 Core government functions and inclusive basic services4 restored post-crisis for stabilisation, durable solutions to displacement and return to sustainable development pathways within the framework of national policies and priorities
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Evaluation Budget(US $): 5,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 5,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Purushotam Dangol
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, GoI, Municipalities, CSOs, Beneficiaries
Countries: NEPAL
Lessons
Findings
1.

4.1. Meetings:

The meeting with ODR team, official of GMALI, DUDBC, Ward Chief, house owners were held to know about the usefulness of project, impact on the quality of construction work considering earthquake resistant technology.

4.1.1. Meeting with ODR team:

The meetings with district coordinator Er. Ram Sapkota and his subordinators were held in the ODR district office at Gorkha. During the meetings, District Coordinator highlighted the background of Owner- Driven Reconstruction approach (ODR), main activities, objective of the project and progress of project as below: The main activities of the project are to provide the socio-technical facilitation to the house-owner who are having problem in receiving the tranches, reconstructing the houses, assuring the necessary materials and resources need for the reconstruction. So, the present status of the housing reconstruction is essential to provide the necessary support for those needy households. The total beneficiaries of the project working area are 26912. On the basis of RIMSdata till May, 22224 numbers of houses were completed. Similarly, 3068 houses were under construction and 1620 houses were remained to be started which includes both agreement and non-agreement houses After brief description of the project, discussion and activities done during the meeting, Dr. Purushotam Dangol raised the following issues and District Coordinator Er. Ram Sapkota and his team cleared the raised issue


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Resilience building Policies & Procedures Technology

2.

4.1.1. Meeting with ODR team: (continuation)

5. House owner’ acknowledgement a) Very popular program among house owners. Very warm response of house owners, local level governance, concerned government authorities and general public. b) Excellent success rate. Considerable improve in earthquake resistance construction.

6. Communities’ interest to get advices from ODRC Community is more interested to get advices from ODR team on earthquake resistant building construction technology

7. Which part of the activities was irrelevant to project’s objective? All are relevant to the objective of project

8. Any suggestions to improve the project’s activities Require training on retrofitting construction technology to the Engineers Sub Engineers of the project in order to enhance the capacity on the retrofitting technology of the different type of building


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Resilience building Technology Capacity Building

Recommendations
1

Supervision of building construction site considering number of mason employing in site so that no escaping of critical work.

2

Soil condition study in the mass movement site by Geo-tech Engineer.

3

Focus on the rainwater management system as building in slop and terrain area mostly.

4

Capacity enhancement in retrofitting is required

5

Recommendations

The followings are the recommendation after monitoring the project site and discussion with the different stakeholders of the project.

1. Supervision of building construction site considering no of mason employing in site so that no escaping of critical work.

2. Soil condition study in the mass movement site by Geo tech Engineer.

3. Focus on the rain water management system as building in slop and terrain area mostly.

4. Capacity enhancement in retrofitting is required.

5. Need to certification for NRA payment from NRA engineer, need close relation with NRA Engineer while deciding in field major activities.

6. Capacities enhancement of engineer on other disasters such as wind, flood, landslide, fire.

7. As ODR engineer, ASN involving to provide material to house owners in credit, before installment. Proper documentation on credit agreement between owner and material provider without involving ODR engineer and ASN is required. 8. Extension of project require as per discussion with Gaupalika ward chief DLPIU engineer, GMALI engineer.

9. Communities' views need to be surveyed on the radio program.

10. ODR involved reconstruction project in ward completed as most 80% seeing the reconstruction of building in other wards in only about 40% ward chief requested to extend it into other ward also.

11. Reconstruction app includes Google Earth so that easy to observe the status of reconstruction.

6

Recommendations (continuation)

12. Changing situation in traditional construction materials and new construction materials. Traditional roofing material thatch roof detent rain water and reduce flow speed while CGI sheet speedup flow of rainwater. Soil scouring in newly exposed surface increased due to CGI sheet roofing. Land slide vulnerability increased due to the reasons. This can be balance by using bio-engineering methods. Need to aware technical staffs on bioengineering and environmental control.

13. Intensive training enhanced seismic resistance of public residence. inclusion of seismic components in the area found very well. But workmanship of masons found not so improved. Certain deficiencies are observed in construction – in line and level of masonry, filling of vertical joints, avoid continuous vertical joints as such. ANS should give attention in workmanship improvement of grass level masons as well. Improvement in hand holding training required to improve.

14. Seemed three category of ANS. Those previously engaging as masons in previous has excellent performance. But, those who has started the responsibility without previous experience as masons and started the responsibility having training has lower performance rate. Require to enhance 3rd category ANS for handholding training.

15. Experience and knowledge shearing plays vital role in uniqueness in results. Found excellent solutions in raised problems in some sites, while found ingomerred same problems in other sites. Site specific problems have been announced in case studies. But this type of information shearing is not enough in such spread project. Recommended to conduct experience and knowledge sharing program among staffs at least in week interval.

16. Certain gap observed between building permit system and field engineer. Information in certain structure design concepts found not communicated to field engineers. Due to it, site engineers got problems to aware house owners on design requirements. Knowledge sharing should be improved among design group and field technical groups.

17. Non compliance building constructed with load bearing wall and surrounding by column and beam in Gandaki Gaupalika could be retrofitted as confined masonry wall system by inserting the reinforced concrete columns with shear keys connecting brick wall 

Based on the observation of the project activities and meetings and discussion with different stakeholders of project, it is recommended to continue the project with the above recommendations.

1. Recommendation:

Supervision of building construction site considering number of mason employing in site so that no escaping of critical work.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/31] [Last Updated: 2021/02/07]

Recommendation well accepted. We will take necessary actions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Field Staff Movement Plan developed
[Added: 2020/01/31]
District Support Team, Palika Facilitation team 2019/12 Completed Movement plan developed and under implementation.
Reconstruction Information Management System (RIMS) used to trace visits
[Added: 2020/01/31]
District Support Team/ODRC- Partner Organizations 2020/01 Completed RIMS developed and is being implemented
2. Recommendation:

Soil condition study in the mass movement site by Geo-tech Engineer.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/31] [Last Updated: 2021/02/07]

Recommendation is well noted. Though landslide study is not a part of the housing reconstruction project, UNDP will mobilize own resources to prepare risk management plan and under take landslide risk mitigation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare risk management plan (hazard/vulnerability assessment) and undertake landslide risk mitigation measures in the very project area in 2020.
[Added: 2020/01/31] [Last Updated: 2021/01/06]
CDRMP team 2020/10 Completed UNDP prepared risk management plan and conducted landslide risk mitigation measures in working area. History
3. Recommendation:

Focus on the rainwater management system as building in slop and terrain area mostly.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/31] [Last Updated: 2021/02/07]

Well noted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Preparation of IEC materials on local risk mitigation measures and maintenance of houses
[Added: 2020/01/31] [Last Updated: 2020/04/21]
ODRC Partner Organization 2020/03 Completed IEC materials on local risk mitigation measures prepared and widely distributed. History
4. Recommendation:

Capacity enhancement in retrofitting is required

Management Response: [Added: 2020/01/31] [Last Updated: 2021/02/07]

Capacity building trainings are already in plan. They will be implemented.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Training of Trainers (TOT) on Retrofitting for district engineers and further roll out of the training to the field engineers and masons
[Added: 2020/01/31]
ODRC Partner Organization/District Support Team 2019/12 Completed Training of Trainers (TOT) on Retrofitting have been conducted for district engineers and further training are conducted by these engineers to the field engineers and masons. Continuous hand holding support is being provided to the engineer.
5. Recommendation:

Recommendations

The followings are the recommendation after monitoring the project site and discussion with the different stakeholders of the project.

1. Supervision of building construction site considering no of mason employing in site so that no escaping of critical work.

2. Soil condition study in the mass movement site by Geo tech Engineer.

3. Focus on the rain water management system as building in slop and terrain area mostly.

4. Capacity enhancement in retrofitting is required.

5. Need to certification for NRA payment from NRA engineer, need close relation with NRA Engineer while deciding in field major activities.

6. Capacities enhancement of engineer on other disasters such as wind, flood, landslide, fire.

7. As ODR engineer, ASN involving to provide material to house owners in credit, before installment. Proper documentation on credit agreement between owner and material provider without involving ODR engineer and ASN is required. 8. Extension of project require as per discussion with Gaupalika ward chief DLPIU engineer, GMALI engineer.

9. Communities' views need to be surveyed on the radio program.

10. ODR involved reconstruction project in ward completed as most 80% seeing the reconstruction of building in other wards in only about 40% ward chief requested to extend it into other ward also.

11. Reconstruction app includes Google Earth so that easy to observe the status of reconstruction.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/02/06] [Last Updated: 2021/02/07]

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

Recommendations (continuation)

12. Changing situation in traditional construction materials and new construction materials. Traditional roofing material thatch roof detent rain water and reduce flow speed while CGI sheet speedup flow of rainwater. Soil scouring in newly exposed surface increased due to CGI sheet roofing. Land slide vulnerability increased due to the reasons. This can be balance by using bio-engineering methods. Need to aware technical staffs on bioengineering and environmental control.

13. Intensive training enhanced seismic resistance of public residence. inclusion of seismic components in the area found very well. But workmanship of masons found not so improved. Certain deficiencies are observed in construction – in line and level of masonry, filling of vertical joints, avoid continuous vertical joints as such. ANS should give attention in workmanship improvement of grass level masons as well. Improvement in hand holding training required to improve.

14. Seemed three category of ANS. Those previously engaging as masons in previous has excellent performance. But, those who has started the responsibility without previous experience as masons and started the responsibility having training has lower performance rate. Require to enhance 3rd category ANS for handholding training.

15. Experience and knowledge shearing plays vital role in uniqueness in results. Found excellent solutions in raised problems in some sites, while found ingomerred same problems in other sites. Site specific problems have been announced in case studies. But this type of information shearing is not enough in such spread project. Recommended to conduct experience and knowledge sharing program among staffs at least in week interval.

16. Certain gap observed between building permit system and field engineer. Information in certain structure design concepts found not communicated to field engineers. Due to it, site engineers got problems to aware house owners on design requirements. Knowledge sharing should be improved among design group and field technical groups.

17. Non compliance building constructed with load bearing wall and surrounding by column and beam in Gandaki Gaupalika could be retrofitted as confined masonry wall system by inserting the reinforced concrete columns with shear keys connecting brick wall 

Based on the observation of the project activities and meetings and discussion with different stakeholders of project, it is recommended to continue the project with the above recommendations.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/02/07] [Last Updated: 2021/02/07]

Key Actions:

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