Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Zambia

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
ICPE/ADR
Planned End Date:
12/2020
Completion Date:
12/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
32,900

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Title Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Zambia
Atlas Project Number: 87064,108997,68621,92211,87360,69686,95469,74216,72981,77150,77470,61806,76058,101751,84596,76602,86025,102127,69179
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2020
Planned End Date: 12/2020
Management Response: No
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Governance
  • 3. Sustainable
  • 4. Energy
  • 5. Gender
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
  • 2. Output 1.2.1 Capacities at national and sub-national levels strengthened to promote inclusive local economic development and deliver basic services including HIV and related services
  • 3. Output 1.2.3 Institutions and systems enabled to address awareness, prevention and enforcement of anti-corruption measures to maximize availability of resources for poverty eradication
  • 4. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
  • 5. Output 1.5.1 Solutions adopted to achieve universal access to clean, affordable and sustainable energy
  • 6. Output 1.6.1 Country-led measures accelerated to advance gender equality and women’s empowerment
  • 7. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
  • 8. Output 2.2.2 Constitution-making, electoral and parliamentary processes and institutions strengthened to promote inclusion, transparency and accountability
  • 9. Output 2.2.3 Capacities, functions and financing of rule of law and national human rights institutions and systems strengthened to expand access to justice and combat discrimination, with a focus on women and other marginalised groups
SDG Target
  • 1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
  • 16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
  • 16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
  • 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
  • 3.3 By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases
  • 5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
  • 5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 32,900
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 32,900
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Ana Rosa Monteiro Soares Lead Evaluator
Elizabeth Wojnar Associate Lead Evaluator
Claude Kasonka Evaluation Consultant
Bernard Tembo Evaluation Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: ZAMBIA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Capitalizing on its unique positioning and long-term partnerships in Zambia, UNDP should position the next country programme to provide more innovative and accelerated development solutions. This would help Zambia recover from the impacts of COVID-19 and build forward better. It would advance inclusive economic diversification for poverty reduction, and good governance for enhanced transparency and accountability.

UNDP needs to highlight its focus on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Leave No One Behind principle, but in a more integrated way with other UN agencies and development partners. To this end, UNDP should consider ways for the country office team to expand its efforts to operate in a less programmatic siloed way, and in a more integrated way. This would improve complementarities and synergies that could promote more timely collaborations and investments. To ensure UNDP’s efforts contribute to the achievement of development outcomes, it will be key to develop coherent theories of change for each outcome. These will need to have more realistic outputs that properly map and aim to leverage and integrate the contributions of other strategic partners with cross-cutting issues, such as the principle of Leave No One Behind. They will also need differentiated approaches to work with vulnerable groups, such as youth, women and people with disabilities. It will be key to identify more adequate performance indicators that can more rigorously measure the contributions under UNDP’s control to promote change.

2

UNDP should build on its integrative efforts to support sustainable economic development through improved community governance and management of natural resources, linking this to livelihood promotion, with a more comprehensive theory of change and a partnership strategy to fund and scale successful initiatives for more significant and sustainable COVID-19 recovery, poverty reduction and inclusive economic diversification in Zambia.

It will be important to develop a programme that combines a focus on innovation for inclusive sustainable growth, integrating more systemic and holistic approaches to tackle challenges related to climate change, and the socio-economic impacts of COVID-19, for enhanced resilience against future crises. This should include the completion of the comprehensive review and assessment of the development minerals sector national policies, strategies and legislation to expand attention to the opportunities created by mining extractives and public private partnerships.

3

To enhance transparency and accountability and build the confidence of the donor community to invest in the country, UNDP should leverage the trust and global UNDP capacities – built through the success of initiatives linked to elections and COVID-19 – to promote transparent and innovative digital solutions for good governance and public services.

In line with recent efforts of UNDP and global trends, UNDP should support the government to operationalize e-governance, including identifying priority areas of public concern or inaccessibility, current and potential legal impediments, entry points and digitization opportunities. In this process, it will be imperative for UNDP and partners to discuss a public-oriented strategy, engaging with citizens to identify solutions and precautions. UNDP’s Accelerator Labs’ human-centered design approaches, with rapid prototyping and partnership frameworks, may add value to drive such processes, which should involve a participatory effort.

4

UNDP should build on its gender-responsive approach to improve access to justice for victims of SGBV, to further integrate multi-dimensional strategies to address the structural and root causes of persistent GBV, human-rights violations and inequalities in a transformative way.

It will be important to better include different partners and thematic areas, including citizen security, as well as further efforts to address barriers to women’s economic empowerment and political participation. UNDP Zambia should support the government to target policy implementation gaps and strengthen prevention, with a stronger results framework to track changes and adapt strategies as needed. Attention should also be paid to further ensuring the rights and opportunities of the LGBTQI community. It will be necessary to further strengthen the capacities of CSOs for their role in civil monitoring of public policy implementation in these areas.

5

UNDP’s work on health must address long-standing issues with health supply chain stock-outs, ensure the transfer of capacity to government, and transition focus and resources to concretely removing barriers hindering access of targeted key populations to HIV/AIDS and other services as part of its human rights and Leave No One Behind initiatives.

UNDP’s work on SGBV with courts, police and community groups must add a focus on key populations who are also at heightened risk of SGBV and HIV/AIDS. UNDP should leverage its presence at the district level and its technical expertise to drive greater awareness of and attention to vulnerable key populations, and address inclusive social development in a more integrated way.

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