Evaluación de medio término del proyecto ECOVALOR

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Evaluation Plan:
2020-2024, Cuba
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
04/2022
Completion Date:
04/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
70,000

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Download document UNDP Cuba MTR Ecovalor Final Evaluation Report Jan 20.pdf report English 994.51 KB Posted 16
Title Evaluación de medio término del proyecto ECOVALOR
Atlas Project Number: 00094887
Evaluation Plan: 2020-2024, Cuba
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 04/2022
Planned End Date: 04/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.9 By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts
Evaluation Budget(US $): 70,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 70,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Jon Garcia
Maria Onestini ARGENTINA
Oscar Fernandez
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Incorporating multiple environmental considerations and their economic implications into the management of landscapes, forests and production sectors in Cub
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-1
GEF Project ID: 9429
PIMS Number: 5760
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: CUBA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Strengthen the inter-institutional dimension. UMEP and more broadly the CITMA Directorate General, in coordination with the NSC, should continue to strengthen the inclusion of economic valuation of ecosystem goods and services in the Natural Resources and Environment Macro-Programme and spatial planning. At the same time, they should identify other inter-institutional standards, instances and processes where the vision and results of the project can be incorporated. The National Assembly's Committee on Science and Environmental Affairs could, for example, be an ally.

2

Broaden the sectoral horizon. UMEP in coordination with the NDC should seek to link more sectors, such as housing and equipment construction, water and sanitation, electricity and transport. Although, given the budgetary limitations, since it is not part of the project design and must be followed during implementation, the project cannot implement pilots in these sectors, it can consider them in the revision of the legal framework and invite their representatives to the trainings, at least to build the foundations so that in the future these sectors can join the path taken by the six prioritised sectors in a more determined manner.

3

Extend the horizon of economic actors. UMEP should analyse how the project can involve the private sector beyond the agricultural and fisheries sector, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises, in order to promote the sustainable use of natural resources. To this end, UMEP, in coordination with UMAP, should examine the challenges that the emergence of this actor implies for the management of natural resources and identify ways in which the project can promote a more sustainable use of natural resources by this actor, defining specific awareness-raising and training strategies, among other activities

4

Accelerate implementation and monitor progress. In coordination with UNDP and the CRC, UMEP should accelerate the implementation of the

TSAs, particularly in the two sectors where progress is most limited. In addition to accelerating implementation, the PMU should closely monitor

 

progress in all components. Within one year of implementing the recommendations included in this report, the UMP should review whether and for how long an extension should be requested and begin to manage the process, if deemed necessary. This review should consider the capacity to meet the quantitative and qualitative targets, considering also the quality of the outputs.

5

Strengthen project management. UMEP should i) strengthen the results framework, so that performance on all indicators can be measured and reporting on progress towards results can be strengthened43; ii) update the social and environmental safeguards, including defining more precise risk management strategies, integrating more systematically climate change adaptation and mitigation of other emerging risks; iii) strengthen mainstreaming and mainstreaming of the project's results in the project's management; iv) strengthen the project's management and monitoring of the project's performance; v) strengthen the project's management of the project's results; iii) strengthening gender mainstreaming by strengthening gender analysis and developing a more detailed and specific gender action plan; and iv) documenting lessons learned. For UNDP, it is particularly 

important to document lessons learned in relation to the development of TSA studies and the learning that has occurred in this project around the economic valorisation of natural resources in order to strengthen the exchange of these experiences at regional and global levels. Another aspect that should be documented is the definition of technical specifications for equipment based on pilot SLM practices and in the fisheries sector.

6

Continue to take advantage of external enabling conditions, and manage inhibiting ones. With regard to the former, UMEP, UMAP and UNDP should continue to create synergies with existing and emerging national and international projects, with a special focus on Biofin Phase II. In addition, the PMU and the NDC should continue to monitor the updating of the country´s legal and programmatic framework. For example, among many other aspects, the project should influence the preparation of the hydrocarbon law, and the national oil spill contingency plan decrees. On the other hand, the UMP should carry out a review and update of the project products developed so far, the content of which has been affected by the monetary reordering and devaluation.

1. Recommendation:

Strengthen the inter-institutional dimension. UMEP and more broadly the CITMA Directorate General, in coordination with the NSC, should continue to strengthen the inclusion of economic valuation of ecosystem goods and services in the Natural Resources and Environment Macro-Programme and spatial planning. At the same time, they should identify other inter-institutional standards, instances and processes where the vision and results of the project can be incorporated. The National Assembly's Committee on Science and Environmental Affairs could, for example, be an ally.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/05/16]

Evaluate the possibilities of including the economic valuation of ecosystem goods and services in the country's Macroprograms with a profile related to this topic. (Recommendation accepted).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Evaluate the ways of including the economic valuation of BSE in the macroprograms of the country.
[Added: 2022/05/16]
DGMA-UMEP 2024/09 Initiated Under develop. Within the POA of the Project, DGMA will report annually on the progress of the issue. This process is systematic and permanent to the extent that work is done to implement the approved public policies. These actions are consistent with the Specific Objectives of the Natural Resources and Environment Axis of the PNDES and therefore their execution have play within that format, promoted by the Macro Program.
2. Recommendation:

Broaden the sectoral horizon. UMEP in coordination with the NDC should seek to link more sectors, such as housing and equipment construction, water and sanitation, electricity and transport. Although, given the budgetary limitations, since it is not part of the project design and must be followed during implementation, the project cannot implement pilots in these sectors, it can consider them in the revision of the legal framework and invite their representatives to the trainings, at least to build the foundations so that in the future these sectors can join the path taken by the six prioritised sectors in a more determined manner.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/05/16]

This recommendation is not accepted. The project defined at the time the key sectors with which it would work, as well as the implementation commitments for each one, as agreed in the National Terms of Reference. However, all the sectors recommended by the evaluators are considered in the results of land use planning, where work has been done on the environmental planning models of the five municipalities involved and on updating

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

Extend the horizon of economic actors. UMEP should analyse how the project can involve the private sector beyond the agricultural and fisheries sector, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises, in order to promote the sustainable use of natural resources. To this end, UMEP, in coordination with UMAP, should examine the challenges that the emergence of this actor implies for the management of natural resources and identify ways in which the project can promote a more sustainable use of natural resources by this actor, defining specific awareness-raising and training strategies, among other activities

Management Response: [Added: 2022/05/16]

This recommendation is not accepted. Stakeholder from private sector are already involved in the project activities at the pilot sites experiences level (agricultural: producers who apply Sustainable Land Management principles, fishing: fishermen who apply environmentally sustainable production practices such as sponge and oyster farming). In addition, the project is currently working with the private tourism sector in different locations of the five provinces involved in the project. Also, representatives of the private sector from other sectors have participate in the exercises already carried out as part of the process of updating the Municipal Territorial and Urban Planning Plans of the five municipalities involved in the project. For example: In Viñales and Ciénaga de Zapata municipalities, which are sites of important development of the private sector related to tourism activities (provision of services to the tourism sector and closely related to the nature tourism), the private sector have participated in different phases of the development model definition, the environmental planning, and in a participatory exercise already in the concluding phase of these proposals. For the other three municipalities involved in this project's activity, the process is in its first stage of characterization and the private sector is considered part of the actors in the process.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

Accelerate implementation and monitor progress. In coordination with UNDP and the CRC, UMEP should accelerate the implementation of the

TSAs, particularly in the two sectors where progress is most limited. In addition to accelerating implementation, the PMU should closely monitor

 

progress in all components. Within one year of implementing the recommendations included in this report, the UMP should review whether and for how long an extension should be requested and begin to manage the process, if deemed necessary. This review should consider the capacity to meet the quantitative and qualitative targets, considering also the quality of the outputs.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/05/16] [Last Updated: 2022/05/25]

Execute the committed studies of Targeted Scenarios Analysis (TSA) at a rate of three (3) studies per year, beginning with those of the agricultural, conservation and hydrocarbon sectors. (Recommendation accepted)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Agree the schedule for the execution of the TSA Studies between the Project Management Unit and UNDP. This schedule will define the TSA to be implemented immediately in 2022 and until 2024 in a staggered manner. 2. Workshop on lessons learned on TSA studies developed within the framework of the ECOVALOR project
[Added: 2022/05/16] [Last Updated: 2022/05/25]
UMEP 2024/07 Initiated History
5. Recommendation:

Strengthen project management. UMEP should i) strengthen the results framework, so that performance on all indicators can be measured and reporting on progress towards results can be strengthened43; ii) update the social and environmental safeguards, including defining more precise risk management strategies, integrating more systematically climate change adaptation and mitigation of other emerging risks; iii) strengthen mainstreaming and mainstreaming of the project's results in the project's management; iv) strengthen the project's management and monitoring of the project's performance; v) strengthen the project's management of the project's results; iii) strengthening gender mainstreaming by strengthening gender analysis and developing a more detailed and specific gender action plan; and iv) documenting lessons learned. For UNDP, it is particularly 

important to document lessons learned in relation to the development of TSA studies and the learning that has occurred in this project around the economic valorisation of natural resources in order to strengthen the exchange of these experiences at regional and global levels. Another aspect that should be documented is the definition of technical specifications for equipment based on pilot SLM practices and in the fisheries sector.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/05/16] [Last Updated: 2022/05/25]

Project management will be reviewed based on: i) the results framework, ii) social and environmental safeguards, iii) gender equity mainstreaming, and iv) documentation of lessons learned. (Recommendation accepted)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Review and reformulation of the project’s indicators 2. Review and update the social and environmental safeguards of the project, based on the new UNDP methodology, through a national consultancy 3. Review and adjustment of the Gender Action Plan for the project implementation, guaranteeing gender mainstreaming in the project's activities, through a national consultancy 4. Identification and compilation of lessons learned, for publication at the end of the project
[Added: 2022/05/16] [Last Updated: 2022/05/25]
1.UMEP 2. UMEP-PNUD-Consultor Nacional 3. UMEP-Consultor Nacional 4. UMEP 2024/06 Initiated History
6. Recommendation:

Continue to take advantage of external enabling conditions, and manage inhibiting ones. With regard to the former, UMEP, UMAP and UNDP should continue to create synergies with existing and emerging national and international projects, with a special focus on Biofin Phase II. In addition, the PMU and the NDC should continue to monitor the updating of the country´s legal and programmatic framework. For example, among many other aspects, the project should influence the preparation of the hydrocarbon law, and the national oil spill contingency plan decrees. On the other hand, the UMP should carry out a review and update of the project products developed so far, the content of which has been affected by the monetary reordering and devaluation.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/05/25]

Establish synergies focused on specific outputs of the Ecovalor project and other initiatives, programs and projects supported by international collaboration under develop in the country (BIOFIN CUBA II initiative, the OP-15 Country Association Program and the InfoGEO Project). These alliances will form part of the project´s Sustainability Strategy. Recommendation accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Agree a common work schedule and carry out synergy actions between ECOVALOR and the BIOFIN II Initiative, within the framework of the review and update of the Environment National Fund (FNMA), the future implementation of green banking and the proposed financial scheme of the National System on Protected Areas (SNAP) 2. Follow up on the synergy actions identified between ECOVALOR and the OP-15 Country Association Program, within the framework of updating and implementing economic-financial mechanisms and instruments in the agro-forestry sector, as per the agreed schedule 3. Follow up on the synergy actions identified between ECOVALOR and the InfoGEO project, within the framework of the platform created for the country's Environmental Information System, according to the agreed schedule 4. Evaluate outputs from the ECOVALOR project whose final results could be affected in the framework of project implementation as a consequence of the monetary and exchange ordering process 5. Develop Project Sustainability Strategy to ensure continuity and appropriation of the project’s results after its closure.
[Added: 2022/05/25]
1.UMEP-DGMA 2.UMEP 3.UMEP 4.UMEP 5.UMEP 2024/09 Initiated History

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