Promoting Climate Resilient Community–Based Regeneration of Indigenous Forest in Zambia’s Central Province (PIMS #4712)

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2021, Zambia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
08/2020
Completion Date:
11/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Promoting Climate Resilient Community–Based Regeneration of Indigenous Forest in Zambia’s Central Province (PIMS #4712)
Atlas Project Number: 86025
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2021, Zambia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2020
Planned End Date: 08/2020
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: GEF(LDCF)
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Richard Sobey Consultant timosobey@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Promoting Climate Resilient Community–Based Regeneration of Indigenous Forest in Zambia’s Central Province (PIMS #4712)
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5435
PIMS Number: 4712
Key Stakeholders: Forestry Department,ZEMA, Energy department, Comaco, Kasanka, ZCCN
Countries: ZAMBIA
Comments:

The Evaluation was initiated and the draft report has been submitted for review. 

Lessons
1.

 If the village forest conservation and village development approaches are put together, a standard ‘conservation and development’ model can be seen – conserving the forest in return for receiving revolving farming inputs. Whilst the farming inputs, were not originally part of the project design, their provision and success in generating on-farm income, has made the protection of the forests sustainable. 

- If you wish to license charcoal production, then you need a forest management plan with volume inventory and monitoring system to demonstrate a sustainable ‘annual allowable cut’, bearing in mind NTFP, carbon and other ecosystem / livelihood values. - Community Forestry has arrived in legislative terms. Whilst, the VAGs and ANRs exist, there is a perfect opportunity to make the advance to CF for these project demonstrations. - Skilled foresters are needed for CF establishment and for preparing CF management plans with forest inventories and allowable cuts for sustainable charcoal production. This means that provincial forest offices need to be appropriately staffed with trained foresters, and resourced to be able to go to the field. - The fire management plans provided a template and system for local fire control, including prohibition and enforcement against late-burning of the forest (which was damaging the forest), but without signboards, boundary-markers, and boundary fire-breaks maintained, the plans may not be effective. - The ‘crop residue to charcoal’ briquetting process needs promotion as does the on-farm production of Gliricidia trees, which can be coppiced for fuelwood. 

- Community radio farming programmes had an impact not only on best-practice climate change adaptation techniques (e.g. climate-smart agriculture), but they also provided a forum for concurrently promoting forest conservation and generating a sustainable income from it.


Findings
1.

The recommendations are listed with the responsible party identified in brackets.

 1. The national FD sign an MoU ‘lending agreement’ with the District Agriculture Coordinators Office(s), to provide the two tractors to them. This so that the DACOs can rent out the tractors to VAG / ANR farmers on cost-recovery basis, and with sufficient profit for maintenance, insurance and for forest boundary work for two months a year. [National FD, the two DFOs in Serenje and Chitambo with the two DACO offices, with UNDP to draft the MoU and act as a witness] 

2. National FD enter in their 2021 plan and budget – ‘to pilot two CFs in Serenje and Chitambo’ [National FD]; and UNDP to assess if the GEF Small Grants Program can supply some funds towards this [UNDP]

3. Provincial FD to receive the project Toyota Prado 4WD (or equivalent), so that they can support CF in Serenje and Chitambo, especially in the survey and inventory work for CFMPs [FD] 

4. UNDP and MLNR / FD jointly write to the three project chiefs to request support that the ANRs can become CFs in the future [UNDP with MLNR / FD] 

5. The ANR boundary pillars and signboards need to be erected, with a VAG maintenance agreement [ZEMA with FD / UNDP to supervise] 

6. The ‘crop residue to charcoal’ briquetting ‘drum and press set’ needs: a press designed for it that can be locally-made, or locally-sourced at a reasonable cost; a promotion leaflet with website supplier listed; be adopted by DoE as an improved energy-efficient technology [TDAU / DoE, with support from UNDP] 

7. All equipment and infrastructure needs servicing before handover, including the tractors, and the solar power inverter at Chitambo DFO. [FD / UNDP]

 8. Post-project, for the maintenance of boundaries and fire breaks, the VAGs either need to provide ‘community labour days’ or generate a tax from the NTFPs being sold from these forests, for the purpose of paying for the clearance of boundary lines, and fire control monitoring. [FD / DIT to advise the VAGs]


Recommendations
1

 The national FD sign an MoU ‘lending agreement’ with the District Agriculture Coordinators Office(s), to provide the two tractors to them.  This so that the DACOs can rent out the tractors to VAG / ANR farmers on cost-recovery basis, and with sufficient profit for maintenance, insurance and for forest boundary work for two months a year. [National FD, the two DFOs in Serenje and Chitambo with the two DACO offices, with UNDP to draft the MoU and act as a witness]

2

National FD– enter in their 2021 plan and budget – ‘to pilot two community forests (CFS) in Serenje and Chitambo’ [National FD]; and UNDP to assess if the GEF small grants program can supply some funds towards this [UNDP] (according to the budget cycle)

3

Provincial FD to receive the project Toyota Prado 4WD (or equivalent), so that they can support CF in Serenje and Chitambo, especially in the survey and inventory work for CFMPs. [National FD] (Within one month of Financial closure of the project)

4

 UNDP and MLNR / FD jointly write to the three project chiefs to request support that the ANRs can become CFs in the future [UNDP with MLNR / FD]( by end of the project

5

The ANR boundary pillars and signboards need to be erected, with a VAG maintenance agreement [ZEMA with FD / UNDP to supervise] by June 2021

6

The ‘crop residue to charcoal’ briquetting ‘drum and press set’ needs: a press designed for it that can be locally-made, or locally-sourced at a reasonable cost; a promotion leaflet with website supplier listed; be adopted by DoE as an improved energy-efficient technology [TDAU / DoE, with support from UNDP. By end  of 2021

7

All equipment and infrastructure need servicing before handover, including the tractors, and the solar power inverter at Chitambo DFO. [FD / UNDP] By financial Closure of the Project

8

Post-project, for the maintenance of boundaries and fire breaks, the VAGs either need to provide ‘community labour days’ or generate a tax from the NTFPs being sold from these forests, for the purpose of paying for the clearance of boundary lines, and fire control monitoring. [FD / DIT to advise the VAGs] (by June 2021

1. Recommendation:

 The national FD sign an MoU ‘lending agreement’ with the District Agriculture Coordinators Office(s), to provide the two tractors to them.  This so that the DACOs can rent out the tractors to VAG / ANR farmers on cost-recovery basis, and with sufficient profit for maintenance, insurance and for forest boundary work for two months a year. [National FD, the two DFOs in Serenje and Chitambo with the two DACO offices, with UNDP to draft the MoU and act as a witness]

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

Fully accept agrees entirely with all the recommendation and will seek actions to achieve the recommendation if it reads' The Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources sign a MOU with the Ministry of Agriculture to provide the two tractors to them. The District Agriculture Coordinators can rent out the tractors to CFMGs/ VAGS/ ANR famers on the cost recovery  basis and with sufficient profit for maintenance , insurance and other forestry activities 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources and MoA to sign MOU for DACOs ( Serenje and Chitambo) to provide the two tractors.
[Added: 2020/12/28] [Last Updated: 2021/03/31]
MLNR and MOA 2021/03 Completed This MOU between Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources and MoA for DACOs ( Serenje and Chitambo) to provide the two tractors has been signed History
2. Recommendation:

National FD– enter in their 2021 plan and budget – ‘to pilot two community forests (CFS) in Serenje and Chitambo’ [National FD]; and UNDP to assess if the GEF small grants program can supply some funds towards this [UNDP] (according to the budget cycle)

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/28]

Partially agrees with the recommendations as Community forest management Groups that qualify can apply for the GEF small grants when advertised but the Forest Department cannot include this in 2021 as the budget cycle for the period is past.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Round 7 of the GEF small grant is available and communities will be encouraged to apply for funding.
[Added: 2020/12/28]
UNDP/ GEF SGP 2021/06 Not Initiated Adverts for GEF to commence 2020
3. Recommendation:

Provincial FD to receive the project Toyota Prado 4WD (or equivalent), so that they can support CF in Serenje and Chitambo, especially in the survey and inventory work for CFMPs. [National FD] (Within one month of Financial closure of the project)

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/30]

Recommendation not accepted as the Toyata Parondo is not suitable vehilce to conduct forest survery and inventories . The Toyota Prado willl be stationed at the Forest Headquaters and the provincial office will be supported from the national office.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation:

 UNDP and MLNR / FD jointly write to the three project chiefs to request support that the ANRs can become CFs in the future [UNDP with MLNR / FD]( by end of the project

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/30]

The recommendation is not accepted. This is becuase the procedure for community forest management does not require governement institution and collaborating partners to write letters of request but the initiation to be done by the local communities . The stage of recognition for CFM has already been initaited and the process is underway.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

The ANR boundary pillars and signboards need to be erected, with a VAG maintenance agreement [ZEMA with FD / UNDP to supervise] by June 2021

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/30]

The recoomendation is accepted if repraphesd to read' The ANR boundary pillar and sign board need to be erected by june 2021 and will seek actions to achieve the recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Procure and support the erection of the ANR boundary and signboard.
[Added: 2020/12/30]
ZEMA/FD 2021/06 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

The ‘crop residue to charcoal’ briquetting ‘drum and press set’ needs: a press designed for it that can be locally-made, or locally-sourced at a reasonable cost; a promotion leaflet with website supplier listed; be adopted by DoE as an improved energy-efficient technology [TDAU / DoE, with support from UNDP. By end  of 2021

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/30]

The recommendation s fully accepted and will seek action to imnplement the recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Engage UNDP accelerator lab to explore the possibility of supporting the designing of the press and charcoal briquetting
[Added: 2020/12/30]
TDAU/ DOE 2020/12 Completed UNDP ACC lab engaged to explore the possibility of designing the press and charcoal briquetting
Design a press for the crop residue and charcoal briquetting drum and press that can be locally sourced in collaboration with UNDP Acc lab
[Added: 2020/12/30]
TDAU 2021/12 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

All equipment and infrastructure need servicing before handover, including the tractors, and the solar power inverter at Chitambo DFO. [FD / UNDP] By financial Closure of the Project

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/30]

Fully accept the recommendation and will seek actions to achieve the recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Service all equipment and infrastructure before handover
[Added: 2020/12/30] [Last Updated: 2021/03/31]
UNDP 2021/08 Not Initiated A request for funding has been initiated and all equipment will be serviced once funds have been made available. History
8. Recommendation:

Post-project, for the maintenance of boundaries and fire breaks, the VAGs either need to provide ‘community labour days’ or generate a tax from the NTFPs being sold from these forests, for the purpose of paying for the clearance of boundary lines, and fire control monitoring. [FD / DIT to advise the VAGs] (by June 2021

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/30]

Fully accept the recommendations and will seek actions to acheive the reccomendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The VAGs to undertake activities for effective management of natural resource. FD to monitor.
[Added: 2020/12/30]
FD 2021/12 Not Initiated

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