Mid-Term Review for China's Protected Area Reform (C-PAR) 3

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, China
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
11/2021
Completion Date:
11/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
49,100

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Title Mid-Term Review for China's Protected Area Reform (C-PAR) 3
Atlas Project Number: 00096253
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, China
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2021
Planned End Date: 11/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Sustainable
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 49,100
Source of Funding: Project budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 44,760
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Adrian Stokes International Consultant
Liu Shuo National Consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Strengthening the PA system in the Qilian Mountains-Qinghai Lake Landscape (CPAR3)
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID: 9464
PIMS Number: 5690
Key Stakeholders: Qinghai Grassland and Forestry Bureau
Countries: CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Finalize the Environmental and Social Risk Assessment (ESIA), Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) and Grievance Redress Mechanism (GRM) as a matter of urgency, while ensuring that SES requirements for disclosure are adhered to

2

When the ESMP is finalized, review all project outputs and activities (including those completed, underway and future) against the ESMP to ensure risks are appropriately managed, make any necessary changes to the design of activities and identify any required remedial actions, and have the findings endorsed by the PSC and RTA

3

Provide enhanced technical oversight and support, including targeted capacity building, to CO and other stakeholders for the complex processes involved in managing High-risk safeguards projects

4

Review the processes followed in environmental and social risk management in this project since CEO endorsement, identify lessons learned and opportunities to improve safeguards outcomes in future projects

5

Coordinate implementation of the recommendations on environmental and social risk management at a C-PAR programmatic level to maximize identification of systemic issues, opportunities for improvement and lessons learned

6

Prepare a revised results framework for approval by the PSC and RTA with all baselines and targets reviewed and confirmed and with clarity around how each will be measured and reported

7

Agree on what activities will contribute to Indicators 2b, 4a, 8a and 8b and establish how they will be measured and reported, and have these approved by the PSC and RTA

8

Agree on the methodology and analysis for snow leopard monitoring, ensuring this keeps consistence with the methodology used to develop the baseline.

9

Establish baseline status and end-of-project targets for the KAP survey under Indicator 9 and have these approved by the PSC and RTA

10

Prepare early for the terminal evaluation to obtain required clearances for relevant documents and other information to ensure that all evidence is ready in a timely manner

11

Obtain independent assessment of whether the provincial planning and programmes in the Qilian Mountains and Qinghai Lake areas provide the project with the intended strategic ecological direction; if necessary, work to establish such a framework

12

Develop a clear ecological objective for each corridor, including simple diagrams showing the corridor in the landscape and the wildlife populations that will benefit

13

Develop additional pasture management plans to inform the restoration of degraded grasslands and the improved management of habitats, in accordance with Activities 2.3.1, 2.3.2 and 2.3.3 in the project document

14

Develop a sustainability plan before the end of the third year to identify how the project’s results can be continued beyond the GEF funding and use this to inform activities over the final two years of implementation

1. Recommendation:

Finalize the Environmental and Social Risk Assessment (ESIA), Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) and Grievance Redress Mechanism (GRM) as a matter of urgency, while ensuring that SES requirements for disclosure are adhered to

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2021/12/26]

Fully accept. PMO will communicate with international, national and local consultants and see if further revision were needed to the revised ESIA and ESMP, and seek supports from QFGB and UNDP CO if  necessary, so that can speed up the finalization of ESMP. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 To finalize the ESIA and ESMP report by communicating with consultants and UNDP CO.
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/02/28]
PMO 2022/02 Completed Per communications with the PMO, this has been completed. History
1.2 Distribute CPAR3 environmental and social management plan to each project review, guide and supervise the long-term implementation of the environmental and social management plan in each project reserve.
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/03/31]
PMO, C-PAR child projects 2022/03 Completed Per communication with our colleagues, this has been completed. History
1.3 Incorporate the implementation of CPAR3 environmental and social management plan into the annual work plan of the project and monitor and evaluate the progress of the environmental and social management plan every year
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/01/03]
PMO, CTA 2023/12 Not Initiated History
2. Recommendation:

When the ESMP is finalized, review all project outputs and activities (including those completed, underway and future) against the ESMP to ensure risks are appropriately managed, make any necessary changes to the design of activities and identify any required remedial actions, and have the findings endorsed by the PSC and RTA

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accepted. Risks related to ESMP will be monitored, recorded, necessary changes and measures will be made to respond to the required actions, and record findings and changes.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Review the project outputs and activities against the ESMP and identify the risks that not yet appropriately managed and corresponding measures for necessary change
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/02/28]
PMO, QFGB 2022/02 Completed Per communications with the PMO, this has been completed. History
2.2 Actions taken and findings to be recorded and reported in the PSC
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/03/31]
PMO, PSC 2022/03 Completed Per communication with PMO, this has been completed. History
3. Recommendation:

Provide enhanced technical oversight and support, including targeted capacity building, to CO and other stakeholders for the complex processes involved in managing High-risk safeguards projects

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.2 UNDP Regional Office will enhance capacity building of CO and strengthen the technical oversight on safeguard compliance/ensurance
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/01/03]
UNDP Regional Office 2024/01 Initiated History
3.1 UNDP CO will appoint focal point for safeguard issues to ensure the full compliance with SES standards and procedures.
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/10/30]
UNDP CO 2022/10 Completed As confirmed by porogramme colleagues offline. Updated on Oct 31, 2022. History
4. Recommendation:

Review the processes followed in environmental and social risk management in this project since CEO endorsement, identify lessons learned and opportunities to improve safeguards outcomes in future projects

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 the lessons learned will be analyzed and included in the safeguard specialist report and project implementation report as important reference for other/future projects
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/01/03]
UNDP CO, PMO, Safeguard Specialist 2024/01 Not Initiated History
4.2 Both UNDP and GFGB will take these lessons learnt into future formulation and implementation actions
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/01/03]
UNDP, QFGB 2024/01 Not Initiated History
5. Recommendation:

Coordinate implementation of the recommendations on environmental and social risk management at a C-PAR programmatic level to maximize identification of systemic issues, opportunities for improvement and lessons learned

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accepted. Coordinate with C-PAR 1 for the implementation of the MTR recommendations, reviewing the implementation of ESRM, identifying the SWOT aspects of it for improvement in coming years.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Follow up with UNDP’s comments to the ESIA and ESMP reports and timely feedback to PMOs for improvement
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/02/28]
C-PAR1 2022/02 Completed Per communications with the PMO, this has been completed. History
5.2 Coordinate the international safeguards consultant and PMOs to finalize the ESIA and ESMP to guide the risk management activities of PMOs
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/03/31]
C-PAR 1 2022/03 Completed Per communication with PMO, this has been completed. History
6. Recommendation:

Prepare a revised results framework for approval by the PSC and RTA with all baselines and targets reviewed and confirmed and with clarity around how each will be measured and reported

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accepted. PMO will prepare a revised results/outcomes framework under the support from CTA, then review and discuss it with key stakeholders and supervisor units including QFGB and the Coordination Office, and further submit it to PSC and RTA for approval.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 To draft a revised results framework with baselines and targets reviewed under the support of CTA;
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/02/28]
PMO, CTA 2022/02 Completed Per communications with the PMO, this has been completed. History
6.2 To submit the framework to PSC and RTA for review and approval by reviewing the framework with key stakeholders
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/03/31]
Stakeholders, QFGB, DOF, PSC,UNDP CO, RTA 2022/03 Completed Per communication with PMO, this has been completed. History
7. Recommendation:

Agree on what activities will contribute to Indicators 2b, 4a, 8a and 8b and establish how they will be measured and reported, and have these approved by the PSC and RTA

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accepted. PMO will prepare specific indicator verification schedule, esp. responding to the Indicator 2b, 4a and 8b, with the agreed methods of measuring each of them and report it to PSC and RTA for confirmation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 To prepare specific indicator verification schedule, esp. for the Indicator 2b, 4a and 8b, with the agreed methodologies to measure each of them
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/02/28]
PMO, CTA 2022/02 Completed Per communications with the PMO, this has been completed. History
7.2 To report the agreed measuring methods and schedule to PSC and RTA for approval after obtaining consensus from stakeholders
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/03/31]
PMO, PSC, RTA, Stakeholders 2022/03 Completed Per communication with PMO, this has been completed. History
8. Recommendation:

Agree on the methodology and analysis for snow leopard monitoring, ensuring this keeps consistence with the methodology used to develop the baseline.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accepted. Will organize specific meetings with the Qilian Mountains National Park Qinghai Administration to discuss the methodology and analysis for snow leopard monitoring, to reach consensus on it.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 To organize meetings with the Qilian Mountains National Park Qinghai Administration for the methodology and analysis for snow leopard monitoring, to agree and ensure a consistence with the methodology used to develop the baseline.
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/03/31]
PMO, CTA, the Qilian Mountains National Park Qinghai Administration 2022/05 Completed Per communication with PMO, this has been completed. History
8.2 To share the agreed methodology with implementing partners and obtain consensus.
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/05/30]
PMO, CTA, the Qilian Mountains National Park Qinghai Administration 2022/05 Completed Per communications with our colleagues, this has been completed. History
9. Recommendation:

Establish baseline status and end-of-project targets for the KAP survey under Indicator 9 and have these approved by the PSC and RTA

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accepted. Will discuss with CTA, UNDP CO and RTA about establishing baseline status and targets in the end of project for the KAP survey, then submit it to PSC and RTA for approval.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 To organize meetings for the establishment of baseline status and targets in the end of project for the KAP survey
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/02/28]
PMO, CTA, UNDP CO, RTA 2022/02 Completed Per communications with the PMO, this has been completed. History
9.2 To submit it to PSC and UNDP CO and RTA for approval.
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/03/31]
PSC, RTA 2022/03 Completed Per communication with PMO, this has been completed. History
10. Recommendation:

Prepare early for the terminal evaluation to obtain required clearances for relevant documents and other information to ensure that all evidence is ready in a timely manner

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accepted. PMO will review the details of the whole process of MTR in 2021, record all lessons learned from it and to develop a TE plan that starts preparing relevant materials, documents and evidences from now on.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 PMO to develop a TE plan that respond to all lessons learned from MTR collecting recommendations from implementing partners at all levels (PSC)
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, Implementing partners, PSC 2022/04 Completed Per communications with our colleagues, this key action has been completed. History
10.2 To revise and finalize the plan by discussing with all stakeholders
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/06/28]
PMO, CTA, Implementing partners 2022/06 Completed Per our colleague, this item has been completed. History
11. Recommendation:

Obtain independent assessment of whether the provincial planning and programmes in the Qilian Mountains and Qinghai Lake areas provide the project with the intended strategic ecological direction; if necessary, work to establish such a framework

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accepted. PMO will identify a consultant to provide technical services to make assessment on whether the provincial planning and programmes in the two PAs clearly provide the project with intended strategic ecological direction; if necessary, will continue to work on the development of such a strategic plan identifying the integrated landscape development direction required in the project document, which is to closely combine with the provincial ecological construction schemes.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
11.1 PMO will identify a technical consultant to conduct the assessment;
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/04/26]
PMO, CTA, Implementing partners 2022/04 Completed According to our colleagues, this key action has been completed. History
11.2 Recommendations will be made according to the findings of the assessment if it was necessary to develop a strategic plan, or work out a framework of realizing the intended objective in PD.
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/06/28]
PMO, CTA 2022/06 Completed Per our colleague, this key action has been completed. History
12. Recommendation:

Develop a clear ecological objective for each corridor, including simple diagrams showing the corridor in the landscape and the wildlife populations that will benefit

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Fully accepted. PMO, especially the two PA coordinators will work together with CTA, implementing partner technical staff, as well as local communities, to develop an ecological corridor plan with more clearly objective of making contribution to reduce the fragmentation of wildlife habitats in the landscape.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
12.1 The two PA coordinators will develop a draft corridor construction planand revise it by taking recommendations from technical staff and communities;
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/03/31]
PMO, CTA, implementing partners. 2022/03 Completed Per communication with PMO, this has been completed. History
12.2 To finalize the plan by informing related units at all levels and communities to obtain consensus for implementation.
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/05/30]
PMO, CTA, implementing partners 2022/05 Completed Per communications with our colleagues, this has been completed. History
13. Recommendation:

Develop additional pasture management plans to inform the restoration of degraded grasslands and the improved management of habitats, in accordance with Activities 2.3.1, 2.3.2 and 2.3.3 in the project document

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/26]

Partially accepted. PMO will urge the current subcontractor who is working on the pasture management plans to submit the draft by the end of this year, and will provide technical assistance to them reviewing and improving the drafts following the specific requirements set in the project documents.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
13.1 Two PA coordinators urge the submission of draft plans and support the subcontractor to revise them following recommendations from stakeholders and making consensus of implementation;
[Added: 2021/12/26] [Last Updated: 2022/03/31]
PMO, CTA 2022/03 Completed Per communication with PMO, this has been completed. History
13.2 To finalize the plans and implementation
[Added: 2021/12/27] [Last Updated: 2022/05/30]
PMO, CTA, implementing partners 2022/05 Completed Per communications with our colleagues, this has been completed. History
14. Recommendation:

Develop a sustainability plan before the end of the third year to identify how the project’s results can be continued beyond the GEF funding and use this to inform activities over the final two years of implementation

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/27]

Fully accepted. The PMO will organize series workshops against the sustainability in key areas including financial, policy and legislation, institutional capacity development, PA biodiversity conservation and community participatory conservation initiatives, then draft a sustainability plan combing the outputs of these workshops and consulting with CTA, consultant teams and stakeholders, then to finalize it and submit it to PSC and local collaboration partners for commitment.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
14.1 To organize workshops discussing sustainability with stakeholders and then draft a plan with the feedbacks collected from the workshops.
[Added: 2021/12/27] [Last Updated: 2022/02/14]
PMO, CTA, implementing partners 2022/01 Completed As per communication with colleagues, this action has been completed. History
14.2 To finalize the plan on the base of consensus from all stakeholders
[Added: 2021/12/27] [Last Updated: 2022/02/28]
PMO, CTA, implementing partners 2022/02 Completed Per communications with the PMO, this has been completed. History

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