Midterm Evaluation of PCB Management in Ethiopia project

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, Ethiopia
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
10/2021
Completion Date:
12/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
50,000

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Title Midterm Evaluation of PCB Management in Ethiopia project
Atlas Project Number: 00103765
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, Ethiopia
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2021
Planned End Date: 10/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 50,000
Source of Funding: gef
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 37,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Dalibor Kysela International Consultant dkysela@gmx.at
Feyera Abdissa Local Consultant fayeraa@yahoo.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Midterm Evaluation of PCB Management in Ethiopia project
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID: 9669
PIMS Number: 5861
Key Stakeholders: Environment Forest and Climate change Commission, GEF
Countries: ETHIOPIA
Lessons
1.

Building basic national capacities for ESM of PCBs and awareness is only one condition for sustainability and has to be complemented by demonstration of the PCB management as a practicable and coherent approach. Uptake of ESM practices at the decision-making and management levels of the PCB holders as the critical aspect of sustainability that together with capacities built and awareness raised on the ground make a return to the baseline practices highly unlikely.


2.

Timing of interventions is essential to ensure success. Awareness-raising activities, conducted in parallel with data collection for PCB inventories, contribute to the increased attention of the relevant public agencies for the protection of the workers and population and reduction of risk to health and environment posed by the PCB chemicals.


3.

Revision and amendment of baseline legislation require not only effective participation and a strong stakeholder commitment but also drafting the new legislative instruments at the level of the implementing ministry. Such an approach helps to avoid complicated and therefore prolonged legislative approvals in the law-making body. However, timely action and effective approval of the new legislation require well-informed and committed decision-makers.


4.

For the achievement of a strong stakeholder commitment, it is essential to propose solutions that are perceived as relevant, useful, and achievable for the targeted sectors. By this token, planned interventions should include approaches that combine formal mechanisms for stakeholder participation (such as steering and technical committees) with direct involvement in project activities, effective coordination, and information sharing.


5.

The benefit of continued risk management is to identify potential problems before they occur therefore rigorous risk monitoring should be invoked throughout the life of the project. Proactive risk management enables less costly risk mitigation through prevention rather than reactive dealing with issues that arise if the risk does materialize. Risk management is therefore important not only during project preparation but also during execution and properly managed risks significantly increase the likelihood of project success.


6.

The involvement of UNITAR increases the effectiveness of the training component as it enables more systematic planning and timely execution of training activities in comparison with ad-hoc recruitment of training consultants.  As there is currently no platform for knowledge and experience exchange between various PCB projects, such involvement also provides the possibility for inter-regional exchange between projects implemented by different UN agencies. 

 


Findings
Recommendations
1

Evaluation recommendation 1.  The project partners should immediately start the implementation of activities related to the development/upgrade of temporary storage facilities for decommissioned PCB equipment.

2

Evaluation recommendation 2. EFCCC should actively follow the legislative approval process of the Directive on PCB Phase-out and allocate sufficient human, technical and financial resources to maximize the benefits from the project assistance on enforcement of the amended legislation.  Upon promulgation of the new Directive, a practical training workshop should be organized, preferably involving field modules, supported by guidelines on implementation and enforcement of the Directive.

3

Evaluation recommendation 3.    EFCCC should consider the development of specific guidelines on mitigation of cross-contamination of PCB oil during the power transformer servicing/maintenance and provide training to responsible authorities on monitoring the performance of the companies involved in the servicing/maintenance of transformers. 

4

Evaluation recommendation 4.    PMU should initiate the analysis of the feasibility of disposal of low-concentration PCB waste as a matter of priority and investigate the legislative requirements and timelines necessary for securing relevant permits for de-chlorination

5

Evaluation recommendation 5.    The project partners should make preparation for timely and effective procurement of services for shipment and ultimate disposal of PCB waste at a certified hazardous waste disposal facility abroad.

6

Evaluation recommendation 6. EFCCC should make information on the progress of PCB elimination in the country for sharing via the project website. This could include the provision and regular update of information from the PCB inventory, information on quantities of PCB waste moved to safe temporary storage, information on the selected technologies/routes for PCB waste disposal, and quantities of PCB waste prepared for disposal.

1. Recommendation:

Evaluation recommendation 1.  The project partners should immediately start the implementation of activities related to the development/upgrade of temporary storage facilities for decommissioned PCB equipment.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/15]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Liaise with respective electric institutions to obtain land/temporary storage/EFCC
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, EFCCC, EEU, EEP and Ethio-engineering Group, UNDP 2022/08 Initiated History
1.2. Assess the existing storage facilities
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, EFCCC, EEU, EEP and Ethio-engineering Group, UNDP 2022/08 Initiated History
1.3. Develop storage plans in selected regions and develop/upgrade storage facilities
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, EFCCC, EEU, EEP and Ethio-engineering Group, UNDP 2022/08 Initiated History
2. Recommendation:

Evaluation recommendation 2. EFCCC should actively follow the legislative approval process of the Directive on PCB Phase-out and allocate sufficient human, technical and financial resources to maximize the benefits from the project assistance on enforcement of the amended legislation.  Upon promulgation of the new Directive, a practical training workshop should be organized, preferably involving field modules, supported by guidelines on implementation and enforcement of the Directive.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/15]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.2. Approval of the Directive by EFCCC management body
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, EFCCC 2022/07 Initiated History
2.1. Collect and Collate comments from the Ministry of Justice (MoJ)
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, EFCCC 2022/03 Completed This task is completed History
2.3 provide training on the draft directive and monitor the implementation of the Directive
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, EFCCC, EEU, EEP and Ethio-engineering Group, UNDP 2022/03 Completed This task is completed History
3. Recommendation:

Evaluation recommendation 3.    EFCCC should consider the development of specific guidelines on mitigation of cross-contamination of PCB oil during the power transformer servicing/maintenance and provide training to responsible authorities on monitoring the performance of the companies involved in the servicing/maintenance of transformers. 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/15]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Develop guidelines on mitigation of cross-contamination of PCB oils
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, UNITAR 2022/12 Initiated History
3.2. Provide training to responsible authorities on monitoring of the performance of the companies involved in the servicing/maintenance of transformers.
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, UNITAR 2023/03 Initiated History
4. Recommendation:

Evaluation recommendation 4.    PMU should initiate the analysis of the feasibility of disposal of low-concentration PCB waste as a matter of priority and investigate the legislative requirements and timelines necessary for securing relevant permits for de-chlorination

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/15]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Collect and collate PCB samples to be analyzed by ECAE laboratory
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, ECAE, UNITAR 2022/07 Initiated History
4.2. Conduct PCB laboratory analysis and identify the low concentration
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, ECAE, UNITAR 2022/07 Initiated History
5. Recommendation:

Evaluation recommendation 5.    The project partners should make preparation for timely and effective procurement of services for shipment and ultimate disposal of PCB waste at a certified hazardous waste disposal facility abroad.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/15]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1. Prepare bid document to procure disposal company
[Added: 2021/12/15]
PMU, UNDP, UNITAR 2022/07 Initiated TOR and bid document preparation commenced
5.2. Undertake procurement of services for shipment
[Added: 2021/12/15]
PMU, UNDP, UNITAR 2022/07 Initiated Advertisement is undertaken and Bidder selected
6. Recommendation:

Evaluation recommendation 6. EFCCC should make information on the progress of PCB elimination in the country for sharing via the project website. This could include the provision and regular update of information from the PCB inventory, information on quantities of PCB waste moved to safe temporary storage, information on the selected technologies/routes for PCB waste disposal, and quantities of PCB waste prepared for disposal.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/15]

Fully accepted.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1. Compile project information and upload it to the EFCCC website
[Added: 2021/12/15] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
PMU, EFCCC, UNITAR 2022/07 Initiated History

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