Conservación y uso sostenible de la biodiversidad en las zonas de producción marino-costeras

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, Panama
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
08/2022
Completion Date:
08/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
33,000

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Download document SP-UNDP-GEF-TE-TOR-Evaluación Final Proyecto PS102547.docx.pdf tor Spanish 1139.69 KB Posted 41
Download document 5750 Panama 04-11-18 MSP Approved Letter.pdf related-document English 103.18 KB Posted 34
Download document PRODOC_102547_2018.pdf related-document Spanish 11127.00 KB Posted 23
Download document IA_102547_2020.pdf related-document Spanish 1231.17 KB Posted 21
Download document Informe_Anual_2021_V3_31dic.pdf related-document Spanish 1566.61 KB Posted 29
Download document IA_102547_GEFPIR_2019_2020.pdf related-document English 375.47 KB Posted 28
Download document IA_102547_GEFPIR_2020_2021.pdf related-document English 365.15 KB Posted 27
Download document Terminal Evaluation 2022-Conservation and sustainable....Output 102457.PDF report English 1793.76 KB Posted 15
Download document Summary EF Output 102457.pdf summary English 262.06 KB Posted 16
Download document UNDP-GEF-TE Report Clearance Form_English- Azuero.pdf related-document English 631.98 KB Posted 4
Title Conservación y uso sostenible de la biodiversidad en las zonas de producción marino-costeras
Atlas Project Number: 00099240
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, Panama
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 08/2022
Planned End Date: 08/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Environment
  • 3. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.3.1 National capacities and evidence-based assessment and planning tools enable gender-responsive and risk-informed development investments, including for response to and recovery from crisis
  • 2. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
  • 3. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Evaluation Budget(US $): 33,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 23,627
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Jose Galindo Evaluador ECUADOR
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Conservación y uso sostenible de la biodiversidad en las zonas de producción marino-costeras
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID: 9804
PIMS Number: 5750
Key Stakeholders: Ministerio de Ambiente – PNUD – GEF, Autoridades Locales, Comunidades Costeras
Countries: PANAMA
Lessons
1.

Knowledge management must be planned and constant from the project’s beginning, it must also be articulated to the pilots during its implementation, preventing it from being an ex-post action.


Tag: UNDP management

2.

The project was supported by the Municipalities of Pocrí, Pedasí and Tonosí’s social media for the disclosure of initiatives and activities. Project’s communication through UNDP’s social media serves a different target group than the beneficiaries and local actors, who generally do not follow the UNDP’s social media. Although it is important to maintain corporate communication, this type of project’s communication must be aimed at a local audience. It must in the beneficiaries and stakeholders reach so can become motivated to replicate and scale the pilots.


Tag: Sustainability

3.

The project did not have an M&E plan for its indicators. Methods, frequency, persons responsible and risks were not established. In addition, several baselines were not available which affects the M&E quality and makes it difficult to guide the project’s implementation strategy and adaptive management.


Tag: UNDP management

4.

Leveraging existing governance structures, that are not operational, decreases operation periods. The project took advantage of and strengthened spaces such as Basin Committees and Environmental Consultative Committees that were already regulated and formed.


Tag: Sustainability

5.

Indicators that were generated within the Gender Plan were not incorporated into the project's results framework. Although the plan considers activities and tools for each of the Components, resources were not allocated to implement the planned activities. Despite this, the project sought to ensure the mainstreaming of the gender perspective in the project.


Tag: Poverty Alleviation

Findings
1.

High relevance and alignment with national policy objectives, particularly the National Biodiversity Policy in the MiAMBIENTE and the Direction of Coasts and Seas creation and the ZEMMC’ operationalization context. The project is based on environmental governance structures that are formally established and regulated, but for various reasons have not been fully leveraged or implemented yet. 


2.

The project is aligned with the Cooperation Framework for Sustainable Development in Panama and the UNDP Country Program 2021-2025 in Panama and responds to several sustainable development objectives and the 2030 Agenda. Likewise, it contributes to the fulfillment of commitments acquired by the country in the World Biodiversity Convention, AICHI Targets and 30-30 commitments.


3.

The design process was extensive and involved the participation of national and local authorities, technicians, civil society organizations and stakeholders from participating communities, who intervened from the project’s conceptualization to the intervention sites selection.


4.

The multidimensional approaches pursued by the project were based on national institutions and authorities’ demands. The project presents a balance between public policy and strengthening of environmental institutions at national level, with connection to territory through the sustainable livelihoods approach from a landscape perspective.


5.

The project presents an integrated landscape approach that combines a high number of different interventions focused on biodiversity conservation and strengthening of sustainable livelihoods in the middle zones of the basins and on the coast in the Azuero Peninsula. 


6.

However, the ProDoc does not present a detailed analysis of the intervention areas, it does not document the initial situation and it does not develop a barriers and challenges analysis, specific for the three intervention sites. Consequently, the theory of change is generic and particularly weak in terms of describing the causal relationships between the different interventions, particularly in Component 2.


7.

High dispersion of activities in a wide geographical area presents the risk of diluting the impact in small, focalized interventions. In this sense, the perspective of aggregate impact and scalability in the medium and long term are defined from a specific component oriented to knowledge management and cross-cutting approaches.


8.

A weakness is identified in the formulation of indicators, only two out of the seventeen indicators meet the SMART criteria. The greatest weakness is identified in terms of two criteria: specific and measurable. Nonetheless, indicators were neither reviewed nor updated during the inception and implementation phases.


9.

As shown in Table 4 and according to testimonies, certain indicators’ baselines are questionable and there is no calculation report that justifies the values ??presented. Consequently, goals are unrealistic in at least 4 indicators.


10.

Considering the complexity associated with the implementation of multiple activities in territory, the design did not consider presence in territory through a field office, and it did not identify enough technical profiles for the associated workload either.


11.

In terms of governance, the project's Steering Committee was made up of only representatives from the central level.


12.

A gender plan is presented and will be implemented in indicator 15 of the outcomes’ framework. However, there is no specific allocation of funds for its implementation.


Recommendations
1

Some activities have been reported as completed, however, during the field visit it was shown that they are not fully operational. For example, not all the installed biodigesters are working normally, despite the fact that they have been recently installed. It is recommended that the extended supplier liability are utilized to repair existing damage and reinforce the structure against rain and wind.

2

An important milestone of the project was the creation of the National Oceans Policy. It is recommended to accompany the ministries involved in measuring the scope, resources and capacities required for its implementation. It is important to have a roadmap to take advantage of the momentum that Panama will have in 2022 as the venue for the XIX Latin American Congress of Marine Sciences - COLACMAR.

3

The lobster and longoron co-management in La Candelaria community, in the Pocrí District, showed that the artisanal fishermen of the area use sustainable management techniques. However, it is not the same for large scale foreign fishermen who operate on a large scale. Although there is a Management Plan, it is necessary to strengthen capacities and resources for the environmental authority to exercise control over the ships, which are a few and are clearly identified.

4

The project financed a publication developed and published by Fundación Tortugas Pedasí in the framework of its project which is co-financed by SGP UNDP/GEF MiAMBIENTE Azuero Sostenible. In the version received by the evaluator, the publication had spelling mistakes, particularly pronunciation marks. Although the final corrected digital version has been presented to the evaluator, it is not recommended to take the paper version out of circulation. However, it is necessary for the project to correct the paper version for the public.

5

Gas was generated through the biodigesters installed in pig farms in the Pocrí, Pedasí and Tonosí districts. However, it is being underutilized (used to supply hot water for a house). Additional efforts through studies or evaluations to manage and take advantage of this gas are key.

6

The project has had a demonstrative nature due to the implementation of the different pilots, so it has generated a lot of information (videos, studies, consultations, analysis, etc.), which are not available to the public. A knowledge management strategy is recommended that goes beyond the usual systematization of the project and ensures tools aimed at local actors to increase their appropriation and empowerment.

7

The project implemented reforestation activities in livestock areas, which showed some resistance of farmer and cattle ranches. However, the pilots generated interest with other farms to expand the planting. In this sense, it is recommended that the project identify other mechanisms or funds to continue with the reforestation activities.

8

The project demonstrated that it is possible to add value and generate new ventures, such as business opportunities related to honey production and tourism on Caña Island, as well as women's ventures in Búcaro. It is recommended to draft project proposals aimed at state agencies and international funders to ensure that the beneficiaries can complete their learning curve, formalize their operations, and consolidate their launching to the market.

9

The project must develop an exit strategy to reduce the high uncertainty that exists regarding continuity of GEF investments. It is recommended to quickly start the process of bringing actors together, identifying resources and achieving clear commitments related to continuity and mobilization of additional resources to scale up carried out practices and activities.

10

It is recommended to hold a project-level closing event but also additional closing events in each municipality with the objective of giving back to the communities and outgoing local governments for everything that has been done and ensure the sustainability of successful activities.

1. Recommendation:

Some activities have been reported as completed, however, during the field visit it was shown that they are not fully operational. For example, not all the installed biodigesters are working normally, despite the fact that they have been recently installed. It is recommended that the extended supplier liability are utilized to repair existing damage and reinforce the structure against rain and wind.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08]

Accepted.

After the visit of the final evaluator to two farms with biodigesters installed, the contractor and the Project Coordination Unit visited both farms and the following was observed:

Osvaldo Batista farm. Biodigester installed in Los Higos, Pedasi district

This biodigester is functioning correctly and producing biogas. This biogas is used in the kitchen of the house that the farm assistants use. This biodigester had a water excess due to pouring rains from previous days. This water accumulated in the roof of the porcine barn and got to the biodigester’s feeding tube, causing an imbalance in the feeding and internal bacteria of the system. From the structural point of view, the system is functioning correctly, the imbalance or clean water/organic material relation was due to the pouring rain and this situation was fixed. These climatic situations are out of the scope of the project, but can be easily attended by the farmers.

 

Miguel Ríos. Biodigester installed in Colan, Pocri district

This biodigester is in optimal conditions, it doesn’t have any functioning issue. The final evaluator observed a rope tied to the gas reservoir, which is independent from the biodigester system, and it wasn’t included in the installation made by the contractor. This reservoir was donated by the contractor to the beneficiary.  The purpose of this reservoir is to accumulate the methane gas excess produced by the biodigester, to be then utilized in the kitchen or water heater of the farm.

 

Finally, it is important to mention that each one of the six producers with biodigesters installed signed an agreement with the Ministry of Environment that establishes the details of the system installed and the commitment of the producer to maintain the biodigesters. These agreements are available here:

https://undp-my.sharepoint.com/:f:/g/personal/monica_mora_undp_org1/EjNTPqGKkolChlYkZjiJx2EBIlIpHd7dGRFHsOUIl13U4A?e=6Bb7ww

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Define the actions and resources required by the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agricultural Development to monitor the biodigesters installed.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster 2022/09 Overdue-Initiated An exit strategy and sustainability workshop were held on August 11th and 12th with the participation of the Ministry of Environment the Project Coordination Unit and the UNDP Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster.
1.2 Deliver the Exit Strategy to the Ministry of Environment, including the monitoring actions related to the biodigesters installed.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster 2022/10 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

An important milestone of the project was the creation of the National Oceans Policy. It is recommended to accompany the ministries involved in measuring the scope, resources and capacities required for its implementation. It is important to have a roadmap to take advantage of the momentum that Panama will have in 2022 as the venue for the XIX Latin American Congress of Marine Sciences - COLACMAR.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Partially accepted.

 

  1. The approved National Oceans Policy has an implementation plan and a monitoring and evaluation framework, in addition to a cost estimation for the implementation plan proposed.
  2. UNDP is working on a first year implementation actions that will be shared with the Commission created to implement the National Oceans Policy, established by Executive Decree 431, October 2018. This Commission is composed of ten representatives of governmental institutions and its objective is the design, implementation and monitoring of the National Oceans Policy. Article 3 of the decree establishes: the purpose of the Commission is to coordinate efforts of the public and private sector nationwide and internationally to implement the National Oceans Policy, ensuring the conservation of the marine resources, maintaining the competitiveness of sea related activities, and abiding to the international maritime rules.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Prepare a first-year implementation plan document for the National Oceans Policy and delivery to the Commission of the National Oceans Policy.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Foreign Affairs 2022/12 Initiated
3. Recommendation:

The lobster and longoron co-management in La Candelaria community, in the Pocrí District, showed that the artisanal fishermen of the area use sustainable management techniques. However, it is not the same for large scale foreign fishermen who operate on a large scale. Although there is a Management Plan, it is necessary to strengthen capacities and resources for the environmental authority to exercise control over the ships, which are a few and are clearly identified.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Partially accepted.

 

The scope of the project does not include resource provision for patrol and control of boats in the area. This function is responsibility of the National Authority of Water Resources ARAP. However, the co-management document proposes a patrol and control committee composed of community members, ARAP’s collaborators and other authorities such as the Aeronaval National Service SENAN. This committee would allow to decentralize the patrol and control function and supports the sustainability of the co-management plan.

The project can support ARAP with the sustainability strategy of the co-management zone in La Candelaria, Pocri, preparing an internal regulations document for the co-management committee.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Prepare an internal regulations draft document for La Candelaria co-management zone and give it to ARAP.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster, Ministry of Environment 2022/11 Initiated
4. Recommendation:

The project financed a publication developed and published by Fundación Tortugas Pedasí in the framework of its project which is co-financed by SGP UNDP/GEF MiAMBIENTE Azuero Sostenible. In the version received by the evaluator, the publication had spelling mistakes, particularly pronunciation marks. Although the final corrected digital version has been presented to the evaluator, it is not recommended to take the paper version out of circulation. However, it is necessary for the project to correct the paper version for the public.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Partially accepted

 

The mentioned publication was developed by Tortugas Pedasi Foundation, as part of the activities of a co-financed by SGP UNDP/GEF MiAMBIENTE project.  This publication is already printed and has been distributed in community spaces and local schools. This is an illustrated book and we found only two minor spelling mistakes. These mistakes will be informed to Tortugas Pedasi Foundation to be corrected in the digital version of the book. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Communicate the minor spelling mistakes found in the publication to Tortugas Pedasi Foundation.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/09 Overdue-Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Gas was generated through the biodigesters installed in pig farms in the Pocrí, Pedasí and Tonosí districts. However, it is being underutilized (used to supply hot water for a house). Additional efforts through studies or evaluations to manage and take advantage of this gas are key.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Not accepted  

 

The hot water is being used for tasks related to the cattle activity. Specifically, the hot water is used to clean the pigs once they are sacrificed. Before the biodigester was installed, the producer used firewood to heat the water in a remote place of the far, and then moved this water by foot to the work area.  With the biogas produced by the biodigester the process of heating the water can be done directly in the work area and, the use of firewood is not necessary.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

The project has had a demonstrative nature due to the implementation of the different pilots, so it has generated a lot of information (videos, studies, consultations, analysis, etc.), which are not available to the public. A knowledge management strategy is recommended that goes beyond the usual systematization of the project and ensures tools aimed at local actors to increase their appropriation and empowerment.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Accepted.

 

The Project Coordination Unit is working on the systematization of the project and on the documentation to develop a project website hosted by the Ministry of Environment. This website will contain the results and achievements of the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.2 Produce the systematization products.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/10 Initiated
6.3 Website of the project hosted by the Ministry of Environment.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/11 Initiated
6.1. Hire a systematization specialist.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/07 Completed
7. Recommendation:

The project implemented reforestation activities in livestock areas, which showed some resistance of farmer and cattle ranches. However, the pilots generated interest with other farms to expand the planting. In this sense, it is recommended that the project identify other mechanisms or funds to continue with the reforestation activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Accepted.

 

A workshop will be held with the Ministry of Environment to identify projects that could lever the reforestation activities in Los Santos province.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1. Work session with the Ministry of Environment for the development of an exit strategy and lessons learned document. In this session the actions for monitoring the different interventions implemented by the project will be defined, including the reforestation of 30 hectares with native species in the Pocrí, Pedasí and Tonosí districts.
[Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/14]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/09 Overdue-Initiated An exit strategy and sustainability workshop were held on August 11th and 12th with the participation of the Ministry of Environment the Project Coordination Unit and the UNDP Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster History
7.2 Preparation of an exit strategy and lessons learned document.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/09 Overdue-Initiated
7.3 Exit strategy outreach among key actors.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/11 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

The project demonstrated that it is possible to add value and generate new ventures, such as business opportunities related to honey production and tourism on Caña Island, as well as women's ventures in Búcaro. It is recommended to draft project proposals aimed at state agencies and international funders to ensure that the beneficiaries can complete their learning curve, formalize their operations, and consolidate their launching to the market.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Accepted.

 

Project profiles for entrepreneur woman of Búcaro and the Bee’s Route at Cañas Island will be developed.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1. Preparation of two Project profiles for entrepreneur woman of Búcaro and the Bee’s Route at Cañas Island.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/10 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

The project must develop an exit strategy to reduce the high uncertainty that exists regarding continuity of GEF investments. It is recommended to quickly start the process of bringing actors together, identifying resources and achieving clear commitments related to continuity and mobilization of additional resources to scale up carried out practices and activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Accepted.  

 

An exit strategy will be developed with the participation of the Project Coordination Unit, the Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster and collaborators of the Ministry of Environment.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.2 Preparation of an exit strategy and lessons learned document.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/09 Overdue-Initiated
9.3 Exit strategy outreach among key actors.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/11 Initiated
9.1. Work session. Development of an exit strategy and lessons learned document.
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/08 Completed An exit strategy and sustainability workshop were held on August 11th and 12th with the participation of the Ministry of Environment the Project Coordination Unit and the UNDP Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Cluster.
10. Recommendation:

It is recommended to hold a project-level closing event but also additional closing events in each municipality with the objective of giving back to the communities and outgoing local governments for everything that has been done and ensure the sustainability of successful activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/09/08] [Last Updated: 2022/09/08]

Partially accepted.

A closing event will be organized in Panama City with the participation of the mayors of three municipalities (Pocrí, Pedasí and Tonosí) and the beneficiaries of the programs implemented by the project. In this event will participate representatives of governmental institutions and potential allies (private sector and NGOs).  An additional event in each municipality is not feasible.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1. Closing event of the project in Panama City
[Added: 2022/09/08]
Project Coordination Unit 2022/10 Initiated

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