Final Evaluation of SKILLS Project

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Nepal
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2020
Completion Date:
12/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
5,000

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Title Final Evaluation of SKILLS Project
Atlas Project Number: 00085885
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Nepal
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2020
Planned End Date: 12/2020
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
  • Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
SDG Target
  • 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
  • 8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
Evaluation Budget(US $): 5,000
Source of Funding: Project Budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 4,050
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Thakur Prasad Bhatta Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, Ministry of Education, TVET Institutes, CSOs
Countries: NEPAL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Implementation of the TVET policy and the various concepts it has embodied depends overwhelmingly upon the promulgation of the new TVET Act. In view of the federal context, the sooner the introduction of the new act at the federal level, the sooner TVET sector at the province and local level can progress in the spirit of the new TVET policy. Hence, it has been equally important to work radically to introduce a new federal act and capacity building of the province and local level in designing, planning and implementation of TVET simultaneously. For the enactment of the TVET act, there is need for advocacy to inform and influence politicians and legislatures so that the reform envisioned by the new TVET policy can be ensured. The past experience suggests that there is need for TVET specialized institutional authority to lead and drive the TVET sector and all kinds of stakeholders in an integrated way for expanding the access with increased quality as per the need of the market and to augment the employment. This task need to be initiated by MoEST with close coordination and facilitation of the National Planning Commission (NPC) to bring all stakeholders to aware and influence the parliamentarians for a genuine act. Furthermore, it should be the responsibility of donors including the future SKILLS project to support the capacity building of provinces and local levels in the spirit of TVET policy. 

2

Implementation of the TVET policy and the various concepts it has embodied depends overwhelmingly upon the promulgation of the new TVET Act. In view of the federal context, the sooner the introduction of the new act at the federal level, the sooner TVET sector at the province and local level can progress in the spirit of the new TVET policy. Hence, it has been equally important to work radically to introduce a new federal act and capacity building of the province and local level in designing, planning and implementation of TVET simultaneously. For the enactment of the TVET act, there is need for advocacy to inform and influence politicians and legislatures so that the reform envisioned by the new TVET policy can be ensured. The past experience suggests that there is need for TVET specialized institutional authority to lead and drive the TVET sector and all kinds of stakeholders in an integrated way for expanding the access with increased quality as per the need of the market and to augment the employment. This task need to be initiated by MoEST with close coordination and facilitation of the National Planning Commission (NPC) to bring all stakeholders to aware and influence the parliamentarians for a genuine act. Furthermore, it should be the responsibility of donors including the future SKILLS project to support the capacity building of provinces and local levels in the spirit of TVET policy. 

3

The programme initiated the concept of TVET fund, and it has been emphasized in the TVET policy and the 15th Plan. But it has been a crucial issue since the previous TVET policy of 2012 and needs to be clearly defined within the framework of the financing mechanism as per the principle of federal governance considering the role of each level of government as defined by the constitution. The TVET fund or the financing mechanism needs to be an important part of the TVET act and finalize through collaborative policy dialogue among the stakeholders as so far the policy has just emphasized its need.  As stated above, the NPC should play key role for the establishment of TVET fund and its operating mechanism considering the principle of federal governance.

4

TVET MIS is an essential initiative for evidence-based decision making, realistic planning and coordinating the fragmented TVET sector. To get the complete and holistic picture of the sector, there is need for the participation of all stakeholders. Hence, to establish the system in a sustainable way, there is a necessity to ensure an institutional mechanism agreed by all stakeholders with provision of required human resources, budget and commitment, including sharing of resources, of all stakeholders. Furthermore, in the context of the federal system, there is need to establish a linkage between the federal-province-local levels for generating and using the data at all levels. The MoEST and NPC should strengthen the TVET MIS ensuring the participation of all stakeholders and establishing linkage with province and local levels at present.  For future, this should be the responsibility of the TVET specialized institutional authority as to be determined by the new TVET Act. 

5

Skills mapping can have important implications in designing, planning and monitoring of TVET related program and projects. In the context of federal governance, this practice needs to be fully owned by the province with proper linkage to the local level and the federal level.

6

Methodologically it is essential to develop a common framework, in terms of concept, needs, indicators, process and uses of skills mapping so that all stakeholders understand it in the same spirit. Similarly, it is essential to establish data sharing and avoid possible duplication of work and resources. Particularly, the data of the supply side need to be used from the existing TVET MIS as far as it applies, and the demand side data need to be fed to the MIS.  This task should be led and coordinated by the NPC with involvement of MoEST, TVET stakeholders, and donors who are supporting the sector and different provinces.

7

GESI and human rights aspects need to be incorporated into the programme from the design showing a clear logical relationship between objective and activities with measuring indicators for their assessment. All kinds of reporting and information and communication materials need to include disaggregated data by sex and social groups. To translate the provision of equity and inclusion of the TVET policy into the new TVET act, there needs to be explicitly stated policy for women and marginalized groups for their access and participation. And, TVET related programmes and projects need to design targeted activities for the benefit of these groups.

8

While considering the future needs of the TVET sector, the focus of the programs and projects need to be to expand the access and to increase the quality. For this purpose, particularly efforts are to be made to design the training courses based on the standard qualification framework as per the occupational needs, develop professional instructors, to manage appropriate  physical facilities, and to work on capacity building of training schools and institutions. Indeed, to enhance the overall quality of the TVET sector it is essential to establish a collaborative culture among the government at all three levels, private sector and university.   This should be the policy and strategy of the Government of Nepal, MoEST, UNDP and donors.

9

Since the programme through MoEST had taken support of National Planning Commission to coordinate line ministries to create a shared platform to discuss common issues like TVET fund, it clearly suggests that to pursue the policy programme that involves multi stakeholders and extends to multi sector, it becomes essential to involve the institution that can take on coordinating and leading role acceptable to all stakeholders. This aspect needs to be considered by the UNDP while undertaking a policy supporting project. In addition, there is a need to have a political economy analysis beyond the technical domain while designing such a policy support programme that intends policy reform and expects a transformation in the existing situation.

1. Recommendation:

Implementation of the TVET policy and the various concepts it has embodied depends overwhelmingly upon the promulgation of the new TVET Act. In view of the federal context, the sooner the introduction of the new act at the federal level, the sooner TVET sector at the province and local level can progress in the spirit of the new TVET policy. Hence, it has been equally important to work radically to introduce a new federal act and capacity building of the province and local level in designing, planning and implementation of TVET simultaneously. For the enactment of the TVET act, there is need for advocacy to inform and influence politicians and legislatures so that the reform envisioned by the new TVET policy can be ensured. The past experience suggests that there is need for TVET specialized institutional authority to lead and drive the TVET sector and all kinds of stakeholders in an integrated way for expanding the access with increased quality as per the need of the market and to augment the employment. This task need to be initiated by MoEST with close coordination and facilitation of the National Planning Commission (NPC) to bring all stakeholders to aware and influence the parliamentarians for a genuine act. Furthermore, it should be the responsibility of donors including the future SKILLS project to support the capacity building of provinces and local levels in the spirit of TVET policy. 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/06]

Agreed. The Government of Nepal endorsed the National Education Policy (with TVET component) in 2019. In order to implement this policy, the new federal TVET bill drafted by MoEST with the close consultation with NPC & MoF, is currently under review and discussion at the Ministry of Law, Justice & Parliamentary Affairs.  Once this bill gets endorsed from the federal parliament then SKILLS programme will extend its support to federal, provincial and local levels to implement the provisions of the TVET policy and act.  It should be noted that this is a final project evaluation. Therefore, the SKILLS project as such can advise the Ministry along the lines of the findings/recommendations for their future consideration.  Should the UNDP project be extended or redesigned, these recommendations will be taken into account and inform design and implementation.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

Implementation of the TVET policy and the various concepts it has embodied depends overwhelmingly upon the promulgation of the new TVET Act. In view of the federal context, the sooner the introduction of the new act at the federal level, the sooner TVET sector at the province and local level can progress in the spirit of the new TVET policy. Hence, it has been equally important to work radically to introduce a new federal act and capacity building of the province and local level in designing, planning and implementation of TVET simultaneously. For the enactment of the TVET act, there is need for advocacy to inform and influence politicians and legislatures so that the reform envisioned by the new TVET policy can be ensured. The past experience suggests that there is need for TVET specialized institutional authority to lead and drive the TVET sector and all kinds of stakeholders in an integrated way for expanding the access with increased quality as per the need of the market and to augment the employment. This task need to be initiated by MoEST with close coordination and facilitation of the National Planning Commission (NPC) to bring all stakeholders to aware and influence the parliamentarians for a genuine act. Furthermore, it should be the responsibility of donors including the future SKILLS project to support the capacity building of provinces and local levels in the spirit of TVET policy. 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/06]

Agreed. The Government of Nepal endorsed the National Education Policy (with TVET component) in 2019. In order to implement this policy, the new federal TVET bill drafted by MoEST with the close consultation with NPC & MoF, is currently under review and discussion at the Ministry of Law, Justice & Parliamentary Affairs.  Once this bill gets endorsed from the federal parliament then SKILLS programme will extend its support to federal, provincial and local levels to implement the provisions of the TVET policy and act.  It should be noted that this is a final project evaluation. Therefore, the SKILLS project as such can advise the Ministry along the lines of the findings/recommendations for their future consideration.  Should the UNDP project be extended or redesigned, these recommendations will be taken into account and inform design and implementation.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

The programme initiated the concept of TVET fund, and it has been emphasized in the TVET policy and the 15th Plan. But it has been a crucial issue since the previous TVET policy of 2012 and needs to be clearly defined within the framework of the financing mechanism as per the principle of federal governance considering the role of each level of government as defined by the constitution. The TVET fund or the financing mechanism needs to be an important part of the TVET act and finalize through collaborative policy dialogue among the stakeholders as so far the policy has just emphasized its need.  As stated above, the NPC should play key role for the establishment of TVET fund and its operating mechanism considering the principle of federal governance.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/06]

Agreed. Both the concept and option papers of TVET Fund have been developed and submitted to NPC. SKILLS programme been supporting to organize discussions and consultations on these documents at NPC. It should be noted that this is a final project evaluation. Therefore, the SKILLS project as such can advise the Ministry along the lines of the findings/recommendations for their future consideration.  Should the UNDP project be extended or redesigned, these recommendations will be taken into account and inform design and implementation.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

TVET MIS is an essential initiative for evidence-based decision making, realistic planning and coordinating the fragmented TVET sector. To get the complete and holistic picture of the sector, there is need for the participation of all stakeholders. Hence, to establish the system in a sustainable way, there is a necessity to ensure an institutional mechanism agreed by all stakeholders with provision of required human resources, budget and commitment, including sharing of resources, of all stakeholders. Furthermore, in the context of the federal system, there is need to establish a linkage between the federal-province-local levels for generating and using the data at all levels. The MoEST and NPC should strengthen the TVET MIS ensuring the participation of all stakeholders and establishing linkage with province and local levels at present.  For future, this should be the responsibility of the TVET specialized institutional authority as to be determined by the new TVET Act. 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/06]

Agreed. With the support of SKILLS, MoEST has established and operationalized a National TVET Management Information System (MIS) that synchronizes TVET related data and information of five federal line ministries. As this system can in the long run significantly contribute in enhancing coordination between various TVET stakeholders, aiding evidenced-based TVET policy-making and planning and helping avoid duplication of programmes, both the scope and range of TVET MIS needs to be further expanded to incorporate TVET data and information of all federal line ministries as well as provincial and local governments. This exercise could contribute to the recovery process of COVID-19 by transforming migrants’ prior work-based skills and knowledge.  It should be noted that this is a final project evaluation. Therefore, the SKILLS project as such can advise the Ministry along the lines of the findings/recommendations for their future consideration.  Should the UNDP project be extended or redesigned, these recommendations will be taken into account and inform design and implementation.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

Skills mapping can have important implications in designing, planning and monitoring of TVET related program and projects. In the context of federal governance, this practice needs to be fully owned by the province with proper linkage to the local level and the federal level.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/06]

Agreed. An ironic situation persists in Nepal’s TVET sector.  There is a serious mismatch between the demand and supply of skilled human resources in the country. This has rendered TVET graduates unemployed, on one hand whereas; local industries and businesses are not getting the kind of skilled manpower they are looking for. This is the reason why there is need for greater ownership as well as active involvement of province and local governments in innovative initiations like skills mapping which aims to identify gaps between the demand and supply of human resources. This exercise is laid on inclusive growth including responding to COVID 19 impact by reflecting upon the need for people’s better livelihood in their own villages and community and should play an instrumental role in designing, planning and monitoring of TVET related program and projects.   It should be noted that this is a final project evaluation. Therefore, the SKILLS project as such can advise the Ministry along the lines of the findings/recommendations for their future consideration.  Should the UNDP project be extended or redesigned, these recommendations will be taken into account and inform design and implementation.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

Methodologically it is essential to develop a common framework, in terms of concept, needs, indicators, process and uses of skills mapping so that all stakeholders understand it in the same spirit. Similarly, it is essential to establish data sharing and avoid possible duplication of work and resources. Particularly, the data of the supply side need to be used from the existing TVET MIS as far as it applies, and the demand side data need to be fed to the MIS.  This task should be led and coordinated by the NPC with involvement of MoEST, TVET stakeholders, and donors who are supporting the sector and different provinces.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/06]

Partially Agreed. MoEST, in coordination with NPC, has planned to develop a Labour Market Information System (LMIS) linking supply-based information from TVET MIS and skill mapping data to serve as demand-side information. It should be noted that this is a final project evaluation. Therefore, the SKILLS project as such can advise the Ministry along the lines of the findings/recommendations for their future consideration.  Should the UNDP project be extended or redesigned, these recommendations will be taken into account and inform design and implementation

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation:

GESI and human rights aspects need to be incorporated into the programme from the design showing a clear logical relationship between objective and activities with measuring indicators for their assessment. All kinds of reporting and information and communication materials need to include disaggregated data by sex and social groups. To translate the provision of equity and inclusion of the TVET policy into the new TVET act, there needs to be explicitly stated policy for women and marginalized groups for their access and participation. And, TVET related programmes and projects need to design targeted activities for the benefit of these groups.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/06]

Agreed. SKILLS organized a series of consultations and interactions with representatives of Federal, State and Local Governments to create an enabling environment for gender responsive National TVET strategy and programmes based on the principle of Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI). These issues have also been stringently addressed in the new TVET bill.  It should be noted that this is a final project evaluation. Therefore, the SKILLS project as such can advise the Ministry along the lines of the findings/recommendations for their future consideration.  Should the UNDP project be extended or redesigned, these recommendations will be taken into account and inform design and implementation

Key Actions:

8. Recommendation:

While considering the future needs of the TVET sector, the focus of the programs and projects need to be to expand the access and to increase the quality. For this purpose, particularly efforts are to be made to design the training courses based on the standard qualification framework as per the occupational needs, develop professional instructors, to manage appropriate  physical facilities, and to work on capacity building of training schools and institutions. Indeed, to enhance the overall quality of the TVET sector it is essential to establish a collaborative culture among the government at all three levels, private sector and university.   This should be the policy and strategy of the Government of Nepal, MoEST, UNDP and donors.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/06]

Partially Agreed. The government has approved National Qualifications Framework (NQF) in 2020 and formed a taskforce to implement the same.  On the basis of the recommendations made by the taskforce, the design of courses and their accreditation mechanisms are ongoing.     It should be noted that this is a final project evaluation. Therefore, the SKILLS project as such can advise the Ministry along the lines of the findings/recommendations for their future consideration.  Should the UNDP project be extended or redesigned, these recommendations will be taken into account and inform design and implementation.

Key Actions:

9. Recommendation:

Since the programme through MoEST had taken support of National Planning Commission to coordinate line ministries to create a shared platform to discuss common issues like TVET fund, it clearly suggests that to pursue the policy programme that involves multi stakeholders and extends to multi sector, it becomes essential to involve the institution that can take on coordinating and leading role acceptable to all stakeholders. This aspect needs to be considered by the UNDP while undertaking a policy supporting project. In addition, there is a need to have a political economy analysis beyond the technical domain while designing such a policy support programme that intends policy reform and expects a transformation in the existing situation.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/01/06]

Agreed. The Cabinet has already formed TVET PCC (chaired by Honorable Minister of Education, Science and Technology, Honorable member from NPC, FNCCI President, experts and secretaries of line ministries) to look into policy coordination, programme and resource integration, establishing TVET fund and structural arrangements. This committee has also formed inter-ministerial Technical Committee to develop an integrated TVET programmes across the federal line ministries.  It should be noted that this is a final project evaluation. Therefore, the SKILLS project as such can advise the Ministry along the lines of the findings/recommendations for their future consideration.  Should the UNDP project be extended or redesigned, these recommendations will be taken into account and inform design and implementation.

Key Actions:

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