Final Evaluation of Socio-Technical Facilitation Services to Housing Reconstruction in Gorkha District (GOI funded)

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Nepal
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2021
Completion Date:
12/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
10,000

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Title Final Evaluation of Socio-Technical Facilitation Services to Housing Reconstruction in Gorkha District (GOI funded)
Atlas Project Number: 00061320
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Nepal
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2021
Planned End Date: 12/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Resilience
  • 3. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.1.1 Core government functions and inclusive basic services4 restored post-crisis for stabilisation, durable solutions to displacement and return to sustainable development pathways within the framework of national policies and priorities
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Evaluation Budget(US $): 10,000
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 11,200
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Dr. Gobinda Bahadur Basnet Independent consultant
Gopal Kharel Independent consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, GoI, Municipalities, CSOs
Countries: NEPAL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

The Ward and Palika Offices should maintain and update the database of technical human resources such as Masons, ANS, and CFs. The local governments could give priority to retain them for relevant work as they could provide valuable services in applying disaster safety measures in future construction work in the district.

2

A digital network or platform of these technical human resources should be developed at the district level and linked with other development initiatives that might take place in the district. This will keep the network vibrant and contribute in building a strong social capital. 

3

While maintaining and updating the database of trained masons, the Ward and Palika offices should also update the database of trained female masons and they should be linked with other development partners and construction agencies on priority basis. Such initial support by the officials would help to sustain the capacity of the trained female masons which later will sustain on their own.

4

A comprehensive data base of reconstruction, which could be easily accessed, should be developed and maintained at the Ward, Palika, and the District Coordination Committees. These databases could be linked with the Local Disaster Management Committees.

5

Many households (as in Dharche) were found to use houses those were partially damaged with minor repairs. However, these houses pose future risks until they are strengthened with retrofitting. A survey of use of such houses should be conducted and local governments should encourage retrofitting.

6

Safety measures against other hazards such as lightening, fire should be incorporated in already built and future houses as well. Measures such as earthing and construction of ponds where feasible, filling of pit holes around the house, etc. should be promoted. 

7

The successful housing reconstruction work has provided the local communities and the local governments knowledge, skills and confidence in the management of large scale development initiatives. This is a social capital which needs to be cashed on future development initiatives.

8

Efforts should be made to launch initiative to promote comprehensive economic prosperity upgrading from livelihood improvement focused initiative. This is of utmost importance considering the fact that many of the households had incurred debt while building the houses. 

9

Design of future programs should be more comprehensive considering multiple hazards such as land slide, fires etc. It should also take into account the emerging socio-economic (such as change in sex ratio, emerging economic opportunities) and environmental processes (such as change in water availability, wildlife damage etc.)

1. Recommendation:

The Ward and Palika Offices should maintain and update the database of technical human resources such as Masons, ANS, and CFs. The local governments could give priority to retain them for relevant work as they could provide valuable services in applying disaster safety measures in future construction work in the district.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/29]

Well received.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will handover the database of technical human resources to the Local Governments.
[Added: 2022/01/29] [Last Updated: 2022/05/24]
CDRMP/UNDP 2022/04 Completed UNDP has successfully handed over the database -both the hard copies and the electronic copies/ digital network of trained masons, community facilitators, sub-engineers and engineers, that were engaged in the Nepal Housing Reconstruction Project and has communicated well with the Local Governments of 8 palikas of Gorkha district. The eight palikas along with DCC has now a full ownership of the database of the trained mason’s roster, technical human resources engaged in Nepal Housing Reconstruction Project, Gorkha implemented during March 2018 till December 2021 under funding support of Government of India. History
2. Recommendation:

A digital network or platform of these technical human resources should be developed at the district level and linked with other development initiatives that might take place in the district. This will keep the network vibrant and contribute in building a strong social capital. 

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/29]

Well received.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The database of technical human resources will be prepared and shared with District Coordination Committee, Gorkha.
[Added: 2022/01/29] [Last Updated: 2022/05/24]
CDRMP/UNDP 2022/06 Completed Transfer of database and documents to the District Coordination Committee, Gorkha has been done on the understanding that a comprehensive database is maintained at the district level which is easily accessible. The capacities developed in all aspects of the reconstruction process may be utilized for more effective and efficient reconstruction during any future disasters. The database of trained masons and project staff maintained at district level (palika wise) has been handed over to the DCC so that it will be linked with other development projects. Moreove the roster of female masons has also been transferred so that the roster would be shared with other development partners and construction agencies and will definitely help to sustain the capacity of trained female masons, for income generation and skill building among women in order to enhance their social dignity. History
3. Recommendation:

While maintaining and updating the database of trained masons, the Ward and Palika offices should also update the database of trained female masons and they should be linked with other development partners and construction agencies on priority basis. Such initial support by the officials would help to sustain the capacity of the trained female masons which later will sustain on their own.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/29]

Well received.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The disaggregated database will be communicated to all 8 Local Governments and DCC.
[Added: 2022/01/29] [Last Updated: 2022/05/24]
CDRMP/UNDP 2022/04 Completed Full ownership of the database of the trained mason’s roster, community facilitators, technical human resources engaged in Nepal Housing Reconstruction Project, Gorkha implemented during March 2018 till December 2021 under funding support of Government of India has been transferred to the 8 Local Governments - 2 Nagarpalikas and 6 Gaunpalikas. Transfer of database and documents has been done on the understanding that a comprehensive database is maintained at the palika level which is easily accessible. The capacities developed in all aspects of the reconstruction process will be utilized for more effective and efficient reconstruction during any future disasters. The trained roster of masons and project staff maintained at palika level would be linked to other development partners on priority basis. History
4. Recommendation:

A comprehensive data base of reconstruction, which could be easily accessed, should be developed and maintained at the Ward, Palika, and the District Coordination Committees. These databases could be linked with the Local Disaster Management Committees.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/29]

Agreed.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Existing data base of reconstructed households, with paalika and ward specific data files will be assigned per paalika/wards. A set of the data will also be made available at DCC office.
[Added: 2022/01/29] [Last Updated: 2022/05/24]
CDRMP/UNDP 2022/04 Completed Palika and ward specific documentation (electronic) of total 26,912 Reconstructed houses from the socio-technical facilitation provided under Nepal Housing Reconstruction Project has been handed over to the officials of 2 Nagarpalikas, 6 Gaunpalikas respectively. The disintegrated palika and ward wise database of 26,912 reconstructed houses under Nepal Housing Reconstruction Project were also made available at District Coordination Committee, Gorkha. History
5. Recommendation:

Many households (as in Dharche) were found to use houses those were partially damaged with minor repairs. However, these houses pose future risks until they are strengthened with retrofitting. A survey of use of such houses should be conducted and local governments should encourage retrofitting.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/29]

Well received.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will coordinate with Local Government and advocate for the potential retrofitting solutions.
[Added: 2022/01/29] [Last Updated: 2022/05/24]
CDRMP/UNDP 2022/12 Completed Share about the impending risk and available retrofitting solutions with paalika and advocating for their action in promoting retrofitting solutions. History
6. Recommendation:

Safety measures against other hazards such as lightening, fire should be incorporated in already built and future houses as well. Measures such as earthing and construction of ponds where feasible, filling of pit holes around the house, etc. should be promoted. 

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/29]

Well received.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Communicate with Palika on enhancing knowledge on the safety measures based on learning from UNDP’s past experience on DRR.
[Added: 2022/01/29] [Last Updated: 2022/05/24]
CDRMP/UNDP 2022/04 Completed UNDP had discussed with Local Government at the paalika level forums and possible investment by the local governments. However, UNDP will communicate with Palika on possible safety measures based on UNDP previous experiences and lesson learned from Urban DRR. History
7. Recommendation:

The successful housing reconstruction work has provided the local communities and the local governments knowledge, skills and confidence in the management of large scale development initiatives. This is a social capital which needs to be cashed on future development initiatives.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/29]

Well noted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The retrofitting work will be replicated in new UNDP programming.
[Added: 2022/01/29] [Last Updated: 2022/05/24]
CDRMP/UNDP 2022/04 Completed The ECHO Funded SUPER project will replicate retrofitting work in coordination with Local Government. History
8. Recommendation:

Efforts should be made to launch initiative to promote comprehensive economic prosperity upgrading from livelihood improvement focused initiative. This is of utmost importance considering the fact that many of the households had incurred debt while building the houses. 

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/29]

Well received. However, considering the priorities set by the Post Disaster Need Assessment (PDNA) after the Gorkha Earthquake, resilient reconstruction was prioritized to reconstruct of the private households.

Key Actions:

9. Recommendation:

Design of future programs should be more comprehensive considering multiple hazards such as land slide, fires etc. It should also take into account the emerging socio-economic (such as change in sex ratio, emerging economic opportunities) and environmental processes (such as change in water availability, wildlife damage etc.)

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/29]

Duly acknowledged. and will be best utilized in future project/resources opportunities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will ensure that the future DRR programme will capture the emerging socio-economic and environmental processes.
[Added: 2022/01/29]
CDRMP/UNDP 2022/12 Not Initiated UNDP is in the process of reformulating its flagship CDRMP Programme and will take due consideration of a comprehensive programming components.

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