PROJECT TERMINAL EVALUATION: CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED COMMUNITY DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN BURUNDI« GCRCCCBU3 »

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Evaluation Plan:
2019-2023, Burundi
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
11/2021
Status:
Planned
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
40,000
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Title PROJECT TERMINAL EVALUATION: CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED COMMUNITY DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN BURUNDI« GCRCCCBU3 »
Atlas Project Number: 81297
Evaluation Plan: 2019-2023, Burundi
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Planned
Planned End Date: 11/2021
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
Evaluation Budget(US $): 40,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 40,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with Donors
  • Joint with UNDP GEF
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: PROJECT TERMINAL EVALUATION: CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED COMMUNITY DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT IN BURUNDI
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4990
PIMS Number: 4922
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: BURUNDI
Lessons
1.

 Watershed rehabilitation should not be done in isolation. Watershed rehabilitation works done in isolation are not sustainable due to the risks of the lack of protection upstream and downstream of the works. For example, the works to protect the school and church in Bujumbura do not protect the upstream areas of the watershed. The risk of the river changing its course isolating the church and school from road infrastructure, is significant

 A well prepared PRF is essential effectively guide implementation of a project. An economy of words to describe the outcomes, indicators, baseline and targets would have been more desirable to clarify the intentions of the CDRM Project. In addition, indicators should reflect the intended outcomes such as Outcome 3’s investments into watershed protection, landslide prevention, and adaptive technologies, not early warning systems.

 

 


Findings
1.
  1. The achievement of the CDRM Burundi Project-level targets are rated as moderately satisfactory due to the exceedance of the numbers of targeted stakeholders trained. However, the effectiveness of the training has been questionable due to the equipment being installed in 2018, no hydrological data being generated until 2019, and no training activities in 2019 and 2020.

 

  1. In Component 1, the development and operationalization of a community-based EWS has not been achieved. Though 7 systems of collection and transmission of early warning data for climatic hazards (floods, droughts) has been developed through the installation and equipment of some thirty stations, the training for IGEBU, provincial government, communal services and local communities, was not effective due to the lack of hydrological data being generated by the stations, made worse by the COVID-19 pandemic which led to a lack of trained personnel to analyze and interpret the data and a lack of suitable modules for training. The hydrological stations included 10 automatic agro-meteorological stations, 10 hydro-meteorological stations, one automatic synoptic station and 19 rainfall gauge stations, all received field data to the main computer server at the IGEBU headquarters as of 2019 after the training was delivered. Furthermore, the target for households having access to climate risk information and alerts was not met with an estimated 100 households trained and sensitized in 2018, against a target of 2,000 households, and the training being done without the equipment generating hydrological data.

 

  1. For Component 2, the target number of staff that trained on climate change risks, adaptation approaches, and management tools was not achieved. This training only included 50 staff from provincial and communal governments responsible for DRR management and 14 IGEBU staff trained in weather forecasting against a target of at least 50 extension staff and 100 DRR platform members. With regards to the preparation and updating of  SPATs and PCDCs, the development of 3 new PCDCs in 2019 strengthened the capacity of provinces and municipalities to take charge of their own planning by integrating climate risks, resulting in updated annual budgets to integrate climate risk management.

 

  1. In Component 3, the slope stabilization works on the Ntahangwa River included 17,720 m3 of gabion to stabilize nearly 1 km of river bank with 50 houses saved directly from the landslides and 150 m of Mukaraka road reconstructed. With the GoB’s agreed in-kind contribution (with equipment and technical staff), work proceeded under the assumption that the community would still be involved in rehabilitation. However, given the technical complexities and engineering required to repair the Ntahangwa riverbank, a private contractor was recruited to do the engineering and rehabilitation of the riverbank in 2018.

 

  1. Component 3 work also consisted of 1,400 km of erosion control vegetated ditches in Mumirwa, Bugesera and Imbo, 2,886 km of vegetated anti-erosive ditch in Bujumbura province, 12,769,982 forestry trees produced and planted on 1,643 ha upstream on the Ntahagwa River Basin, and 1,037,566 agroforestry trees produced and planted in the local communities for agricultural exploitation.

 


Recommendations
1
  1. Action 1 (to UNDP and the Government of Burundi): Complete EWS training on the next project by:

 

2

Improve the technical capacities of institutions (i.e. IGEBU, provincial governments, communal services and local communities) to manage the mapping of climate-induced flood and erosion risks along the Ntahangwa watershed.

3

Establish an investment program that carries on the work of CDRM Project on the Ntahangwa watershed

4

Continue with investment programs to promote livelihood resilience and green entrepreneurship.

5

For subsequent projects to CDRM, prepare a PRF with SMART indicators with an economy of words. T

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