Climate Resilient Integrated Water Management Project (CRIWMP) MTR

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Sri Lanka
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
08/2021
Completion Date:
06/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Climate Resilient Integrated Water Management Project (CRIWMP) MTR
Atlas Project Number: 57445
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Sri Lanka
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2021
Planned End Date: 08/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
  • 2. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: GCF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 19,469
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Anne C Woodfine Lead Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Irrigation, Department of Agrarian Development, Department of Agriculture, Department of National Community Water Supply, National Water Supply and Drainage Board, Disaster Management Center, Meteorology Department.
Countries: SRI LANKA
Comments:

GCF MTR planned for 2021

Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

`1. The IE recommends prioritizing progress under Output 2 (subject to the approval of the Restructuring Proposal) as it is an integral part of the overall project design and meets a vital human need.  If not, all aspects are approved. The Project could consider scaling up rainwater harvesting, which is proving very popular and effective (also linked to groundwater recharge) or other alternatives – particularly for the communities of Mannar, Vavuniya, and Trincomalee.

2

2.  The low mobilisation of co-finance and underspend on the GCF grant limits project progress and needs to be addressed. However, the Nov 2020 letter from MoI indicated GoSL are addressing the problem.

[Dependent on release of tranche 4 of GCF grant].  

3

3. Project achievements in the rehabilitation of the tank-cascades should be supported by policy dialogues, policy changes, institutional changes at the cascade level enabling multiple users of the cascades to come to a common form, and if necessary, the legal backup.

4

4. The EE, RPs, PMU and sub-national stakeholders should recognize the very positive progress the Project is making and ensure that the Project's momentum continues for the remaining period to enhance the likelihood of post-project sustainability. This should include more awareness-raising on the benefits of the inter-sectoral river basin approach, the innovative technologies being used and also mainstreaming project lessons, such as the innovative interventions via the agricultural policy, irrigation and CSA guidelines. After the IE, workshops among beneficiaries at the district level could be held to share lessons learned.

5

5. The Project Board have a significant role in project implementation and mainstreaming. PB should aim to meet in person at least twice/ year (COVID-19 permitting), using ICT to communicate more regularly. It would be beneficial to hold PB meetings in the project river basin areas for site visits to see interventions and meet with beneficiaries. This will reinforce ownership, transparency and understanding of the win-win benefits of intersectoral approaches. This will contribute to maximizing the impacts during implementation and the likelihood of sustainability / scaling up post-project. Some meetings could be held virtually if COVID-19 conditions do not allow frequent in-person meetings. Field visits could also involve local MPs. The Project should also establish the IMCC and TAC, catalyzing regular meetings, as recommended in the FP.

6

6. There should be and make it 5.2 budget revision to focus as many of the funds as possible to support drinking water solutions – as the Project is on track to attain most of the Output indicators but has underspent on the GCF funds and not mobilized all the promised co-financing. 

7

7. Financial Control issues between the PMU and UNDP CO should be addressed and solved

8

8. The Project should work with others to mitigate the increasing instances of conflict between humans and elephants (HEC); also other wild animal attacks (monkeys, giant squirrels, wild boar, insects), as CC affects the availability of water in the forests and improved (perennial) crop growing offer an alternative forage. [For example, rehabilitation of upstream forest tanks to provide water for wildlife outside the VISs]. The Project requires developing a sustainable solution to the risk raised by local cattle having lost their feeding grounds due to increased cultivation.

9

9. Given the Objective, Outcome and Outputs of the Project, in addition to the CI indicator, the Project should use participatory methods to monitor their crop yields and food (in)security regularly. Further, if possible, HH incomes, as this reinforces the benefits of the Project and enhances involvement, which will contribute to post-project sustainability.

10

10. All stakeholders should address the lack of gender balance in the Project Board, also the GoSL and UNDP project staff, by positive discrimination.

11

11. Extra attention is needed to increase youth participation, especially CSA farm practices, value-addition cottage industries and linking to markets to attract both male and female youths.

12

12. Project team and stakeholders should continue advocating and publicizing the benefits of the Project's innovative approaches and technologies to scale up adoption and enhance the availability and the range of technologies (e.g., conduct programs for increasing the ICT literacy of farmers; promoting renewable and sustainable energy (solar) as a CSA practice; develop mobile phone apps to disseminate agro-met and disaster early warnings.  

13

13. Project visibility boards are seen rarely at the project sites in all the districts. Some of the direct beneficiaries, indirect beneficiaries, and outsiders of the Project are extremely concerned about the transparency of the project activities, especially concerning the name of the Project, financial allocation, implementing agency, contractor, and project duration etc. The visibility boards will increase the transparency of the project activities while ensuring the right to information of the public.

14

14. Develop sufficient value chains because the harvests of the seasonal and perennial crops will come by May 2021, including reactivating forward sales agreements between the producer groups.

15

15. Develop a central seed bank with district branches to ensure the availability of drought-resistant seeds for smallholder farmers and home gardens.

1. Recommendation:

`1. The IE recommends prioritizing progress under Output 2 (subject to the approval of the Restructuring Proposal) as it is an integral part of the overall project design and meets a vital human need.  If not, all aspects are approved. The Project could consider scaling up rainwater harvesting, which is proving very popular and effective (also linked to groundwater recharge) or other alternatives – particularly for the communities of Mannar, Vavuniya, and Trincomalee.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

UNDP agrees to this recommendation. The Project is planning to install the balance 873 Rainwater Harvesting Systems (RWHS) during 2021/2022 depending on approval of restructuring proposal. The Project had been supporting vulnerable communities to rehabilitate existing RWHS in Project areas, and these activities will be continued to support additional beneficiaries. The Project also plans to conduct Operations & Maintenance training to all beneficiary households, carryout water quality testing and a household usage survey to ensure sustainability of provided facilities.

Using the experience from rainwater recharging initiatives introduced in Kurunegala District, the Project will replicate it in other areas.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.2. Repair and rehabilitate existing RWHS, 100 – Vavuniya, 50 – A’pura, 30 - Puttalam
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU, DNCWS and CSO 2022/12 Initiated History
1.3. Water quality testing of all installed RWHS
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU, NWSDB and CSO 2022/12 Initiated Partially completed.
1.4. O & M Training to all installed RWHS using trained district resource pool
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/05/05]
PMU 2023/04 Initiated Project is progressing to install 873 RWHS in 2022 and the Operation and Matintainence training to follow forwards. Installation of RWHS is also approved on the AWP for 2022. History
1.5. Implementing an arrangement for the sustainability of the RWHS together with DNCWS, Lanka Rainwater Harvesting Forum and Provincial Council training Units
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU 2022/12 Initiated Partially Completed
1.6. Conducting User survey of all HHs installed with RWHS
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU, CSO 2022/12 Initiated Partially Completed
1.7. Publication of National RWH Operational & Maintenance Manual
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/01/03]
PMU 2022/08 Initiated The O & M Manual has been drafted, and the final draft waits for approval from the Ministry of Water Supply History
1.1. Implementing new RWHS in 130- Kurunegala, 130 – Puttalam, 213 - Vavuniya, 200 – Trincomalee, 200 – Mannar, including groundwater recharging units
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU, DNCWS and CSO 2022/12 Not Initiated Subjected to the availability/receipt of the next tranche
1.2. Repair and rehabilitate existing RWHS, 100 – Vavuniya, 50 – A’pura, 30 - Puttalam
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU, DNCWS and CSO 2022/12 Not Initiated Subjected to receipt of the next tranche
2. Recommendation:

2.  The low mobilisation of co-finance and underspend on the GCF grant limits project progress and needs to be addressed. However, the Nov 2020 letter from MoI indicated GoSL are addressing the problem.

[Dependent on release of tranche 4 of GCF grant].  

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

UNDP agrees to this recommendation. However, in the ongoing discussion regarding fund disbursement arrangements, the IP demands that GCF funds, in its entirety should be channeled directly through treasury for the government to honor co-financing commitments. This needs to be comprehensively discussed with the External Resources Department and other relevant parties of the Government, considering UNDP’s fiduciary requirements. Therefore, the management response to this recommendation will be finalized/revised once consensus is reached on fund transfer modality.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Discussions with ERD, IP and AE on mobilizing co-financing as agreed in the project document
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/05/05]
UNDP & MOI 2022/08 Initiated There is no change in the fund transferring modality. Please refer to the PM meeting minute, as this has already been addressed to the Ministry of Irrigation, and waiting for ERD level decision. History
2.2 AE to conduct a scenario analysis of different co-financing scenarios and potential impact of realization on project results and keep the GCF secretariat informed on the risks related to reaching Project targets
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/03/31]
UNDP/BRH 2022/10 Initiated This is to postponed as cofinancing is a challenge with the existing economic crisis in the country. History
3. Recommendation:

3. Project achievements in the rehabilitation of the tank-cascades should be supported by policy dialogues, policy changes, institutional changes at the cascade level enabling multiple users of the cascades to come to a common form, and if necessary, the legal backup.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

Management response: UNDP agrees to this recommendation. The Project has conducted surveys targeting communities in the selected cascades and District level officers to obtain their expectations concerning an institutional arrangement at cascade level in 2020. The prepared report received the endorsement of the Technical Working Committee. It is noted that the way forward, especially the needed institutional changes at the cascade level, requires policy dialogues and studies pertaining to required policy changes and legal backup. These studies will show whether policy and legal changes are necessary and provide guidance for such changes. Policy dialogues delayed due to the political changes, and it is planned to commence from September 2021. This will be a priority area for the project post-IE.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1. Initiating studies to find policy gaps and needs for legal backup
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/01/03]
PMU 2022/12 Initiated initiating studies on policy gaps is still under discussion which is a longer task and expecting the initial level draft by Dec. History
3.2 Initiate action to implement recommendations from the studies
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/06/29]
PMU 2022/12 Initiated Still funding issue persist History
3.3 Incorporate Integrated water management aspects to UNDP’s ongoing initiatives on green development and next country programme document formulation
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/06/29]
UNDP Country Office 2022/03 Completed The policy dialogue was held along with Colombo Development Dialogues, and an integrated water resource management policy paper was submitted to the Ministry. History
4. Recommendation:

4. The EE, RPs, PMU and sub-national stakeholders should recognize the very positive progress the Project is making and ensure that the Project's momentum continues for the remaining period to enhance the likelihood of post-project sustainability. This should include more awareness-raising on the benefits of the inter-sectoral river basin approach, the innovative technologies being used and also mainstreaming project lessons, such as the innovative interventions via the agricultural policy, irrigation and CSA guidelines. After the IE, workshops among beneficiaries at the district level could be held to share lessons learned.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

UNDP agrees to this recommendation. The Project will organize district level workshops to share lessons generated through the project. Further, the project will also disseminate lessons through mass media, especially the technological innovation carried out by the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1. District level and river basin level workshops will be held
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/06/29]
PMU, RPs 2022/12 Initiated This project is on hold due to the governance issue therefore this has to be postponed. History
4.2 Establish a Policy platform on integrated water resource management and have regular policy discussions with development partners/funding partners academia and relevant government agencies and private sector organizations
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU/ UND Country Office 2022/12 Initiated One policy dialogue per year. Promote research in the area of climate change adaptation in project areas in collaboration with national/international universities (Partially Completed)
4.3. Publications on technological innovations and presentation of these in national forums
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU, RPs 2022/12 Initiated Subjected to receipt of the next tranche
5. Recommendation:

5. The Project Board have a significant role in project implementation and mainstreaming. PB should aim to meet in person at least twice/ year (COVID-19 permitting), using ICT to communicate more regularly. It would be beneficial to hold PB meetings in the project river basin areas for site visits to see interventions and meet with beneficiaries. This will reinforce ownership, transparency and understanding of the win-win benefits of intersectoral approaches. This will contribute to maximizing the impacts during implementation and the likelihood of sustainability / scaling up post-project. Some meetings could be held virtually if COVID-19 conditions do not allow frequent in-person meetings. Field visits could also involve local MPs. The Project should also establish the IMCC and TAC, catalyzing regular meetings, as recommended in the FP.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

Agree to this recommendation, currently intervetnions are partially completed - 
- The Project Board (PB) consists of main stakeholders, including AE, IP, RPs, National Planning Department, External Resource Departments. PB has been convened once a year to discuss progress and approve the AWPs of the following year as per mandatory requirement. In addition, meetings with the IP and RPs, and provincial and district authorities are being held on a regular basis to discuss implementation bottlenecks, social & environmental safeguards and take appropriate mitigation measures. The project will explore possibility to convene PBs at least twice a year, and to have some of the meetings at project sites, to allow board members and local MPs to visit the sites and see the progress in person.
- Project will operationalize the IMCC as recommended. 
- TAC - as per the cabinet approval for the project it was advised not to establish a TAC. Instead, the Project opted to establish a Technical Working Committee TWC) for the project, which is being convened at least twice a year 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1. Convene PB meeting as per TOR given in ProDOC and convene additional PBs at river basin level
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/06/29]
IP/UNDP 2023/03 Initiated This was discussed in the recently held PBM, but the TOR developed was only suggested, this is yet to be accomplished at the next discussion. History
5 .2 Convene IMCC and TWC on regular basis
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/06/01]
PMU 2022/12 Initiated Still Inter Ministerial Coordinating Committee and Technical Advisory Commtitee is still not formed, this is yet to be discussed with the partners at the next Project Board. History
6. Recommendation:

6. There should be and make it 5.2 budget revision to focus as many of the funds as possible to support drinking water solutions – as the Project is on track to attain most of the Output indicators but has underspent on the GCF funds and not mobilized all the promised co-financing. 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

There are limitations in implementing this recommendation due to following reasons:
01.   The implementation of this recommendation is subject to provisions under Clause 5.01 of the FAA on Permitted Reallocation. As per the said Clause, any reallocation of funds, exceeding 10% of the previously agreed budget for the output from which the funds are to be reallocated must be approved in writing by the Fund in advance.  

02. As of now, there are no considerable savings from component 1 and 3, hence there is a limitation in carrying out a budget revision among components even within the allowed tolerance limit.

Key Actions:

7. Recommendation:

7. Financial Control issues between the PMU and UNDP CO should be addressed and solved

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

UNDP partially agree with this recommendation. Financial management and control of funds is outlined as per the Funded Activity Agreement and UNDP’s financial management policies and procedures. However, the IP, in a communication dated 20th August 2021, has suggested to change the fund transfer arrangement agreed in the project document. The IP’s request necessitates further discussions with key stakeholders including External Resources Department, as the current fund transfer modality is in line with the Fiduciary requirement of the Funded Activity and the fund disbursement modalities agreed between the UN agencies and Government of Sri Lanka.  Following management actions are proposed to address this concern.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Discussions with ERD. EE and UNDP to clarify the fund disbursement arrangement as per the project document. Fund disbursement arrangement will be clarified to the ERD and IP.
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/05/05]
UNDP & MOI 2022/08 Initiated Still no decision on the funding disbursement waiting for ERD decision. History
7.2 AE to keep the GCF Secretariat informed about new development on the prevailing issues and potential risks
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/01/03]
UNDP 2021/12 Completed Accredited Entity (UNDP) informs on new development options on fund transferring mechanism and on the potential risks to GCF secretariat. History
8. Recommendation:

8. The Project should work with others to mitigate the increasing instances of conflict between humans and elephants (HEC); also other wild animal attacks (monkeys, giant squirrels, wild boar, insects), as CC affects the availability of water in the forests and improved (perennial) crop growing offer an alternative forage. [For example, rehabilitation of upstream forest tanks to provide water for wildlife outside the VISs]. The Project requires developing a sustainable solution to the risk raised by local cattle having lost their feeding grounds due to increased cultivation.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

Management response: UNDP agrees to this recommendation. The Project is rehabilitating forest tanks, which enhances water availability for wildlife and minimizes wild animal encounters in the village. In addition, the project is cultivating fruit-bearing plants in VIS catchment areas, which will improve food availability for wild animals in the long run. This will also minimize wild animal encounters in the village.

The project will improve harmony between paddy and other field crop farmers and cattle farmers through the mobilization process. Thereby, the conflict between cattle farmers and paddy/OFC farmers will be minimized. Further, the Project will promote a cut and feed system for cattle by promoting the cultivation of fodder grasses in the villages.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Implementing programmes to cultivate fruit-bearing plants in the VIS catchment areas during the NE monsoon period (September-December in 2022) under AWP 2022
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU/CSO/RP 2023/12 Initiated Subjected to receipt of the next tranche
8 .2 Project will continue to establish live bio-fence in affected communities with citrus plants, including lime during the NE monsoon period (September-December in 2022) under AWP 2022
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU/CSO/RP 2023/12 Initiated Although addressing human and wild animal conflict is beyond the scope of the project, the project will consider the aforementioned issue in designing project activities such as climate smart agriculture and catchment restoration.
9. Recommendation:

9. Given the Objective, Outcome and Outputs of the Project, in addition to the CI indicator, the Project should use participatory methods to monitor their crop yields and food (in)security regularly. Further, if possible, HH incomes, as this reinforces the benefits of the Project and enhances involvement, which will contribute to post-project sustainability.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

UNDP agrees to this recommendation. The project has been using participatory tools to assess Project benefits, which will be continued. The Project will further improve beneficiary data recording on agriculture production, household consumption and income under VIS downstream and home garden development programmes. In addition, the project will collect data on crop yield, household consumption and household income under the CI improvement programme and home garden development programme.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.2 Surveying to collect crop yield, household consumption and household income of downstream cultivators in 7 districts
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU/CSOs 2022/12 Initiated Data will be collected and analyzed annually to substantiate the APR. Outcome of the previous year data will be presented in the current year APR.
9.1 Surveying to collect crop yield, household consumption and household income of home garden beneficiaries in 7 districts
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/03/30]
PMU/CSOs 2022/03 Completed Data on crop yields and income from downstream cultivations and income earning are continuously collected and updated in the CI database, which is to be reported in the Annual reports. History
10. Recommendation:

10. All stakeholders should address the lack of gender balance in the Project Board, also the GoSL and UNDP project staff, by positive discrimination.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

UNDP partially agrees with the recommendation. The project board constitutes representatives of key government agencies responsible for project implementation. Participation in PB is on the basis of agency nomination. As such addressing gender balance in the PB is beyond the scope of the project’s mandate. UNDP gender equality strategy ensures gender dimensions in HR policies. As such, the Project will take necessary actions to improve gender balance in the project team, with the support of the GoSL and CSOs.   

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Include gender as a criterion for recruitments
[Added: 2021/09/23]
IP and AE 2023/12 Initiated Continue the inclusion of equal opportunities in the recruitment process (Partially Completed)
11. Recommendation:

11. Extra attention is needed to increase youth participation, especially CSA farm practices, value-addition cottage industries and linking to markets to attract both male and female youths.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

UNDP agrees to this recommendation. Project will implement youth targeted Agri-entrepreneurship development programmes and value chain development programmes under AWP 2022. As a result, the capacity of young farmers will be improved to engage in agri-businesses and to carry out the role of agricultural intermediaries under the circular economy model.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 Establishment of 02 farmer markets and 02 road-side marketing centers with the participation of youth under AWP2022
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU 2022/12 Initiated This intervention has been incorporated based on the lessons learnt and best practices from previous climate change adaptation projects.
12. Recommendation:

12. Project team and stakeholders should continue advocating and publicizing the benefits of the Project's innovative approaches and technologies to scale up adoption and enhance the availability and the range of technologies (e.g., conduct programs for increasing the ICT literacy of farmers; promoting renewable and sustainable energy (solar) as a CSA practice; develop mobile phone apps to disseminate agro-met and disaster early warnings.  

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

UNDP agrees to this recommendation. Project will review and update the current communication plan of the Project to incorporate the above recommendation of the IIE.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1 Review and update the existing project communication plan to incorporate advocacy strategies with a particular reference to project innovative approaches and technologies
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/01/03]
PMU 2022/12 Initiated This is a long process and is expected to be achieved by December. History
12.2 Stakeholder Consultations to mainstream Project Communication Plan for 2021 (as part of the stakeholder consultation to develop 2022 AWP and rest of the project period)
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/06/29]
PMU, Responsible Parties 2022/12 Initiated The development of the Project Communication Plan is in progress. History
12.3 Develop communication products as per the Advocacy Strategy
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/06/29]
PMU, Responsible Parties 2022/12 Initiated This product is also is a work in progress along with the Communication Plan. History
13. Recommendation:

13. Project visibility boards are seen rarely at the project sites in all the districts. Some of the direct beneficiaries, indirect beneficiaries, and outsiders of the Project are extremely concerned about the transparency of the project activities, especially concerning the name of the Project, financial allocation, implementing agency, contractor, and project duration etc. The visibility boards will increase the transparency of the project activities while ensuring the right to information of the public.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

Management response: UNDP agrees to this recommendation. As a standard practice, the Project has been erecting visibility boards in each Project sites with the support of the service provider. These sign boards carry information pertaining to donor agency, AE, EE, RPs, contract details and other project details to ensure transparency and accountability. The project will take further measures to ensure the visibility boards are erected in all project sites in adherence with the Fund and UNDP visibility guidelines.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1 Restore/reestablish visibility boards in the concerned locations
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU 2022/12 Initiated Work with CSOs, CBOs and FOs
14. Recommendation:

14. Develop sufficient value chains because the harvests of the seasonal and perennial crops will come by May 2021, including reactivating forward sales agreements between the producer groups.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation. The project has already facilitated forward sales agreements with private sector business agencies for the harvests of seasonal and perennial crops

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
14.1 Forward sales agreements with Private Sector Agri-Business agencies were activated, and project facilitated markets for seasonal and perennial crops
[Added: 2021/09/23] [Last Updated: 2022/01/03]
Project Team 2022/12 Initiated The project has already facilitated a forward sales agreement process throughout the year involving the beneficiaries and private sector companies. Further, a horizon scanning and planning of other available private partners is in process. History
15. Recommendation:

15. Develop a central seed bank with district branches to ensure the availability of drought-resistant seeds for smallholder farmers and home gardens.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/09/23]

UNDP partially agree to this recommendation. While the establishments of central seed banks at district level will not be effective due to limited access to such central facilities by small holder farmers, the Project will establish Divisional level seed storage facilities in collaboration with the Provincial Departments of Agriculture. Further, Project will implement self-seed production programmes with paddy/OFC/home-gardening farmers. The project will also promote the use of local seed varieties under the agriculture programme.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
15.1 Establish 03 cereal storage facilities in 03 divisions under AWP 2022
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU 2022/12 Initiated Subjected to receipt of the next tranche
15.2. Project will implement a self-vegetable seed production programme under AWP2022
[Added: 2021/09/23]
PMU 2022/12 Initiated Subjected to receipt of the next tranche

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