Final Evaluation of the Cross–Border Cooperation Between Ethiopia and Kenya for Conflict Prevention and Peace-building in Marsabit-Moyale Cluster

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Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, Ethiopia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
10/2021
Completion Date:
10/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
75,000

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Title Final Evaluation of the Cross–Border Cooperation Between Ethiopia and Kenya for Conflict Prevention and Peace-building in Marsabit-Moyale Cluster
Atlas Project Number: 00114703
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, Ethiopia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2021
Planned End Date: 10/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Governance
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 3.2.1 National capacities strengthened for reintegration, reconciliation, peaceful management of conflict and prevention of violent extremism in response to national policies and priorities
SDG Goal
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
SDG Target
  • 16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
Evaluation Budget(US $): 75,000
Source of Funding: UNDP
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 15,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Edwin Ochieng Okul International Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: MoP, Oromia and Somali regional States, Borena & Dawa Zones
Countries: ETHIOPIA
Lessons
1.

A key lesson worth taking forward is that leadership and cooperation of both countries are very critical in implementing peace-building programs in the region. The buy-in and support from the national and county government are very important thus projects need to consider the change of government at local and national government levels. Sometimes when a new government comes on board, it abolishes all the plans and strategies of the predecessor. A case in point is the Ethiopian side where the project was initially working with the Ministry of Federal Affairs at the national level but when the new government came in, it abolished that ministry and created a new one; the Ministry of Peace. This meant that the project had to start rebuilding relationships a fresh.


2.

Another lesson is that despite the positive impact of devolution, it has also been one of the factors for increased conflicts as communities are now fighting over devolved resources. Similarly, picked up is that community leaders have a lot of power and influence compared to the government. Accordingly, it is important to keep these in mind when designing such programs.


3.

Conflict resolution, management, and lasting peace require identifying and understanding the root causes of the conflict which are best uncovered through all-inclusive inter-community dialogue and inclusive community/ social mobilization, which provides a chance to dig deeper and reveal underlying issues. The experience obtained from the project in working with local leaders, including women has generated an important lesson towards the establishment of strategies that integrate traditional conflict management on a sustainable basis.


4.

Gender mainstreaming in peacebuilding is an added element that can be considered an innovative approach. Building the capacity of stakeholders in gender mainstreaming both within the project, and among stakeholders thus helps the partners to mainstream gender in peacebuilding projects and thus needs to be replicated in future programs.

Establishing the local peace committees is an important thing in peacebuilding and strengthening its role in the community provides the needed sustainability at the community level.


5.

The implementation of the project was initially challenged by a number of factors including poor coordination, the emergence of the COVID 19 pandemic that has caused shifting of activities and introducing new priority areas, delays in decision-making due to communication gaps between different stakeholders. Despite these, due to the project flexibility, strategies were developed to respond to new circumstances, consulted among the UNDP implementing partners and government institutions.

Strong coordination and integration; ensuring ownership of national and local governments and communities; working with non-state actors and academia; targeting women and youth engagement in activities; and building upon local traditional structures (religious leaders, clan leaders, etc.) would make the implementation of peacebuilding and conflict resolution projects more successful.


Findings
Recommendations
1

Evaluation recommendation 1.   Extensive involvement of local stakeholders to fully realize technical knowledge transfer thus enhancing sustainability.

2

Evaluation recommendation 2.  Draw more partners to scale up and expand the impact to address the need to look at the project beyond the cross-border aspect and therefore have donors who would support a wider expanded programme.

3

Evaluation recommendation 3.  Undertake youth-focused livelihoods, peacebuilding activities also requires the improvement of infrastructure through the development of communication and road networks.

1. Recommendation:

Evaluation recommendation 1.   Extensive involvement of local stakeholders to fully realize technical knowledge transfer thus enhancing sustainability.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/10/26]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.2: Include key project stakeholders (traditional or alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, peace structures, Women Groups, and Youth, CSOs, and academia)
[Added: 2021/10/26] [Last Updated: 2021/12/14]
UNDP Ethiopia, Kenya COs, Borana, Dawa Zonal Administrations; Somali and Oromia Regional Governments; Ministry of Peace, Marasbit Government Count, Mintrsy of ASALS and Devolution 2021/12 Completed Action completed History
1.3: Develop and share workable Exit Strategies for the sustainability of gains made
[Added: 2021/10/26] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
UNDP Ethiopia, Kenya COs, Borana, Dawa Zonal Administrations; Somali and Oromia Regional Governments; Ministry of Peace, Marasbit Government Count, Mintrsy of ASALS and Devolution 2022/03 Completed Completed History
1.1:include political class and influential traders to factor in the role of politicians and influential traders in enhancing and promoting peace-building efforts.
[Added: 2021/10/26] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
UNDP Ethiopia, Kenya COs, Borana, Dawa Zonal Administrations; Somali and Oromia Regional Governments; Ministry of Peace, Marasbit Government Count, Mintrsy of ASALS and Devolution 2022/03 Completed Completed History
1.4 Develop Risk Management Plan and establish strategies and mitigation measures.
[Added: 2021/10/26] [Last Updated: 2021/12/14]
UNDP Ethiopia, Kenya COs, Borana, Dawa Zonal Administrations; Somali and Oromia Regional Governments; Ministry of Peace, Marasbit Government Count, Mintrsy of ASALS and Devolution 2021/12 Completed Action completed History
2. Recommendation:

Evaluation recommendation 2.  Draw more partners to scale up and expand the impact to address the need to look at the project beyond the cross-border aspect and therefore have donors who would support a wider expanded programme.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/10/26]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Scaled up Cross-border flagship development initiatives by the governments for sustainability.
[Added: 2021/10/26] [Last Updated: 2022/04/15]
UNDP Ethiopia, Kenya COs, Borana, Dawa Zonal Administrations; Somali and Oromia Regional Governments; Ministry of Peace, Marasbit Government Count, Mintrsy of ASALS and Devolution 2022/03 Completed Completed History
3. Recommendation:

Evaluation recommendation 3.  Undertake youth-focused livelihoods, peacebuilding activities also requires the improvement of infrastructure through the development of communication and road networks.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/10/26]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1.Establish Collaboration between different levels of governments, private sectors, non-governmental organizations, regional organizations like IGAD, and international organizations like UNDP throughout the lifecycle of the development projects.
[Added: 2021/10/26] [Last Updated: 2021/12/14]
UNDP Ethiopia, Kenya COs, Borana, Dawa Zonal Administrations; Somali and Oromia Regional Governments; Ministry of Peace, Marasbit Government Count, Mintrsy of ASALS and Devolution 2021/12 Completed Action completed History
3.2. Facilitation of the peace committees to transverse their communities.
[Added: 2021/10/26] [Last Updated: 2021/12/14]
UNDP Ethiopia, Kenya COs, Borana, Dawa Zonal Administrations; Somali and Oromia Regional Governments; Ministry of Peace, Marasbit Government Count, Mintrsy of ASALS and Devolution 2021/12 Completed Action completed History

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