PROJECT TERMINAL EVALUATION: CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED COMMUNITY DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN BURUNDI« GCRCCCBU3 »

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Evaluation Plan:
2019-2023, Burundi
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
11/2021
Completion Date:
08/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
40,000

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Title PROJECT TERMINAL EVALUATION: CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED COMMUNITY DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN BURUNDI« GCRCCCBU3 »
Atlas Project Number: 81297
Evaluation Plan: 2019-2023, Burundi
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 08/2021
Planned End Date: 11/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
Evaluation Budget(US $): 40,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 40,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with Donors
  • Joint with UNDP GEF
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Roland Wong Consultant Intternational
Alphonse Polisi National Consultant BURUNDI
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: PROJECT TERMINAL EVALUATION: CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED COMMUNITY DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN BURUNDI
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4990
PIMS Number: 4922
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: BURUNDI
Lessons
1.

 Watershed rehabilitation should not be done in isolation. Watershed rehabilitation works done in isolation are not sustainable due to the risks of the lack of protection upstream and downstream of the works. For example, the works to protect the school and church in Bujumbura do not protect the upstream areas of the watershed. The risk of the river changing its course isolating the church and school from road infrastructure, is significant

 A well prepared PRF is essential effectively guide implementation of a project. An economy of words to describe the outcomes, indicators, baseline and targets would have been more desirable to clarify the intentions of the CDRM Project. In addition, indicators should reflect the intended outcomes such as Outcome 3’s investments into watershed protection, landslide prevention, and adaptive technologies, not early warning systems.

 

 


Findings
1.
  1. The achievement of the CDRM Burundi Project-level targets are rated as moderately satisfactory due to the exceedance of the numbers of targeted stakeholders trained. However, the effectiveness of the training has been questionable due to the equipment being installed in 2018, no hydrological data being generated until 2019, and no training activities in 2019 and 2020.

 

  1. In Component 1, the development and operationalization of a community-based EWS has not been achieved. Though 7 systems of collection and transmission of early warning data for climatic hazards (floods, droughts) has been developed through the installation and equipment of some thirty stations, the training for IGEBU, provincial government, communal services and local communities, was not effective due to the lack of hydrological data being generated by the stations, made worse by the COVID-19 pandemic which led to a lack of trained personnel to analyze and interpret the data and a lack of suitable modules for training. The hydrological stations included 10 automatic agro-meteorological stations, 10 hydro-meteorological stations, one automatic synoptic station and 19 rainfall gauge stations, all received field data to the main computer server at the IGEBU headquarters as of 2019 after the training was delivered. Furthermore, the target for households having access to climate risk information and alerts was not met with an estimated 100 households trained and sensitized in 2018, against a target of 2,000 households, and the training being done without the equipment generating hydrological data.

 

  1. For Component 2, the target number of staff that trained on climate change risks, adaptation approaches, and management tools was not achieved. This training only included 50 staff from provincial and communal governments responsible for DRR management and 14 IGEBU staff trained in weather forecasting against a target of at least 50 extension staff and 100 DRR platform members. With regards to the preparation and updating of  SPATs and PCDCs, the development of 3 new PCDCs in 2019 strengthened the capacity of provinces and municipalities to take charge of their own planning by integrating climate risks, resulting in updated annual budgets to integrate climate risk management.

 

  1. In Component 3, the slope stabilization works on the Ntahangwa River included 17,720 m3 of gabion to stabilize nearly 1 km of river bank with 50 houses saved directly from the landslides and 150 m of Mukaraka road reconstructed. With the GoB’s agreed in-kind contribution (with equipment and technical staff), work proceeded under the assumption that the community would still be involved in rehabilitation. However, given the technical complexities and engineering required to repair the Ntahangwa riverbank, a private contractor was recruited to do the engineering and rehabilitation of the riverbank in 2018.

 

  1. Component 3 work also consisted of 1,400 km of erosion control vegetated ditches in Mumirwa, Bugesera and Imbo, 2,886 km of vegetated anti-erosive ditch in Bujumbura province, 12,769,982 forestry trees produced and planted on 1,643 ha upstream on the Ntahagwa River Basin, and 1,037,566 agroforestry trees produced and planted in the local communities for agricultural exploitation.

 


Recommendations
1
  1.  Complete EWS training on the next project by:
  • providing flood forecast training after the multimodal software (ACMAD and MyDEWETRA:  weather and hydrological forecasting tools) is operational after its design phase. This is a follow-up to CIMA-trained IGEBU experts responsible for analyzing and producing weather reports;
  • ensuring the maintenance of the hydrological stations by purchasing sensors as some of them have been worn out;
  • putting into place a contingency plan for the EWS by conducting simulation exercises; and
  • training EWS focal points on the effectives use of the EWS communication tools at IGEBU. This would mean that EWS communication tools should be distributed to the EWS focal points and the emergency management and decision-making team in the field.
2

Improve the technical capacities of institutions (i.e. IGEBU, provincial governments, communal services and local communities) to manage the mapping of climate-induced flood and erosion risks along the Ntahangwa watershed.

3

Establish an investment program that carries on the work of CDRM Project on the Ntahangwa watershed

4

Continue with investment programs to promote livelihood resilience and green entrepreneurship.

5

For subsequent projects to CDRM, step up safeguard-related requirements as per UNDP’s latest guidance to ensure that sufficient resources are allocated to conduct this work

6

Engage with the GoB to enforce co-financing commitments

7

For subsequent projects to CDRM, prepare a PRF with SMART indicators with an economy of words.

1. Recommendation:
  1.  Complete EWS training on the next project by:
  • providing flood forecast training after the multimodal software (ACMAD and MyDEWETRA:  weather and hydrological forecasting tools) is operational after its design phase. This is a follow-up to CIMA-trained IGEBU experts responsible for analyzing and producing weather reports;
  • ensuring the maintenance of the hydrological stations by purchasing sensors as some of them have been worn out;
  • putting into place a contingency plan for the EWS by conducting simulation exercises; and
  • training EWS focal points on the effectives use of the EWS communication tools at IGEBU. This would mean that EWS communication tools should be distributed to the EWS focal points and the emergency management and decision-making team in the field.
Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/17] [Last Updated: 2021/12/06]

Accepted 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Providing flood forecast training after the multimodal software (ACMAD and MyDEWETRA: weather and hydrological forecasting tools) is operational after its design phase. This is a follow-up to CIMA-trained IGEBU experts responsible for analysing and producing weather reports.
[Added: 2021/12/28]
ACMAD/PNUD 2020/10 Completed Done from May to September continue and operatizing the system
Ensuring the maintenance of the hydrological stations by purchasing sensors as some of them have been worn out.
[Added: 2021/12/28]
Marie Ange 2020/11 Completed The training has been conducted for 2 weeks and the hydro meteorologist were trained in Flood forecast and Hydrological Modelling and the flood or hydrological model is available on MyDEWETRA Platform
Putting into place a contingency plan for the EWS by conducting simulation exercises.
[Added: 2021/12/28]
Marie Ange Kigeme 2020/12 Completed Realized 2021A contingency plan for the EWS functioning ACMAD has put in place a setup backup and regularly follow up with IGEBU Technicians on EWS Enhancing the undergoing EWS using the existing technical capacities at Red Cross Burundi, National Plate form body. ACMAD continue providing maintenance support and weather stations
Training EWS focal points on the effectives use of the EWS communication tools at IGEBU. This would mean that EWS communication tools should be distributed to the EWS focal points and the emergency management and decision-making team in the field
[Added: 2021/12/28]
Red Cross Burundi /UNDP 2021/12 Completed Members of the National Plate form and the Focal Points are trained and are able to set up a Community-based Early Warning System to prevent the risks of disasters linked to climate change Red Cross provided capacities to focal points among communities in the project areas and conducted simulation exercise with them
2. Recommendation:

Improve the technical capacities of institutions (i.e. IGEBU, provincial governments, communal services and local communities) to manage the mapping of climate-induced flood and erosion risks along the Ntahangwa watershed.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/17]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP would collaborate with other partners in the EWS such is OIM, WB which are involved in hydrological modelling to map out climate-sensitive flood and erosion risks at national level and make use of their data
[Added: 2021/12/28]
UNDP and Government of Burundi 2023/12 Initiated
UNDP in collaboration with Ministry of Environment will put in place an integrated watershed management plan to provide an understanding of the key areas in the watershed for the provision of ecosystem services for flood and erosion control and to guide the development and rehabilitation of the Ntahangwa watershed and erosion control;
[Added: 2021/12/28]
UNDP and Government of Burundi 2023/12 Initiated
ACMAD and CIMA explored the integration of other hazards (Drought monitoring; Soil Erosions and landslide) in MyDWETRA Tool
[Added: 2021/12/28]
ACMAD, CIMA with financial support World Bank Project on land restoration 2023/12 Initiated
ACMAD trained Burundi Red Cross and Civil Protection on the use of the MyDEWETRA and interpretation of the Weather and Climate Information
[Added: 2021/12/28]
ACMAD and CIMA 2020/12 Completed ACMAD and CIMA Conducted training on the use and interpretation of bulletins, Credentials (Username and password) have been provided to Burundi RedCross and Civil Protection of Burundi
3. Recommendation:

Establish an investment program that carries on the work of CDRM Project on the Ntahangwa watershed

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/17]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ministry of Environment shall build synergy with donors’ community intervening around Ntahangwa river
[Added: 2021/12/28]
MINEAGRIE/UNDP 2023/12 Not Initiated
Ministry in collaboration of UNDP to put in place coordination mechanisms for watershed management
[Added: 2021/12/28]
UNDP 2023/12 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Continue with investment programs to promote livelihood resilience and green entrepreneurship.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/17]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To ensure the resource mobilisation
[Added: 2021/12/28]
UNDP/ MINEAGRIE 2023/12 Not Initiated
stakeholders’ consultations
[Added: 2021/12/28]
UNDP/ MINEAGRIE 2022/12 Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

For subsequent projects to CDRM, step up safeguard-related requirements as per UNDP’s latest guidance to ensure that sufficient resources are allocated to conduct this work

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/17] [Last Updated: 2021/12/06]

Accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Recruitment of environmental officer
[Added: 2021/12/28]
UNDP 2023/12 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Engage with the GoB to enforce co-financing commitments

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/06]

Acceptée 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Lobbying with ministry of Finance for Government contribution
[Added: 2021/12/28]
MINEAGRIE 2023/12 Not Initiated
Advocacy for donor’s community to invest jointly in environmental issues and watershed management
[Added: 2021/12/28]
MINEAGRIE/ UNDP 2023/12 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

For subsequent projects to CDRM, prepare a PRF with SMART indicators with an economy of words.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/06]

Acceptée 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Involved M&E colleagues in designing project Indicators
[Added: 2021/12/28]
UNDP/ Marie ANge 2022/12 Not Initiated
Build capacity on how to set SMART indicators during project development
[Added: 2021/12/28]
Unit M&E UNDP 2022/12 Not Initiated

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