Impact Analysis of Projects Implemented by the Lebanon Host Communities Support Programme through a perception study

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2022, Lebanon
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
08/2022
Completion Date:
06/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
298,896

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Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document TOR-LHSP Impact Analysis_2020-2022.pdf tor English 459.17 KB Posted 276
Download document 200831 Baseline Report.pdf related-document English 1356.96 KB Posted 374
Download document LHSP Perceptions Survey_ June 2022.pdf report English 1884.11 KB Posted 64
Title Impact Analysis of Projects Implemented by the Lebanon Host Communities Support Programme through a perception study
Atlas Project Number: 00065799
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2022, Lebanon
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2022
Planned End Date: 08/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.1.1 Core government functions and inclusive basic services4 restored post-crisis for stabilisation, durable solutions to displacement and return to sustainable development pathways within the framework of national policies and priorities
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
SDG Target
  • 1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
Evaluation Budget(US $): 298,896
Source of Funding: Donors
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 134,503
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Agulhas Applied Knowledge
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: LEBANON
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Recommendation 1: LHSP should carry out a theory of change workshop to hone its objectives and approach. This should address the increasingly pressing questions related to i) the types of interventions to focus on (be they hard infrastructure, livelihoods, or peacebuilding), and ii) the balance between short-term needs and long-term priorities. Such an exercise would ensure that the intervention is pulling in the same direction across all communities thereby increasing programme coherence and effect.

2

Recommendation 2: The LHSP should consider the best approach to take in relation to portfolio planning and delivery. This should focus on project relevance and visibility. Through applying more agile techniques (versus ‘waterfall’ implementation) the LHSP could deliver high-impact projects in shorter timescales and respond to rapidly-changing conditions in Lebanon.

3

Recommendation 3: To ensure value for money, the LHSP should consider its approach to sustainability, focus on projects that require minimal ongoing maintenance and / or encourage municipalities to come up with creative maintenance plans.

4

Recommendation 4: Underpinning all above is a need for the LHSP to reconsider the purpose and ways of working with municipalities.

1. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1: LHSP should carry out a theory of change workshop to hone its objectives and approach. This should address the increasingly pressing questions related to i) the types of interventions to focus on (be they hard infrastructure, livelihoods, or peacebuilding), and ii) the balance between short-term needs and long-term priorities. Such an exercise would ensure that the intervention is pulling in the same direction across all communities thereby increasing programme coherence and effect.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/19] [Last Updated: 2022/09/21]

Recommendation 1: In April 2022, LHSP undertook several discussions on Theory of Change in response to the changing context. However, we agree that a theory of change workshop could be carried out to validate these findings and relevance to the current context. This should take place as part of the design of the next project document expected to be launched in June 2023. This will be raised with senior management.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Incorporate Theory of Change workshop in LHSP project document development discussions
[Added: 2022/09/21]
ARR, CO M&E and Reporting Specialist, LHSP M&E and Reporting Specialist 2023/03 Initiated History
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation 2: The LHSP should consider the best approach to take in relation to portfolio planning and delivery. This should focus on project relevance and visibility. Through applying more agile techniques (versus ‘waterfall’ implementation) the LHSP could deliver high-impact projects in shorter timescales and respond to rapidly-changing conditions in Lebanon.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/21]

Recommendation 2: This recommendation is related to projects that were identified prior to the crisis and finished during the crisis. LHSP team is carefully reconsidering big infrastructure projects. Rehabilitation rather than construction is prioritized in the current situation that has seen delays in permit issuance and material procurement but, above all, sustainability of big infrastructure projects. As such, LHSP is already re-aligning their strategy to respond to emerging needs by focusing on smaller, but much-needed, infrastructure projects that have an economic impact, generate livelihoods, and projects that respond to and reduce competition over basic needs (electricity, water, solid waste management, public safety).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Discussion on strategy vis-a-vis civil works which require permits are already being discussed and will be discussed during the project document development phase. Additionally, LHSP CTA is holding discussions with the Ministry of Interior and Municipalities to search for potential solutions to the permit issuance issue.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
CTA LHSP 2023/03 Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 3: To ensure value for money, the LHSP should consider its approach to sustainability, focus on projects that require minimal ongoing maintenance and / or encourage municipalities to come up with creative maintenance plans.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/21]

Recommendation 3: LHSP has always considered the sustainability of its interventions. Lately, municipalities have increasingly been struggling due to the deep crisis that the country is facing in having available funds to support infrastructures projects and for this reason LHSP is reconsidering those type of interventions and how the sustainability is guaranteed. We are liaising with the Ministry of Interior and Municipalities and with the Director General of the Union of Municipalities to discuss how they could possibly support in sustaining the rehabilitation interventions but also to try to have their commitment in facilitating permission and legal documents.

For infrastructure, we are trying to go green as much as possible (e.g., solar panels over generators), reduce energy consumption in buildings through the provision of energy-efficient equipment, and ensuring proper insulation to reduce energy costs. For equipment, we make sure that beneficiaries have the finances to maintain by making sure they use them in income-generating activities (e.g., tractors are rented out which assures maintenance, beneficiaries benefit from lower cost than market rate). We are also procuring fuel-efficient trucks that reduce fuel consumption and in which maintenance costs are low in the short-term. In some cases, we are increasing efficiency of solid waste management processes by procuring larger trucks – e.g., instead of having one small truck doing three or four rounds the municipality or Union of Municipalities have one big truck that does one round.   

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
LHSP project staff consider its approach to sustainability, focus on projects that require minimal ongoing maintenance and / or encourage municipalities to come up with creative maintenance plans
[Added: 2022/09/21]
CTA LHSP, LHSP Staff 2022/09 Completed This is already being done.
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation 4: Underpinning all above is a need for the LHSP to reconsider the purpose and ways of working with municipalities.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/21]

Recommendation 4:  LHSP will continue to work through an area-based approach to support local development by working with Municipalities and Union of Municipalities. Due to the current deep crisis in LHSP, projects will be flexible in adapting to the new needs but also to support initiatives that will see the involvement and collaboration of the Municipalities and guarantee the sustainability of the interventions.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
LHSP reconsiders the purpose and ways of working with municipalities during upcoming project document discussions.
[Added: 2022/09/21]
CTA LHSP, LHSP project staff 2023/03 Initiated

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